Keith Richards is an English musician and songwriter, best known as the co-founder, secondary vocalist, co-principal songwriter of the Rolling Stones. Rolling Stone magazine called Richards the creator of "rock's greatest single body of riffs" on guitar and ranked him fourth on its list of 100 best guitarists in 2011, the magazine lists fourteen songs that Richards wrote with the Rolling Stones' lead vocalist Mick Jagger on its "Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time" list. Richards plays both lead and rhythm guitar parts in the same song, as the Stones are known for their guitar interplay of rhythm and lead between Richards and the other guitarist in the band – Brian Jones, Mick Taylor, Ronnie Wood. In the recording studio Richards sometimes plays all of the guitar parts, notably on the songs "Paint It Black", "Ruby Tuesday", "Sympathy for the Devil", " Satisfaction", "Gimme Shelter", he is a vocalist, singing backing vocals on many Rolling Stones songs as well as occasional lead vocals, such as on the Rolling Stones' 1972 single "Happy", as well as with his side project, the X-Pensive Winos.
Richards was born on 18 December 1943 at Livingston Hospital, in Dartford, England. He is the only child of Herbert William Richards, his father was a factory worker, wounded in the Second World War during the Normandy invasion. Richards' paternal grandparents and Eliza Richards, were socialists and civic leaders, whom he credited as "more or less creat the Walthamstow Labour Party", whilst Eliza became mayor of the Municipal Borough of Walthamstow in London in 1941, his great-grandfather's family originated from Wales. His maternal grandfather, Augustus Theodore "Gus" Dupree, who toured Britain with a jazz big band, Gus Dupree and his Boys, fostered Richards' interest in the guitar. Richards has said, his grandfather'teased' the young Richards with a guitar, on a shelf that Richards couldn't reach at the time. Dupree told Richards that if Richards could reach the guitar, he could have it. Richards devised all manner of ways of reaching the guitar, including putting books and cushions on a chair, until getting hold of the instrument, after which his grandfather taught him the rudiments of Richards' first tune, "Malagueña".
He worked on the number'like mad', his grandfather let him keep the guitar, which he called'the prize of the century'. Richards played at home, listening to recordings by Billie Holiday, Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, others, his father, on the other hand, disparaged his son's musical enthusiasm. One of Richards' first guitar heroes was Elvis's guitarist Scotty Moore, he attended Wentworth Primary School with Mick Jagger and was his neighbour until 1954 when the Richards family moved. From 1955 to 1959, Richards attended Dartford Technical High School for Boys. Recruited by Dartford Tech's choirmaster, R. W. "Jake" Clare, he sang in a trio of boy sopranos at, among other occasions, Westminster Abbey for Queen Elizabeth II. In 1959, Richards was expelled from Dartford Tech for truancy and transferred to Sidcup Art College, where he met Dick Taylor. At Sidcup, he was diverted from his studies proper and devoted more time to playing guitar with other students in the boys' room. At this point, Richards had learned most of Chuck Berry's solos.
Richards met Jagger on a train. The mail-order rhythm & blues albums from Chess Records by Chuck Berry and Muddy Waters that Jagger was carrying revealed a mutual interest and led to a renewal of their friendship. Along with mutual friend Dick Taylor, Jagger was singing in an amateur band, Little Boy Blue and the Blue Boys, which Richards soon joined; the Blues Boys folded when Brian Jones, after sharing thoughts on their joint interest in the blues music, invited Mick and Keith to the Bricklayers Arms pub, where they met Ian Stewart. By mid-1962 Richards had left Sidcup Art College to devote himself to music and moved into a London flat with Jagger and Jones, his parents divorced about the same time, resulting in his staying close to his mother and remaining estranged from his father until 1982. After the Rolling Stones signed to Decca Records in 1963, their band manager, Andrew Loog Oldham, dropped the s from Richards' surname, believing that "Keith Richard", in his words, "looked more pop".
During the late 1970s, Richards re-established the s in his surname. Ian Stewart once stated. Bill Wyman and Ronnie Wood have been quoted as stating that the Stones do not follow the band's long-time drummer, Charlie Watts, but rather follow Richards, as there was "no way of'not' following" him. Chris Spedding calls Richards' guitar playing "direct and unpretentious". Richards says he focuses on chords and rhythms, avoiding flamboyant and competitive virtuosity and trying not to be the "fastest gun in the west". Richards prefers teaming with at least one other guitarist and has never toured without one. Chuck Berry has been an inspiration for Richards, with Jagger, he introduced Berry's songs to the Rolling Stones' early repertoire. In the late 1960s Jones' declining contributions led Richards to record all guitar parts on many tracks, including slide guitar. Jones' replacement, Mick Taylor, played guitar with the Rolling Stones from 1969 to 1974. Taylor's virtuosity on lead guitar led to a pronounced separation between lead and rhythm guitar roles, most notably onstage.
