Steven Paul Jobs was an American business magnate and investor. He was the chairman, chief executive officer, co-founder of Apple Inc.. Jobs is recognized as a pioneer of the microcomputer revolution of the 1970s and 1980s, along with Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak. Jobs was born in San Francisco and put up for adoption, he was raised in the San Francisco Bay Area. He attended Reed College in 1972 before dropping out that same year, traveled through India in 1974 seeking enlightenment and studying Zen Buddhism, his declassified FBI report states that he used marijuana and LSD while he was in college, once told a reporter that taking LSD was "one of the two or three most important things" he had done in his life. Jobs and Wozniak co-founded Apple in 1976 to sell Wozniak's Apple I personal computer. Together the duo gained fame and wealth a year with the Apple II, one of the first successful mass-produced personal computers. Jobs saw the commercial potential of the Xerox Alto in 1979, mouse-driven and had a graphical user interface.
This led to development of the unsuccessful Apple Lisa in 1983, followed by the breakthrough Macintosh in 1984, the first mass-produced computer with a GUI. The Macintosh introduced the desktop publishing industry in 1985 with the addition of the Apple LaserWriter, the first laser printer to feature vector graphics. Jobs was forced out of Apple in 1985 after a long power struggle with the company's board and its then-CEO John Sculley; that same year, Jobs took a few of Apple's members with him to found NeXT, a computer platform development company that specialized in computers for higher-education and business markets. In addition, he helped to develop the visual effects industry when he funded the computer graphics division of George Lucas's Lucasfilm in 1986; the new company was Pixar. Apple merged with NeXT in 1997, Jobs became CEO of his former company within a few months, he was responsible for helping revive Apple, at the verge of bankruptcy. He worked with designer Jony Ive to develop a line of products that had larger cultural ramifications, beginning in 1997 with the "Think different" advertising campaign and leading to the iMac, iTunes, iTunes Store, Apple Store, iPod, iPhone, App Store, the iPad.
In 2001, the original Mac OS was replaced with a new Mac OS X, based on NeXT's NeXTSTEP platform, giving the OS a modern Unix-based foundation for the first time. Jobs was diagnosed with a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor in 2003, he died of respiratory arrest related to the tumor at age 56 on October 5, 2011. Steven Paul Jobs was born on February 24, 1955, to Abdulfattah Jandali and Joanne Schieble, was adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs, his biological father, Abdulfattah "John" Jandali, grew up in Homs and was born into an Arab Muslim household. Jandali is the son of a self-made millionaire who did not go to college and a mother, a traditional housewife. While an undergraduate at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon, he was a student activist and spent time in jail for his political activities. Although Jandali wanted to study law, he decided to study economics and political science, he pursued a PhD in the latter subject at the University of Wisconsin, where he met Joanne Carole Schieble, a Catholic of Swiss and German descent, who grew up on a farm in Wisconsin.
As a doctoral candidate, Jandali was a teaching assistant for a course Schieble was taking, although both were the same age. Mona Simpson, Jobs's biological sister, notes that her maternal grandparents were not happy that their daughter was dating Jandali: "it wasn't that he was Middle-Eastern so much as that he was a Muslim, but there are a lot of Arabs in Wisconsin. So it's not that unusual." Walter Isaacson, Steve Jobs's official biographer, additionally states that Schieble's father "threatened to cut Joanne off completely" if she continued the relationship. Jobs's adoptive father, Paul Reinhold Jobs, grew up in a Calvinist household, the son of an "alcoholic and sometimes abusive" father; the family lived on a farm in Wisconsin. Paul bore an ostensible resemblance to James Dean, he joined the United States Coast Guard as an engine-room machinist. After World War II, Paul Jobs decided to leave the Coast Guard when his ship docked in San Francisco, he made a bet that he would find his wife in San Francisco and promptly went on a blind date with Clara Hagopian.
They were engaged ten days and married in 1946. Clara, the daughter of Armenian immigrants, grew up in San Francisco and had been married before, but her husband had been killed in the war. After a series of moves and Clara settled in San Francisco's Sunset District in 1952; as a hobby, Paul Jobs rebuilt cars, but his career was as a "repo man", which suited his "aggressive, tough personality." Meanwhile, their attempts to start a family were halted after Clara had an ectopic pregnancy, leading them to consider adoption in 1955. Schieble became pregnant with Jobs in 1954 when she and Jandali spent the summer with his family in Homs, Syria. Jandali has stated that he "was much in love with Joanne... but sadly, her father was a tyrant, forbade her to marry me, as I was from Syria. And so she told me she wanted to give the ba
Cupertino is a U. S. city in Santa Clara County, directly west of San Jose on the western edge of the Santa Clara Valley with portions extending into the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains. The population was 58,302 as of the 2010 census. In 2015, Forbes ranked Cupertino as one of the most educated places in the U. S. in respect to the percentage of high school and college graduates. An affluent area, Cupertino is the nation's 11th wealthiest city with a population over 50,000, it is known as the home of Apple Inc.'s corporate headquarters. Cupertino was named after Arroyo San José de Cupertino; the creek had been named by Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza's cartographer, who named it after Saint Joseph of Cupertino. Saint Joseph was born Giuseppe Maria Desa, was named after the town of Copertino, where he was born, in the Apulia region of Italy; the name Cupertino first became used when John T. Doyle, a San Francisco lawyer and historian, named his winery on McClellan Road Cupertino. After the turn of the 20th century, Cupertino displaced the former name for the region, West Side.
