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DeWitt, Arkansas

DeWitt is the second largest city in Arkansas County, United States, which serves as the county seat of the southern district of Arkansas County. Population was 3,292 at the time of the 2010 census. DeWitt is most celebrated as the childhood home of Bobby Capps, keyboardist/vocalist for the southern rock band 38 Special. DeWitt, platted in 1854, was named after the sixth governor of the state of New York, DeWitt Clinton. A post office has been in operation at DeWitt since 1856; the city was incorporated in 1875. DeWitt is located at 34°17′29″N 91°20′13″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.6 square miles, all land. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,292 people living in the city. 74.5% were White, 21.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 2.1% from some other race and 1.4% from two or more races. 3.2 % were Latino of any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,552 people, 1,419 households, 977 families living in the city.

The population density was 1,371.7 people per square mile. There were 1,552 housing units at an average density of 599.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 77.93% White, 20.92% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.20% from other races, 0.56% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,419 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.1% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.84. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.1 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,921, the median income for a family was $42,917. Males had a median income of $30,536 versus $25,240 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,993. About 10.6% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over. DeWitt is the center of the DeWitt School District and is home to DeWitt High School, DeWitt Middle School, DeWitt Elementary School, Gillett Elementary School, their mascot is the Dragons, their school colors are blue and gold. DeWitt High School houses grades 9 through 12. DeWitt Middle School houses grades 6 through 8, both DeWitt Elementary and Gillett Elementary provide kindergarten through 5th grade. Bobby Capps, keyboardist/vocalist for the southern rock band 38 Special, noted for vocals in concert on fan favorite "Second Chance", a song sung by Max Carl and first released on the album "Rock & Roll Strategy" in 1988 Wayne DuMond, serial rapist and killer whose crimes and efforts to gain his freedom from prison vexed the political careers of three Arkansas governors: Bill Clinton, Jim Guy Tucker, Mike Huckabee Frank Glasgow Tinker, combat flying ace with eight victories.

The movie featured a scene filmed at DeWitt Nursing Home. Https://archive.today/20130628121936/http://arkansasmatters.com/fulltext?nxd_id=489647 DeWitt, Arkansas entry on the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture DeWitt Era-Enterprise DeWitt Hospital & Nursing Home

Montenegrin perper

The perper was the currency of Montenegro between 1906 and 1916. It was divided into 100 para. At the end of the 20th century, Montenegro contemplated issuing the perper again. However, it decided to adopt the Deutsche mark instead, followed the change to the euro. In 1906, coins were issued in denominations of 2, 10 and 20 para; the 1 and 2 para were bronze, the 10 and 20 para were nickel. The nickel and copper coins were minted in Vienna. In 1909, silver 1 and 5 perpera coins were added, followed by 2 perpera in 1910. Gold 10 and 20 perpera were issued in 1910, along with limited numbers of 100 perpera coins. Bronze and silver coins were issued several times until 1914. In 1909 with the decision to issue silver coins, minting gold Montenegrin coins was being planned. However, due to tight relations with Austro-Hungary, gold coins were issued one year than silver ones. In 1910, Montenegro issued two series of gold 10, 20, 100 perpera coins; the inscription on the first ones reads Principality of Montenegro while the second one mentions the Kingdom of Montenegro.

This is due to the fact that on 28 August 1910, Prince Nicholas of Montenegro proclaimed the Kingdom of Montenegro. The second issue commemorates his 50th anniversary of reign. Due to historical circumstances, these were the only golden perper issues in the history of Montenegro. Today, the 100 perper coins are considered to be the finest examples of Montenegrin coinage, it is not known how many 100 perper coins have been preserved but numismatists agree that around 150 specimens still exist, including those stored in the museum collections of the Hermitage, the American Numismatic Society, the British Museum, the Prada and the Vienna Canton. Several are believed to be kept in private collections in Montenegro while two gold 100 perper coins adorn the collection of the Central Bank of Montenegro. At auctions, these coins reach a value of 20 to 35 thousand euros, depending on their condition. Banknotes were issued in 1912 by the treasury in denominations of 2, 5, 10, 50 and 100 perpera. In 1914, the government issued three series of notes, in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 perpera.

