D-Wave Systems, Inc. is a Canadian quantum computing company, based in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada. D-Wave was the world's first company to sell computers to exploit quantum effects in their operation. D-Wave's early customers include Lockheed Martin, University of Southern California, Google/NASA and Los Alamos National Lab. In 2015, D-Wave's 2X Quantum Computer with more than 1000 qubits was installed at the Quantum Artificial Intelligence Lab at NASA Ames Research Center, they have subsequently shipped systems with 2048 qubits. In 2019, D-Wave announced a 5000 qubit system available mid-2020, using their new Pegasus chip with 15 connections per qubit. D-Wave was founded by Haig Farris, Geordie Rose, Bob Wiens, Alexandre Zagoskin. Farris taught a business course at the University of British Columbia, where Rose obtained his PhD, Zagoskin was a postdoctoral fellow; the company name refers to their first qubit designs. D-Wave operated as an offshoot from UBC, while maintaining ties with the Department of Physics and Astronomy.
It funded academic research in quantum computing, thus building a collaborative network of research scientists. The company collaborated with several universities and institutions, including UBC, IPHT Jena, Université de Sherbrooke, University of Toronto, University of Twente, Chalmers University of Technology, University of Erlangen, Jet Propulsion Laboratory; these partnerships were listed on D-Wave's website until 2005. In June 2014, D-Wave announced a new quantum applications ecosystem with computational finance firm 1QB Information Technologies and cancer research group DNA-SEQ to focus on solving real-world problems with quantum hardware. On May 11, 2011, D-Wave Systems announced D-Wave One, described as "the world's first commercially available quantum computer", operating on a 128-qubit chipset using quantum annealing to solve optimization problems; the D-Wave One was built on early prototypes such as D-Wave's Orion Quantum Computer. The prototype was a 16-qubit quantum annealing processor, demonstrated on February 13, 2007, at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California.
D-Wave demonstrated what they claimed to be a 28-qubit quantum annealing processor on November 12, 2007. The chip was fabricated at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Microdevices Lab in Pasadena, California. In May 2013, a collaboration between NASA, Google and the Universities Space Research Association launched a Quantum Artificial Intelligence Lab based on the D-Wave Two 512-qubit quantum computer that would be used for research into machine learning, among other fields of study. On August 20, 2015, D-Wave Systems announced the general availability of the D-Wave 2X system, a 1000+ qubit quantum computer; this was followed by an announcement on September 28, 2015, that it had been installed at the Quantum Artificial Intelligence Lab at NASA Ames Research Center. In January 2017, D-Wave released the D-Wave 2000Q and an open source repository containing software tools for quantum annealers, it contains Qbsolv, a piece of open-source software that solves QUBO problems on both company's quantum processors and classic hardware architectures.
D-Wave operated from various locations in Vancouver, British Columbia, laboratory spaces at UBC before moving to its current location in the neighboring suburb of Burnaby. D-Wave has offices in Palo Alto and Vienna, USA; the first commercially produced D-Wave processor was a programmable, superconducting integrated circuit with up to 128 pair-wise coupled superconducting flux qubits. The 128-qubit processor was superseded by a 512-qubit processor in 2013; the processor is designed to implement a special-purpose quantum annealing as opposed to being operated as a universal gate-model quantum computer. The underlying ideas for the D-Wave approach arose from experimental results in condensed matter physics, in particular work on quantum annealing in magnets performed by Gabriel Aeppli, Thomas Felix Rosenbaum and collaborators, checking the advantages, proposed by Bikas K. Chakrabarti & collaborators, of quantum tunneling/fluctuations in the search for ground state in spin glasses; these ideas were recast in the language of quantum computation by MIT physicists Edward Farhi, Seth Lloyd, Terry Orlando, Bill Kaminsky, whose publications in 2000 and 2004 provided both a theoretical model for quantum computation that fit with the earlier work in quantum magnetism, a specific enablement of that idea using superconducting flux qubits, a close cousin to the designs D-Wave produced.
In order to understand the origins of much of the controversy around the D-Wave approach, it is important to note that the origins of the D-Wave approach to quantum computation arose not from the conventional quantum information field, but from experimental condensed matter physics. D-Wave maintains a list of peer-reviewed technical publications by their own scientists and others on their website. On February 13, 2007, D-Wave demonstrated the Orion system, running three different applications at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California; this marked the first public demonstration of a quantum computer and associated service. The first application, an example of pattern matching, performed a search for a similar compound to a known drug within a database of molecules; the next application computed a seating arrangement for an event subject to compatibilities and incompatibilities between guests. The last involved sol
Lake Namakagon is a large freshwater lake located in the Chequamegon National Forest in northern Wisconsin. The lake derives its name from the Ojibwe language, it means "Lake abundant with sturgeons." It is known for tourism, as the home of the legendary Anishinaabe Chief Namakagon. The area around Lake Namakagon was logged during the timber boom years from post-Civil War days through the mid-1920s; the Chicago, Minneapolis, St. Paul and Northwestern Railroad arrived nearby in 1880, delivering timber and tourists. Area forests are temperate deciduous forest containing many varieties of coniferous trees, such as white spruce, other vegetation. From the early 1830s through 1886, a Native American made his home on the lake. Known locally as Chief Namakagon, he became legend as a result of Ashland Daily Press articles about his trading shards of silver for supplies, his secret source for the silver was never discovered and people still search for it today. Logging has given way to tourism as the primary economic driver.
