St. Peter's Church (Talleysville, Virginia)
St. Peter's Church is a historic Episcopal church near Talleysville, United States. Built in 1703, the church was designated as "The First Church of the First First-Lady" by the Virginia General Assembly in 1960 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1969, it was designated a National Historic Landmark on March 2, 2012, as an exceptionally well-preserved colonial-era church. St. Peter's Church was established in New Kent County, Virginia, on April 29, 1679. Construction began in 1701 (at a cost of 146,000 weight of tobacco, was complete by 1703; the steeple was erected 12 years later. The builder of nearby Foster's Castle, Colonel Joseph Foster, was a vestryman and supervised construction at St. Peter's Church. Another vestryman, Colonel Daniel Parke Custis, married Martha Dandridge in June 1749, she became a widow after only eight years of marriage. On January 6, 1759, the Rector of St. Peter's, Rev. David Mossom, united Martha Custis and Colonel George Washington in marriage.
Debate ensues over the exact location of the marriage. Following the American Revolution and disestablishment of what had become the Episcopal Church and confiscation of vacant glebes in 1802 legislation, this church was abandoned and fell into disrepair. Sometime around 1820, Presbyterians started worshiping at the church. Episcopalian services began again in 1843. Both denominations shared the church, alternating weeks, until 1865; because of its central location in New Kent County about 30 miles from Richmond, the church suffered during the Civil War. Union soldiers carved their names in the brick exterior. On October 23, 1869 General Robert E. Lee wrote "St. Peters is the church where General Washington was married and attended in early life, it would be a shame to America if allowed to go to destruction." His son, General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee oversaw the partial restoration in 1872. After being designated as "The First Church of the First First-Lady" by the Virginia General Assembly in 1960, restoration again began on the church with the assistance of architectural and ecclesiastic experts.
The renovation included structural improvements to the church which required gutting the interior. Constructed of brick laid in Flemish bond, St. Peter's measures 64 feet 4 inches by 28 feet 4.5 inches and is one story high. The gable roof has curvilinear gable ends; the two-story brick tower has a pyramidal roof. The top of the tower is decorated by four original stuccoed brick urns. A wing was added sometime before the Revolution but was removed in the middle of the nineteenth century; the original south doorway and several windows had been bricked up but have been restored as have the curvilinear gable ends for which evidence was found in the fabric of the building during the 1940s and again during the restoration work of 1951-52. Much of the interior and exterior has been restored or replaced in what is thought to be its original condition. List of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia List of the oldest buildings in Virginia National Register of Historic Places listings in New Kent County, Virginia St. Peter's Church St. Peter's Church, State Route 642, New Kent County, VA 6 photos, 9 measured drawings, 11 data pages, at Historic American Buildings Survey
Williamsburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States. As of the 2010 U. S. Census, the population was 14,068. In 2014, the population was estimated to be 14,691. Located on the Virginia Peninsula, Williamsburg is in the northern part of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area, it is bordered by James City York County. Williamsburg was founded in 1632 as Middle Plantation, a fortified settlement on high ground between the James and York rivers; the city served as the capital of the Colony and Commonwealth of Virginia from 1699 to 1780 and was the center of political events in Virginia leading to the American Revolution. The College of William & Mary, established in 1693, is the second-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and the only one of the nine colonial colleges located in the South. S. Presidents as well as many other important figures in the nation's early history; the city's tourism-based economy is driven by Colonial Williamsburg, the restored Historic Area of the city.
Along with nearby Jamestown and Yorktown, Williamsburg forms part of the Historic Triangle, which attracts more than four million tourists each year. Modern Williamsburg is a college town, inhabited in large part by William & Mary students and staff. Prior to the arrival of the English colonists at Jamestown in the Colony of Virginia in 1607, the area which became Williamsburg was within the territory of the Powhatan Confederacy. By the 1630s, English settlements had grown to dominate the lower portion of the Virginia Peninsula, the Powhatan tribes had abandoned their nearby villages. Between 1630 and 1633, after the war that followed the Indian Massacre of 1622, the English colonists constructed a defensive palisade across the peninsula and a settlement named Middle Plantation as a primary guard station along the palisade. Jamestown was the original capital of Virginia Colony, but was burned down during the events of Bacon's Rebellion in 1676; as soon as Governor William Berkeley regained control, temporary headquarters for the government to function were established about 12 miles away on the high ground at Middle Plantation, while the Statehouse at Jamestown was rebuilt.
