SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Daughters of the American Revolution

The Daughters of the American Revolution is a lineage-based membership service organization for women who are directly descended from a person involved in the United States' efforts towards independence. A non-profit group, they promote historic preservation and patriotism; the organization's membership is limited to direct lineal descendants of soldiers or others of the Revolutionary period who aided the cause of independence. The DAR has over 185,000 members in other countries, its motto is "God and Country." In 1889 the centennial of President George Washington's inauguration was celebrated, Americans looked for additional ways to recognize their past. Out of the renewed interest in United States history, numerous patriotic and preservation societies were founded. On July 13, 1890, after the Sons of the American Revolution refused to allow women to join their group, Mary Smith Lockwood published the story of patriot Hannah White Arnett in The Washington Post, asking, "Where will the Sons and Daughters of the American Revolution place Hannah Arnett?"

On July 21 of that year, William O. McDowell, a great-grandson of Hannah White Arnett, published an article in The Washington Post offering to help form a society to be known as the Daughters of the American Revolution; the first meeting of the society was held August 9, 1890. The first DAR chapter was organized on October 11, 1890, at the Strathmore Arms, the home of Mary Smith Lockwood, one of the DAR's four co-founders. Other founders were Eugenia Washington, a great-grandniece of George Washington, Ellen Hardin Walworth, Mary Desha, they had held organizational meetings in August 1890. Other attendees in October were Sons of the American Revolution members Registrar General Dr. George Brown Goode, Secretary General A. Howard Clark, William O. McDowell, Wilson L. Gill, 18 other people; the First Lady, Caroline Lavina Scott Harrison, wife of President Benjamin Harrison, lent her prestige to the founding of DAR, served as its first President General. Having initiated a renovation of the White House, she was interested in historic preservation.

She helped establish the goals of DAR, incorporated by congressional charter in 1896. In this same period, such organizations as the Colonial Dames of America, the Mary Washington Memorial Society, Preservation of the Virginia Antiquities, United Daughters of the Confederacy, Sons of Confederate Veterans were founded; this was in addition to numerous civic organizations flourishing in this period. The DAR chapters raised funds to initiate a number of patriotic endeavors, they began a practice of installing markers at the graves of Revolutionary War veterans to indicate their service, adding small flags at their gravesites on Memorial Day. Other activities included commissioning and installing monuments to battles and other sites related to the War; the DAR recognized women patriots' contributions as well as those of soldiers. For instance, they installed a monument at the site of a spring where Polly Hawkins Craig and other women got water to use against flaming arrows, in the defense of Bryan Station.

In addition to installing markers and monuments, DAR chapters have purchased and operated historic houses and other sites associated with the war. In 1932 the DAR adopted a rule excluding African-American musicians from performing at DAR Constitution Hall in response to complaints by some members against "mixed seating", as both blacks and whites were attracted to concerts of black artists. Washington, D. C. had segregated facilities under laws established by a Congress that supported segregation, which administered the city at the time. In 1939, African-American jazz singer Hazel Scott was excluded from performing at Constitution Hall; the incident in 1939 was one of the first milestones in the struggle for Civil Rights in America. Washington, D. C. was a segregated city at Constitution Hall limited performances to white artists. After the country began to tear down the barriers of race-discrimination, DAR followed suit and changed its policy for the Hall. In October 1945, the DAR invited First Lady Bess Truman to a tea at the hall.

Congressman Powell asked Truman not to attend the tea. She said publicly that she opposed discrimination; the White House received letters asking Bess Truman to resign from the DAR in protest of their policy. Other letters supported her attendance at the tea; the DAR reversed its "white performers only" policy in 1952. During the period of segregation and exclusion, in 1936 Sol Hurok, the manager of noted singer Marian Anderson, an African-American contralto, tried to book her at the DAR Constitution Hall. Owing to the "white performers only" policy, the DAR refused the booking. In 1939, along with the NAACP and Howard University, petitioned the DAR to make an exception to their policy for Anderson, which the organization declined. Hurok tried to find a local high school for a performance, but the only suitable venue was an auditorium at a white high school; the school board refused to allow Anderson to perform there. The First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt invited Anderson to the White House to perform for her and President Roosevelt.

During this time, Anderson came under considerable pressure from the NAACP to refuse to perform for segregated audiences. Eleanor Roosevelt resigned from her membership of the DAR in protest at their treatment of Anderson. Roosevelt and the Marian Anderso

Monika Hamann

Monika Hamann is a retired East German sprinter, who specialized in the 100 and 200 m. She represented the sports team SC Neubrandenburg. Meyer competed at the 1971 European Championships, without reaching the final, won the silver medal in 60 m at the 1975 European Indoor Championships. At the 1978 European Championships she finished fourth in the 100 m and 200 m and won a bronze medal in the 4 x 100 m relay together with Johanna Klier, Carla Bodendorf und Marlies Göhr, her personal best time was 11.03 seconds, achieved in July 1977 in Dresden. This result ranks her ninth among German 100 m sprinters, behind Marlies Göhr, Marita Koch, Silke Gladisch, Katrin Krabbe, Heike Drechsler, Bärbel Wöckel, Annegret Richter and Romy Müller. German all-time top lists - 100 metres

Little Moments

"Little Moments" is a song co-written and recorded by American country music singer Brad Paisley. It was released in September 2003 as the second single from Paisley's album Mud on the Tires. Paisley wrote this song with Chris DuBois. Brad Paisley has stated that his wife Kimberly Williams-Paisley was the basis for this song and appears in the music video; the opening part, which reads as follows: "Well I'll never forget the first time that I heard that pretty mouth say that dirty word. And I can't remember now, what she backed my truck into, but she covered she just looked so darn cute. That I couldn't act like I was mad- Yeah I live for little moments like that." The two events were taken right from the first time Brad heard her swear and how she started to blush when he found a dent in his truck. The music video was directed by Peter Tilden, it features different couples. The last couple is his own wife, Kimberly Williams-Paisley, talking, his wife implies. Except for a few quick shots during the guitar solo, the video features Brad with his signature cowboy hat off.

It was released in early 2004. Randle Currie - steel guitar Eric Darken - percussion Kevin "Swine" Grantt - bass guitar Bernie Herms - piano Wes Hightower - background vocals Gordon J. Mote - B3 organ Brad Paisley - lead vocals, electric guitar, acoustic guitar, Tic tac bass Ben Sesar - drums Justin Williamson - fiddle "Little Moments" debuted at number 58 on the U. S. Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks for the week of September 6, 2003. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics