Jorge Stolfi is a full professor of computer science at the State University of Campinas, working in computer vision, image processing and other function approximation methods, graph theory, computational geometry and several other fields. According to the ISI Web Of Science, as of 2010 he was the most cited computer scientist in Brazil. Jorge Stolfi was born in a suburb of São Paulo, his parents had immigrated to Brazil from the Veneto region of Italy only two years earlier, so he spoke Venetian as his first language. He obtained an engineering degree in electronics and M. Sc. in applied mathematics from the University of São Paulo. From 1979 to 1988 he was a student of Leo Guibas at Stanford University, where he got a Ph. D in computer science, he had a CNPq grant from 1979 to 1983 a research internship at Xerox PARC until 1985, at the DEC Systems Research Center until 1988. After obtaining his Ph. D. he became a research engineer at SRC. In 1992 he returned to Brazil to take a position at the Computer Science Department of the University of Campinas, which became the university's Institute of Computing.
He was the institute's chairman from 2004 to 2008. Despite that, Stolfi has been criticised by students for not correcting undergraduate tests in 2016 and awarding random grades. While at Stanford, Leo Guibas and Jorge worked on the then-new field of computational geometry. Among other results they developed the quad-edge data structure for two-dimensional maps, the kinetic framework for computational geometry. Jorge's Ph. D. dissertation on oriented projective geometry was published as a book. He drew dozens of cartoons for the DEC SRC technical reports. In 1992 Jorge collected and disseminated a set of wordlists that formed the basis of the ispell resources. After moving to UNICAMP, Jorge developed affine arithmetic, a model for self-validated computation, in collaboration with Marcus Andrade, João Comba, Luiz Figueiredo. At UNICAMP Jorge worked with C. Lucchesi and T. Kowaltowski on finite state transducer technology for spell checking and other natural language processing tasks. With his student H. Leitão he developed an efficient algorithm for pottery fragment reassembly by multiscale outline matching, analyzed the density of useful information contained in those outlines.
He has contributed to the study of the Voynich manuscript. Since 2001 Jorge has been involved in efforts to raise public and government awareness about the insecurity of Brazilian electronic voting machines, which are of the direct recording electronic type and therefore vulnerable to massive and undetectable software-based vote-stealing. In late 2013, Jorge took an active interest in the economics of cryptocurrencies, he became skeptical about its underlying soundness and chances of success and has been advising the Brazilian public against investment in bitcoin. In 2016 he submitted a letter to the SEC outlining what he perceives as similarities between Bitcoin and penny stocks or ponzi schemes; this letter had doubt cast on it for non-technical reasons by “IT specialist” Colin Baird in a letter to the SEC some months later. Jorge Stolfi's personal webpage
Eva Chamberlain born Eva Maria von Bülow, was the daughter of Richard Wagner and Cosima Wagner, the wife of Houston Stewart Chamberlain. When she was born, her mother was still married to Hans von Bülow. Through her mother, she was a granddaughter of Franz Liszt. With her siblings Isolde and Siegfried, Eva was brought up by a house teacher. In 1906 Eva took over the care of the sick mother at Villa Wahnfried in Bayreuth, took care of her mail, was the only family member to have access to the family archive. In 1908 she married Houston Stewart Chamberlain, they acquired a stately villa – now the Jean Paul Museum – next to the Villa Wahnfried, moved into it in 1916 In the 1920s and 1930s, she and her sister Daniela were the head of the Altwagnerians who opposed any modernization of Richard Wagner's works. In 1933 she received the honorary citizenship of the city of Bayreuth, she was a bearer of the Golden Party Badge of the Nazi Party. When she died of cancer in 1942, she was given an honorary funeral of the NSDAP, in which Adolf Wagner gave the eulogy.
Carrl, Jonathan Der Wagner-Clan. Biografie einer deutschen Familie. Frankfurt am Main. ISBN 978-3-596-18504-7 Hamann, Brigitte Die Familie Wagner. Reinbek. ISBN 3-499-50658-0 Hilmes, Oliver Cosimas Kinder. Triumph und Tragödie der Wagner-Dynastie. München. ISBN 978-3-88680-899-1
Jordi Pigem is a Catalan philosopher and writer. Pigem holds a Ph. D in Philosophy from the University of Barcelona, he coordinated the ecology journal Integral between 1989 and 1992. From 1998 to 2003 he was a lecturer and coordinator of the Philosophy module for the Masters in Holistic Science at Schumacher College in Dartington, United Kingdom. In 1999 he won the Philosophy Award of the Institute of Catalan Studies with the dissertation El pensament de Raimon Panikkar: Una filosofia de la interdependència, in 2006 he was awarded the Resurgence and Scientific and Medical Network Essay Award, his latest book is "Inteligencia vital. Una vision postmaterialista de la vida y la conciencia"/ " Vital intelligence. A postmaterialistic view of life and consciousness", he is a contributor to periodical publications in English and Catalan, such as the Cultura/s supplement of La Vanguardia, Agenda Viva, Namaste and Tikkun. He has written about the major figures of holistic or systemic thinking, such as Leonardo da Vinci, E.
