Cunt is a vulgar word for the vulva or vagina and is used as a term of disparagement. Reflecting different national usages, cunt is described as a "usually disparaging and obscene" term for a woman or an "offensive way to refer to a woman" in the United States by the Merriam-Webster dictionary, but "an unpleasant or stupid person" in the Compact Oxford English Dictionary, "a contemptible person" in the Macquarie Dictionary of Australian English. In Australia and New Zealand, it can be used as a neutral or, when used with a positive qualifier, a positive way of referring to a person; the earliest known use of the word, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, was as part of a placename of a London street, Gropecunt Lane, c. 1230. Use of the word as a term of abuse is recent, dating from the late nineteenth century; the word appears not to have been taboo in the Middle Ages, but became taboo towards the end of the eighteenth century, was not admissible in print until the latter part of the twentieth century.
The term has various derivative senses, including verb uses. Feminist writer and English professor Germaine Greer argues that cunt "is one of the few remaining words in the English language with a genuine power to shock"; the etymology of cunt is a matter of debate, but most sources consider the word to have derived from a Germanic word, which appeared as kunta in Old Norse. Scholars are uncertain of the origin of the Proto-Germanic form itself. There are cognates in most Germanic languages, such as the Swedish and Nynorsk kunta; the etymology of the Proto-Germanic term is disputed. It may have arisen by Grimm's law operating on the Proto-Indo-European root *gen/gon "create, become" seen in gonads, gamete, gene, or the Proto-Indo-European root *gʷneh₂/guneh₂ "woman". Relationships to similar-sounding words such as the Latin cunnus, its derivatives French con, Spanish coño, Portuguese cona, or in Persian kun, have not been conclusively demonstrated. Other Latin words related to cunnus are cuneus and its derivative cunēre, leading to English words such as cuneiform.
In Middle English, cunt appeared with many spellings, such as coynte and queynte, which did not always reflect the actual pronunciation of the word. The word in its modern meaning is attested in Middle English. Proverbs of Hendyng, a manuscript from some time before 1325, includes the advice: Ȝeue þi cunte to cunnig and craue affetir wedding; the word cunt is regarded in English-speaking countries as unsuitable for normal public discourse. It has been described as "the most tabooed word of all English words", although John Ayto, editor of the Oxford Dictionary of Slang, says "nigger" is more taboo; some American feminists of the 1970s sought to eliminate disparaging terms for women, including "bitch" and "cunt". In the context of pornography, Catharine MacKinnon argued that use of the word acts to reinforce a dehumanisation of women by reducing them to mere body parts. Despite criticisms, there is a movement among feminists that seeks to reclaim cunt not only as acceptable, but as an honorific, in much the same way that queer has been reappropriated by LGBT people and nigger has been by some African-Americans.
Proponents include Cunt: A Declaration of Independence. Germaine Greer, the feminist writer and professor of English who once published a magazine article entitled "Lady, Love Your Cunt", discussed the origins and power of the word in the BBC series Balderdash and Piffle, explaining how her views had developed over time. In the 1970s she had "championed" use of the word for the female genitalia, thinking it "shouldn't be abusive", but in 2006, referring to its use as a term of abuse, she said that, though used in some quarters as a term of affection, it had become "the most offensive insult one man could throw at another" and suggested that the word was "sacred", "a word of immense power, to be used sparingly". Cunt has been attested in its anatomical meaning since at least the 13th century. While Francis Grose's 1785 A Classical Dictionary of The Vulgar Tongue listed the word as "C**T: a nasty name for a nasty thing", it did not appear in any major English dictionary from 1795 to 1961, when it was included in Webster's Third New International Dictionary with the comment "usu. considered obscene".