In 1975 Taylor was replaced by Wood, whose arrival
Peter Brian Gabriel is an English singer and record producer who rose to fame as the original lead singer and flautist of the progressive rock band Genesis. After leaving Genesis in 1975, Gabriel launched a successful solo career with "Solsbury Hill" as his first single, his 1986 album, So, is his best-selling release and is certified triple platinum in the UK and five times platinum in the U. S; the album's most successful single, "Sledgehammer", won a record nine MTV Awards at the 1987 MTV Video Music Awards and, according to a report in 2011, it was MTV's most played music video of all time. Gabriel has been a champion of world music for much of his career, he co-founded the WOMAD festival in 1982. He has continued to focus on producing and promoting world music through his Real World Records label, he has pioneered digital distribution methods for music, co-founding OD2, one of the first online music download services. Gabriel has been involved in numerous humanitarian efforts. In 1980, he released the anti-apartheid single "Biko".
He has participated in several human rights benefit concerts, including Amnesty International's Human Rights Now! tour in 1988, co-founded the Witness human rights organisation in 1992. Gabriel developed The Elders with Richard Branson, launched by Nelson Mandela in 2007. Gabriel has won three Brit Awards—winning Best British Male in 1987, six Grammy Awards, thirteen MTV Video Music Awards, the first Pioneer Award at the BT Digital Music Awards, the Q magazine Lifetime Achievement, the Ivor Novello Award for Lifetime Achievement, the Polar Music Prize, he was made a BMI Icon at the 57th annual BMI London Awards for his "influence on generations of music makers". In recognition of his many years of human rights activism, he received the Man of Peace award from the Nobel Peace Prize laureates, Time magazine named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world. AllMusic has described Gabriel as "one of rock's most ambitious, innovative musicians, as well as one of its most political".
He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Genesis in 2010, followed by his induction as a solo artist in 2014. In March 2015, he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of South Australia in recognition of his achievements in music. Peter Brian Gabriel was born on 13 February 1950 in Surrey, his father, Ralph Parton Gabriel, was an electrical engineer, his mother, Edith Irene, from a musical family, taught him to play the piano at an early age. His great-great-great-uncle, Sir Thomas Gabriel, 1st Baronet, was Lord Mayor of London from 1866 to 1877. Gabriel attended a private primary school in Woking, he played drums in his first rock bands, Mike Rutherford commented in 1985 that "Pete was—and still is, I think—a frustrated drummer". Gabriel founded Genesis in 1967 with fellow Charterhouse pupils Tony Banks, Anthony Phillips, Mike Rutherford, drummer Chris Stewart; the name of the band was suggested by fellow Charterhouse alumnus, the pop music impresario Jonathan King, who produced their first album, From Genesis to Revelation.
Gabriel has said to be influenced by many different sources in his way of singing, such as Family lead singer Roger Chapman and theatrical singer Arthur Brown. In 1970, he played the flute on Mona Bone Jakon. Genesis drew some attention in Britain and also in Italy, Belgium and other European countries due to Gabriel's flamboyant stage presence, which involved numerous bizarre costume changes and comical, dreamlike stories told as the introduction to each song; the concerts made extensive use of black light with the normal stage lighting off. A backdrop of fluorescent white sheets and a comparatively sparse stage made the band into a set of silhouettes, with Gabriel's fluorescent costume and make-up providing the only other sources of light. Early Genesis concerts were hampered by a bad PA system that made it difficult for audiences to understand what Gabriel was singing. According to Mike Rutherford, this drove Gabriel to find other ways to impress his personality on the audience, leading to his performing in various costumes.
