Herbert Blomstedt is a conductor laureate of the San Francisco Symphony. Herbert Blomstedt was born in Springfield and two years after his birth, his Swedish parents moved the back to their country of origin. Blomstedt lived in Finland during his youth and he won the Koussevitzky Conducting Prize in 1953 and the Salzburg Conducting Competition in 1955. A devout Seventh-day Adventist, Blomstedt does not rehearse on Friday nights or Saturdays and he does, conduct concerts, since he considers actual performances to be an expression of his religious devotion rather than work. He has been Music Director or Principal Conductor of the Norrköping Symphony Orchestra, Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra, Danish Radio Symphony, Blomstedt was music director of the San Francisco Symphony from 1985 to 1995. After leaving San Francisco full-time, Blomstedt held principal conductorships with the North German Radio Symphony and Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
DR, officially rendered into English as the Danish Broadcasting Corporation, is the Danish government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company. Founded in 1925 as an organization, it is Denmarks oldest and largest electronic media enterprise. DR is a member of the European Broadcasting Union. DR is funded by a licence which is charged to all Danish households with television sets, smartphones. Today, DR operates six television channels, all of which are distributed free-to-air via a nationwide DVB-T network, DR operates eight radio channels, of which all are available nationally on DAB radio and online. On FM radio only the original 4 stations are available, DR was founded on April 1,1925 under the name of Radioordningen, changed to Statsradiofonien in 1926, and Danmarks Radio in 1959. Which was changed to DR in 1996, statsradiofoniens second FM radio station, Program 2, was added in 1951, followed by P3 in 1963. Experimental television broadcasts started in 1949, with regular programming beginning on October 2,1951 with the launch of Denmarks first television channel, colour television test broadcasts were started in March 1967, with the first large-scale colour broadcasting occurring for the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France.
Danmarks Radio officially ended test transmissions of television on April 1,1970. On exactly 16 May 1983 at 14,00 CEST, DR launched its first teletext information service, Danmarks Radios monopoly on national television lasted until 1988, when TV2 started broadcasting. 8 years DR launched their second channel, DR2 on August 30,1996. It was sometimes called den hemmelige kanal in its early years because it could not be seen nationwide at its launch, the first trials of DAB were carried out in 1995, with eight channels officially launching in October 2002. On June 7,2007, DR launched a news channel DR Update. It was added as a traditional channel, at the Danish changeover to over-the-air digital signals on November 1,2009, DR added three new channels to their lineup DR K - an intercultural and odd-film channel. DR HD – Denmarks first free-to-air high-definition channel intended to air shows from the other DR channels in true HD only. In 2013 the line-up of television channels was changed once again, a new channel targeting young people, DR3 replaced DR HD.
Another channel for children, DR Ultra replaced DR Update, the closure of DR Update was the start of a revamping of DR2 as a channel for news and society. Also in 2013, DR introduced a new logo in which the words DR featured in a white sans-serif font on a black background
Leif Selim Segerstam is a Finnish conductor, violinist and pianist, especially known for his 309 symphonies, along with other works in his extensive œuvre. Segerstam has conducted in a variety of orchestras since 1963, mostly American and European orchestras and his contributions to the Finnish music scene and his vibrant personality have contributed to his fame. Leif Segerstam was born 2 March 1944 in Vaasa, to Selim Segerstam and Viola Maria Kronqvist, Selim made several song books as a living. The Segerstams moved to Helsinki in 1947, in Leifs time in school, he played the violin and the viola in Helsinkis Youth Orchestra. Leifs debut concert as a violinist was in 1962, and his debut was in 1963, with Rossinis Barber of Seville. Following the premiere, Segerstram was hired to conduct the Finnish National Opera, and he conducted modern works, such as Stravinskys Symphony of Psalms and Shostakovichs 1st symphony. He studied violin and conducting at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki and he studied conducting as well at the Juilliard School in New York with Jean Morel, he received the diploma in 1965.
