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Sense of Purpose

Sense of Purpose was a hardcore punk band from Melbourne, Australia. Formed in 1996, they were called Nextstep. Sense of Purpose were a Melbourne band who injected their own brand of fast, passionate hardcore into the Australian scene between 1996 and 2006; the band had an outspoken stance on a range of social issues. The band released their first full-length CD, "A Matter Of Respect" in February 2001 along with the unreleased EP "End Of A New Beginning", recorded in December 1998 when the band was known as Nextstep; the band played under the moniker of Nextstep between 1996 and 1999 and released a demo tape "Together We Can Make A Difference" and a 7" EP "Time To Speak Up". In 2003, drummer Pete was brought up front with Chris to give the band a dual vocal attack. Good friend Grant Johns of Dying Breed, was brought in to fill the void on drums. In February 2004, the band headed back to Birdland Studios to record their second full-length CD. "Tomorrow's Too Late" was released in mid-2004, a time which saw the band sign with UK hardcore label Go-Team Records who released the CD internationally that year, with all new artwork.

Soon after the band parted ways with original guitarist Leith Gow, who went on to form In Name And Blood and brought in new guitarist Brad O'Gorman, who played in UK outfit Insight. But in 2006, Sense Of Purpose decided it was time to exit the scene and released their final CD, the appropriately titled, "Dismantled" and played their last show with good friends The Dead Walk, INAB, Procedure 286 and Go For Broke. Over the years Sense Of Purpose have supported a host of touring bands including: Agnostic Front, H20, AFI, Cro-Mags, Ensign, No Fun at All, Champion, Citizen Fish, Agent Orange, Shank, DSM, Good Clean Fun, Strike Anywhere, Dayglo Abortions and Vitamin X. Pete Chris Erle Brad Grant Leith Dismantled - 7 Song CD Tomorrow's Too Late - 11 song CD A Matter Of Respect - 10 song CD End Of A New Beginning - 5 song CD As Nextstep Time To Speak Up - 6 song 7" E. P. We Can Make A Difference - 7 song Demo Tape Compilation: "True Till Death" Compilation: "Call It Whatever You Want 2" Compilation: "So This Is Jeff's Victoria" Compilation: "Punk O' Clock" Compilation: "Promotional Use Only" Sense Of Purpose website Go-Team Records website

Mu Librae

Μ Librae is the Bayer designation for a probable triple star system in the zodiac constellation of Libra. They have a combined apparent visual magnitude of 5.32, bright enough to be faintly visible to the naked eye. With an annual parallax shift of 13.71 mas, the system is located at an estimated distance of around 240 light years. The inner pair consists of two A-type stars that, as of 2006, had an angular separation of 1.79 arc seconds along a position angle of 5.5°. They have an estimated physical separation of 139 AU; the primary, component A, is a visual magnitude 5.69 magnetic Ap star showing overabundances of the elements aluminum, strontium and europium. Hence, it has a stellar classification of A1pSrEuCr, it is a photometric variable with periods of 25.3992 ± 0.1970 1.8871 ± 0.0008 d. The surface magnetic field strength is 1,375 Gauss; the secondary, component B, is an Am star with a stellar classification of A6m. It has a visual magnitude of 6.72. The tertiary member, component C, is a magnitude 14.70 star at an angular separation of 12.90 arc seconds along a position angle of 294°, as of 2000

Urban Cookie Collective

Urban Cookie Collective are a British Eurodance band, best known for their 1993 hit single "The Key, the Secret". The band was founded by the son of Guyanese writer Roy Heath, he learned to play classical piano as a child before switching to the electric piano. He had previous experience with groups such as Manchester DJ A Guy Called Gerald. Heath decided on a music career after abandoning a PhD at Vermont University. After a tour of Japan supporting the Happy Mondays, he left the band A Guy Called Gerald to work with the rave band Together. Heath went on to work with Jamaican reggae artist Eek-A-Mouse before concentrating on his new project, Urban Cookie Collective, he was the keyboardist and producer of their music. Heath wrote and produced their first hits, "The Key the Secret" and "Feels Like Heaven", he brought in vocalist Diane Charlemagne for many of the group's early tracks. She co-wrote some of the songs and became a major part of the band; the other main members were Peter Samson, Johnny Jay, Mark Hadfield and Neil Claxton.