In an episode of the 2007 British documentary series Seven Ages of Rock, Steve Hackett recalled the first appearance of Gabriel "in costume". It was the fox-headed entity immortalised on the cover of Foxtrot. Hackett and the rest of the band had no inkling that Gabriel was going to do this, at the time Hackett worried that it would ruin the performance, it was a success. Among Gabriel's many famous costumes, which he developed to visualise the musical ideas of the band as well as to gain press coverage, were "Batwings" for the band's usual opening number, "Watcher of the Skies". Other costumes included "The Flower" and "Magog", which were both alternately worn for "Supper's Ready" from the album Foxtrot. "Britannia" was worn for "Dancing with the Moonlit Knight", "The Reverend" for "The Battle of Epping Forest". "The Old Man" was worn for "The Musical Box" from Nursery Cryme. "The Slipperman" and "Rael" were worn during "The Colony of Slippermen", in which "Rael" was the protagonist of the album The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway.
Gabriel's departure from Genesis on 15 August 1975, which stunned fans of the group and left many commentators wondering if the band could survive, was the result of several factors. His statu
Kenneth David "Kenny" Kirkland was an American pianist/keyboardist. Born in Brooklyn, New York in 1955, Kirkland was six. After years of Catholic schooling, Kirkland enrolled at the Manhattan School of Music, where he studied classical piano performance, classical theory and composition. Kirkland's first professional work came with Polish fusion violinist Michal Urbaniak, touring throughout Europe with his group in 1977. Coincidentally, his next high-profile gig was with another Eastern European jazz émigré, Miroslav Vitous. Kirkland is featured on Miroslav Vitous Group. In 1980, while Kirkland was on tour in Japan with Hino, he met Wynton Marsalis, which began their long association. On Marsalis's self-titled debut album, Kirkland shared the piano duties with one of his musical influences, Herbie Hancock, but was the sole pianist on Marsalis's subsequent releases Think of One, Hothouse Flowers and Black Codes. After his association with Wynton Marsalis, Kirkland joined Branford Marsalis's band.
He is on Marsalis's funk band album Buckshot Lefonque. When Branford Marsalis assumed the high-visibility role of bandleader for NBC TV's The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, Kirkland became the band's pianist. In 1991, he released his debut as Kenny Kirkland, on GRP Records. Thunder And Rainbows, by "Jazz from Keystone", is a trio album with Kirkland, Charles Fambrough, Jeff "Tain" Watts. Leading up to and on June 1–3, 1998, Kirkland worked with long-time associate Jeff "Tain" Watts on the drummer's debut recording Citizen Tain. According to producer Delfeayo Marsalis, "He was not in good shape." When asked about going to the doctor, Kirkland responded. If I go now, they'll make me check into a hospital." On June 4, doctors told Kirkland. However, due to 20 years of road work without adequate vacations and a lack of physical exercise for many years, his chances of surviving any surgery were deemed 50/50 or less. Fearful of going under the blade, Kirkland accepted his fate and was soon on the road with Branford Marsalis again.
On November 7, 1998, Kirkland attended Marsalis's wedding in his home town of New Rochelle, New York. Kirkland was found dead in his Queens apartment on Friday, November 13, 1998; the official doctor's report listed his death as due to congestive heart failure. He was survived by a brother and two sisters. Kenny Kirkland With Franco Ambrosetti Wings With Carla Bley Heavy Heart With Michael Brecker Michael Brecker With Chico Freeman Peaceful Heart, Gentle Spirit Pied Piper With Kenny Garrett Black Hope Songbook With Dizzy Gillespie Closer to the Source New Faces With Billy Hart Rah With Jay Hoggard Rain Forest With Robert Hurst One for Namesake With Elvin Jones Earth Jones Brother John With David Liebman What It Is With Wynton Marsalis Wynton Marsalis Think of One Hot House Flowers Black Codes With Branford Marsalis Scenes in the City Royal Garden Blues Renaissance Random Abstract Crazy People Music I Heard You Twice the First Time Requiem With Delfeayo Marsalis Pontius Pilate's Decision With Lew Soloff But Beautiful With Sting The Dream of the Blue Turtles Bring on the Night...
