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Dakota Territory

The Territory of Dakota was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 2, 1861, until November 2, 1889, when the final extent of the reduced territory was split and admitted to the Union as the states of North and South Dakota. The Dakota Territory consisted of the northernmost part of the land acquired in the Louisiana purchase in 1803, as well as the southernmost part of Rupert's Land, acquired in 1818 when the boundary was changed to the 49th parallel; the name refers to the Dakota branch of the Sioux tribes. Most of Dakota Territory was part of the Minnesota and Nebraska territories; when Minnesota became a state in 1858, the leftover area between the Missouri River and Minnesota's western boundary fell unorganized. When the Yankton Treaty was signed that year, ceding much of what had been Sioux Indian land to the U. S. Government, early settlers formed an unofficial provisional government and unsuccessfully lobbied for United States territory status.

Three years President-elect Abraham Lincoln's cousin-in-law J. B. S. Todd lobbied for territory status and the U. S. Congress formally created Dakota Territory, it became an organized territory on March 2, 1861. Upon creation, Dakota Territory included much of present-day Montana and Wyoming as well as all of present-day North Dakota and South Dakota and a small portion of present-day Nebraska. A small patch of land known as "Lost Dakota" existed as a remote exclave of Dakota Territory until it became part of Gallatin County, Montana Territory, in 1873. Dakota Territory was not directly involved in the American Civil War but did raise some troops to defend the settlements following the Dakota War of 1862 which triggered hostilities with the Sioux tribes of Dakota Territory; the Department of the Northwest sent expeditions into Dakota Territory in 1863, 1864 and 1865. It established forts in Dakota Territory to protect the frontier settlements of the Territory and Minnesota and the traffic along the Missouri River.

Following the Civil War, hostilities continued with the Sioux until the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie. By 1868, creation of new territories reduced Dakota Territory to the present boundaries of the Dakotas. Territorial counties were defined including Bottineau County, Cass County and others. During the existence of the organized territory, the population first increased slowly and very with the "Dakota Boom" from 1870 to 1880; because the Sioux were considered hostile and a threat to early settlers, the white population grew slowly. The settlers' population grew and the Sioux were not considered as severe a threat; the population increase can be attributed to the growth of the Northern Pacific Railroad. Settlers who came to the Dakota Territory were from other western territories as well as many from northern and western Europe; these included large numbers of Norwegians, Germans and Canadians. Commerce was organized around the fur trade. Furs were carried by steamboat along the rivers to the settlements.

Gold was discovered in the Black Hills in 1874 and attracted more settlers, setting off the last Sioux War. The population surge increased the demand for meat spurring expanded cattle ranching on the territory's vast open ranges. With the advent of the railroad agriculture intensified: wheat became the territory's main cash crop. Economic hardship hit the territory in the 1880s due to a drought; the territorial capital was Yankton from 1861 until 1883. The Dakota Territory was divided into the states of North Dakota and South Dakota on November 2, 1889; the admission of two states, as opposed to one, was done for a number of reasons. The two population centers in the territory were in the northeast and southeast corners of the territory, several hundred miles away from each other. On a national level, there was pressure from the Republican Party to admit two states to add to their political power in the Senate. Admission of new western states was a party political battleground with each party looking at how the proposed new states were to vote.

At the beginning of 1888, the Democrats under president Grover Cleveland proposed that the four territories of Montana, New Mexico and Washington should be admitted together. The first two were expected to vote Democratic and the latter two were expected to vote Republican so this was seen as a compromise acceptable to both parties. However, the Republicans won majorities in both the House and the Senate that year. To head off the possibility that Congress might only admit Republican territories to statehood, the Democrats agreed to a less favorable deal in which Dakota was divided in two and New Mexico was left out altogether. Cleveland signed it into law on February 22, 1889, the territories could become states in nine months time after that. However, incoming Republican president Benjamin Harrison had a problem with South Dakota. There had been previous attempts to open up the territory, but these had foundered because the Treaty of Fort Laramie required that 75% of Sioux adult males on the reservation had to agree to any treaty change.

Most a commission headed by Richard Henry Pratt in 1888 had failed to get the necessary signatures in the face of opposition from Sioux leaders and government worker Elaine Goodale Superintendent of Indian Education for the Dakotas. The government believed that the Dawes Act, which attempted to move the Indians from hunting to farming, in theory, meant that they needed less land (but in reality was an econom

Noh Cheonmyeong

Noh Cheongmyeong was an early-modern South Korean Poet. Noh Cheonmyeong was born on September 1912 in Hwanghae-do, Korea. In 1934 Noh graduated with a B. A. in English from Ewha Womans University. Noh was a participant in the Drama Arts Society and a reporter for several newspapers including the Choson Chungang Ilbo, Maeil Shinbo, Seoul Shinmun, Punyo Shinmun. Noh worked as a lecturer at Sorabol Arts College, Ewha Womans University, Kookmin University. Noh died in 1957. During the Korean War, Noh was convicted of being involved in anti-government activities and was given twenty years in jail. After the efforts of writers Kim Gwangseop and Lee Heongu, Noh was released after serving six months. Noh made her literary debut with publication of her poem, "Nae cheongchunui baeneun" in Siwon, her posthumous collection, Songs of Deer was published in 1958, in 1960, her family published the Collected Works of Noh Chon-myong. The Literature Institute of Korea summarizes Noh's contributions to Korean Literature: Noh's first collection of poems, Coral Forest, Noh evokes a world of nostalgia through framed recollections of her childhood.

