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Daniel Kahneman

Daniel Kahneman is an Israeli-American psychologist and economist notable for his work on the psychology of judgment and decision-making, as well as behavioral economics, for which he was awarded the 2002 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. His empirical findings challenge the assumption of human rationality prevailing in modern economic theory. With Amos Tversky and others, Kahneman established a cognitive basis for common human errors that arise from heuristics and biases, developed prospect theory. In 2011, he was named by Foreign Policy magazine in its list of top global thinkers. In the same year, his book Thinking and Slow, which summarizes much of his research, was published and became a best seller, he is professor emeritus of psychology and public affairs at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School. Kahneman is a founding partner of a business and philanthropy consulting company, he was married to cognitive psychologist and Royal Society Fellow Anne Treisman, who died on February 9, 2018.

In 2015, The Economist listed him as the seventh most influential economist in the world. Daniel Kahneman was born in Tel Aviv, Mandatory Palestine in 1934, where his mother, was visiting relatives, he spent his childhood years in Paris, where his parents had emigrated from Lithuania in the early 1920s. Kahneman and his family were in Paris when it was occupied by Nazi Germany in 1940, his father, was picked up in the first major round-up of French Jews, but he was released after six weeks due to the intervention of his employer, Eugène Schueller. The family was on the run for the remainder of the war, survived, except for the death of Kahneman's father due to diabetes in 1944. Kahneman and his family moved to British Mandatory Palestine in 1948, just before the creation of the state of Israel. Kahneman has written of his experience in Nazi-occupied France, explaining in part why he entered the field of psychology: It must have been late 1941 or early 1942. Jews were required to obey a 6 p.m. curfew.

I had stayed too late. I turned my brown sweater inside out to walk the few blocks home; as I was walking down an empty street, I saw a German soldier approaching. He was wearing the black uniform that I had been told to fear more than others – the one worn by specially recruited SS soldiers; as I came closer to him, trying to walk fast, I noticed. He beckoned me over, picked me up, hugged me. I was terrified, he was speaking to me in German. When he put me down, he opened his wallet, showed me a picture of a boy, gave me some money. I went home more certain than that my mother was right: people were endlessly complicated and interesting. Kahneman received his bachelor of science degree with a major in psychology, a minor in mathematics from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1954. After earning his undergraduate degree, he served in the psychology department of the Israeli Defense Forces. One of his responsibilities was to evaluate candidates for officer's training school, to develop tests and measures for this purpose.

In 1958, he went to the United States to study for his PhD in Psychology from the University of California, Berkeley. His 1961 dissertation, advised by Susan Ervin, examined relations between adjectives in the semantic differential and "allowed me to engage in two of my favorite pursuits: the analysis of complex correlational structures and FORTRAN programming," as he would recall. Kahneman began his academic career as a lecturer in psychology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1961, he was promoted to senior lecturer in 1966. His early work focused on visual attention. For example, his first publication in the prestigious journal Science was entitled "Pupil Diameter and Load on Memory". During this period, Kahneman was a visiting scientist at the University of Michigan and the Applied Psychology Research Unit in Cambridge, he was a fellow at the Center for Cognitive Studies, a lecturer in cognitive psychology at Harvard University in 1966/1967. This period marks the beginning of Kahneman's lengthy collaboration with Amos Tversky.

Together and Tversky published a series of seminal articles in the general field of judgment and decision-making, culminating in the publication of their prospect theory in 1979. Kahneman was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 2002 for his work on prospect theory. Following this, the pair teamed with Paul Slovic to edit a compilation entitled "Judgement Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases" that proved to be an important summary of their work and of other recent advances that had influenced their thinking. In his Nobel biography, Kahneman states that his collaboration with Tversky began after Kahneman had invited Tversky to give a guest lecture to one of Kahneman's seminars at Hebrew University in 1968 or 1969, their first jointly written paper, "Belief in the Law of Small Numbers," was published in 1971. They published seven articles in peer-reviewed journals in the years 1971–1979. Aside from "Prospect Theory," the most important of these articles was "Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases", published in the prestigious journal Science and introduced the notion of anchoring.

Kahneman left Hebrew University in 1978 to take a pos

New Mexico Lobos men's basketball

The New Mexico Lobos men's basketball team represents the University of New Mexico, competing in the Mountain West Conference in NCAA Division I. UNM established basketball as a varsity sport in 1899 and began competing with regional colleges after establishing an athletics department in 1920. Lobo basketball first achieved national prominence after Bob King was hired as head coach in 1962. King transformed a moribund program into a consistent winner and produced future ABA MVP Mel Daniels; the Lobos won the Western Athletic Conference championship in 1964 and 1968, making frequent appearances in national rankings. The team reached the NIT tournament final in 1964 and received its first bid to the NCAA tournament in 1968; the success of the program continued after King departed, winning WAC titles in 1974, 1978, 1994, winning the conference tournament in 1993 and 1996, earning post-season tournament bids. The Lobos became frequent participants in the NCAA tournament during the 1990s and have made fifteen appearances overall, as well as nineteen NIT appearances.