Its first appearance in the Oxford English Dictionary was in 1972, which cites the word as having been in use from 1230 in what was a London street name of "Gropecunte Lane". It was, however used before 1230, having been brought over by the Anglo-Saxons not an obscenity but rather an ordinary name for the vulva or vagina. Gropecunt Lane was a street of prostitution, a red light district, it was normal i
The ancient Egyptian Water-jugs-in-stand hieroglyph, is Gardiner sign listed no. W17, W18, within the Gardiner signs for vessels of stone and earthenware; the hieroglyph is used as an ideogram in nt-, for'a stand'. It is used phonetically for; as Egyptian "khenti", foremost is used extensively to refer to gods in charge of a region, or position, as foremost of xxxx. Anubis, or Osiris are referred to as "Foremost", or "Chief" of the'western cemetery'. Gardiner's Sign List#W. Vessels of Stone and Earthenware Betrò, 1995. Hieroglyphics: The Writings of Ancient Egypt, Maria Carmela Betrò, c. 1995, 1996-, Abbeville Press Publishers, New York, Paris Budge. An Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary, E. A. Wallis Budge, c 1978, Dover edition, 1978
Mark Lee Keam is a Korean American lawyer. He is a member of the Virginia House of Delegates in the United States. A Democrat, Keam has represented the 35th District since 2010, his district encompasses a portion of Fairfax County, including the town of Vienna, where he resides. Keam was born in Seoul, South Korea and has lived in Vietnam and California, he was an aide on Capitol Hill, was an executive with Verizon Communications until he left in 2009 to run for the Virginia General Assembly. Keam was born to a Presbyterian minister in Seoul, South Korea, in 1966, his family founded a church in Vietnam, before fleeing when the country became communist in 1975. After arriving in Australia and his brother attended Newington College while their father was founding pastor of the Korean parish of the Uniting Church in Australia at Strathfield, New South Wales; the family settled in Orange County, California. To help support his family, Keam worked odd jobs, from construction to collecting shopping carts from a retail parking lot.
He earn a degree in political science from the University of California and earned a law degree from the Hastings College of the Law. Keam served as Senator Richard Durbin's chief counsel on the Senate Judiciary Committee from 2001 to 2007, when he left to join Verizon Communications as a Vice President and Counsel. In 2009, he took an unpaid leave of absence to run for the Virginia General Assembly. In 2009, Delegate Steve Shannon, the Democratic incumbent, did not seek reelection in the 35th district in order to run for Attorney General of Virginia. Keam declared his intention to run for the seat. On Election day Mark Keam defeated Republican challenger James E. Hyland, making Keam the first Asian-born immigrant and the first Korean American elected to any state-level office in Virginia, he was sworn into office on January 2010 at the State Capitol in Richmond, Virginia. In February 2010, Keam and fellow freshman delegate James LeMunyon, a Republican, authored an op-ed in The Washington Post about their introduction of a bill to the General Assembly, which would attempt to make the voting records of General Assembly members more accessible to the public.
The bill passed the House of Delegates 86 to 13 that month. A State Senate committee carried the bill over for a year, it has not yet been voted on, he told a local newspaper in his district in January 2010 that he can legislate from an immigrant's point of view. I want to be able to say, ‘Well, let me tell you what they think about it.’" He has sponsored another bill which would raise the number of ESL, or "English as a second language" teachers in Virginia’s schools from 17 full-time positions to 30 full-time positions for every 1,000 students. Keam said in 2010 that he would abstain from voting on any bill which would pose a conflict of interest due to him being on an unpaid leave of absence from Verizon Communications, he would not introduce any telecommunications legislation to the House of Delegates. Keam was re-elected to his seat in Virginia’s House of Delegates on November 7, 2017. Keam has served on the House committees on Agriculture and Natural Resources. Despite the landslide victory of Republican gubernatorial candidate Bob McDonnell in the 2009 Governor's race, James Hyland was not able to take advantage of McDonnell's victory and was defeated by only 350 votes.