Guest rappers took part in the studio. The band caused some controversy in 1996 by recording a cover version of the Oasis song "Champagne Supernova". Noel Gallagher, one of the founding members of Oasis, claimed that he had not given permission and legal action stopped the track from being given a full release; the band still remains active, tours fronted by singer Danielle Barnett. In 2014, Charlemagne was diagnosed with kidney cancer, she died of the disease on 28 October 2015, aged 51. Urban Cookie Collective at The Eurodance Encyclopaedia


Pulijanmam is a Malayalam feature film directed by Priyanandanan. It stars Vineeth Kumar, Salim Kumar, Samvrutha Sunil and Sindhu Menon, it was released on 19 May 2006 and won the Swarna Kamal Award for the Best Feature Film in the 54th National Film Awards, 2006. The film was produced by M G Vijay and it was the second directorial venture by Priyanandanan, the first one being Neythukaran released in 2001; the citation for Pulijanmam said it was'a layered film that uses metaphors to address global and local issues of contemporary society'. The film Pulijanmam is based on N Prabhakaran's play of the same name. Kari Gurukkal known as Pulimaranja Thondachan, is a folk god of Pulayas, a subaltern community in North Kerala. According to legends, Kari was a master of other arts. Envious, the upper caste people ordered him to bring tiger mane and tail to cure the madness of the ruler. For this, he had to go to the forest. To get his human form back when he returns from the forest, his wife should pour water used for cleaning rice and beat him with broom.

But when he returns from the forest, his wife got terrified by his form and fails to do what she was told to do. Unable to take human form, Kari goes back to the forest. Prakashan is a graduate, he is more involved in local politics than his personal life. Once Prakashan plans to stage a play titled'Pulijanmam' for a local arts club, he brings up the script. He himself rehearses to portray the main character in Thondachhan Theyyam Kari Gurukkal. For playing the role of Vellachi, the female lead in the drama, Prakashan finds Shehnaz, a Muslim girl; the rehearsals go on, but due to the outbreak of communal riots in the area, the drama was cancelled. The Hindu-Muslim harmony in the village is broken due to the riots; the situations take a U-turn and all the blame comes on Prakashan which makes him lose his close friends. In the meantime, his sister Anila leaves the family behind and takes the life of her choice which makes their mother lose her mental balance. Prakashan finds every situation. In a final attempt to regain his life, he goes to invite her to his life.

The film ends. Murali as Prakashan / Kari Gurukkal Sindhu Menon as Shahnaz / Vellachi Vineeth Kumar Samvrutha Sunil as Anila Salim Kumar Irshad as Ashraf Santhosh Jogi V. K. Sriraman as KKC Mullanezhi as Sukumaran master Vijeesh Pulijanmam on IMDb

Solomon B. Levine

Solomon Bernard Levine was one of the U. S.'s foremost experts on industrial relations. Levine's book "Industrial Relations in Postwar Japan", published in 1958, was considered to be a landmark in the field, influencing a generation of Asian scholars, his deep knowledge and interest in Japan came long before the 1980s explosion in interest and writing about the rapid growth and success of the Japanese economy and employment system. Levine’s book became the classic reference that everyone working on these topics were told to read. Levine was a naval intelligence officer in World War II and learned to speak Japanese as part of the war effort. While in the language program, he met his wife, Betty a naval intelligence officer. Levine was part of the Okinawa landing and the occupation of Japan. While serving in the occupation, Levine developed a fascination with Japanese culture, to last the rest of his life. Still in Naval intelligence, he served as a translator for a Japanese admiral who had helped design the battleship Yamato.

After the service, Levine received a BA and MBA from Harvard and a Phd. in Economics from MIT. He was hired as an assistant professor at the University of Illinois and began to do research on Japanese labor relations, his department head warned, "no one would be interested in" his chosen field. Levine became the Director of the Asian Studies Center at the Univ. of Illinois and Chairman of the East Asian Studies program and professor of industrial relations and international business at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Although respected, Levine's work ran counter to accepted truisms on the subject. For example, Japan's postwar boom was attributed to an extraordinarily loyal and docile workforce. Levine showed that Japanese workers in the 1950s were just as to strike as American ones, and he contended that the supposed cradle-to-grave job security offered by Japanese corporations was a myth, long before the economic decline of the 90s demonstrated this on a widespread basis. He noted that life-time security was afforded at best one third of the male labor force.

It did not extend to those working outside of large firms in smaller manufacturing supplier firms, those over the age of 55, those in the service sector. Levine’s work was acclaimed by other Japanese and international scholars and experts for its rich understanding of the Japanese culture and history, he attracted to the University of Illinois, to the University of Wisconsin, many Japanese students who went on to take up faculty positions in leading Japanese universities and to become top advisors of Japanese government leaders. Much of this came from the time he and his wife lived and studied in Japan and from the knowledge he gained from the wide array of Japanese scholars and professionals with whom he interacted. Noted industrial relations expert, Thomas Anton Kochan, wrote, “Unlike much of the more superficial writing about the Japanese ‘model’ of labor and employment relations that appeared during the peak of its success and popularity, Levine’s work and depiction of industrial relations in Japan has stood the test of time well."

Industrial Relations in Postwar Japan by Solomon B. Levine Human Resources in Japanese Industrial Development by Solomon B. Levine and Hisashi KawadaThe Political Economy of Japan, vol. 3: Cultural and Social Dynamics.: An article from: Pacific Affairs by Solomon B. Levine Inside Japanese Business: A Narrative History, 1960-2000 by Makoto Ohtsu, Tomio Imanari, Solomon B. Levine "Solomon B. Levine". JSTOR