The Namakagon River sources from this lake. Natural islands in the lake include: Anderson Island Paines Island Chief Namakagon Island Champagne Island Fish species include bluegill, sunfish and smallmouth bass, northern pike, walleye. Namakagon is a premier muskellunge lake, "one of only three lakes in Wisconsin managed as a trophy muskie lake." There are several resorts located on Lake Namakagon. Most of the resorts overlook the feature northwoods-style cabins and lodging. Among them include: Lakewoods Resort & Lodge Mogasheen Resort Garmisch USA Resort Westwind Resort Four Seasons Resort Mortenson's Resort Namakagon Lake Association The Treasure of Namakagon official website
Alexander Botwin, better known by his stage name Paper Diamond, is an American electronic music producer from Colorado. He signed with Pretty Lights Music in December 2010, released his first album Levitate on January 25, 2011. Botwin started out as a bassist for the dance music Pnuma Trio in 2004, he created a record label, design company and store owner under the name Elm & Oak in downtown Boulder, Colorado. After Pnuma Trio, he began his solo career as a DJ under the name Alex B which has become Paper Diamond as of 2011. After the release of Levitate, his first full-length album, in 2011, he began to play shows and festivals around the country. Starting in 2012 with a US tour that saw him hit the road with The M Machine, he continued on to play the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival, more known as Coachella, a festival that takes place in April in Indio, California. After Coachella he played Electric Forest Festival in Rothbury, Michigan in June 2012, he played Lollapalooza Music Festival in Chicago, Illinois Grant Park in early August 2012 before Heading to New York City to play Electric Zoo Festival at the end of August 2012 on Randall's Island.
He kicked off his own solo Night Vision Tour 2012 in September by releasing a 30-minute mix entitled Night Vision Tour Mix 2012. He has played at Bonnaroo Music Festival in June 2013 in Manchester, Tennessee. Paper Diamond uses an iPad uploaded with Touch OSC controlling Ableton when doing a live performance. 2011: Levitate 2013: Paragon 2012: Wavesight EP 2014: Rain Drops EP 2012: Night Vision Tour Mix 2012 2014: Cold Crush Tour Mix 2014 2011: Hans Zimmer - South of Heaven's Chanting Mermaids Remixed 2012: Throw it in the Bag 2012: Your Making me High 2012: Pretty Boy Swag 2012: Same Old Song 2014: Diplo - Revolution Paper Diamond Official Website Paper Diamond's SoundCloud
Maxios is a British-bred Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He showed great promise as a juvenile in 2010 when he was unbeaten in two races including the Group 3 Prix Thomas Bryon but in the following year he failed to win or place in four starts. In 2012 he showed improvement, winning two minor races in spring and taking La Coupe de Maisons-Laffitte in September, he reached his peak as a five-year-old in 2013 when he won the Prix d'Harcourt and went on to record Group 1 victories in the Prix d'Ispahan and the Prix du Moulin. At the end of the year he was retired from racing to become a breeding stallion in Germany. Maxios is a bay or brown horse bred in the United Kingdom by the Niarchos family, he was sent into training with Jonathan Pease in France. She was sired by the German stallion Monsun, who won the Aral-Pokal and two editions of the Preis von Europa, he went on to be a successful breeding stallion, siring Shirocco, Manduro and Stacelita. Maxios's dam Moonlight's Box never raced but was a successful broodmare who produced the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Bago.
Her dam Coup de Genie was a full-sister to Machiavellian. Maxios was ridden in both of his races as a juvenile by Christophe Lemaire; the colt made his debut in a maiden race over 1600 metres at Longchamp Racecourse on 18 September and won by four lengths from Soviet Blue. On 7 October the colt was stepped up in class to contest the Group 3 Prix Thomas Bryon over the same distance on heavy ground at Saint-Cloud Racecourse. Starting the 1.2/1 favourite he raced in third place before finishing and took the lead in the final strides to win by a short head from Private Jet. Stephane Pasquier took over as Maxios's jockey in the 2011 season but the colt showed little worthwhile form in his four races, he ran last of five in the Prix La Force over 2100 metres at Longchamp in April and finished eighth of nine behind Pour Moi in the Prix Greffulhe over 2000 metres at Saint-Cloud in May. After a lengthy break Maxios returned to the track in autumn and was dropped to Listed class for his last two races of the year.
