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Knidos or Cnidus was a Greek city of ancient Caria and part of the Dorian Hexapolis, in south-western Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey. It was situated on the Datça peninsula, which forms the southern side of the Sinus Ceramicus, now known as Gulf of Gökova. By the 4th century BC, Knidos was located opposite Triopion Island, but earlier, it was at the site of modern Datça. It was built on the mainland and on the Island of Triopion or Cape Krio; the debate about it being an island or cape is caused by the fact that in ancient times it was connected to the mainland by a causeway and bridge. Today the connection is formed by a narrow sandy isthmus. By means of the causeway the channel between island and mainland was formed into two harbours, of which the larger, or southern, was further enclosed by two built moles that are still in good part entire; the extreme length of the city was little less than a mile, the whole intramural area is still thickly strewn with architectural remains. The walls, both of the island and on the mainland, can be traced throughout their whole circuit.

Knidos was a Hellenic city of high antiquity. According to Herodotus' Histories), the Cnidians were Lacedaemonian colonists. Diodorus Siculus claimed that Cnidus was founded by both Argives. Along with Halicarnassus and Kos, the Rhodian cities of Lindos and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, there celebrated games in honour of Apollo and the nymphs; this was the site of the Temple of Aphrodite, Knidos. The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, presided over by a magistrate; the situation of the city was favourable for commerce, the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, were able to colonize the island of Lipara, founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They submitted to Cyrus, from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens. During the hellenistic age, Knidos boasted a medical school. In their expansion into the region, the Romans obtained the allegiance of Knidians, rewarded them for help given against Antiochus III the Great by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood. Eudoxus, the astronomer, the writer on Persian history, Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history. Artemidorus, a minor character in the Shakespeare play “Julius Caesar”, was from Knidos. Bishop Ioannes of Cnidus took part in the Council of Chalcedon in 451 and was one of the signatories of the letter that in 458 the bishops of the Roman province of Caria, to which Cnidus belonged, wrote to Byzantine Emperor Leo I the Thracian after the murder of Proterius of Alexandria. Bishop Evander was at the Second Council of Constantinople in 553 and Bishop Stauratius at the Second Council of Nicaea in 787. No longer a residential bishopric, Cnidus is today listed by the Catholic Church; the first Western knowledge of the site was due to the mission of the Dilettante Society in 1812, the excavations executed by C. T. Newton in 1857–1858.

The agora, the theatre, an odeum, a temple of Dionysus, a temple of the Muses, a temple of Aphrodite and a great number of minor buildings have been identified, the general plan of the city has been clearly made out. The most famous statue by Praxiteles, the Aphrodite of Knidos, was made for Cnidus, it has perished. In a temple enclosure Newton discovered the fine seated statue of Demeter of Knidos, which he sent back to the British Museum, about three miles south-east of the city he came upon the ruins of a splendid tomb, a colossal figure of a lion carved out of one block of Pentelic marble, ten feet in length and six in height, supposed to commemorate the great naval victory, the Battle of Cnidus in which Conon defeated the Lacedaemonians in 394 BC; the Knidos Lion is now displayed under the roof of the Great Court in the British Museum. Baynes, T. S. ed. "Cnidus", Encyclopædia Britannica, 6, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 44 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. "Cnidus", Encyclopædia Britannica, 6, Cambridge University Press, pp. 573–4 Marin Buovac: Prilog boljem poznavanju simbolike zoomorfnih recipijenata iz antičke luke u Zatonu kraj Nina - Toward better understanding of the symbolism of the zoomorphic receptacles from the ancient port of Zaton near Nin, vol.

31, 2017. Official website The Knidos Labyrinth The Knidia of Praxiteles and its setting


Puranigudam is in the Nagaon district of Assam, India. There are several villages in Puranigudam; the main commercial center of Puranigudam known as Keyan Patti is located closest to Garamur. Rupahihat are to the north and Nagaon in the west, Chalchali in the south and Rongagorah and Samaguri in the east; the river Kolong flowes through the upper half of the area and National Highway 37 runs parallel to the river. The area is in the middle of the Nagaon district and situated in higher elevation than the district headquarters. Puranigudam derives from the Assamese words Purani, or old, Gudam, or storehouse. During the colonial period, the headquarters of the district was established in Puranigudam, as a result of the Kolong river providing easy access to the area. Storehouses were constructed in hence the possible reference in the area name; the district headquarters was shifted to present Nagaon. There are two notable landmarks; the first is the century old minaret located inside the campus of a two hundred year old puranigudam Bor Masjid.

The old minarate was built with mortar composed by mixing duck eggs, white sticky rice and split black gram. The second most notable is a statue of the goddess Durga, made from Bael wood; as the folklore goes, more than a century ago, the Durga Puja or, worship of Durga, was celebrated every year in the area and a folk-artist used to make the statue of the goddess with mud. After the celebration was over after four days, according to the ritual, the statue was immersed into the river; this made the artist sad, so he made the permanent statue with the Bael wood, which would not be immersed after the celebration was over, but a symbol of the statue would only be immersed. The statue would be used next year again after re-painting; the same statue is still being used for the yearly celebrations, few years back the statue had crossed 100 years. The place is important for its strategic location, strong cultural background and mixed demography; the area is approx 12 km away from the present district headquarters.