F. Schumacher, Fritjof Capra or Ivan Illich. In October 2016, he receives the XXV Joan Maragall Award for his essay Àngels i robots. La interioritat humana en la societat hipertecnològica, a la llum de Guardini, Panikkar i l’Encíclica Laudato Si', awarded by the Joan Maragall Foundation. Nueva conciencia: plenitud personal y equilibrio planetario para el siglo XXI La odisea de occidente: modernidad y ecosofía El pensament de Raimon Panikkar: interdependència, interculturalitat El somriure diví Ivan Illich. Textos escollits. Buena crisis: Hacia un mundo postmaterialista GPS. Valores para un mundo en transformación. La nueva realidad. Del economicismo a la conciencia cuántica. Inteligencia vital. Una visión postmaterialista de la vida y la conciencia. Àngels i robots. La interioritat humana en la societat hipertecnològica. Ángeles o robots. La interioridad humana en la sociedad hipertecnológica
Dukhtar is a 2014 Pakistani drama-thriller film directed by Afia Nathaniel. The film stars Mohib Mirza, Saleha Aref, Asif Khan, Ajab Gul and Samina Ahmad; the film is Afia Nathaniel's feature directorial debut. It is the story of a mother and her ten-year-old daughter, who leave their home to save the girl from an arranged marriage to a tribal leader; the film was premiered at the 2014 Toronto International Film Festival on 5 September. Geo Films released the film in Pakistan on 18 September 2014, it was selected as Pakistan's Official entry in the category Best Foreign Language Film for the 87th Academy Awards, but was not nominated. It becomes Pakistan's second consecutive submission to Oscars and accepted as per the first one was Zinda Bhaag in same category. At the age of fifteen, Allah Rakhi was given in marriage to the much older tribal chieftain Daulat Khan, who took her from her family in Lahore to live with him in the mountains. Now, two decades Daulat Khan is presented with the opportunity to make peace with rival tribe leader Tor Gul, the deal is to be sealed by a deal for Tor Gul's marriage to Daulat Kahn's ten-year-old daughter Zainab.
Tormented at the prospect that her daughter's life might be a repetition of her own, Allah Rakhi flees with the oblivious young girl in tow. Pursued by Daulat Khan and Tor Gul's henchmen, knowing that she is conspicuous as an unaccompanied woman on a mountain road, Allah Rakhi sneaks on board a truck; when discovered she manages to get a lift for her and Zainab by lying to a sympathetic truck driver, Sohail. When Sohail learns of the real reason for Allah Rakhi's flight, he is forced to decide whether he will endanger his own life to deliver mother and daughter to safety in Lahore. Samiya Mumtaz as Allah Rakhi Mohib Mirza as Sohail Saleha Aref as Zainab Asif Khan as Daulat Khan Ajab Gul as Shehbaz Khan Samina Ahmad as Rukhsana Adnan Shah as Ghorzang Khan Abdullah Jaan as Tor Gul / Hikmatullah Omair Rana as Zarak Khan On 24 June 2014, it was announced that Geo Films had acquired the domestic distribution rights to the film. Norway's Sorfund provided the funds for the film after years of seeking funds, on which director said, "Our local film industry is in shambles and financiers want to see Masala films with women wearing nothing dancing and gyrating on the screen."The film was shot in Gilgit–Baltistan northern areas, included locations Skardu, Gilgit and Kallar Kahar.
On 26 June 2014, a teaser trailer was released on Vimeo by Zambeel Films. Dukhtar was premiered at the 2014 Toronto International Film Festival in Discovery section on 5 September 2014. Director Afia Nathaniel said, "It’s a great honour for a Pakistani film to be selected for Toronto. We hope, it will make you laugh, it will make you cry. It will make you sit on the edge of the seat until the last scene of the film. I am so looking forward to bringing Dukhtar home right after Toronto,"The film was slated for 14 August 2014 release, but Geo Films shifted the film's date back and released domestically on 18 September 2014 in 9 major cities i.e. Karachi, Islamabad, Multan, Faisalabad and Sialkot. In October, Dukhtar was premiered in Busan Film Festival, London Film Festival, Films from the South and São Paulo International Film Festival. Mara Pictures, a distributor of South Asian cinema in the United Kingdom, acquired the British distribution rights to the film and released it in British cinemas in April 2015.
