Mimosa tenuiflora, syn. Mimosa hostilis known as jurema preta, tepezcohuite, cabrera, black jurema, binho de jurema, is a perennial tree or shrub native to the northeastern region of Brazil and found as far north as southern Mexico, the following countries: El Salvador, Panama and Venezuela, it is most found in lower altitudes, but it can be found as high as 1,000 m. The fern-like branches have leaves; each compound leaf contains 15–33 pairs of bright green leaflets 5–6 mm long. The tree itself grows up to 8 m tall and it can reach 4–5 m tall in less than 5 years; the white, fragrant flowers occur in loosely cylindrical spikes 4–8 cm long. In the Northern Hemisphere it produces fruit from November to June or July. In the Southern Hemisphere it blooms from September to January; the fruit is brittle and averages 2.5–5 cm long. Each pod contains 4–6 seeds that are oval, light brown and 3–4 mm in diameter. There are about 145 seeds/1 g. In the Southern Hemisphere, the fruit ripens from February to April.
The tree's bark is dark brown to gray. It splits lengthwise and the inside is reddish brown; the tree's wood is dark reddish brown with a yellow center. It is dense and strong, having a density of about 1.11 g/cm³. Mimosa tenuiflora does well after a forest fire, or other major ecological disturbance, it is a prolific pioneer plant. It drops its leaves on the ground, continuously forming a thin layer of mulch and humus. Along with its ability to fix nitrogen, the tree conditions the soil, making it ready for other plant species to come along. A tea made of the leaves and stem has been used to treat tooth pain. For cases of cough and bronchitis, a water extract of Mimosa tenuiflora is drunk. A handful of bark in one liter of water is used in a syrup; the solution is drunk. One preliminary clinical study found Mimosa tenuiflora to be effective in treating venous leg ulcerations. Aqueous extracts of Mimosa are used for wound healing and burns in Middle and South America; the products of the plant have become a popular and produced cosmetic ingredient in commercial skincare products and marketed by celebrities including Kylie Jenner and Salma Hayek.
The tree is an acceptable source of forage or fodder for animals, providing vital protein and other nutrients. It does well in the dry season and in drought, while providing life saving food for local livestock and animals. Cows and sheep eat the pods and leaves. There seems to be evidence that Mimosa tenuiflora forage or fodder cause development defects to pregnant ruminants in Brazil; the tree is an important source of forage for bees during the dry season and in the beginning of the wet season. Like most plants in the family Fabaceae, Mimosa tenuiflora fertilizes the soil via nitrogen fixing bacteria; the tree is useful for reforestation. Mimosa tenuiflora is a good source of fuel wood and works well for making posts, most because of its high tannin content, which protects it from rot. Due to its high tannin content, the bark of the tree is used as a natural dye and in leather production, it is used to make bridges, fences and wheels. It is an excellent source of charcoal and at least one study has been done to see why this is the case.
The healing properties of the tree make it useful in treating domestic animals. A solution of the leaves or bark can be used for washing animals in the prevention of parasites; because the tree keeps most of its leaves during the dry season, it is an important source of shade for animals and plants during that time. The bark is known to be rich in tannins, alkaloids, phytosterols, xylose, arabinose, lupeol and kukulkanins. Additionally, Mimosa hostilis contains labdane diterpenoids. Mimosa tenuiflora is an entheogen used by the Jurema Cult in northeastern Brazil. Dried Mexican Mimosa tenuiflora root bark has been shown to have a dimethyltryptamine content of about 1-1.7%. The stem bark has about 0.03% DMT. The parts of the tree are traditionally used in northeastern Brazil in a psychoactive decoction called Jurema or Yurema. Analogously, the traditional Western Amazonian sacrament Ayahuasca is brewed from indigenous ayahuasca vines. However, to date no β-carbolines such as harmala alkaloids have been detected in Mimosa tenuiflora decoctions, yet the Jurema is used in combination to several plants.
