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Danish Crown Regalia

Danish Crown Regalia are the symbols of the Danish monarchy. They consist of a Sceptre, Globus cruciger, the Sword of state and an Ampulla; the Danish Royal Regalia are kept in the treasury at Rosenborg Castle. The oldest of these is Christian III's sword of state from 1551, they further include King Christian IV's diamond. During the time of the elective monarchs, the clergy and nobility placed the crown on the king's head at the coronation ceremony. After the introduction of absolutism in 1660, the crowning of the king was replaced by anointment, for which the king arrived in the church wearing the crown and was consecrated to his calling by being anointed with oil. For the anointing of Christian V, a new crown was made along with the Throne Chair of Denmark of narwhal teeth and three silver lions, the latter created by Ferdinand Küblich; this was inspired by the biblical description of King Solomon's throne, said to be composed of unicorn's horn and gold and guarded by twelve golden lions. With the 1849 Constitution, anointing was discontinued and since the regalia have only been used on the occasion of a deceased monarch's Castrum doloris where the crown is placed on the coffin, the other regalia laid at casket's foot, the casket surrounded by the three lions.

The lions were also displayed in Parliament during the annual opening session, but this tradition was discontinued 100 years ago. They were displayed before the throne in the throne room of Christiansborg Palace when the Danish kings granted audiences on formal occasions; the crown jewels refer to four sets of jewellery owned by the state for an incumbent queen and is still worn by the Queen of Denmark. The royal regalia, which symbolised the monarch's authority to rule, includes the crown of King Christian IV, a fine example of Renaissance guildwork, the better known crown of King Christian V and a smaller crown for the king's consort; the Royal Collection has other important items and jewels, as well as precious prayer-books, items belonging to the Order of the Elephant and the Order of the Dannebrog. The term old regalia is used to describe the crown regalia used prior to the introduction of absolute monarchy in 1660; the crown was fashioned by Dirich Fyring at Odense assisted by the Nuremberg goldsmith Corvinianus Saur during the years 1595-1596 for the coronation of Christian IV.

It is made of gold, table cut gemstones and pearls and weighs 2895 g. The circlet is ornamented with six sets of table cut diamonds between two large round pearls with enameled putti on either side. Between each of these sets are star-like ornaments of triangular and square table cut diamonds. On the upper rim of the circlet are six large and six small arabesque-like points. At the center of each of the larger points is an enameled allegorical figure of one of the king's ruling functions and virtues; the three points above the king's forehead and behind each of his ears bears a "pelican in her piety." The point on the right of the king's forehead bears a representation of Fortitude riding a lion, while that on the left bears the image of Justice as a woman holding a sword and a pair of scales. The point above the back of the king's neck bears the traditional image of Charity as a mother suckling her child. On the inside these points are decorated with the coats of arms of various regions of the realm.

The six smaller points each bears a star-like design in triangular and square table diamonds with a large pear shaped pearl at its top. An open crown, in 1648 it was closed with arches and an orb and cross, but Christian V removed these again, using the diamonds and gold from them in the making of his own crown, it was used for the last time at the 1648 coronation of Frederick III. The sword of state of Christian III was made in 1551 by Johann Siebe, it is decorated with enamel and table cut gemstones. Prior to the introduction of absolute monarchy, the sword was the first of the regalia presented to the king; the sword has a blue enamel grip decorated with diamonds. This crown is the official crown, used for the anointments of Danish absolute monarchs until the end of absolutism in 1849; the first Danish absolute monarch Frederick III wanted his son and heir-apparent, the Christian V, to be in possession of the visible symbols of power at the moment he himself died and his son inherited the title.