During the Assam Movement, a company of Central Reserve Police Force was stationed in the Bapuji Bhawan. The area comes under Barhampur constituency of Assam Legislative Assembly, from which till now no candidate from Indian national Congress had won the general election. Asom Gana Parishad candidates Dr Girindra Kumar Baruah two-times Assam chief minister Prafulla Kumar Mahanta had been winning for this constituency since 1985 general election; the population of the area consists of ethnic Hindu and Muslims. There are several other smaller communities also; the Muslim population is aggregated in Potani Gaon, Na-alimur and in the main business centre. All the communities are living in peace since long, there had been no record of any ethnic violence in the area. During the religious violence, that broke out in the entire country, after the Demolition of Babri Masjid, the Hindu and Muslims lived without any violence; the economy of the area is dependent on rain fed agriculture. A few attempts at mechanical irrigation have been made but there has been little progress for a variety of reasons.

The main crop is rice, grown only once in a year. Sugarcane, pulses and Mustard, some vegetables and fruits are grown for local consumption. Due to the presence of large number of omnivorous wild monkeys, extent of cultivation of vegetables and fruits are decreasing. There are a few marshy areas, some private fresh-water ponds and the Kolong river, as the source of the fishes, which are mostly used to fulfill the local demands. Few broiler-chicken farms, established in private basis supply some part of the demand for animal protein. Although there are a few small piggeries, there are no large scale egg-laying chicken farms and dairy farms. In last few decades, in line with the entire state, with increase in population and unemployment, the economy and living standards are declining; the area has produced teachers like Madhab Chandra Borah, social activists Late Chandra Kamal Borah, film and media personalities like Nip Kumar Baruah & Nilutpal Borah. Puranigudam is accessible from the district headquarters and any other part through the Nation Highway no. 37.

The nearest airport is LGB airport, in Guwahati. There is a train station in Puranigudam and one can catch the morning inter-city train to Guwahati, which goes back in the evening from Guwahati. Late Birinchi Kumar Barua, Late Debakanta Barooah,Late Madhab Chandra Borah, Krishna Goswami, Bapon Chandra Barooah, Fanindra Nath Gayan, Late Chandra Kamal Borah. Late Narendra Nath Hazarika was a father figure for Puranigudam, his contributions towards freedom movement was immense. He was sent to jail during the Freedom Movement for showing black fl

Strategy implementation

Strategy implementation is the activities within a workplace or organisation designed to manage the activities associated with the delivery of a strategic plan. There are several definitions, most of which relate to the process of managing activities associated with the delivery of a strategic plan such as the following: The sum total of the activities and choices required for the execution of a strategic plan Operationalisation of a articulated strategic plan All the processes and outcomes which accrue to a strategic decision once authorisation has been to go ahead and put the decision into practice A series of interventions concerning organisational structures, key personnel actions, control systems designed to control performance with respect to desired ends. Other definitions concern the processes by which an organisation identifies and allocates the actions associated with the delivery of a strategic plan such as the following: A process by which large and unmanageable strategic problems are factored into progressively smaller, less complex, hence more manageable proportions.

The managerial interventions that align organisational action with strategic intention. The term first became well known following the publication in 1984 of "Strategy Implementation," a highly-regarded book on the topic by Lawrence G. Hrebiniak and William F. Joyce, it is no surprise that definitions from that work appear in both of the lists given above. Strategy implementation thinking has influenced writing and work on the related topic of Strategy execution - a term, used to associate strategy implementation with the Balanced Scorecard approach to strategic performance management. Most authors propose specific activities and systems that they think are necessary to implement a strategy. Strategy implementation requires the following activities to be undertaken: Strategy articulation - Building consensus within the team responsible for delivery of the strategy about the outcomes to be achieved Strategy validation - Engaging with stakeholders and others to confirm strategic outcomes being pursued are acceptable Strategy communication - Convert strategic objectives into clear short-term operating objectives that can be assigned to groups for delivery Strategy monitoring - Monitor the progress of the organisation in delivering the strategic objectives Strategy engagement - Managerial interventions designed to ensure organisation achieves chosen strategic outcomes The purpose of articulating the strategy is to translate the strategy into a form where managers and stakeholders agree consensually on what needs to be achievedThe strategy articulation will describe the strategic outcomes to be achieved, preferably expressed in the form of quantitative or qualitative goals.

This strategy articulation can, for example, be expressed in the form of a Destination Statement. Validating the strategy is an essential part of the implementation; this validation can be both external. In addition, when implementing a strategy, the human aspect needs to be considered, and an implementation can be done. Validation of the strategy is needed from within the organisation - in particular from members of the organisation with implementation responsibilities. Organisational members must support the strategic goals of the firm. Without this knowledge of the strategy, organisational members will not be able to place the strategy being implemented within a broader context and assess its importance. One way the communication can be done, is by cascading down the strategy into the organisation, where the strategic activities and outcomes are broken down into smaller set of change programmes and operational goals specific for each management teams, with the focus to achieve them in the near term - combining critical operational outcomes with the most urgently required change initiatives.