During the Austrian occupation during World War I, government notes of the second and third series were overprinted by the military government district commands. In 1917, the Austrian army issued convertible vouchers denominated in perpera, perpera coins and Kronen, with 2 perpera = 1 coin perper = 1 Krone; the digital Perper is a decentralized digital currency without a central bank and it can be sent from user to user on the peer-to-peer Perper network without the need for intermediaries. Transactions are verified by network nodes through cryptography and recorded in a public distributed ledger called a blockchain. Digital Perper was invented in 2019 by Aleksandar-Sasha Kapisoda, an Knowledge Scientist & digital technology scientist at a German pharmaceutical company. Aleksandar-Sasha Kapisoda decided to "resurrect the currency of the Kingdom of Montenegro in a form appropriate for the 21st century" and to deliver his intellectual property as a gift to Montenegro; the Perper is a cryptocurrency, an electronical payment system and is equivalent to bitcoin.

Aleksandar-Sasha Kapisoda has given his support on the path of digitization to the people of Montenegro, which paves the way for business in the digital world. Hyperpyron, Byzantine coin Montenegrin perun, the currency, planned for introduction in Montenegro by Petar II Petrović Njegoš in 1851 Ragusan perpera, currency of the historical Republic of Ragusa Serbian perper under Tsar Dusan

Boyd Coffie

Howard Boyd Coffie was an American minor league baseball player, college coach and executive. He attended McMinn County High School and Rollins College. In 1959, Coffie won the Florida Intercollegiate Conference MVP Award, he was an NAIA All-American in 1958 and 1959 While at Rollins College, he was an All-Conference basketball player. He began his professional career in 1959, playing in the New York Yankees chain from 1959 to 1961, his first season was spent with the Kearney Yankees. He played for the Greensboro Yankees in 1960, in 92 games his average dropped to.216, he hit only five home runs. His averaged dropped again in 1961 to.211. He missed 1962 and 1963 to military service, but from 1964 to 1966 he played for the Orlando Twins in the Minnesota Twins farm system. In his first year back, he hit.228 in 66 games. His averaged dropped to.206 in 1965, but he raised it to.251 in his final season, 1966. Overall, Coffie batted.235 over a span of six seasons. Coffie managed three years in the minor leagues.

He managed the Columbus Red Stixx for part of 1997 while manager Jack Mull was away on medical leave. Coffie was the head coach of the Rollins College baseball team from 1972 to 1991, he had a record of 586–419–6 at Rollins and was the Sunshine State Conference coach of the year in 1983 and 1986. In 1982, he was named the Florida Coach of the Year He holds the record for most wins by a coach in Rollins College history, he served as the head basketball coach at Rollins from 1962 to 1972, compiling a record of 94–145 He was honored with the Distinguished Achievement in Athletic Award by the Rollins College athletic department. Following his retirement, he was enshrined in the Sunshine State Conference, Florida Sports and North Carolina Halls of Fame. Coffie served as the farm director of the Cleveland Indians from 1993 to 1994, he was the Director of Instruction in minor league operations for the Indians in 1995. In 1996, he served as the Colorado Rockies minor league field coordinator, he served as the Rockies' roving catching instructor.

Coffie died from cancer at the age of 68 in 2006. In his honor, a golf tournament known as the Boyd Coffie Golf Classic is played annually

Dolaucothi Estate

The Dolaucothi Estate is situated about 1 mile north-west of the village of Caio up the picturesque Cothi Valley in the community of Cynwyl Gaeo, Wales. Its name of Dolaucothi means ‘the meadows of the Cothi’; the medieval manor house overlooking the fast-flowing River Cothi was rebuilt by the Johnes family and, in 1873, the estate encompassed 3,172 acres. Dolaucothi House could be approached by two drives of considerable length, that to the east skirting the Roman gold mines, while that to the west was flanked by four lines of ancient oaks — the "very noble oaks" remarked upon by George Borrow after walking along the avenue in 1854 for a glimpse of the house, charmed by the thought that "he had never seen a more pleasing locality". Dolaucothi devolved upon the Johnes family in the late 16th century through the marriage of James Johnes, Sheriff of Cardiganshire to Anne, widow of James Lewis, of Llanbadarn Fawr. James Johnes was the youngest son of Sir Thomas Johnes, MP, of Abermarlais and inherited the Haroldston estate, Pembrokeshire through his wife, Dame Mary, widow of Sir Thomas Perrott and heiress of the Hon Sir James Berkeley.

Sir Thomas Johnes was returned to Parliament as first Knight of the Shire, before being appointed in 1541 Sheriff of Carmarthenshire and of Cardiganshire in 1544. John Johnes, a former army captain, purchased the estate in 1800 from his cousin and brother-in-law, Colonel Thomas Johnes, FRS, MP, owner of the great Hafod Estate and Lord Lieutenant of Cardiganshire. Dolaucothi House was rebuilt in the early 18th century with a three-storey façade. Retaining some original features, in 1679, it had 6 hearths. John Nash was employed in 1792 to add the porch and two low wings, each with a window in a recessed arch. At that time, Nash had just finished working on the famous octagonal domed-library and square pavilions at Hafod for Colonel Thomas Johnes. Captain John Johnes' son named John, became a judge, who commissioned various refurbishments, including having the wings raised adding bay windows in 1871. In its heyday Dolaucothi retained a domestic staff of nine with eighteen more working on the estate.

Dolaucothy is noted as having interiors of much charm, displaying many portraits as well as the Eastern war trophies of the celebrated General Hills, VC. Judge Johnes was educated at Oxford before being called to the Bar, he soon had put the whole estate on a sound financial basis. In 1822 he married Elizabeth Edwardes and heiress of the Revd John Edwardes, of Gileston in Glamorganshire, a younger branch of the family of Edwardes, of Rhyd-y-gors, they had Charlotte Anne Maria and Elizabeth. Judge Johnes became a widower when his wife died on 25 June 1848. Charlotte married Captain Charles Caesar Cookman, eldest son of Edward Rogers Cookman, Esq. of Monart House, County Wexford, but Captain Cookman died on 4 June 1859 leaving her a widow. In the autumn of 1864, John Johnes was mentioned as a potential parliamentary candidate for Carmarthen Boroughs following the death of David Morris. However, William Morris, JP, a cousin of the late member was elected unopposed. In the summer of 1876, Dolaucothi made national news when Judge John Johnes was murdered in his library on 19 August by Henry Tremble, his Irish butler of 17 years' service, "who killed him with his master's shotgun".

Tremble severely wounded Mrs Charlotte Cookman. Tremble was most upset that the judge had refused his application for the tenancy of the Dolaucothi Arms, a local public house promised to him. Judge Johnes' reasons for turning down his application to become landlord concerned Tremble's wife's disposition for drinking excessively. Tremble headed into the village of Caio with the intention of murdering John Davies, the inn-keeper he felt had deprived him of the position he sought. Davies was away in Carmarthen that day so, after threatening a local police constable, he returned home to ‘Myrtle Cottage’ where he shot himself. Henry Tremble, 36, entered domestic service at Dolaucothi upon the death of Captain Cookman in 1859. Tremble had been his valet in Ireland, he had accompanied him to Wales upon his marriage to Charlotte. At Dolaucothi he worked his way up to the position of butler but was known to possess a somewhat violent disposition. John Johnes would have dismissed him on several occasions had he not been dissuaded from doing so by Charlotte, who felt that this would betray the memory of her late husband who had commended the care of his favourite servant to her.

On 26 August 1876 Judge Johnes' remains were interred in the family vault at Saint Cynwyl's, where Canon Phillips, subsequently Dean of St. David's, the Revd Charles Chidlow, vicar of Caio, officiated. Charlotte resumed the name of Johnes under her father's Will of 1876 and lived out her days at Dolaucothi, inherited jointly with her sister, Lady Hills-Johnes. Lieutenant-General Sir James Hills, Victoria Cross recipient, hero of the Indian Mutiny and former Military Governor of Kabul married the younger sister and co-heiress, Elizabeth Johnes, in 1882. Accordingly, Sir James assumed, by Royal Licence, the additional surname and coat of arms of Johnes, becoming Lieutenant-General Sir James Hills-Johnes, VC, GCB, he took over the running of the Dolaucothi estate and played an important part in Welsh life, becoming honorary colonel

Rosine Stoltz

Rosine Stoltz was a French mezzo-soprano. A prominent member of the Paris Opéra, she created many leading roles there including Ascanio in Berlioz's Benvenuto Cellini, Marguerite in Auber's Le lac des fées, the title role in Marie Stuart, two Donizetti heroines, Léonor in La favorite and Zayda in Dom Sébastien. Stoltz was born Victoire Noël on the boulevard du Montparnasse in Paris, the daughter of the concierges Florentin Noël and Clara Stoll, she received her first vocal training as a pensionnaire at the École Royale de Chant et Déclamation directed by Alexandre-Étienne Choron. Just short of her sixteenth birthday she left Choron's school to travel in the Low Countries under the name of Mlle Ternaux, her principal biographer Gustave Bord speculates that she had run away from the school with the son of the famous merchant of shawls on the Place des Victoires, Monsieur Ternaux. In Brussels, after having performed in the chorus of the Théâtre de la Monnaie, she made a tentative and unsuccessful attempt at performing in vaudeville.