Segerstam served as conductor of the Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra from 1995 to 2007. He is the professor of conducting at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki and his students include Susanna Mälkki, Mikk Murdvee, Sasha Mäkilä and Markku Laakso. As a composer, he is especially for his many symphonies. Most of his symphonies are ~20 minute works, that are in one movement and this is partially inspired by Sibelius 7th symphony. Of these, over a hundred have been performed and this method was first used in his 5th String Quartet, the Lemming Quartet. Among Segerstams juvenilia are four string quartets from 1962–1966, and the post-impressionist ballet Pandora from 1967, the quartets are usually labeled as being from his Post-Expressionist period. Segerstam is writing an opera called Völvan, with a libretto by Elisabeth Wärnfeldt. He was married to the violinist Hannele Angervo, with whom he had two children, after Segerstams divorce from Hannele, he married the Helsinki Philharmonic harpist Minnaleena Jankko in 2002, with whom he had three children.
In 2009, it was announced that their marriage would end and his two children with Angervo are Jan and Pia. Pia is a professional cellist, Jan is a business man and his three children with Jankko were Violaelina and Iirisilona
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used mainly for documentation in libraries and increasingly by archives, the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero license, the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, and an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format
Fabio Luisi is a Grammy Award-winning Italian conductor. He is principal conductor of the Metropolitan Opera and General Music Director of the Zurich Opera and he attended the Conservatorio Nicolò Paganini and was a student of Memi Schiavina. After receiving his degree in studies, he continued piano instruction with Aldo Ciccolini. Luisi developed an interest in conducting while working as a piano accompanist and he worked at the Graz Opera as an accompanist and conductor. His first conducting appearance was in Italy in 1984, from 1990 to 1995, he was principal conductor of the Graz Symphony Orchestra. From 1995 to 2000, he served as Artistic Director and Chief Conductor of the Tonkünstlerorchester in Vienna, from 1996 to 1999, he was one of three main conductors of the MDR Symphony Orchestra in Leipzig, along with Marcello Viotti and Manfred Honeck. From 1999 to 2007, he was principal conductor of the MDR orchestra. He was the conductor of lOrchestre de la Suisse Romande from 1997 to 2002. In January 2004, Luisi was named conductor of both the Staatskapelle Dresden and of the Semperoper, Dresden.
He assumed both posts in September 2007, with the Staatskapelle Dresden, Luisi conducted commercial recordings of music by Richard Strauss and Anton Bruckner. Luisi was originally scheduled to step down as conductor of the Staatskapelle Dresden in 2012. Luisi served as Chief Conductor of the Vienna Symphony from 2005 through the 2012-13 season and he became Generalmusikdirektor of the Zurich Opera in 2012, which includes orchestral concert work with the opera orchestra under the name of the Philharmonia Zurich. Luisi first conducted the Danish National Symphony Orchestra in 2010, in August 2014, the orchestra announced the appointment of Luisi as its next principal conductor, effective in 2017, with an initial contract through 2020. In the United States, Luisi made his Metropolitan Opera conducting debut in March 2005, in April 2010, Luisi was named the Mets principal guest conductor, for an initial contract of three years, effective with the 2010-2011 season. Luisi is the conductor to be named to this post at the Metropolitan Opera.
He was elevated to the post of Principal Conductor in September 2011, Luisi is scheduled to stand down from this post at the close of the 2016-2017 season. Luisi has conducted several recordings, including Giuseppe Verdis Aroldo, Jérusalem and Alzira. He won a Grammy Award for his leadership of Siegfried and Götterdämmerung on a Deutsche Grammophon DVD release of Richard Wagner’s operatic cycle and this was recorded live at the Metropolitan Opera and named Best Opera Recording of 2012
Copenhagen, Danish, København, Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. Copenhagen has an population of 1,280,371. The Copenhagen metropolitan area has just over 2 million inhabitants, the city is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road, originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a centre of power with its institutions, defences. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century and this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing, since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure.
The city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark, Copenhagens economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö. With a number of connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterized by parks, promenades. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs, the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world, the Copenhagen Metro serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train network connects central Copenhagen to its outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the largest airport in the Nordic countries, the name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.
