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Cutter (boat)

A cutter is a small to medium-sized vessel, depending on its role and definition. It was a smallish single- or double-masted, decked sailcraft designed for speed rather than capacity; as such, it was gaff-rigged, with two or more headsails and a bowsprit of some length, with a mast sometimes set farther back than on a sloop. While a workboat, as used by harbor pilots, the military, privateers, sailing cutters today are most fore-and-aft rigged private yachts. Powered cutters vary in size depending on their function, with small boats for ferrying passengers between larger craft and shore sometimes referred to as cutters, rugged smallish vessels serving the traditional role of delivering harbor pilots, large ocean-going U. S. Coast Guard or UK Border Force ships referred to as cutters by tradition. Open oared cutters were carried aboard 18th century naval vessels and rowed by pairs of men sitting side-by-side on benches. A similar form that evolved among London watermen remains in use today in club racing.

The cutter is one of several types of sailboats. Traditionally the sloop rig was a rig with a single mast located forward of 70% of the length of the sailplan. In this traditional definition a sloop could have multiple jibs on a fixed bowsprit. Cutters had a rig with a single mast more centrally located, which could vary from 50% to 70% of the length of the sailplan, with multiple headsails and a running bowsprit. A mast located aft of 50% would be considered a mast aft rig. Between the 1950s and 2000s there was a shift in these definitions such that a sloop only flew one headsail and a cutter had multiple headsails and mast position became irrelevant. In this modern idiom, a cutter is a sailing vessel with one mast. Cutters carry a staysail directly in front of the mast, set from the forestay. A traditional vessel would normally have a bowsprit to carry one or more jibs from its end via jibstay on travelers. In modern vessels the jib may be set from a permanent stay fixed to the end of a fixed bowsprit, or directly to the stem fitting of the bow itself.

In these cases, that may be referred to as the forestay, the inner one, which will be less permanent in terms of keeping the mast up, may be called the stays'l stay. A sloop carries only one head sail, called either the foresail or jib.. The cutter rig a gaff rig version where the sails aft the mast were divided between a mainsail below the gaff and a topsail above, was useful for sailing with small crews as the total sail area was divided into smaller individual sails; these could be managed without the need for large crews, winches, or complex tackles, making the cutter suitable for pilot and coast guard duties. For example, a pilot cutter may only have two people on board for its outward trip—the pilot to be delivered to a ship and an assistant who had to sail the cutter back to port single-handed; the cutter sailing rig became so ubiquitous for these tasks that the modern-day motorised vessels now engaged in these duties are known as'cutters'. The open cutter carried aboard naval vessels in the 18th century was rowed by pairs of men sitting side-by-side on benches.

The cutter, with its transom, was broader in proportion compared to the longboat, which had finer lines. The watermen of London used similar boats in the 18th century decorated as depicted in historical prints and pictures of the River Thames in the 17th and 18th centuries; the modern waterman's cutter is based on drawings of these boats. They are 34 feet long with a beam of 4 ft 6 in, they can carry a cox and passengers. The organisers of the Great River Race developed the modern version in the 1980s and now many of the fleet of 24 compete annually in this "Marathon of the River". Watermen's cutters compete annually in the Port of London Challenge, the Port Admirals' Challenge. Cutter races are to be found at various town rowing and skiffing regattas. In addition the cutters perform the role of ceremonial Livery Barges with the canopies and armorial flags flying on special occasions. Cutters have been used for record-breaking attempts and crews have achieved record times for sculling the English Channel in 1996 and for sculling non-stop from London to Paris in 1999.

A pulling cutter was a boat carried by sailing ships for work in sheltered water in which load-carrying capacity was needed, for example in laying a kedge. This operation was the placing of a light anchor at a distance from the ship so as to be able to haul her off in its direction; the oars were double-banked. That is, there were two oarsmen on each thwart. In a seaway, the longboat was preferred to the cutter as the finer lines of the stern of the former meant that it was less to broach to in a following sea. In the Royal Navy the cutters were replaced by 32-foot motor cutters. However, the cutters' traditional work had grown beyond the capacity of a boat as ships became larger. Though a pulling boat, this cutter could be rigged for sailing; some small powered fishing craft are referred to as cutters. Cutters were used by several navies in the 17th and 18th centuries and were the smallest commissioned ships in the fleet; as with cutters in general they were distinguished by their large fore-aft sail plans with multiple headsails carried on a long bowsprit, sometimes as long as half the length of the boat's hull.