In 1831 she was engaged as second female vocalist with the opera in Spa, before appearing in Antwerp and Amsterdam under the name Mlle Héloïse. For the 1832–1833 season, she appeared in secondary roles at the Monnaie under the name of Mlle Ternaux, in 1833–1834 was heard in Lille in Rossini's operas Il barbiere di Siviglia and Otello, performing in Italian, it was during this period that she began her rivalry with the soprano Julie Dorus-Gras, who had come to Lille to sing Alice in Meyerbeer's Robert le diable. After Dorus-Gras' departure, Stoltz wanted to sing Alice, but the management offered it instead to the house soprano, Mme Léon. However, by the end of 1834 Stoltz appeared as Alice at the theatre in Antwerp, sang there as Gertrude in Paer's Le maître de chapelle. In 1835 Stoltz was again engaged at the Monnaie to sing secondary roles, leading roles when needed, opened the 1835–1836 season on 5 May 1835, under the name Mme Stoltz, in the role of Alice in Robert le diable. On 23 December she sang Rachel in the Brussels's premiere of Halévy's La Juive, the success of which equaled that of Robert le diable in the same house on 10 October 1833.

She appeared as Petit-Jacques in Rossini's La pie voleuse on 14 May 1835 and as Marguerite in Hérold's Le pré aux clercs on 15 May. In the 1836–1837 season she came to the attention of the leading tenor from the Paris Opera, Adolphe Nourrit, who returned to the Monnaie in June to appear in Robert le diable, followed by Auber's Gustave III and La muette, Rossini's Guillaume Tell, Boieldieu's La dame blanche, Halévy's La Juive, Gaveaux's Le bouffe et le tailleur. Impressed by her talent, Nourrit encouraged her and promised to arrange for her debut at the Paris Opera; this was delayed, since Stoltz disappeared so abruptly and that many believed she might have died. It was learned that on 2 March 1837 she had married Alphonse Lescuyer, director of the Monnaie, having given birth to his son named Alphonse, on 21 September 1836 in Brussels. Stoltz made her debut at the Paris Opera on 25 August 1837 in La Juive, partnered not by Nourrit, with whom she would never again appear, but with his rival Gilbert Duprez.

Despite her stage fright, which she was unable to control, she was well received. After a subsequent performance, it was recognized that she possessed a pure voice with a fine timbre and a remarkable range, she was praised for the beauty of her tones in the contralto range and compared to one of the Opera's leading sopranos, Cornélie Falcon. On 6 September Stoltz appeared as Valentine in Meyerbeer's Les Huguenots, the other role for which Falcon was most renowned. Falcon was suffering recurrent vocal difficulties after losing her voice during a performance of Niedermeyer's Stradella in March 1837, she withdrew from further performances at the Opera for an extended period after an appearance as Valentine on 15 January 1838. Stoltz's first creation at the Opera was Ricciarda in Halévy's Guido et Ginevra on 5 March 1838. Stoltz's place of prominence at the Paris Opera was influenced by her relationship with the director, Léon Pillet. Pillet refused to mount an opera without a role for his mistress.

In view of the circumstances, Donizetti decided to abandon his original project for the Opéra, Le duc d'Albe, instead composed La favorite with the role of Léonor suited for Stoltz. Stoltz resigned from the Opera in 1847 in a scandal over her relationship with Pillet, she may have had a child with Pillet, as they traveled Le Havre for a time due to her "indisposition". She married Manuel de Godoy di Bassano, 3rd Prince de Godoy di Bassano, was the longtime mistress of Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, who offered her the Castle of Ketschendorf. Stoltz died in Paris, the city of her birth, aged 88; this list is based on Pitou. Ricciarda in Halévy's Guido et Ginevra on 5 March 1838 Ascanio in Berlioz's Benvenuto Cellini on 3 September 1838 Marguerite in Auber's Le lac des fées on 1 April 1839 Lazarillo in Marlian's La xacarilla on 28 October 1839 Loyse in Bazin's cantata Loyse de Montfort on 7 October 1840 Léonor in Donizetti's La favorite on 2 December 1840 Agathe in Weber's Le freischütz on 7 June 1841 Catarina in Halévy's La reine de Chypre on 22 December 1841 Odette in Halévy's Charles VI on 15 March 1843 Zayda in Donizetti's Dom Sébastien, roi de Portugal on 13 November