The members of the House of Burgesses discovered that the'temporary' location was both safer and more pleasant environmentally than Jamestown, humid and plagued with mosquitoes. A school of higher education had long been an aspiration of the colonists. An early attempt at Henricus failed after the Indian Massacre of 1622; the location at the outskirts of the developed part of the colony had left it more vulnerable to the attack. In the 1690s, the colonists tried again to establish a school, they commissioned Reverend James Blair, who spent several years in England lobbying, obtained a royal charter for the desired new school. It was to be named the College of Mary in honor of the monarchs of the time; when Reverend Blair returned to Virginia, the new school was founded in a safe place, Middle Plantation in 1693. Classes began in temporary quarters in 1694, the College Building, a precursor to the Wren Building, was soon under construction. Four years in 1698, the rebuilt Statehouse in Jamestown burned down again, this time accidentally.
The government again relocated'temporarily' to Middle Plantation, in addition to the better climate now enjoyed use of the College's facilities. The College students made a presentation to the House of Burgesses, it was agreed in 1699 that the colonial capital should be permanently moved to Middle Plantation. A village was laid out and Middle Plantation was renamed Williamsburg in honor of King William III of England, befitting the town's newly elevated status. Following its designation as the Capital of the Colony, immediate provision was made for construction of a capitol building and for plotting out the new city according to the survey of Theodorick Bland, his design utilized the extant sites of the College and the almost-new brick Bruton Parish Church as focal points, placed the new Capitol building opposite the College, with Duke of Gloucester Street connecting them. Alexander Spotswood, who arrived in Virginia as lieutenant governor in 1710, had several ravines filled and streets leveled, assisted in erecting additional College buildings, a church, a magazine for the storage of arms.
In 1722, the town of Williamsburg was granted a royal charter as a "city incorporate". However, it was a borough. Middle Plantation was included in James City Shire when it was established in 1634, as the Colony reached a total population of 5,000.. However, the middle ground ridge line was the dividing line with Charles River Shire, renamed York County after King Charles I fell out of favor with the citizens of England; as Middle Plantation and Williamsburg developed, the boundaries were adjusted slightly. For most of the colonial period, the border between the two counties ran down the center of Duke of Gloucester Street. During this time, for 100 years after the formation of the Commonwealth of Virginia and the United States, despite practical complications, the town remained divided between the two counties. Williamsburg was the site of the first attempted canal in the United States. In 1771, Lord Dunmore, who would turn out to be Virginia's last Royal Governor, announced plans to connect Archer's Creek, which leads to the James River with Queen's Creek, leading to the York River.
It was not completed. Remains of this c
Eleanor Parke Custis Lewis
Eleanor Parke Custis Lewis, known as Nelly, was the granddaughter of Martha Washington and the step-granddaughter / adopted daughter of George Washington. Nelly was the daughter of Eleanor Calvert Custis, her father was the only surviving child of Daniel Parke Custis and his widow, Martha Dandridge Custis, who married George Washington in 1759. She was the granddaughter of Benedict Swingate Calvert, illegitimate son of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, whose mother may have been a granddaughter of George I, he was descended from Charles II through the King's daughter by Barbara Villiers, Charlotte FitzRoy. Nelly was most born at Mount Airy, her maternal grandfather's estate in Prince George's County, although local tradition holds that she was born at Abingdon, her father's estate in Arlington, Virginia. Following the premature death of John Parke Custis in 1781, Nelly and her brother, George Washington Parke Custis, were informally adopted by the Washingtons, grew up at Mount Vernon. During George Washington's presidency, Nelly helped entertain guests at the first presidential mansion on Cherry Street in New York City, the second presidential mansion on Broadway in New York City, the third presidential mansion in Philadelphia.
On February 22, 1799, Nelly Custis married George Washington's nephew, the widower Lawrence Lewis, of Fredericksburg, Virginia. The Washingtons' wedding gift was 2,000 acres adjacent to Mount Vernon, on which the Lewises built Woodlawn Plantation; the Lewises had eight children. The three who did survive were: Frances Parke Lewis Butler Lorenzo Lewis Mary Eliza Lewis Conrad Upon her marriage, Nelly Lewis inherited about 80 slaves from her father's estate, her grandfather, Daniel Parke Custis's estate was liquidated following Martha Washington's death in 1802, Nelly Lewis inherited about 35 "dower" slaves from Mount Vernon. Following the death of her mother in 1811, the John Parke Custis estate was liquidated, she inherited 40 additional slaves. About 1830 the Lewises moved to Audley plantation in Virginia. Beginning in the mid-1830s they began dividing their time between Virginia and their daughters' homes in Louisiana. Nelly Custis Lewis continued to live at Audley after her husband's death in 1839.