He finished fifth in the Prix Turenne over 2400 metres at Saint-Cloud in September and seventh when favourite for the Prix Vulcain over 2500 metres at Deauville Racecourse in the following month. Maxios began his third season with a three and a half length win in a minor race over 2000 metres at Longchamp and followed up by coming home five lengths clear of his rivals in a similar event at Fontainebleau a month later. In June he was stepped back up in class for the Group 2 Grand Prix de Chantilly and was in the first two throughout before being beaten three quarters of a length by the British-trained Aiken with the favourite Dunaden in third. After a two month break he was made odds-on favourite for the Prix Gontaut-Biron at Deauville but was outpaced in the closing stages and came home fifth of the seven runners behind Don Bosco. At Maisons-Laffitte Racecourse Maxios started 4.2/1 second favourite behind Reliable Man in La Coupe de Maisons-Laffitte over 2000 metres. After tracking the front-running Quinindo he took the lead approaching the last 200 metres and won "comfortably" by one and a half lengths from Reliable Man.
On his final run of the season he started second favourite for the Prix Dollar at Longchamp in October but came home sixth, more than eleven lengths behind the winner Cirrus des Aigles. On 7 April at Longchamp Maxios began his 2013 campaign in the Group 3 Prix d'Harcourt over 2000 metres. After racing in third place he made rapid progress in the straight, caught the front-running Don Bosco close to the finish and won by three quarters of a length. Three weeks at the same track he contested his first Group 1 race and finished second to the German colt Pastorius in the Prix Ganay. In the Group 1 Prix d'Ispahan over 1800 metres at Longchamp on 26 May Maxios started second favourite behind the filly Beauty Parlour in a seven-runner field which included Don Bosco and Sofast, he raced in mid-division he was switched to the outside in the straight, caught Planteur in the final strides and won by half a length. In June Maxios raced outside France for the first time when he was sent to Royal Ascot to contest the Prince of Wales's Stakes and came home sixth of the eleven runners behind Al Kazeem.
After a break of three months Maxios returned in the Prix Moulin over 1600 metres on soft ground at Longchamp on 15 September. The British colt Olympic Glory started favourite ahead of Flotilla with Maxios the 7/1 joint-third choice alongside Style Vendome. Flotilla's pacemaker Sage Melody set off in front and opened up a long lead from Maxios, in turn well clear of the other five runners. Maxios went to the front when Sage Melody faded 400 metres from the finish and was never challenged thereafter, coming home five lengths clear of Olympic Glory. Maxios ended his racing career with a return to Ascot for the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes over one mile on 19 October, he started the 4/1 second favourite in a twelve-runner field but was never in contention and came home eighth, twenty-six lengths behind the winner Olympic Glory. In the 2013 World's Best Racehorse Rankings Maxios was rated the twenty-ninth best racehorse in the world. Maxios was retired from racing to become a breeding stallion at the Gestut Fahrhof in Germany.
Gaona Nketso Dintwe is a Botswana television presenter, talk show host, event host, broadcast journalist and media entrepreneur Since 2006, she has worked as a radio and TV presenter for Radio Botswana 2 and Botswana Television hosting several shows including RB2's midmorning'Urban Flavas' and Botswana TV's morning show and in addition she has as well presented other TV Shows and hosts Gaona Live. In 2006, Dintwe started her journey in media joining Radio Botswana 2 as a radio presenter; this was just after she graduated from Monash South Africa with a BA in Communications and Media Studies. At RB2, She hosted her mid-morning show Urban Flavas, an adult contemporary weekday mid-morning radio show that catered for the lovers of insightful human-centric talk accompanied by good music, the perfect blend of classic and current hits, she subsequently joined the local Botswana Television, BTV, extending her media talents by being a news reader on RB1 and RB 2 and was a news anchor on BTV. She on a number of occasions, had the opportunity to present live from parliament, the State Of The Nation Address by his Excellency the President as well as the presentation of the Budget Speech by the Minister of Finance and Development planning, making her one of the few all round media practitioners in Botswana.