The original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name derives, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning merchants harbour, the literal English translation would be Chapmans haven. The English name for the city was adapted from its Low German name, the abbreviations Kbh. or Kbhvn are often used in Danish for København, and kbh. for københavnsk. The chemical element hafnium is named for Copenhagen, where it was discovered, the bacterium Hafnia is named after Copenhagen, Vagn Møller of the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen named it in 1954. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century, the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen
August Enna was a Danish composer, known mainly for his operas. Enna was born in Denmark, but his origins lay in the town of Enna in Sicily. His first major success as a composer was The Witch, which was followed by several operas, songs. Strongly influenced by Wagners music, he was himself an influence on Danish composers, August Enna wrote piano music. Free scores by August Enna at the International Music Score Library Project
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database that is similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the placed on the Compact Disc Database. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become an open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their works, and the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, and these entries are maintained by volunteer editors who follow community written style guidelines. Recorded works can store information about the date and country. As of 26 July 2016, MusicBrainz contained information about roughly 1.1 million artists,1.6 million releases, end-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC. As with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge for maintaining and reviewing the data, besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint.
A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this, in 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatables patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching. This feature attracted many users and allowed the database to grow quickly, however, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions. This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, tRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND, some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought. The Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský, while AcoustID and Chromaprint are not officially MusicBrainz projects, they are closely tied with each other and both are open source.
Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second, additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns. The AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity, since 2003, MusicBrainzs core data are in the public domain, and additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL, the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, in December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye
Royal Danish Theatre
The Royal Danish Theatre is both the national Danish performing arts institution and a name used to refer to its old purpose-built venue from 1874 located on Kongens Nytorv in Copenhagen. The theatre was founded in 1748, first serving as the theatre of the king, the theatre presents opera, the Royal Danish Ballet, classical music concerts, and drama in several locations. The Old Stage is the original Royal Danish Theatre built in 1874, the Copenhagen Opera House, built in 2004. Stærekassen is an Art Deco theatre adjacent to the main theatre and it is used for drama productions. Royal Danish Playhouse is a venue for theatre with three stages, inaugurated in 2008
Carl August Nielsen was a Danish musician and violinist, widely recognized as his countrys most prominent composer. Brought up by poor but musically talented parents on the island of Funen and he initially played in a military band before attending the Royal Danish Academy of Music in Copenhagen from 1884 until December 1886. He premiered his Op.1, Suite for Strings, in 1888, in 1916, he took a post teaching at the Royal Academy and continued to work there until his death. Although his symphonies and choral music are now internationally acclaimed, Nielsens career and personal life were marked by many difficulties, often reflected in his music. The works he composed between 1897 and 1904 are sometimes ascribed to his period, resulting mainly from a turbulent marriage with the sculptor Anne Marie Brodersen. Nielsen is especially noted for his six symphonies, his Wind Quintet and his concertos for violin, flute, in Denmark, his opera Maskarade and many of his songs have become an integral part of the national heritage.
Nielsens sixth and final symphony, Sinfonia semplice, was written in 1924–25 and he died from a heart attack six years later, and is buried in Vestre Cemetery, Copenhagen. Nielsen maintained the reputation of an outsider during his lifetime, both in his own country and internationally and it was only that his works firmly entered the international repertoire, accelerating in popularity from the 1960s through Leonard Bernstein and others. In Denmark, Nielsens reputation was sealed in 2006 when three of his compositions were listed by the Ministry of Culture amongst the twelve greatest pieces of Danish music, for many years, he appeared on the Danish hundred-kroner banknote. The Carl Nielsen Museum in Odense documents his life and that of his wife, Nielsen was born the seventh of twelve children to a poor peasant family in 1865 at Nørre Lyndelse near Sortelung, south of Odense on the island of Funen. His father, Niels Jørgensen, was a painter and traditional musician who, with his abilities as a fiddler.
Nielsen described his childhood in his autobiography Min Fynske Barndom and his mother, whom he recalls singing folk songs during his childhood, came from a well-to-do family of sea captains while one of his half-uncles, Hans Andersen, was a talented musician. He had received the instrument from his mother when he was six and he learned the violin and piano as a child and wrote his earliest compositions at the age of eight or nine, a lullaby, now lost, and a polka which the composer mentioned in his autobiography. After learning to play instruments, on 1 November 1879 he became a bugler. Nielsen did not give up the violin during his time with the battalion, in 1881, Nielsen began to take his violin playing more seriously, studying privately under Carl Larsen, the sexton at Odense Cathedral. Following an introduction to Niels W and he studied composition under Gade, whom he liked as a friend but not for his music. Contacts with fellow students and cultured families in Copenhagen, some of whom would become lifelong friends, the patchy education resulting from his country background left Nielsen insatiably curious about the arts and aesthetics.