Throughout her life, she regarded herself as a preserver of George Washington's legacy. She shared memories and mementos and corresponded with those seeking information on the first president, verified or debunked stories. A shaft to the east of the Washingtons' tomb at Mount Vernon marks her burial site. Brady, Patricia. Martha Washington: An American Life. New York: Viking/Penguin Group, 2005. ISBN 0-670-03430-4. Kneebone, John T. et al. eds. Dictionary of Virginia Biography. Richmond: Library of Virginia, 1998-. Volume 3, pages 627-628. ISBN 0-88490-206-4. Ribblett, David L. Nelly Custis: Child of Mount Vernon. Mount Vernon, Va. 1993. Woodlawn Plantation Portraits of Eleanor Custis Lewis and Lawrence Lewis at Kenmore
York County, Virginia
York County is a county in the eastern part of the Commonwealth of Virginia, located in the Tidewater. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,464; the county seat is the unincorporated town of Yorktown. Located on the north side of the Virginia Peninsula, with the York River as its northern border, York County is included in the Virginia Beach–Norfolk–Newport News, VA–NC Metropolitan Statistical Area. York County contains many tributaries of the York River, it shares land borders with the independent cities of Williamsburg, Newport News and Poquoson, as well as James City County, shares a border along the York River with Gloucester County. Formed in 1634 as one of the eight original shires of the Virginia Colony, York County is one of the oldest counties in the United States. Yorktown is one of the three points of the Historic Triangle of Colonial Virginia, it is the site of the last battle and surrender of British forces in 1781 at the conclusion of the American Revolutionary War, when the patriots gained independence from Great Britain.
In modern times, several important U. S. military installations have been developed in the county. It has miles of waterfront residential and recreational areas. York County adjoins the Busch Gardens Williamsburg theme park and includes within its borders the affiliated Water Country USA water park, the Yorktown Riverfront area, Yorktown Battlefield and Visitor Center and Yorktown Victory Center. Yorktown is linked by the National Park Service's bucolic Colonial Parkway with Colonial Williamsburg and historic attractions at Jamestown, Virginia. Heritage tourism to the Historic Triangle draws international visitors and is a major economic activity for the county; the area, now York County was long inhabited by succeeding cultures of Native Americans. These were hunter-gatherer groups during earlier. By the late 16th century, much of the coastal plain draining to the Chesapeake Bay of the current Commonwealth of Virginia was called Tenakomakah in Algonquian, meaning "densely inhabited land"; the historic tribes of the Tidewater area spoke related Algonquian languages.
Other Algonquian-speaking peoples occupied coastal areas north and into present-day Canada, as well as to the South. In the Virginia region, a weroance named Wahunsunacock of the Powhatan people created a powerful empire of eastern-Algonquian language-speaking peoples known as the Powhatan Confederacy. Known as the Powhatan, meaning the paramount chief, he was from a village known as "Powhatan", near the fall line of the James River. Chief Powhatan established a second capital village, known as Werowocomoco, in a centrally located position in Tenakomakah. Rediscovered in the early 21st century by archeological work, it was located along the north bank of the York River in present-day Gloucester County; the Chiskiack tribe of the Powhatan Confederacy lived in York County along the York River until the 1630s. Escalating conflicts with the expanding English colony based at Jamestown caused them to move to the west; the English developed a village settlement near the village of Chiskiack and adopted its name..
This became part of the developments included within the present-day Naval Weapons Station Yorktown near Yorktown and are included in the military base. Cheesecake Road and Cheesecake Cemetery are within the base. After the Powhatan moved his capital from this area in 1609, the site believed to have been Werowocomoco near Purtan Bay was lost to history, it was rediscovered in the early 21st century, has been under continuing archaeological study projects. The discoveries and ongoing research led by the College of William and Mary hold great promise in expanding understanding of the lives of the Native Americans in the area during that era of York County's history. In 1570, Spanish Jesuit priests founded the Ajacán Mission in this area, they were guided by interpreter Don Luis, a Native American from this area, taken captive by an earlier expedition. He was taken to Spain and to Mexico, where he was baptized as Don Luis and educated in the Jesuit system. Ten years after returning to Virginia, he soon abandoned the Spanish group.