Nothing Like the Sun Nada como el sol The Soul Cages Mercury Falling With Miroslav Vitous First Meeting Miroslav Vitous Group With Jeff "Tain" Watts Megawatts Citizen Tain With John Scofield Who's Who? With Arturo Sandoval I Remember Clifford With Terence Blanchard Jazz in Film With Hiram Bullock From All Sides Obituary reprinted from the Daily Telegraph
Hiram Law Bullock was an American jazz funk and jazz fusion guitarist. Bullock was born in Osaka, Japan to African American parents serving in the U. S. Military. At the age of two he showed musical talent, he studied piano at the city's Peabody Conservatory of Music, giving his first public performance at the age of six. After playing saxophone and bass guitar, he took up the electric guitar at age sixteen. Bullock attended McDonogh School for Boys in Maryland, he was captain of the band in middle school. He studied at the University of Miami, where he met guitarists Pat Metheny and Steve Morse, bass players Jaco Pastorius and Will Lee, he paid for tuition by performing at nightclubs in Florida before moving to New York. He became best known for playing with Lee on Late Night with David Letterman and working with David Sanborn and Bob James, his work can be heard on Bob James' Angela, the theme song for the TV show Taxi, Steely Dan's Gaucho, Paul Simon's One Trick Pony, Sting's... Nothing Like the Billy Joel's The Stranger.
He worked with Harry Belafonte, Marcus Miller, Carla Bley, Miles Davis, Ruben Rada, Gil Evans. He recorded as a member of the 24th Street Band, which released three albums: 24th Street Band, Share Your Dreams and Bokutachi. In 1982, he released his debut album, First Class Vagabond, distributed for the Japanese market by the JVC-Victor Company and reissued on CD. In 1982, he was an original member of The World's Most Dangerous Band, the house band on the NBC-TV program Late Night with David Letterman, he stayed with Letterman's show for about two years. In 1986, Bullock released his first album as a leader for Atlantic Records called From All Sides, followed by the albums Give It What You Got in 1987, Way Kool in 1990. Shortly after the Atlantic albums, he recorded a few tracks from those sessions for a live event at the Indigo Blues Venue, in order to release it in Japan, his live band from the Indigo Blues sessions included Dave Delhomme, Steve Logan, Steven Wolf. On May 27, 2004, he teamed up with drummer Billy Cobham for a performance of the works of Jimi Hendrix at the University of Cologne in Germany.
An album of this performance was released posthumously in 2008. He had his own signature model guitars made by Cort, the HBS & HBS-II. Bullock died of cancer in New York City at the age of 52. First Class Vagabond From All Sides Give It What You Got PDB with Kenwood Dennard, Jaco Pastorius Way Kool World of Collision Late Night Talk Carrasco 55 Bar Sessions with Mike Stern, Leni Stern Guitar Man Color Me Try Livin' It Too Funky 2 Ignore Plays the Music of Jimi Hendrix with Billy Cobham Christmas Revisited with WDR Big Band With Carla Bley 1984 Heavy Heart 1985 Night-Glo 1987 SextetWith Gil Evans 1986 Live at Sweet Basil 1987 Live at Sweet Basil Vol. 2 1987 Bud and Bird 1992 FarewellWith Roberta Flack 1972 Roberta Flack & Donny Hathaway 1978 Roberta Flack 1979 Roberta Flack Featuring Donny HathawayWith Bob James 1977 BJ4 1978 Touchdown 1979 Lucky Seven 1980 H 1981 All Around the TownWith Marcus Miller 1993 The Sun Don't Lie 1995 Tales 1998 Live & More 2001 M²With Monkey Business 2001 Save the Robots 2003 Resistance Is Futile 2005 Kiss Me on My EgoWith Idris Muhammad 1977 Turn This Mutha Out 1978 Boogie to the Top 1979 Foxhuntin 1992 My TurnWith Jaco Pastorius 1986 PDB 1990 Live in New York City Vol. 1: Punk Jazz 1991 Live in New York City Vol. 2: Trio 1991 Live in New York City Vol. 3: Promise Land 1992 Live in New York City Vol. 4: Trio 2 1999 Live in New York City Vol. 6: Punk Jazz 2 1999 Live in New York City Vol. 7: History 2001 Live in New York City 2006 The Word Is OutWith Rubén Rada 1996 Montevideo 1999 Montevideo Dos With David Sanborn 1976 David Sanborn 1977 Promise Me the Moon 1978 Heart to Heart 1979 Hideaway 1981 Voyeur 1983 Backstreet 1984 Straight to the Heart 1987 A Change of Heart 1988 Close-Up 1992 UpfrontWith Spyro Gyra 1980 Catching the Sun 1980 Carnaval 1982 Incognito 1983 City KidsWith Leni Stern 1985 Clairvoyant 1987 The Next DayWith Mike Stern 1986 Upside Downside 1985 NeeshWith Steve Swallow 1987 Carla 1991 Swallow With others 