But, in the opinion of the musicologist David Fanning, it left him with a highly personal
Yuri Khatuevich Temirkanov is a Russian conductor of Circassian origin. Yuri Temirkanov has been the Music Director and Chief Conductor of the Saint Petersburg Philharmonic since 1988, born in 1938 in the Caucasus city of Nalchik, Temirkanov began his musical studies at the age of nine. When he was thirteen, he attended the Leningrad School for Talented Children where he continued his studies in violin, upon graduation from the Leningrad School, he attended the Leningrad Conservatory where he completed his studies in viola. He returned to the Conservatory to study conducting with Ilya Musin, Temirkanov made his debut with the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra in early 1967 and was invited to join the Orchestra as Assistant Conductor to Yevgeny Mravinsky. In 1968, he was appointed Principal Conductor of the Leningrad Symphony Orchestra where he remained until his appointment as Music Director of the Kirov Opera, Temirkanov is a frequent guest conductor of the leading orchestras of Europe and the United States.
He was the first Soviet artist permitted to perform in the United States after cultural relations were resumed with the Soviet Union at the end of the war in Afghanistan in 1988. In 2015 he was assigned by Teatro La Fenice the prize A Life for Music, unofficially known as the Nobel Prize for musicians
Rued Langgaard was a late-Romantic Danish composer and organist. His then-unconventional music was at odds with that of his Danish contemporaries and was recognized only 16 years after his death, born in Copenhagen, Rued Langgaard was the only son of composer and Royal Chamber musician Siegfried Langgaard and Emma Langgaard, both of whom were pianists. At the age of five Rued began taking lessons with his mother, and with his father. His talent emerged quickly, and at seven he was able to play Schumanns Davidsbündlertänze, by he had begun to compose short pieces for the piano and play the organ. At 10 he began to study the organ under Gustav Helsted, organist at the Jesuskirken in Valby, formerly of the Royal Orchestra. At the age of 11 he made his first public appearance as an organist, when he was 12, he started to study music theory under C. F. E. Horneman and, Vilhelm Rosenberg. Langgaards first compositions,2 piano pieces and 2 songs, were published when he was 13, a year later, his choral work Musae triumphantes was performed at a concert in Copenhagen, marking his public debut as a composer.
During his teen years he continued composing and travelled with his parents around Christmas and New Years Eve, meeting conductors Arthur Nikisch, at 18, Langgaard served as assistant organist at the Frederikskirken in Copenhagen. The following year his Symphony No.1 Mountain Pastorals received its first performance at a concert in Berlin with the Berlin Philharmonic under the baton of Max Fiedler and his father died in 1914, and from 1915 to 1917 he was assistant organist at the Garnisons Kirke in Copenhagen. From 1917 onward he applied without success for the post of organist at a number of churches in Copenhagen. In 1922 a young woman named Valborg Constance Olivia Tetens moved in with Rued Langgaard, a year after his mother died in 1926, Langgaard married Constance Tetens. Although Langgaard was given a grant from the age of 30, his works. Only at the age of 46 did he manage to obtain a permanent job, as the organist at the cathedral in Ribe, just shy of his 59th birthday, Rued Langgaard died in Ribe, still unrecognized as a composer.
Rued Langgaard composed in a late Romantic style, emphatically dramatic, unquestionably, he was influenced by Richard Wagner and Richard Strauss and, like Strauss, he was a master of orchestration. He was a composer for the large orchestra, writing 16 symphonies as well as other orchestral works. Music of the spheres is one of his better-known works and it was composed during World War I, but only performed twice during Langgaards lifetime and lay dormant for almost 50 years before being rediscovered. When it was rediscovered in the late 1960s, it was considered remarkably modern, in 2010 Music of the Spheres received its British premiere at The Proms, conducted by Thomas Dausgaard. His unorthodox style and sense of drama extended to the titles of his compositions and his fourth and sixth symphonies are known as the Leaf Fall and Heaven Storming