The film received positive reviews from all over the world. Deborah Young of The Hollywood Reporter reviewed the film glowingly, "The story has all the makings of a great against-all-odds adventure tale, abetted by spectacular location shooting and an outcome, never a foregone conclusion... Afia Nathaniel’s feature directing debut generates enough tension to fuel a harrowing real-life story while adding another unforgettable heroine to cinema from the region with Samiya Mumtaz’s measured portrayal of a Muslim woman taking charge of her life."Theodora Munroe of The Upcoming gave it five stars and said, "Well-acted and beautifully written, Dukhtar thrills and stirs."Writer Mohsin Hamid said, "Dukhtar is a wonderful, impressive film. It shows how Pakistani cinema is progressing." Samina Peerzada said of young actress Saleha Aref, "The little girl in Dukhtar - a star is born." Academy award winner director Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy said, "Dukhtar has set a new precedent in filmmaking in Pakistan. The film's powerful narrative is met with strong visuals that collectively showcase what Pakistani talent is all about.
I have no doubt that the story will resonate with people locally and internationally." Actress Meesha Shafi praised the film and director, "Simple yet full of impact. Dukhtar highlights a subject that needs attention. Sensitive yet spirited portrayal of Allah Rakkhi by Samia Mumtaz; the Pakistani landscape is shot with a beautiful eye. Afia Nathanial has arrived." Film producer Iram Parveen Bilal said, "Dukhtar is a story told with visually striking images, sensitive characters and most with a heart. I wish it all my best for its Oscar submission."Maliha Rehman reviewed the film for "Dawn" newspaper, "Dukhtar or'daughter' has a title, self-explanatory to a large extent... What the title does not relay, are the subtle nuances that flow through the storyline, the direction that seamlessly traverses the breathtaking landscape of Northern Pakistan all the way down
Abu Abdullah Sufyan ibn Said ibn Masruq al-Thawri was a Tābi‘ al-Tābi‘īn Islamic scholar and jurist, founder of the Thawri madhhab. He was a great hadith compiler; the early biographer Isḥāq al-Nadīm tells us that Sufyān ibn Sa'īd al-Thawrī along with Sufyān ibn ‘Uyaynah and Ṣāliḥ ibn Ḥayy transmitted the Zaidiyyah doctrine and accounts of their adherents. Sufyan ath-Thawri was born in Khorosan, he moved to Kufa, for his education and in his youth supported the Family of Ali ibn Abi Talib against the dying Umayyad caliphate. By 748 he had moved to Basra, "where he met ibn ` Ayyub, he abandoned his Shi'i view." It is said that the Umayyads offered him high office positions but that he declined. He refused to give to the Caliphs moral and religious advice and when asked why, he responded "When the sea overflows, who can dam it up?". He was quoted to have said to a friend of his "Beware of the rulers, of drawing close to and associating with them. Do not be deceived by being told that you can drive inequity away.
All this is the deceit of the devil, which the wicked qurra' have taken as a ladder."Ath-Thawri's jurisprudential thought, after his move to Basra, became more aligned to that of the Umayyads and of al-Awza'i. He is reported to have regarded the jihad as an obligation only as a defensive war. Ath-Thawri was one of the'Eight Ascetics,' who included Amir ibn Abd al-Qays, Abu Muslim al-Khawlani, Uways al-Qarani, al-Rabi ibn Khuthaym, al-Aswad ibn Yazid, Masruq ibn al-Ajda', Hasan al-Basri. Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya relates in Madarij al-salikin, Ibn al-Jawzi in the chapter entitled "Abu Hashim al-Zahid" in his Sifat al-safwa after the early hadith master Abu Nu`aym in his Hilyat al-awliya, that Sufyan al-Thawri said: If it were not for Abu Hashim al-Sufi I would have never perceived the presence of the subtlest forms of hypocrisy in the self... Among the best of people is the Sufi learned in jurisprudence. Ibn al-Jawzi narrates the following: Abu Hashim al-Zahid said: "Allah has stamped alienation upon the world in order that the friendly company of the murideen consist in being with Him and not with the world, in order that those who obey Him come to Him by means of avoiding the world.
The People of Knowledge of Allah are strangers in the world and long for the hereafter."He spent the last year of his life hiding after a dispute between him and the caliph al-Mahdi. On his death the Thawri madhhab was taken up including Yahya al-Qattan, his school did not survive, but his juridical thought and hadith transmission are regarded in Islam, have influenced all the major schools. Of his books best known is his Tafsir of the Qur'an, one of the earliest in the genre. An Indian MSS purports to preserve it up to Q. 52:13, as published by Imtiyâz ʿAlî ʿArshî in 1965. He preserved the books of his Umayyad predecessors. Biodata at MuslimScholars.info