They have won the conference tournament four times each. In addition to Daniels, other prominent players produced by the Lobo program include five-time NBA champion Michael Cooper, three-time NBA champion Luc Longley, NBA all-star Danny Granger, Kenny Thomas; the most renowned enduring feature of the Lobo basketball program is its home venue, known as "The Pit", recognized as one of the best college basketball arenas in the country. The Pit opened in 1966 and the Lobos have been dominant playing there, winning over eighty percent of their games, while placing among national leaders in attendance; the arena has hosted NCAA tournament games, including the 1983 NCAA Final Four that featured one of the most memorable finishes in tournament history. Roy Johnson, nicknamed "Old Iron Head", was fundamental to the early development of Lobo athletics. Johnson arrived in 1920 after a successful athletic career at the University of Michigan; the UNM gymnasium at the time was a small wooden building where the walls were out-of-bounds markers for basketball games.

Basketball was an intramural sport, with occasional games against other schools, including Albuquerque High School, no regular schedule. Johnson set about building collegiate-level athletics facilities, performing some of the hard labor with his own hands, he oversaw construction of Carlisle Gymnasium in 1928 and Zimmerman Field in 1938, the first football stadium at UNM. During his nearly forty years at UNM, Johnson coached every men's sport the school offered, while teaching physical education. A decorated veteran who served in World Wars I and II, he was the UNM athletic director from 1920-49, he established scheduled games against regional colleges, in 1931 UNM joined the Border Conference as a founding member. Johnson coached the UNM basketball team for all but two seasons from 1920-40. From 1924-34, his teams posted a 104–38 record; the Lobos won 165 games with Johnson as head basketball coach, a school record for over thirty years and third on its all-time list. Johnson stepped down as head basketball coach after the 1939-40 season.

The position passed to a few different coaches before Woody Clements took over from 1944–51 and 1953–55, compiling a record of 113-119. The Lobos won the Border Conference in 1944 and 1945, they appeared in the NAIA post-season tournament in 1947, losing to Hamline University in the first round. From 1951-62, the Lobos competed in the Mountain States Conference, known at the time as the Skyline Eight. In 1957, while still on faculty, Johnson oversaw construction of the 7,800-seat arena that bears his name, Johnson Gymnasium. For many years, Johnson Gym was the most prominent feature of the UNM campus for those driving along Central Avenue in Albuquerque, part of historic U. S. Route 66. Lobo basketball first achieved national prominence under Bob King, an assistant coach at his alma mater, the University of Iowa; the Lobos had only two winning seasons from 1947–62, compiling a 113–252 record, including a dismal 42–149 during the last eight years. King had an immediate impact on the program; the Lobos won as many games in his first two seasons as in the previous seven combined and went 116–44 over his first six seasons.

They went 175–89 in ten seasons with King as head coach, winning two conference titles and making four appearances in post-season tournaments. New Mexico joined the Western Athletic Conference as a founding member before King's first season, his first team went the best Lobo record in seventeen years. The following season, 1963–64, the Lobos won their first WAC championship, led by Ira Harge, who King had recruited from a junior college in Iowa; the team posted wins over Kansas and at Purdue and received a berth in the 1964 National Invitation Tournament at Madison Square Garden in New York City. The Lobos defeated Drake and NYU before falling to Bradley in the championship game, finishing with a 23-6 record and ranked 16th in the UPI poll. Harge averaged 18.8 points and 11.8 rebounds a game during his two seasons at UNM and was selected in the second round of the 1964 NBA draft by the Philadelphia 76ers. The rise of the program continued in the 1964–65 season, led by sophomores Mel Daniels and Ben Monroe.