Therefore, he secretly commissioned several crown regalia, including a crown, to surround the anointing of the absolute monarchs with as much glory as possible. The crown was first used for the coronation of Christian V and the last time for the coronation of Christian VIII in 1840. Today the crown is used as a symbol of the state, its only ceremonial use is. The crown is the visible sign of royal power and was made by the royal goldsmith Paul Kurtz in Copenhagen in the years 1670–1671; as the crown of the first absolute monarch it was made as a closed crown to look different than the open crowns of the elected kings inspired by the imperial crown of Charlemagne. The circlet of the crown is divided in four by two large sapphires, a flat one that can be traced back to Frederick I at the forehead of the wearer (pres

Autobees, Colorado

Autobees, Colorado called Autobees Plaza, is an extinct town in Colorado. It was the county seat of Huerfano County, Colorado from 1861 to 1868. At that time, the county seat moved to Badito, on a main trail along the foothills; when Autobees was the county seat, Huerfano County was the entire southeastern portion of the state. Now, the site of the former settlement is within Colorado. Charles Autobees had a small encampment about 1846 on the Huerfano River; the site became the county seat of Huerfano County. The encampment has been called Fort Huerfano. Across the Arkansas River from the mouth of the Huerfano River was an old Cherokee trail and campground, now the town of Boone, Colorado, he left Taos, New Mexico and settled in the area in 1853, establishing a ranch two miles from the confluence of the Arkansas and Huerfano Rivers. He built the ranch within the four million acre Vigil and St. Vrain Land Grant, a Mexican land grant, his goal was to establish a colony near his ranch. There were Native Mexican people living at his ranch.

The settlement was called New Huerfano. He and other residents of the settlement farmed the land, using irrigation ditches for watering the plants. Autobees ran a ferry service across the Arkansas River, used by soldiers of the nearby Fort Reynolds, he remained at his ranch until his death. There are no remains of the ranch due to floods and other issues, but there is a monument to Charles Autobees near the site. Perry Eberhart. Ghosts of the Colorado plains. Swallow Press. Pp. 42, 72, 74. Ralph C. Taylor. Colorado, South of the Border. Sage Books. Early Colorado map

Stephan Rosti

Stephan Rosti was an Egyptian actor and film director who lived and worked in Egypt. Rosti's mother was an Italian Egyptian dancer, she was performing in Egypt when she met the Austrian ambassador to Cairo. Rosti's mother was enamoured with Egypt to the point that when it was time for the diplomat father to terminate his political assignment and return to his country, she refused to travel with him and decided to remain in Egypt with her son. To escape the father's attempts to smuggle the child out of Egypt, she escaped with the child to Alexandria and they lived in the Raas Al-Teen neighborhood where Stephan enrolled in its local schools; as a young man, Rosti travelled to Austria seeking recognition to no avail. As he danced and worked odd jobs in Austria and France. Rosti met and befriended two visiting Egyptian film-makers, Mohammed Karim and Sirag Mounir, who encouraged him to return to Egypt to work in cinema, given his fluency in Egyptian Arabic and after he expressed his desire to do so.

Rosti returned to Egypt and enrolled as a student in the "Acting Institute" of Cairo, accepted his first role as director of the first wholly Egyptian feature film, "Layla" from producer Aziza Amir in 1927. Rosti appeared in 24 Egyptian films between 1927 and 1964, he directed seven Egyptian films between 1931 and 1946. He was renowned for portraying evil characters with a satirical inclination, he became an icon of the Egyptian film industry. Actor:: Director: Gamal wa Dalal... a.k.a. Gamal and Dalal Ahlahum... a.k.a. The Fairest One Ibn el balad... a.k.a. The Urchin Warsha, El Antar effendi... a.k.a. Antar Esquire Unshudat el fuad... a.k.a. Song of the Heart Sahib al saada... a.k.a. Lord of the Revels Writer: Qetar el lail... a.k.a. The Night Train Gamal wa Dalal... a.k.a. Gemal and Dalal Ebn el balad... a.k.a. The Urchin Unshudat el fuad... a.k.a. Song of the Heart Editorial Department: Ibn el balad... a.k.a. The Urchin Stephan Rosti on IMDb