In February 1571 he led an attack on the Jesuits. The following year, a Spanish force returned to the region for punishment and reclaimed the youth Alonso; the Spanish did not attempt another mission in this part of North America. About 30 years English colonists arrived and established Jamestown in 1607 on the southern shore of the Virginia Peninsula in the Colony and Dominion of Virginia. In 1619, the area, now York County was included in two of the four incorporations of the proprietary Virginia Company of London which were known as Elizabeth Cittie and James Cittie. In 1634, what is now York County was formed as Charles River Shire, one of the eight original shires of Virginia and named for King Charles I. Charles River Shire took its name from the younger son of King James I. In the 21st century, it was one of the five original shires considered extant in its same political form, making it one of the oldest counties in the United States. During the English Civil War, Charles River County and the Charles River were changed to York County and York River, respectively.
The river and town of Yorktown are believed to have been named for York, a city in Northern England. The first courtho
White House (plantation)
The White House was a late 17th-century plantation on the Pamunkey River near White House in New Kent County, Virginia. There was a total of three White Houses all built on the original pre-1700 foundation; the original White House Mansion was built by Colonel John Lightfoot III just before 1700 and while he was Counselor of State. The White House Plantation was part of a large land holding that John Custis, father of Daniel Parke Custis, purchased from the family of John Lightfoot III. After John Custis died, he left the White House Plantation to his son Daniel Parke Custis, the first husband of Martha Dandridge Custis; the two would marry in 1750. Daniel Parke Custis would unexpectedly die in 1757. After the death of her first husband, Martha Dandridge Custis would meet George Washington and on January 6, 1759 would hold their wedding ceremony in one of the rooms of the White House Mansion. Union troops stationed at the White House Plantation under the command of George B. McClellan, would burn the second White House to the ground on June 28, 1862, as they retreated during the Seven Days Battles.
The third and final White House burned in 1880. The three White Houses collectively spanned over 180 years; the 2nd and 3rd iterations were smaller than the original White House Mansion. Following the Third Anglo-Powhatan War, the General Assembly began setting up Forts along York River and its tributaries. Captain Roger Marshall was to manage Fort Royal, for three years. After fulfilling the requirements he was granted a patent for the 600 acres of Rickahock, on March 14, 1649; that same day he sold these 600 acres of Rickahock to General Manwarring Hammond. These 600 acres brought Gen. Hammond's total landholding patents to 3760 acres on the south side of York River. On the same day as Gen. Hammond received the 600 acres of Rickahock from Capt. Marshall, Colonel Philip Honeywood was granted a patent of 3050 acres; this included 1550 acres above Warrannucock Island and 1500 acres south side of the York River near the Island. Together the tracts of land owned by Gen. Hammond and Col. Honeywood spanned six square miles.
Both men were Royalist Officers who had fled England to escape Oliver Cromwell. Once the Restoration came, they left Virginia for home. After leaving for England, the two tracts of land were conveyed to Captain William Bassett on January 23, 1670 through his correspondence with Colonel Henry Norwood. While the deeds had been lost due to a fire that destroyed New Kent County records, it is thought that Colonel John Lightfoot III purchased the lands from the William Bassett’s Estate around 1686, after he arrived from England with his wife Anne Lightfoot. Col. John Lightfoot III constructed the White House Mansion prior to 1700. "The house was a commodious one, with adequate room for entertainment of a large gathering and guests such as could be provided for by a large Colonial Plantation which had servants aplenty and provisions of all kinds". Following Col. John Lightfoot III's death in 1709, his landholdings were divided amongst his sons. According to the diary of Col. William Byrd, there he mentioned Sherwood Lightfoot resided at Rickahock and his younger brother, Goodrich Lightfoot, at the White House Plantation where the White House Mansion was located.
It is unknown what portions of John Lightfoot III's estate went to his youngest son Thomas Lightfoot, whether any property was given to Col. John Lightfoot's daughter Alice Lightfoot. John Lightfoot III's total landholdings included acreage he had acquired from William Bassett’s estate; the Anthony Langston’s plantation, Gen. Hammond’s Fort Royal tract, land to the east of Manquin Creek. Sherwood Lightfoot would die April 20, 1730. In 1727 Goodrich Lightfoot moved from the White House Plantation to Spotsylvania County and died in 1738 while living in Orange County. While the records had been lost both Goodrich Lightfoot and Sherwood Lightfoot would convey the entire property of John Lightfoot III to Colonel John Custis; as of 1735 there are records showing Col. John Custis owned the Old Quarter and the land upon the river. A wealthy widow, Martha Custis was courted by George Washington, whom she married in 1759. Shortly thereafter, he resigned his Virginia military commission and they moved to his farm at Mount Vernon in Fairfax County overlooking the Potomac River.