1977 Celebrate Me Home, Kenny Loggins 1977 Don't Stop the Music, Brecker Brothers 1977 Futures, Burt Bacharach 1977 Something You Got, Art Farmer 1977 The Stranger, Billy Joel 1978 Lucumi Macumba Voodoo, Eddie Palmieri 1978 I Cry I Smile, Narada Michael Walden 1979 Awakening, Narada Michael Walden 1980 Detente, Brecker Brothers 1980 Cajun Sunrise, Hank Crawford 1980 Gaucho, Steely Dan 1980 Me Myself I, Joan Armatrading 1980 One Trick Pony, Paul Simon 1980 Take a Bite, Marlena Shaw 1980 The Blues Brothers, The Blues Brothers 1980 Naughty, Chaka Khan 1981 What Cha' Gonna Do for Me, Chaka Khan 1981 Crazy for You, Earl Klugh 1982 Anyone Can See, Irene Cara 1982 Chaka Khan, Chaka Khan 1983 Hanalei Bay, Lew Soloff 1983 Faster Than the Speed of Night, Bonnie Tyler 1984 Closer to the Source, Dizzy Gillespie 1984 Live at Carnegie Hall & Montreaux Switzerland, Teresa Brewer 1984 Transfer Station Blue, Michael Shrieve 1985 Skin Dive, Michael Franks 1985 Hearts and Numbers, Don Grolnick 1985 The Alternative Man, Bill Evans 1986 L Is for Lover, Al Jarreau 1986 Magnetic, Steps Ahead 1987 Blue Matter, John Scofield 1987 The Camera Never Lies, Michael Franks 1987 At Home, Janis Siegel 1987...
Nothing Like the Sun, Sting 1990 Paint Another Picture, Darlene Love 1990 Signals, Wayne Krantz 1991 Like Never Before, Taj M
Ian Stewart (musician)
Ian Andrew Robert Stewart was a Scottish keyboardist and co-founder of the Rolling Stones. He was removed from the line-up in May 1963 at the request of manager Andrew Loog Oldham who felt he did not fit the band's image, he remained as road manager and pianist and was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame along with the rest of the band in 1989. Ian Andrew Robert Stewart was born at Kirklatch Farm, East Neuk, Fife and raised in Sutton, London. Stewart started playing piano, he played with amateur groups on both instruments. Stewart, who loved rhythm & blues, boogie-woogie and big-band jazz, was first to respond to Brian Jones's advertisement in Jazz News of 2 May 1962 seeking musicians to form a rhythm & blues group. Mick Jagger and Keith Richards joined in June, the group, with Dick Taylor on bass and Mick Avory on drums, played their first gig under the name the Rollin' Stones at the Marquee Club on 12 July 1962. Richards described meeting Stewart thus: "He used to play boogie-woogie piano in jazz clubs, apart from his regular job.
He blew my head off too. I never heard a white piano player play like that before." By December 1962 and January 1963, Bill Wyman and Charlie Watts had joined, replacing a series of bassists and drummers. During this period, Stewart had a job at Imperial Chemical Industries. None of the other band members had a telephone. My number was advertised in Jazz News and I handled the Stones' bookings at work." He bought a van to transport the group and their equipment to their gigs. In early May 1963, the band's manager, Andrew Loog Oldham, said Stewart should no longer be onstage, that six members were too many for a popular group and that the older and square-jawed Stewart did not fit the image, he said Stewart could play piano on recordings. Stewart accepted this demotion. Richards said: " might have realised that in the way it was going to have to be marketed, he would be out of sync, but that he could still be a vital part. I'd have said,'Well, fuck you', but he said'OK, I'll just drive you around.'
That takes a big heart, but Stu had one of the largest hearts around."Stewart loaded gear into his van, drove the group to gigs, replaced guitar strings and set up Watts' drums the way he himself would play them. "I never swore at him," Watts says, with rueful amazement. He played piano and organ on most of the band's albums in the first decades, as well as providing criticism. Shortly after Stewart's death Mick Jagger said: "He helped this band swing, on numbers like'Honky Tonk Women' and loads of others. Stu was the one guy. We wanted his approval when we were rehearsing a song. We'd want him to like it."Stewart contributed piano, electric piano and/or percussion to all Rolling Stones albums released between 1964 and 1986, except for Their Satanic Majesties Request, Beggars Banquet, Some Girls. Stewart was not the only keyboard player who worked extensively with the band: Jack Nitzsche, Nicky Hopkins, Billy Preston, Ian McLagan all supplemented his work. Stewart played piano on numbers of his choosing throughout tours in 1969, 1972, 1975–76, 1978 and 1981–82.