After an early loss at Kansas, the Lobos won ten straight building a 19-3 record and attaining a #10 national ranking, their first appearance in the AP poll. They dropped their next four games on the road, including a one-point loss at #10 BYU, they were again invited to the NIT, where they lost to St. John's to finish 19-8. Daniels averaged over 17 points and 11 rebounds a game, providing the fast-gr

Reuben Riffel

Reuben Riffel is a South African celebrity chef and media personality known for his food-focused television shows and advertisements and philanthropic work. Reuben Riffel was born in Franschhoek, South Africa, on 23 December 1974, he is one of 3 siblings, grew up in an area called Groendal, a valley in Franschhoek. Riffel grew up in a family where eating well played an important role, his mother was intermittently involved in the restaurant industry and his father was involved in the building and construction industry. She brought home morsels from the restaurants where she worked and in this way Riffel first developed his palate for good food. Riffel attended high school in Paarl, he recalls. Riffel worked in the building trade, but soon migrated to the hospitality industry, where his first job was that of a waiter at Chamonix Restaurant, he soon migrated to barman, but one day the kitchen had two no-shows and he was moved to the kitchen to assist. He left Chamonix to work with his uncle in a nightclub, but soon decided that the environment was not one in which he wanted to remain.

In 1994, at the age of 20, he went back to Charmonix. Under the guidance of Christoph Dehosse, he learned about food preparation; when Christoph moved on and was replaced by Richard Carstens, Riffel was made sous chef, in which role he learned the art of preparing vegetables and sauces and running a tight kitchen. His career began with humility and was forged in the principles of hard work as he earnestly learnt from his mentors, being both women in his life, in the early days and the chefs he worked with at the restaurant. One day Richard failed to show up to work, he was forced to step into the role of executive chef without warning. Many of the patrons expressed their satisfaction at the meals; when Richard never returned to Chamonix, Riffel stepped up, filled the position and was made executive chef. Riffel realized that he wanted to be a chef when a French tourist complimented the meal prepared by him as “the best meal he had”. Riffel did not go through any formal channels or study to be a chef, but applied a combination of natural ability and talent.

He learnt from his family and the chefs he worked with, his success today can be attributed to this. He worked in a few restaurants following this and was reunited with Richard, his mentor at Monneaux, where he continued to grow his skills in the kitchen and experiment with various textures and ingredients, he traveled overseas and these experiences were brought back into the kitchen. After honing his skills for three years at Monneaux, Riffel moved to Cambridge, England, to run a startup restaurant, Bruno’s Brasserie, which soon drew in the crowds. In 2004, he was offered an opportunity by friends to return to Franschhoek to open a restaurant, named "Reuben’s". Within six months, the restaurant was a success and this was cemented by Reuben winning "Chef of the Year" and "Restaurant of the Year" at the Eat Out Restaurant awards; this elevated the reputation of both the establishment and Reuben alike and the first Reuben’s is renowned in Franschhoek as a culinary landmark. Reuben Riffel became a well-known name abroad.

Riffel continued to see opportunities to bring the offering of his food to a broader market and in 2009. The following year, the opportunity arose to take over Gordon Ramsay’s restaurant, post its demise, at the One&Only hotel in Cape Town. Reuben’s at the One&Only was thus established with Reuben himself as executive chef. In 2013, Riffel opened two new restaurants, one at Abalone House, a five-star guesthouse in Paternoster and a bistro-style offering named Racine, at the Chamonix Wine Estate in Franschhoek, where his culinary career began. Riffel’s philosophy is to keep things simple, bringing out the natural flavours of each ingredient, to strive for perfect balance in the finished dish. In an interview with The Wall Street Journal in 2012, he admitted to, at that point, having over 250 cookbooks as he continues to learn and create new and flavorful dishes. Riffel continues to be hands-on involved in all restaurants and thus splits his time between establishments. 2018 Reuben’s Restaurant |The Capital Ivy, [[Sandton, Gauteng| In 2011, Riffel appeared on both The Martha Stewart Show and The Today Show.

In June 2012, he was a guest judge on the second season of the M-Net television cooking competition MasterChef South Africa. In 2013, Riffel hosted his first Afrikaans cooking show, 5 Sterre met Reuben, in which he taught viewers how to make five-star dishes at home. In 2014, he replaced Andrew Atkinson as a permanent judge on MasterChef South Africa, beginning with its third season. Riffel, Pete Goffe-Wood and Benny Masekwameng comprised the judging panel, Riffel hosted the third season as well as a Celebrity MasterChef season in 2015, he is the face of Robertsons Herbs and Spices and presents television adverts featuring different recipes using Robertsons Herbs and Spices. He is a brand ambassador for Samsung Home Appliances in South Africa. Riffel has published three cookbooks with Quivertree Publications: Reuben Cooks: Food is time travel, ISBN 9780980265156 – a collection of Reuben’s favourite recipes from around the world. Reuben Cooks Local, ISBN 9780986981357 – a collection of Reuben’s favourite South African feasts and focus on easy-to-follow recipes and local ingredients.

Braai: Reuben on Fire, ISBN 9780987028457 – a reflection of the quintessential South African cooking style. Riffel’s work and cooking style earned him the SA Chef of the Year Award in