George and Martha Washington raised her two surviving children. Her son, John Parke "Jacky" Custis married Eleanor Calvert on February 3, 1774; the couple moved to the White House plantation. After the couple had lived at the White House plantation for more than two years, John Parke Custis purchased the Abingdon plantation, into which the couple settled during 1778. John Parke Custis died in 1781 after contracting "camp fever" at the Siege of Yorktown. Martha and George Washington raised his two younger children, Eleanor Parke Custis and George Washington Parke Custis. George Washington became the first President of the United States and his wife, became the nation's initial First Lady, although she was known at the time as "Lady Washington." The title of First Lady was traditionally given the President's wife in years thereafter. In 1802, George Washington Parke Custis began construction on Arlington House in the District of Columbia, intending it to become a memorial to h
Mount Vernon was the plantation of George Washington, the first President of the United States, his wife, Martha Dandridge Custis Washington. The estate is situated on the banks of the Potomac River in Fairfax County, near Alexandria, across from Prince George's County, Maryland; the Washington family had owned land in the area since the time of Washington's great-grandfather in 1674. Around 1734 they embarked on an expansion of the estate that continued under George Washington, who began leasing the estate in 1754, but did not become its sole owner until 1761; the mansion was built of wood in a loose Palladian style. George Washington expanded once in the late 1750s and again in the 1770s, it remained Washington's home for the rest of his life. Following his death in 1799, under the ownership of several successive generations of the family, the estate progressively declined as revenues were insufficient to maintain it adequately. In 1858, the house's historical importance was recognized and it was saved from ruin by the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association.
Escaping the damage suffered by many plantation houses during the American Civil War, Mount Vernon was restored. Mount Vernon was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1960 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, it is still owned and maintained in trust by the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association, is open every day of the year, including Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day and New Year's Day. Allowing the public to see the estate is not an innovation, but part of a 200-year-old tradition started by George Washington himself. In 1794 he wrote: "I have no objection to any sober or orderly person's gratifying their curiosity in viewing the buildings, Gardens, &ca. about Mount Vernon." When George Washington's ancestors acquired the estate, it was known as Little Hunting Creek Plantation, after the nearby Little Hunting Creek. However, when Washington's older half-brother, Lawrence Washington, inherited it, he changed its name to Mount Vernon in honor of Vice Admiral Edward Vernon, famed for the War of Jenkins' Ear and capture of the Portobelo, Colón.
Vernon had been Lawrence's commanding officer in the British Royal Navy. When George Washington inherited the property, he retained the name; the current property consists of 500 acres. The property was 8,000 acres; the present mansion was built in phases from 1734, by an unknown architect, under the supervision of Augustine Washington. This staggered and unplanned evolution is indicated by the off-center main door; as completed and seen today, the house is in a loose Palladian style. The principal block, dating from about 1734, was a one story house with a garret. In the 1750s, the roof was raised to a third floor garret. There were one-story extension added to the north and south ends of the house, these would be torn down during the next building phase; the present day mansion is 11,028 sq ft. A two-storied wing was added to the south side. Two years a large two-story room was added to the north side. Two single-story secondary wings were built in 1775; these secondary wings, which house the servants hall on the northern side and the kitchen on the southern side, are connected to the corps de logis by symmetrical, quadrant colonnades, built in 1778.
The completion of the colonnades cemented the classical Palladian arrangement of the complex and formed a distinct cour d'honneur, known at Mount Vernon as Mansion Circle, giving the house its imposing perspective. The corps de logis and secondary wings have hipped roofs with dormers. In addition to its second story, the importance of the corps de logis is further emphasized by two large chimneys piercing the roof, by a cupola surmounting the center of the house; this placement of the cupola is more in the earlier Carolean style than Palladian, was incorporated to improve ventilation of the enlarged attic and enhance the overall symmetry of the structure and the two wings. The rooms at Mount Vernon have been restored to their appearance at the time of George and Martha Washington's occupancy; these rooms include Washington's study, two dining rooms, the West Parlour, the Front Parlour, the kitchen and some bedrooms. The interior design follows the classical concept of the exterior, but owing to the mansion's piecemeal evolution, the internal architectural features – the doorcases and plasterwork – are not faithful to one specific period of the 18th-century revival of classical architecture.