A highlight of her recent work has been the Presidents Initiative Youth Town Hall hosted by his Excellency the President Dr. Masisi featuring American Businessman and Author Steve Harvey which Gaona had the privilege of facilitating. In November 2015 Gaona founded GaonaLive Productions, a female run Premier Television Production company and Online Channel hosted on two platforms, being GaonaLive Online-www.youtube.com/c/gaonalivebotswana and NOW TV- channel 290 on DSTV. The GaonaLive YouTube channel has had over 144 000 views, 64 video uploads and 1648 subscribers. GaonaLive Productions boasts a wide range of programs that celebrate Africa and her people, starting right here in Botswana, it is a platform where viewers get to see Real people telling Real stories - stories of overcoming and success that we hope will inspire and empower the GaonaLive viewers, thus the Gaona Live tag line "THE PEOPLE, THE STORIES". Gaona founded an apparel brand in 2018 which focuses on production of bespoke women’s sleepwear and headgear which are comfortable and made for function and flattery.
This brand signifies and celebrates the strength of a woman, as she persistently and resiliently rises and transforms into the best version of “her”. Dintwe married Thobo Tlhasana, her longtime friend and colleague, in September 2012, they struggled to conceive in their three-year marriage and in February 2015, Tlhasana became a voice for women dealing with infertility when she came out and spoke about her struggle with endometriosis. In December 2014, Tlhasana her husband were separated and divorced in September 2015 due to irreconcilable differences. In May 2014, Dintwe travelled to the USA as part of the inaugural cohort of the Young African Leaders Initiative, Mandela Washington Fellowship; the Fellowship Programme is President Barack Obama’s commitment to investing in the future of Africa. She was one of 15 Batswana selected to join a group of 500 young African leaders sent to 20 institutions across the USA, she spent six weeks at YALE University. She took a business and entrepreneurship leadership course and in addition to the classes at Yale, took part in many business workshops.
She networked with local and regional business leaders and participated in community service projects where they met local residents in New Haven, Connecticut. The training gave her the opportunity to attend a summit in Washington, D. C. where the delegates got to interact with President Barack Obama and the First Lady of the USA, Michelle Obama. As part of the Mandela Washington Fellowship, Dintwe spent three months in Lagos, Nigeria, on an internship at the International Centre for Leadership Development Nigeria, a non-profit organization which provides Educational Mentoring, Career Guidance / Vocational Skill Training and Leadership Development; the ICLD Nigeria aims to empower young African leaders by providing them with Leadership and New Media Technology skills and tools, to help them realize their full potential and become productive citizens in their communities. Gaona has over the years, become an Endometriosis activist and advocate, a chronic female reproductive condition she has been diagnosed with, that affects an estimated 176 million women worldwide, in worst cases causes infertility.
Gaona therefore has championed various initiatives to create awareness on the condition. She is passionate about destigmatizing infertility and creating awareness on fertility treatment/assisted reproduction, not affordable for most women and not accessible. Through her Gaona Dintwe Foundation she hopes to raise funds to assist people challenged in their family-building journeys, get the access to reproductive care they need. In a recent BOCRA countrywide survey, she emerged as the most popular female broadcaster across all commercial radio stations and is a BOMU Music Awards recipient of the Best Electronic Journalist Award
The Platonic Academy was a 15th-century discussion group in Florence, Italy. The Neoplatonic Florentine Academy was founded after Gemistus Pletho reintroduced Plato's thoughts to Western Europe during the 1438–39 Council of Florence, it was sponsored by Cosimo de' Medici, led by Marsilio Ficino and supported by Medici until death of Lorenzo de' Medici. It was never a formal group but the members considered themselves a modern form of Plato's Academy. Important members were Poliziano, Cristoforo Landino, Pico della Mirandola, Gentile de' Becchi; the academy would proceed to translate into Latin all of Plato's works, the Enneads of Plotinus, various other Neoplatonic works. Pico della Mirandola became the first Christian scholar to master the Jewish mystical theology of Kabbalah, he attempted to develop a form of syncretism whereby different systems of thought could be harmonized based on shared elements of truth. Pico asserted that though Platonism and Christianity had different views, they held some truths in common.
An important aspect of Pico's philosophical thought was his defense of the dignity and liberty of the human being, set forth in Oration on the Dignity of Man. Both Ficino and Pico resurrected the humanistic views of ancient Greece. However, the humanism of the Renaissance was more individualistic than the humanism of ancient times; the biographer John Addington Symonds speculates that Michelangelo Buonarroti spent time among the members of the Platonic Academy during Buonarroti's early years in Florence absorbing its doctrines and authoring poems and other works demonstrating agreement with their doctrines. The Academy was in fact dissolved soon after the death of Lorenzo de' Medici in 1492. Poliziano and Mirandola both died in 1494. In 2007, their bodies were exhumed from the Church of San Marco in Florence to establish the causes of their deaths. Forensic tests showed that both Poliziano and Pico died of arsenic poisoning the order of Lorenzo's successor, Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici. John Argyropoulos Niccolò Arrighetti Leopoldo de' Medici Platonism in the Renaissance