Mark Keam website Virginia House of Delegates official Bio Mark Keam on Facebook
Mhorkya is a Marathi film, directed by Amar Bharat Deokar and produced by Swastik Preeti Film Productions and co produced by Amar Chitravani. It was featured Raman Deokar and Amar Deokar in pivotal roles, it won the National Film Award for Best Children's Film at the Indian 65th National Film Awards in 2018. It was released worldwide on 7 February 2020. 14-year-old Ashok is a shepherd who marches with his herds like he leads a parade and hates going to school. One day his friends drag him to school only to land him in the republic day parade practice session, but Ashya gets noticed for his powerful voice and asked to compete for the parade’s leadership spot His school rival Baalya, who wants to be the leader, threatens him to withdraw. Ashya wants to learn parade but everyone refuses to teach him, his frantic search for the teacher begins with several options but he finds the person he wants. A mentally retarded soldier. Raman Deokar Aishwarya Kamble Amar Bharat Deokar Yashraj karhade Anil Kamble Ramchandra Dhumal The official trailer of the film was unveiled by Rajshri Marathi on 15 January 2020.
This film was released on 7 February 2020. 65th National Film AwardNational Film Award for Best Children's Film: Mhorkya Special Mention: Raman Devkar Special Mention: Yasharaj Karhade 16th Pune International Film FestivalBest Actor: Raman Devkar Best Cinematography: Girish R. Jambhalikar Audience Choice Movie: Mhorkya7th Kolhapur International Film Festival 2019Best Child Actor: Raman Devkar Best Screenplay: Amar Deokar Mhorkya on IMDb
The European Globalisation Adjustment Fund was set up by the European Union in late 2006 to support to workers who have been made redundant as a result of trade liberalisation, so that they can either remain in employment or find a new job quickly. It provides counselling. Since 2007 EGF has received more than 100 applications from 20 EU member states for programs that would support more than 100,000 workers who either lost their jobs due to globalization or as a result of the global economic and financial crisis; the hardest-hit industries were in automobile manufacturing and equipment, textile and apparel, mobile phones and ICT and construction. The Fund is activated upon request of a member state when a company lays off more than 1,000 people either in an enterprise, or in a sector within a region, due to structural changes in world trade; the Fund seeks to intervene when redundancies have a significant impact on a region or a sector and therefore there is an EU dimension in terms of scale and impact.
The EGF is open to all persons who work in the EU. It operates under the principle of subsidiarity, in a system of shared management between the European Commission and the member state. Responsibility for implementing the EGF lies with the authorities of the member states; the maximum amount available through the EGF is €500 million per year for the period of 2007 to 2013. Since 1 January 2007, the EGF has been funding active labour market policies helping workers made redundant as a result of globalisation, for example through: Job-search assistance, occupational guidance, tailor-made training and retraining including IT skills and certification of acquired experience, outplacement assistance and entrepreneurship promotion or aid for self-employment, Special time-limited measures, such as job-search allowances, allowances to individuals participating in lifelong learning and training activities, Measures to stimulate in particular disadvantaged or older workers, to remain in or return to employment.
It complements support provided by the employers and national authorities concerned in terms of active labour market policy measures. Member states can use EGF money to publicize activities highlighting the EGF's role in their support for workers; the EU Structural Funds, in particular the European Social Fund, consist of multi-annual programmes in support of strategic, long-term goals, management of change and restructuring in the 2007–2013 period, with activities such as lifelong learning. The EGF is a response to a European-scale crisis; the European Commission proposed that, in addition to its current scope, the Fund should be able to support workers made redundant as a result of the global financial and economic crisis on 16 December 2008. In addition, it proposes to reduce the threshold of redundancies from the current 1,000 to 500, to extend the period of each case from 12 months to 24 months, to increase its contribution from 50% of total cost to 75%; this proposal was submitted to the Council and the European Parliament in December 2008.