The Devil's Backbone

The Devil's Backbone is a 2001 gothic horror film directed by Guillermo del Toro, written by del Toro, David Muñoz, Antonio Trashorras. It was independently produced by Pedro Almodóvar as an international co-production between Spain and Mexico, was filmed in Madrid; the film is set in 1939, during the final year of the Spanish Civil War. The film was released to positive reviews from critics and audiences. Casares and Carmen operate a small home for orphans in a remote part of Spain during the Spanish Civil War. Helping the couple mind the orphanage are Jacinto, the groundskeeper, Conchita, a teacher, involved with Jacinto. Casares and Carmen are aligned with the Republican loyalists, are hiding a large cache of gold, used to back the Republican treasury. One day, a boy named Carlos arrives at the home with two republicans, they both ask Casares and Carmen to take him in because his father died fighting the fascists. Casares and Carmen take him in, the boy soon strikes up an unlikely friendship with Jaime, a boy with a reputation for tormenting other kids.

But Carlos soon begins having visions of a mysterious apparition he can't identify, hears strange stories about a child named Santi who went missing the day the bomb appeared near the orphanage. Fernando Tielve as Carlos, an orphan, he is described by del Toro in the DVD commentary as a force of innocence. Tielve had auditioned as an extra before del Toro decided to cast him as the lead; this was his film debut. Both Tielve and his co-star Iñigo Garcés had cameos as guerrilla soldiers in Pan's Labyrinth. Íñigo Garcés as Jaime, the orphanage bully who befriends Carlos. Eduardo Noriega as Jacinto, the caretaker. Marisa Paredes as Carmen, the administrator of the orphanage. Federico Luppi as Dr. Casares, the orphanage doctor. Junio Valverde as Santi, an orphan who becomes a ghost. Irene Visedo as Conchita, Jacinto's fiancée; the film was an international co-production between Mexico. Del Toro wrote the first draft before writing his debut film Cronos; this "very different" version was set in the Mexican Revolution and focused not on a child's ghost but a "Christ with three arms".

According to del Toro, as drawn in his notebooks, there were many iterations of the story, some of which included antagonists who were a "doddering... old man with a needle," a "desiccated" ghost with black eyes as a caretaker, "beings who are red from head to foot."As to motivation for the villain, according to the actor who portrayed him, Jacinto "suffered a lot when he was a child at this orphanage. Somebody treated him wickedly: this is his heritage, and there is the brutalizing effect of the War." Noriega further notes that "What Guillermo did was to write a biography of Jacinto and gave it to me."DDT Studios in Barcelona created the final version of the crying ghost Santi, with his temple that resembled cracked, aged porcelain. The response was overwhelmingly positive, though it did not receive the critical success that Pan's Labyrinth would in 2006. Roger Ebert compared it favorably to The Others, another ghost story released in the same year. Christopher Varney, of Film Threat, claimed: "That'The Devil's Backbone' makes any sense at all – with its many, swirling plotlines – seems like a little wonder."

A. O. Scott, of The New York Times gave the film a positive review, claimed that "The director, Guillermo del Toro, balances dread with tenderness, refracts the terror and sadness of the time through the eyes of a young boy, who only half-understands what he is witnessing."The film was #61 on Bravo's 100 Scariest Movie Moments for its various scenes in which the ghost is seen. It holds a 92% rating on Rotten Tomatoes. Bloody Disgusting ranked the film at number eighteen in their list of the'Top 20 Horror Films of the Decade', with the article calling the film "elegant and deeply-felt... it’s alternately a gut-wrenching portrait of childhood in a time of war and a skin-crawling, evocative nightmare." The film has been described as a humanist ghost story. List of ghost films Spanish Civil War Official website The Devil's Backbone on IMDb The Devil's Backbone at AllMovie The Devil's Backbone at Box Office Mojo The Devil's Backbone at Rotten Tomatoes The Devil's Backbone at Metacritic Review at Cinefantastique Online The Devil’s Backbone: The Past Is Never Dead... an essay by Mark Kermode at the Criterion Collection