This presents challenges to the pharmacological understanding of how DMT from the plant is rendered orally active as an entheogen, because the psychoactivity of ingested DMT requires the presence of a monoamine oxidase inhibitor, such as a β-carboline. If an MAOI is neither present in the plant nor added to the mixture, the enzyme monoamine oxidase will metabolize DMT in the human gut, preventing the active molecule from entering the blood and brain; the plant is used in clandestine manufacture of crystaline DMT. In this form, it is psychoactive by itself when inhaled; the isolation of the chemical compound yuremamine from Mimosa tenuiflora as reported in 2005 represents a new class of phytoindoles, which may explain an apparent oral activity of DMT in Jurema. For outside planting, USDA Zone 9 or higher is recommended. In nature, Mimosa tenuiflora
So Fine is the fifth studio album by singer/songwriter duo Loggins and Messina, released in 1975. It consists of a collection of covers of 1950s and 1960s rock and rockabilly songs. "Oh, Lonesome Me" – 2:49 "My Baby Left Me" – 2:51 "Wake Up Little Susie" – 2:02 "I'm Movin' On" – 3:45 "Hello Mary Lou" – 2:17 "Hey Good Lookin'" – 2:35 "Splish Splash" – 2:20 "A Lover's Question" – 3:21 "You Never Can Tell" – 3:14 "I Like It Like That" – 3:06 "So Fine" – 2:37 "Honky Tonk - Part II" – 2:41 Kenny Loggins - vocals, rhythm guitar, acoustic guitar, banjo Jim Messina - vocals, lead guitar, acoustic guitar, mandolin Merel Bregante - drums Jon Clarke - flute, saxophone Vince Denham - saxophone Richard Greene - violin Larry Sims - bass guitar, backing vocals Don Roberts - saxophone, flute Mike Rubini - piano Milt Holland - percussion Steve Forman - percussion Producer: Jim Messina Engineer: Alex Kazanegras 2nd engineer: Jim Messina Recordist: Corey Bailey Recording technician: Lew Schatzer Road managers: Jim Recor, David Cieslak Personal management: Schiffman & Larson Equipment managers: Carl Moritz, Steve Semonell Photography: Jim McCrary, Reid Miles Design: Ron Coro, Nancy Donald Album - Billboard
The president of the Lebanese Republic is the head of state of Lebanon. The president is elected by the parliament for a term of six years, not renewable. By convention, the president is always a Maronite Christian, at least 21 years old. From the expiration of the term of President Michel Suleiman in May 2014 until October 31, 2016, the parliament was unable to obtain the majority required to elect a president, the office was vacant for two and a half years, despite more than 30 votes being held. On October 31, 2016, the parliament elected Michel Aoun as President; the constitution requires the president hold the same qualifications as a member of Parliament, which are Lebanese citizenship and attainment of the age of twenty-one. Though not stated in the constitution, an understanding known as the National Pact, agreed in 1943, customarily limits the office to members of the Maronite Christian faith; this is based on a gentlemen's agreement between Lebanon's Maronite Christian president Bechara El Khoury and his Sunni Muslim prime minister Riad Al Solh, reached in 1943, when Lebanon became independent of France, described that the president of the Republic was to be a Maronite Christian, the prime minister a Sunni Muslim, the speaker of Parliament a Shia Muslim.
Article 50 of the constitution of Lebanon requires the president to take an oath upon assuming office, prescribed thus: As described in the constitution, the president is commander-in-chief of the Lebanese Armed Forces and security forces. In addition, he may issue "emergency" legislation by decree. In practice, Lebanon being a parliamentary republic, the president is the repository of reserve powers and the office is symbolic; the president remains by far and large the most important member of the executive, his veto on any legislation de facto ensures that it will not be law. This is despite his powers having been somewhat moderated under Ta'if, notably with the increase in the powers of the Cabinet, his major responsibilities include: Issue the decree appointing the prime minister independently. Issue the decree forming the government, co-signed by the prime minister; the government must receive a vote-of-confidence by the Chamber of Deputies in order to become active. Fire the prime minister.
This automatically fires the entire government. Fire an individual minister. Requires confirmation of 2/3 of the cabinet and the signature of the PM. If more than 1/3 of the ministers constituting the initial government are fired/resign the entire government is considered resign. Sign into law and promulgate laws. Veto bills passed by the cabinet; the veto can be overriden by the Chamber of Deputies through a constitutional procedure. The cabinet cannot override the President. Sign decrees concerning a specific ministry. Countersigned by the PM and ministers involved. Negotiate and ratify international treaties. All treaties must be approved by 2/3 of the cabinet before entering into force. Treaties involving spending that cannot be cancelled every new year must be approved by Parliament. Dissolve the parliament. Must be countersigned by the PM, requires a 2/3 approval of the cabinet. Pass "emergency decrees" without the parliament's approval. Requires a half + 1 majority of the ministers. To pass emergency decrees without the parliament's approval, the parliament must spend 40 days without taking any action on a bill, declared urgent by the president.
To Ta'if, the president only needed the "favourable advice" of his ministers, rather than a clear consensus/majority. While it may seem that the president is a "symbolic role" or subjected to the will of his ministers, constitutionally, it is not so; the president retains the right to fire the entire government at will, is still the person who nominates every minister - thereby ensuring that they will all be favorable to him. In practice, the president's office has been weakened because of a) no clear majorities of parties and blocs in Parliament, b) the election of "consensus", c) the formation of divided cabinets; the perceived weakness of the president is thus rooted in political, rather than constitutional, issues. Following the ratification of the Ta'if Accord, the Constitution laid out a preamble for the three "key" executive posts: the president, the prime minister, the Council of Ministers; the preamble states the following: The posts that come with the presidency are as follow: Chair of the Supreme Defense Council.