Stewart favoured blues and country rockers, remained dedicated to boogie-woogie and early rhythm & blues. He refused to play in minor keys, saying: "When I'm on stage with the Stones and a minor chord comes along, I lift my hands in protest." In 1976, Stewart stated, "You can squawk about money, but the money the Stones have made hasn't done them much good. It's gotten them into some trouble, they can't live in their own country now."Stewart remained aloof from the band's lifestyle. "I think he looked upon it as a load of silliness," said guitarist Mick Taylor. "I think it was because he saw what had happened to Brian. I could tell from the expression on his face when things started to get a bit crazy during the making of Exile on Main Street. I think he found it hard. We all did." Stewart played golf, as road manager showed a preference for hotels with courses. Richards recalls: "We'd be playing in some town where there's all these chicks, they want to get laid and we want to lay them, but Stu would have booked us into some hotel about ten miles out of town.
You'd wake up in the morning and there's the links. We're bored to death looking for some action and Stu's playing Gleneagles." Stewart contributed to Led Zeppelin's "Rock and Roll" from Led Zeppelin IV and "Boogie with Stu" from Physical Graffiti, two numbers in traditional rock and roll vein, both featuring his boogie-woogie style. Another was Howlin' Wolf's 1971 The London Howlin' Wolf Sessions album, featuring Eric Clapton, Ringo Starr, Klaus Voormann, Steve Winwood, Bill Wyman and Charlie Watts, he played piano and organ on the 1982 Bad to the Bone album of George Thorogood and the Destroyers. Moreover, he performed with Ronnie Lane in a televised concert. In 1981 Stewart and Charlie Watts contributed to the song "Bad Penny Blues", which appeared on the album, These Kind of Blues by The Blues Band, was a founding member, with Watts, of Rocket 88. Stewart contributed to The Rolling Stones' 1983 Undercover, was present during the 1985 recording for Dirty Work. In early December 1985, Stewart began having respiratory problems.
On 12 December he went to a clinic to have the problem examined, but he suffered a heart attack and died in the waiting room. The Rolling Stones played a tribute gig with Rocket 88 in February 1986 at London's 100 Club, included a 30-second clip of Stewart playing the blues standar
Human Rights Now!
Human Rights Now! was a worldwide tour of twenty benefit concerts on behalf of Amnesty International that took place over six weeks in 1988. Held not to raise funds but to increase awareness of both the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on its 40th anniversary and the work of Amnesty International, the shows featured Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band, Peter Gabriel, Tracy Chapman, Youssou N'Dour, plus guest artists from each of the countries where concerts were held. Human rights activists and former prisoners from around the world, led by Sonny Venkatrathnam from South Africa, participated in the tour. At each location, the artists and Amnesty leaders held a press conference to discuss human rights, concert-goers were provided with copies of the Universal Declaration in their language and opportunities to sign the Declaration themselves and join the worldwide human rights movement; the tour was made possible in part by a grant from the Reebok Foundation. The twenty concerts were the second stage of what subsequently became known collectively as the Human Rights Concerts - a series of music events and tours staged by the US Section of Amnesty International between 1986-1998.
The tour was conceived by the Executive Director of Amnesty International's U. S. section, Jack Healey after a suggestion from former Executive Director David Hawk, with some limited input from producer Martin Lewis, who had first recruited rock musicians to perform for Amnesty years before for the Secret Policeman's Ball series of benefits. Healey developed the concept with famed rock promoter Bill Graham, who had worked with Healey on Amnesty's shorter, United States-only tour in 1986, titled A Conspiracy of Hope, who acted as tour director. Healey served as executive producer, leading the team of three producers: Mary Daly, Jessica Neuwirth, James Radner, father of George Radner; the media strategies for the tour, based on concepts originated by Healey and Lewis, were developed by Healey and Daly and executed by tour media director Magdeleno Rose-Avela and Charles Fulwood, Communications Director for Amnesty International USA
Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner CBE, known as Sting, is an English musician, singer and actor. He was the principal songwriter, lead singer, bassist for the new wave rock band the Police from 1977 to 1984, launched a solo career in 1985, he has included elements of rock, reggae, new-age and worldbeat in his music. As a solo musician and a member of the Police, he has received 17 Grammy Awards, including Song of the Year for ”Every Breath You Take”, three Brit Awards, including Best British Male in 1994 and Outstanding Contribution in 2002, a Golden Globe, an Emmy and four nominations for the Academy Award for Best Original Song. In 2002, he received the Ivor Novello Award for Lifetime Achievement from the British Academy of Songwriters and Authors and was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Police in 2003. In 2000, he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for recording. In 2003, Sting received a CBE from Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace for services to music.