Pieces such as “Self-portrait” and “Deer” are existential explorations of solitude. Her second collection, published after Korean independence from Japan, expanded upon the themes in her Coral Forest melancholy, solitude and nostalgia and is considered an extension of her first collection. Both volumes are characterized by a lyrical intertwining of solitude and nostalgia in simple, delicate language; the poems at once delineate the solitary space where connection with another is impossible and express a kind of anti-nostalgia in the hopes of transcending the past. A Forest of Coral By the Window Gazing at the Stars Songs of Deer Collected Works of Chon-myong

Infected Rain

Infected Rain is a Moldovan nu metal/nu metalcore band, formed in 2008 in Chișinău. The group was formed in 2008 by the guitarist Vadim "Vidick" Ozhog, the lead vocalist Elena Kataraga aka Lena Scissorhands, the DJ Ivan Kristioglo aka DJ Kapa, they debuted on 3 August 2008 at a concert dedicated to Slayer. On 8 August 2008, Infected Rain took part at a heavy metal festival in Crimea, named Red Alert. In late August, same year, they recorded their first demo CD composed of three songs; the group held a number of concerts in Chișinău and Ukraine. Infected Rain took part at heavy metal festivals like Red Alert 2008, Metal Heads’ Mission 2009, RockHausen 2008/2009, Fuckin’FuckFest 3, Big Up! Urban Fest 2009, Forest Kap 2009/2010. In the summer of 2009 they released the "ЕР2009", composed of 6 songs; the combination of female screaming, hard riffs and electronic samples brought to Infected Rain an individual style. In the winter of 2010 they shot their first video, for the song "Judgemental Trap"; the band held a number of concerts in Moldova and Romania.

On 25 November 2011 the group released their first full-length album titled Asylum, the band went on a tour in Romania. In January 2012 was released the second video of the band, for the song "At The Bottom of The Bottle". In June 2012 Infected Rain has performed on the same stage with well-known bands like Mötley Crüe and Dimmu Borgir. In the summer of 2012 were released two songs with their videos: "Me Against You", "Stop Waiting". In the autumn of 2013 Infected Rain toured Romania, Ukraine and Bulgaria, as their first big tour. On 15 May 2014 they released a new full-length album titled Embrace Eternity. In the summer of 2014 the group took part at festivals like "FajtFest 2014", Maraton Festival, ROUTE68 SUMMERFEST and Rockstadt Extreme Fest 2014 in Romania, where it performed alongside with groups like Obituary, Sodom, The Agonist, others; the band went into a two-months tour across 12 European countries to support their new album. Next year the band released the songs Serendipity, Intoxicating and Fool the Gravity.

On 20 April 2017 was released a new full-length album titled "86", as American English slang for getting rid of something, ejecting someone, or refusing service, appeared to be the birth year of the lead vocalist Lena Sсissorhands. The album features 11 tracks; the three albums were recorded in a Moldovan studio named Must Music, were produced by Valentin Voluța and Infected Rain. The lyrics for Infected Rain songs are written by Lena Sсissorhands, they are in English; the music is composed by the guitarist Vidick, with contributions from all other members. As a female frontman, Lena was noted for her strong vocals, she is coached by New York-based Melissa Cross. For her style, Lena was named by local media "the most excentric vocalist of Moldova". Infected Rain has been known to fuse various musical styles, from nu metal, metalcore to melodic death metal, they make use of downtuned guitars and bass guitar, double bass drums, metalcore breakdowns, turntablism. Vocals ranges from highpitched screams to deathgrowling, clean singing and to a lesser extent some rapping on part of Elena.

Vadim "Vidick" Ozhog - guitars Vladimir Babici - bass Serghei Babici - guitars Eugen Voluta - drums Elena "Lena Scissorhands" Cataraga - vocals Ivan Kristioglo - disc jockey Andrei "Mednyi" - guitars Vadim Protsenko - drums 2011: Asylum 2014: Embrace Eternity 2017: 86 2019: Endorphin 2013: Stop Waiting 2016: Serendipity 2016: Intoxicating 2017: Mold 2017: Fool The Gravity 2019: Passerby 2019: The Earth Mantra 2019: Lure 2019: Storm 2019: Black Gold 2009: EP Judgemental Trap 2008: Demo 2008 Official website Infected Rain at LastFm Infected Rain on Metal Maidens Infected Rain on metalfan.ro Infected Rain on moshpit.ro Infected Rain on Brushvox.com Infected Rain on beat100.com