Commander in chief of the armed forces. State President of Lebanon; the presidential residence is the Baabda Palace, located southeast of Beirut. The president's car is a W221 Mercedes-Benz S 600 Guard armoured limousine and it is escorted by the Republican Guard's SUVs and other security vehicles including the preceding official state car, an armoured W140 S 600 now used as a back up limo. Thirty to sixty days before the expiration of a president's term, the speaker of the Chamber of Deputies calls for a special session to elect a new president, which selects a candidate for a six-year term on
The 43rd United States Colored Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The regiment was composed of African American enlisted men commanded by white officers and was authorized by the Bureau of Colored Troops, created by the United States War Department on May 22, 1863; the 43rd U. S. Colored Infantry was organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania beginning March 12, 1864 for three-year service under the command of Colonel Stephen B. Yeoman; the regiment was attached to 1st Brigade, 4th Division, IX Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, IX Corps, to December 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XXV Corps, to January 1865. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XXV Corps and Department of Texas, to October 1865. At the Battle of the Crater, the 43rd not only captured a Confederate battle flag, but re-captured a US flag "National Colors" captured from another Union regiment as well; the 43rd U. S. Colored Infantry mustered out of service October 20, 1865 and was discharged at Philadelphia on November 30, 1865.
Moved to Annapolis, Md. April 18. Campaign from the Rapidan River to the James River, Va. May-June 1864. Guarded supply trains of the Army of the Potomac through the Wilderness and to Petersburg. Before Petersburg June 15-19. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864 to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Grove Church September 29-30 and October 1. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. On the Bermuda Hundred front and before Richmond until March 1865. Moved to Hatcher's Run March 27-28. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Hatcher's Run March 29-31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Duty at Petersburg and City Point until May 30. Moved to Texas May 30-June 10. Duty on the Rio Grande opposite Matamoros, until October; the regiment lost a total of 239 men during service. Colonel Stephen B. Yeoman Captain Jesse Wilkinson - commanded at the Battle of the Crater List of United States Colored Troops Civil War Units United States Colored Troops Dyer, Frederick H.
A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, 1908. Hall, Henry Seymour. Personal Experience of a Staff Officer at Mine Run and Albemarle County Raid, as Commander of the 43rd Regiment U. S. Colored Troops, Through the Wilderness Campaign, at the Mine Before Petersburg, Virginia: From November 7, 1863, to July 30, 1864: A Paper Prepared and Read Before the Kansas Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, October 3, 1894, 1894. Mickley, Jeremiah Marion; the Forty-Third Regiment United States Colored Troops, 1866. Attribution This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H.. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co
Andre Tjay De Barr is a Gibraltar football player, who plays for Segunda División B side Real Oviedo B, the Gibraltar national football team, as a forward. De Barr came through the youth system at Lincoln Red Imps, in early 2015 had a trial at Peterborough United. In 2017 he went on loan to Europa Point to help the newly promoted team in their fight for survival during the 2016–17 season, he could not help the side as they finished bottom of the league. His performances, did impress Lincoln manager Julio César Ribas, who opted to use him more the following season. De Barr won his first senior trophy that September after coming off the bench in the 2017 Pepe Reyes Cup, converting the winning penalty He scored his first senior goal for the Red Imps on 20 February 2018, in a Rock Cup Second Round game against Glacis United. On 29 May 2018 he announced that he would leave the club. De Barr made his debut for Europa on 12 August 2018, in the 2018 Pepe Reyes Cup game against former club Lincoln Red Imps.
He scored an own goal to take the game to penalties, which Europa won to give De Barr his first silverware for the side. After impressing for both his club and national team, in January 2019 it was reported that De Barr had been invited to a trial with an unnamed Portuguese Primeira Liga team, revealed to be Rio Ave. On 19 February, it was revealed, his performances in the latter months of 2018 saw him nominated for "Junior Individual of the Year" at the GBC Sports Awards 2018. On 21 March 2019, it was revealed that De Barr signed for the 2019–20 season with Spanish club Real Oviedo, being assigned to their B-side; the news was confirmed by Europa FC on Twitter that day. He made his debut as a substitute on 25 August, but was unable to prevent his team losing 4-3 on the opening day of the season against Peña Deportiva. De Barr has represented Gibraltar internationally at youth groups from under-16 through to under-21 level, he made his senior debut on 25 March 2018, coming on as a late substitute against Latvia and winning the free kick that Liam Walker converted to give Gibraltar a famous 1–0 win.
De Barr subsequently became a regular in the side during their UEFA Nations League campaign, scoring his first international goal on 16 November to break the deadlock against Armenia making him the youngest goal scorer of the | UEFA Nations League. Gibraltar score listed first, score column indicates score after each De Barr goal; as of match played on 15 November 2019. Lincoln Red ImpsGibraltar Premier Division: 2017–2018 Pepe Reyes Cup: 2017EuropaPepe Reyes Cup: 2018 Tjay De Barr at Soccerway