This kind of validation overlaps with strategy communication activities. Sometimes in non-commercial organisations, it is necessary to confirm strategic goals with external stakeholders: in commercial organisations it is common for the achievement of financial outcomes to be used to guide strategic choices, but this does not diminish the need for validation with other key stakeholders. To be usable, a strategy needs to be translated into a set of actionable operational steps; the concrete and clear strategic objectives should be translated into operational implementation sub-objectives, be linked to departmental and individual goals, be measurable. An essential part is to make sure that people understand why. In other words, the business strategy must be translated into a set of clear short-term operating objectives in order to execute the strategy. Key issues and needs of strategy must be translated into objectives, action plans, “scorecards” and this translation is an integral and vital part of the execution process.

Developing this set of clear objectives, that relates logically to the strategy and how the organisation plans to compete, is an important aspect of an effective implementation process. Having a concrete and comprehensive implementation plan can have a positive influence on the level of success of an implementation effort. In addition it helps identify what will be required in terms of resources, capabilities an

Julie Foster (rugby)

Julie Foster is a Canadian rugby union player who participated in three world cups. Foster represented Hockey Canada in a two-game series against the United States in 1993. Born in Winnipeg Manitoba in 1969, Foster spent her rugby career in Saskatchewan. Early coaches include Kristen Karwandy. Foster's introduction to rugby began with the Regina Breakers in 1991; that same year she represented Saskatchewan Rugby until 2012. In 2008, she was a founding member of the Regina Rage RFC. Foster played on the Dog River Howlers and Prairie Fire Ultra Sevens invitational sides. Foster's first cap was against New Zealand in 1996, though her most memorable game was at her first Canada cup in 1996 when she scored three tries, she scored her first try at the 200 Can-Am test match. The winger played on the first national sevens team at the 1997 Hong Kong Sevens and earned 10 caps with the program. During her decade long international career, came to an end in a match versus France. Foster has been an active coach in high school rugby since 1995, while coaching the under-16 and under-18 at the 2012 and 2018 Western Canadian Championships, respectively.

Since 2008, has coached at the club level with the Regina Rage. From 2013 to 2015, she coached the Saskatchewan women's team. Since 2012, Foster has coached at the university level with the Regina Cougars women's 7s side, her fiancé Darren Beaulac coaches the Saskatchewan Women under-18 side. Foster now works for the Regina Qu'Appelle Health Region. 2000, CIS All Star Ice hockey honours, University of Regina 2001, Isobel Gathorne-Hardy Award recipient 2011, Colette McAuley award 2019, Rugby Canada Hall of Fame inductee

My Life at First Try

My Life at First Try is a 2008 semi-autobiographical flash fiction novel by Mark Budman, published by Counterpoint Press. My Life at First Try follows the character of Alex, born in 1950s Soviet Union. Alex hopes for a future where two things come to pass: he becomes a writer and meets his American cousin Annie, he wants to overcome the bleakness of the Soviet Union and become someone a carefree foreigner akin to some tourists he saw as a child. However, as he grows the institutionalized nature of his surroundings dims these dreams; when he and his family moves to America in the 80s, Alex gets to fulfill his wish of being a foreigner, only to discover that rather than being carefree, his new life feels alien to him and it's up to him to try to find his own self-fulfillment. Critical reception for My Life at First Try was mixed to positive, with Kirkus Reviews calling the book "a funny, little-seen version of the American dream"; the Washington Post wrote that while readers won't want to stop reading, "Budman's success with this form is uneven, too many wonderful scenes seem truncated or prematurely abandoned when he breaks off for the next year".

Publishers Weekly and People Magazine both reviewed the book, with Publishers Weekly giving a positive review. Mark Budman official web site

Rob Maver

Rob Maver is a retired professional Canadian football Punter, having played his entire 10-year football career with the Calgary Stampeders of the Canadian Football League. He was drafted fifth overall by the Stampeders in the 2010 CFL Draft, after being ranked by the CFL's Amateur Scouting Bureau, he played Canadian Interuniversity Sport football for the Guelph Gryphons. He played high school football for Turner Fenton Trojans. Maver attended University of Guelph where he played university football for the Guelph Gryphons as the team's placekicker and punter from 2006-2009, he earned. Maver played in the 2009 CIS East-West game and finished in eighth place on the CIS all-time field goals list with 54. After his university career, Maver was the only placekicker invited to the CFL Evaluation Camp. Maver was the sixth ranked player in the Canadian Football League’s Amateur Scouting Bureau rankings for players eligible in the 2010 CFL Draft. With their kickers departing their teams after the 2009 CFL season, the Calgary Stampeders, Hamilton Tiger-Cats, Toronto Argonauts were said to be looking for a replacement kicker found in the draft.

As such, the Calgary Stampeders had to use their early draft pick to select Maver fifth overall before the other two teams could do so. On May 13, 2010, it was announced. Calgary Stampeders bio