It is expected that the amendment will be adopted in mid-2009. There is a need of this fund because the difference in labour costs at the international level remains an important determinant of the geographical distribution of production, because the large apparel companies are seeking production bases lower labour costs. Additionally, the ongoing globalisation of trade has intensified this situation; the search for lower labour costs have led to significant changes in the image of global apparel industry. The production of clothing moved from Europe to Asia, which now accounts for nearly 45% of global garment production. European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs & Equal Opportunities Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities European Social Fund http://ec.europa.eu/egf D'Alfonso, Alessandro. "European Globalisation Adjustment Fund. Tackling job losses due to changes in trade patterns". Library Briefing. Library of the European Parliament. Retrieved 18 June 2013
The Harold E. Jones Child Study Center is a research and educational institution for young children at the University of California, Berkeley, it is one of the oldest continuously running centers for the study of children in the country. The Jones Child Study Center has a special relationship with the Institute of Human Development as a site for research and outreach to the community and teachers; the Institute of Human Development's fundamental mission is to study evolutionary, psychological and cultural factors that affect human development from birth through old age. Research conducted at the Institute of Human Development and the Jones Child Study Center is interdisciplinary: psychology, social welfare, sociology, public health, pediatrics; the primary audiences for the findings include parents. Faculty, postdoctoral and undergraduate students observe and test children attending the preschool for their research projects. Undergraduate students in Early Childhood Education may gain experience in the classrooms as teachers' assistants.
The Jones CSC preschool has an outdoor play area, accessible all day long via sliding doors and protected by an overhead canopy. Catherine Landreth, a former director of the school and designer of the building, worked with Joseph Esherick to create a space where the development of children would be highlighted; this included placement of activity centers. In most other preschools, the ceilings tend to be low which emphasizes the height of adults in relation to children. Esherick and Landreth believed that a higher ceiling would shift the observers' focus from the height differential of the people occupying the space to the activities taking place; the activity centers were constructed to keep the children engaged by placing items at the child's eye level. Landreth wanted a place that did not impose learning but encouraged them to engage in activities that interests the child; the guiding philosophy behind the preschool is that a child's environment can positively affect development. The Jones CSC is the home to the Greater Good Science Center, an interdisciplinary research center concentrating on the scientific understanding of social well-being.
Research from neuroscience, sociology, political science, public policy, social welfare, public health and organizational behavior study the social and biological roots of positive emotions and behaviors. The Greater Good Science Center's website and publications make research accessible to the general public; the Center produces a quarterly magazine, Greater Good magazine, that addresses research in the social sciences related to compassion in action. The Institute of Human Development and the Harold E. Jones Child Study Center were named the Institute of Child Welfare, established in 1927 by psychology professor Harold E. Jones and Rockefeller Foundation representative Lawrence Frank with support from the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Foundation. Initial research studied the factors; these early projects were to be longitudinal studies, following the lives of subjects over the course of their lifetime. The mission for the Institute of Child Welfare was to provide a quality nursery school for children while giving scholars and students easy access to a young population for observation and research.
The Institute of Child Welfare was one of the first interdisciplinary centers in the United States for research on child development. In 1960 the nursery school moved to its current location from the original site on Bancroft Way and was named for Harold E. Jones, the Director of the Institute of Human Development from 1935-1960; the current facility was designed by University of California, Berkeley architect Joseph Esherick in collaboration with Catherine Landreth, to meet the educational and physical needs of young children as well as to support research on early childhood. Research conducted at the Harold E. Jones Child Study Center has contributed to the field of child development; the scope of the research spans many domains of social functioning. A few examples of work include: The development and restandardization of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development; these infant scales became the accepted standard for behavioral and motoric assessment of infants and young children. Nancy Bayley, an original member of the research staff of the Institute, was the first administrator of the Jones Child Study Center.
Longitudinal studies predicting psychological functioning in life from early competence, socioemotional development, profiles of personality dispositions. Examples of such longitudinal studies include the work of Jack and Jeanne Block, Diana Baumrind. Research on the acquisition of language by Dan Slobin and Susan M. Ervin-Tripp, their works address how language is acquired and the developmental interactions between linguistic skills and conceptual and social skills. Research on the "theory of mind," from Alison Gopnik, focuses on the development of young children's comprehension about self and others, her work on the "theory theory" asserts that the world is understood by young children in terms of causal relations between people and objects. Furthermore, it children behave like active scientists in their approach to understand the physical and social environments around them. Research on the psycho-physiology of stress in middle childhood and its relation to childhood health and psychological functioning by Thomas Boyce and Abbey Alkon.
Their work examines differences between children in behavioral and biological responses to psychological stressors