Instead they range from severe Palladianism to a finer and neoclassicism in the style of Robert Adam. This varying of the classical style is best exemplified in the doorcases and surrounds of the principal rooms. In the West Parlour and Small Dining rooms there are doorcases complete with ionic columns and full pediments, whereas in the hall and passageways the doors are given broken pediments supported only by an architrave. Many of the rooms are lined with painted panelling and have ceilings ornamented by plasterwork in a Neoclassical style.
Daniel Parke Jr. was a British-American colonist, soldier and member of the colonial gentry of Virginia. He was lynched by an angry mob during his tenure as governor of the Leeward Islands, making him the only governor in British America to be murdered. Daniel Parke Jr. was born in Virginia in 1664. He was the son of Daniel Parke Sr. a native of Essex who held several offices in Virginia, his wife Rebecca Evelyn, a cousin of noted writer John Evelyn. As a child, he was sent to England to be raised with his cousins from the Evelyn family, at the family seat in Long Ditton. Parke returned to Virginia at age 16 to reclaim the family estates from his guardian Philip Ludwell, he married Ludwell's daughter Jane, the couple had two daughters. He became a protégé of Sir Edmund Andros, with whose support he served in the Virginia House of Burgesses from 1683 and on the governor's council from 1690. Despite these successes Parke was unpopular with his peers, who considered too ready to threaten violence in financial or political disputes.
Parke resigned his political offices in 1697 and again set sail for England, abandoning his family in Virginia. He settled in Hampshire and in 1701 was an unsuccessful Whig candidate for the House of Commons constituency of Whitchurch. Having failed to win a Parliamentary seat, Parke sought a military career by purchasing a commission in the British Army in 1702, he was a capable soldier who won honours as aide-de-camp to John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough throughout the War of the Spanish Succession. In 1704 Marlborough selected Parke to advise Queen Anne of England's victory in the Battle of Blenheim; the Queen, impressed by Parkes' military bearing and record of service, rewarded him with a jewel containing her portrait, a one thousand pound gratuity and her personal thanks. According to Parke, Marlborough had offered him the Governorship of Virginia in return for his military service. However, on reaching England, Parke discovered. Furious, he petitioned for an equivalent office and was offered Governorship of the Leeward Islands, which he accepted despite it being "the hardest taske of all the Queen's Governors, tho' the least salary."
Parke arrived in the Leeward Islands in late 1706 to discover a chaotic administration at constant risk of defeat by the French. The islands of Nevis and St Kitts were in ruins following a French attack in February and March, supplies for their relief had been embezzled by local merchants. There were rumours of impending French assaults on Antigua and Montserrat, the sea lanes between the islands were controlled by privateers. Further, Lieutenant Governor John Johnson advised Parke that the English settlers of the Islands were a self-interested, "ill-natured and troublesome people."Parke quickly made enemies – most notably Christopher Codrington, an earlier administrator of the colony, Edward Chester, the local factor of the Royal African Company. Parke confiscated estates acquired by Codrington, who in turn helped stir resentments among the people against Parke. Chester's animus against Parke was more personal – Parke took Chester's wife as his mistress, had a will witnessed in which he publicly acknowledged her newborn child as his own and a beneficiary of his estate.
A list of grievances was compiled against Parke, including complaints against his personal conduct as well as allegations that he had enriched himself by seizing vessels, concealing wills to buy up intestate estates, pressuring others not to contest his bids for lands and cattle. The situation in Antigua deteriorated. A petition to have Parke removed succeeded and orders were received recalling him to England, but he ignored the order and dissolved the island's assembly. An angry mob captured Parke in his house, beat him and dragged him out to die of his wounds, his last words to his tormentors, as he lay dying, were reported as: "Gentlemen, you have no sense of honor left, pray have some of humanity."He was succeeded in the post of Governor by Walter Douglas, who did not bring charges against any of the individuals involved in Parke's death. Daniel Parke had both daughters, by his wife Jane Ludwell; the elder daughter married John Custis IV, while the younger married William Byrd II. His descendants include Daniel Parke Custis, first husband of Martha Washington, Mary Custis Lee, wife of General Robert E Lee.
He had at least one illegitimate son by an English mistress. He had an acknowledged illegitimate daughter by Catherine, wife of Edward Chester; this daughter, married Thomas Dunbar, who assumed the surname Parke and became embroiled in an estate dispute with Daniel Parke Custis. Burns, Alan. History of the British West Indies. Allen & Unwin. OCLC 557499386. Miller, Helen Hill. Colonel Parke of Virginia: "The Greatest Hector in the Town". Chapel Hill: Algonquin Books. ISBN 9780912697871. Daniel Parke at Encyclopedia Virginia