The rig gave the cutter excellent maneuverability and they were much better at sailing to windward than a larger square-rigged ship. Larger naval cutters had the ability to hoist two or thr

Lee Gledhill

Lee Cameron Gledhill, born in Bury, is an English footballer. Gledhill began his career playing professionally at Barnet before going on to play in Non-League football for St Albans City, Gravesend & Northfleet, Welling United, Metropolitan Police, Folkestone Invicta, Erith & Belvedere, Harlow Town and Maidstone United. Gledhill came through the ranks at Barnet, where he captained the youth team in the 1998–99 season, made his first team debut in a 2–1 away win at Swansea City. Gledhill went on to play 68 times for The Bees in Division Three and the Football Conference before having his contract with the club mutually terminated, citing that he wanted to pursue a full-time career outside of football. Gledhill subsequently signed for Isthmian League Premier Division outfit St Albans City, spending just over a year at the club before joining Gravesend & Northfleet in the Conference. In the summer of 2005 Gledhill joined Welling United and he spent a season at the club before joining Metropolitan Police.

Gledhill spent two years with The Met before signing for Kent team Folkestone Invicta in 2008. After a year with Invicta Gledhill returned to Metropolitan Police before dropping down to play for Kent League club Erith & Belvedere in 2010. At the turn of 2011 Gledhill signed for Isthmian League Division One North Harlow Town. Gledhill spent eleven months for the club before departing. In December 2011 Gledhill signed for Isthmian League Division One South Maidstone United, where he joined up with old Gravesend teammates James Pinnock and Jay Saunders, the latter of whom manages the Stones. Gledhill lasted just a month at the club, making just four appearances before being released after losing his place in the first team to Sam Groombridge

One in the Chamber

One in the Chamber is a 2012 American action film directed by William Kaufman, starring Cuba Gooding Jr. and Dolph Lundgren. Gooding and Kaufman had worked together on the 2011 film The Hit List; the film was released on direct-to-DVD in the United States on August 21, 2012. After the fall of Communism, criminals from the USA flooded into Eastern Europe where they established a crime syndicate in a land where authorities were powerless and the laws were replaced by the crime. Dealers of weapons and drugs have turned Prague into their headquarters where they could make millions of dollars by selling weapons to various gangs. Ray Carver is an assassin. After Carver fails to assassinate Demyan Ivanov, one of the crime bosses he works for, he decides to kill the brother of the other crime boss, Mikhail Suverov. Mikhail is angry and wants to kill Ray Carver to avenge his brother's death, so he calls Aleksey "The Wolf" Andreev, a legendary Russian hitman, rumoured to be fictional. Aleksey is out for Carver.

So they decide to kill every member of the mafia in the Prague's criminal underworld. Cuba Gooding Jr. as Ray Carver Dolph Lundgren as Aleksey "The Wolf" Andreev Claudia Bassols as Janice Knowles Andrew Bicknell as Mikhail Suverov Catalin Babliuc as Live Louis Mandylor as Demyan Ivanov Leo Gregory as Bobby Suverov Lia Sinchevici as Mila George Remes as Gregori Alin Panc as Vlad Tavanian Billy Murray as Leo Crosby Florin Roata as Junior Alexandra Murarus as Nadia Aaron McPherson as Peter Andrei Ciopec as Waiter Bogdan Uritescu as Nikolai Dvorak Jimmy Townsend as Ivan David Menina as Matous Bogdan Farkas as Goon #1 Justin Bursch as Crony #1 Patricia Poienaru as Juliana Slavi Slavov as Goon #2 Annalee Gooding as Bus Passenger Zane Jarcu as Crony #2 It was filmed in Romania in 25 days on July 7 and August 1, 2011. Billy Murray was confirmed to join the cast on July 4, 2011; the trailer for the film was released on June 27, 2012. The first clip from the film was released on July 23, 2012; the film is received mildly positive reviews.

Movie Ramblings said "One In The Chamber is a serviceable thriller – just don’t expect too much." Aware said "It’s not the worst thing you’ll put in your Blu-ray player, but put it in your Blu-ray player you should." The Other View said "At best, give it a rental before you buy, but I think it’s worth it." We've Got This Covered said "is a good example of how to make a good straight-to-DVD film." DVD was released in Region 1 on August 21, 2012 and Region 2 on August 27, 2012, it was distributed by Anchor Bay Entertainment. One in the Chamber on IMDb One in the Chamber at Rotten Tomatoes