He was made a Kennedy Center Honoree at the White House in 2014, was awarded the Polar Music Prize in 2017. With the Police, Sting became one of the world's best-selling music artists. Solo and with the Police combined, he has sold over 100 million records. In 2006, Paste ranked him 62nd of the 100 best living songwriters, he was 63rd of VH1's 100 greatest artists of rock, 80th of Q magazine's 100 greatest musical stars of the 20th century. He has collaborated with other musicians on songs such as "Money for Nothing" with Dire Straits, "Rise & Fall" with Craig David, "All for Love", with Bryan Adams and Rod Stewart, "You Will Be My Ain True Love" with Alison Krauss, introduced the North African music genre raï to Western audiences through his international hit "Desert Rose" with Cheb Mami. In 2018, he released the album 44/876, a collaboration with Jamaican musician Shaggy, which won the Grammy Award for Best Reggae Album in 2019. Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner was born on 2 October 1951, in Wallsend, England, the eldest of four children of Audrey, a hairdresser, Ernest Matthew Sumner, a milkman and engineer.
He grew up near Wallsend's shipyards. At eight or ten years old, he was inspired by the Queen Mother waving at him from a Rolls-Royce to divert from the shipyard prospect towards a more glamorous life, he helped his father deliver milk and by ten was "obsessed" with an old Spanish guitar left by an emigrating friend of his father. He attended St Cuthbert's Grammar School in Newcastle upon Tyne, he visited nightclubs such as Club A'Gogo to see Manfred Mann, who influenced his music. After being a bus conductor, building labourer and tax officer, he attended Northern Counties College of Education from 1971 to 1974 and qualified as a teacher, he taught at St Paul's First School in Cramlington for two years. Sting performed jazz in the evening and during breaks from college and teaching, he played with the Phoenix Jazzmen, Newcastle Big Band, Last Exit. He gained his nickname after his habit of wearing a black and yellow sweater with hooped stripes with the Phoenix Jazzmen. Bandleader Gordon Solomon thought he looked like a bee, which prompted the name "Sting".
In the 1985 documentary Bring on the Night a journalist called him Gordon, to which he replied, "My children call me Sting, my mother calls me Sting, this Gordon character?" In 2011, he told Time. You could shout'Gordon' in the street and I would just move out of your way." In January 1977, Sting moved from Newcastle to London and joined Stewart Copeland and Henry Padovani to form the Police. From 1978 to 1983, they had five UK chart-topping albums, won six Grammy Awards, won two Brit Awards, their initial sound was punk-inspired. Their final album, was nominated for five Grammy Awards including Album of the Year in 1983, it included their most successful song, "Every Breath, written by Sting. According to Sting, who appeared in the documentary Last Play at Shea, he decided to leave the Police while onstage during a concert of 18 August 1983 at Shea Stadium in New York City because he felt that playing that venue was " Everest". While never formally breaking up, after Synchronicity, the group agreed to concentrate on solo projects.
As the years went by, the band members Sting, dismissed the possibility of reforming. In 2007, the band did reform and undertook a world tour. Four of the band's five studio albums appeared on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, two of the band's songs, "Every Breath You Take" and "Roxanne", each written by Sting, appeared on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. In addition, "Every Breath You Take" and "Roxanne" were among the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll. In 2003, the band were inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame, they were included in Rolling Stone's and VH1's lists of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". In 1978, Sting collaborated with members of Hawkwind and Gong as the Radio Actors on the one-off single "Nuclear Waste". In September 1981, Sting made his first live solo appearance, on all four nights of the fourth Amnesty International benefit The Secret Policeman's Other Ball in London's Drury Lane theatre at the invitation of producer Martin Lewis.
He performed solo versions of "Roxanne" and "Message in a Bottle". He led an all-star band (dubbed "the