Although the meaning of Copertino is uncertain, it is a compound word meaning "little shelter." The -ino suffix in Italian words indicates "small" or "little", while coprire means "to cover". Cupertino in the 19th century was a small rural village at the crossroads of Stevens Creek Road and Saratoga-Mountain View Road. Back it was known as the West Side and was part of Fremont Township; the primary economic activity was fruit agriculture. All of the land within Cupertino's present-day boundaries was covered by prune, plum and cherry orchards. A winery on Montebello Ridge overlooking the Cupertino valley region was in operation by the late 19th century. Soon railroads, electric railways, dirt roads traversed the West Side farmlands. Monta Vista, Cupertino's first housing tract, was developed in the mid-20th century as a result of the electric railway's construction. After World War II, a population and suburban housing boom shifted the demographics and economy of the Santa Clara Valley, as the "Valley of Heart's Delight" was beginning to transform into "Silicon Valley".
In 1954, a rancher, Norman Nathanson, the Cupertino-Monta Vista Improvement Association, the Fact Finding Committee, began a drive for incorporation. On September 27, 1955, voters approved the incorporation of the city of Cupertino. Cupertino became Santa Clara County's 13th city on October 10, 1955; the first city council consisted of Ralph Lindenmayer, Werner Wilson, John Saich, R. Ivan Meyerholz and Norman Nathanson. In fact, there's a residential road in northern Cupertino named after this influential rancher. Lindenmeyer was selected as the first mayor of Cupertino a week after the September 27 election. A major milestone in Cupertino's development was the creation by some of the city's largest landowners of VALLCO Business and Industrial Park in the early 1960s. Of the 25 property owners, 17 decided to pool their land to form VALLCO Park, 6 sold to Varian Associates, two opted for transplanting to farms elsewhere; the name VALLCO was derived from the names of the principal developers: Varian Associates and the Leonard, Lester and Orlando families.
A neighborhood outdoor shopping center and, much the enclosed Vallco Fashion Park renamed Cupertino Square, were developed. De Anza College opened in 1967; the college, named for Juan Bautista De Anza, occupies a 112-acre site, the location of a winery built at the turn of the 20th century, called Beaulieu by its owners and Ella Baldwin. Their mansion has now become the California History Center. De Anza College now has about 22,000 students. Housing developments were constructed in the following years as developers created neighborhoods, including Fairgrove, Garden Gate, Monta Vista, Seven Springs, other developments; the city is known for its high real estate prices. On December 1, 2009, Cupertino became the first city in Northern California to have an Asian-American-majority city council. 63 percent of Cupertino's population was of Asian ancestry in 2010, compared to 32 percent in Santa Clara Country overall. Money's Best Places to Live, "America's best small towns", ranked Cupertino as #27 in 2012, the second highest in California.
In 2014, Movoto Real Estate ranked Cupertino the seventh "happiest" suburb in the United States, ranking in the categories of income, safety and education. According to the 2005–2007 American Community Survey of the US Census Bureau, the median income for a household in the city was $118,635, the median income for a family was $140,199; the per capita income for the city was $44,774. About 3.6% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. According to the 2005–2007 American Community Survey, White Americans made up 37.4% of Cupertino's population. Black Americans now made up 1.5% of Cupertino's population and American Indians made up 0.4% of the city's population. In addition, Cupertino now has an Asian American majority as this group now represents 55.7% of the city's population. Pacific Islander Americans remained at 0.1% of the population. 2.5% of the population are from some other race and 2.4% of the population are from two or more races.
Hispanics or Latinos remaine
Service-learning is an educational approach that combines learning objectives with community service in order to provide a pragmatic, progressive learning experience while meeting societal needs. Service-learning involves students in service projects to apply classroom learning for local agencies that exist to effect positive change in the community; the National Youth Leadership Council defines service learning as "a philosophy and model for community development, used as an instructional strategy to meet learning goals and/or content standards". Author Barbara Jacoby defines service-learning as "a form of experiential education in which students engage in activities that address human and community needs together with structured opportunities for reflection designed to achieve desired learning outcomes"; as defined by Robert Sigmon, 1994: Service-LEARNING: Learning goals primary. SERVICE-Learning: Service outcomes primary. Service learning: Service and learning goals separate. SERVICE-LEARNING: Service and learning goals of equal weight and each enhances the other for all participants.
Service-learning, as defined by Robert Sigmon, "occurs when there is a balance between learning goals and service outcomes." As follows, there are various methods of hands-on learning that fall into this category, these include: Volunteerism: Volunteerism is acts of service performed out of free will without expectation of recompense and is altruistic in nature. Community Service: Community service is quite similar to volunteerism, the main difference being that it is said to "involve more structure and student commitment than do volunteer programs." Internship: Internships can provide students with experience in various fields of work. Field Education: Field education, like internships, is more materially beneficial to the student. Field education involves programs that, "provide students with co‐curricular service opportunities that are related, but not integrated, with their formal academic studies."The purpose of service learning is, in essence, to, "equally benefit the provider and the recipient of the service as well as to ensure equal focus on both the service being provided and the learning, occurring."
Volunteerism, community service and field education all exemplify, in some way or another, the core value of service learning, as all of them benefit the student as well as the one they served to an equal degree, the only difference being how material the benefit is. These methods tend to focus on ensuring that the student not only serves, but learns something, whether it is interpersonal skills, work experience in their future field, or a change in how they view themselves and others. In Service-learning: History and Issues, Bruce W. Speck and Sherry Lee Hoppe say that John Dewey's writings on the active nature of understanding and the benefits of and conditions for participatory democracy "provide an early theoretical foundation for a pedagogy in which students cooperatively engage actual social problems". In Building partnerships for service-learning, Barbara Jacoby writes that Service-learning "is based on the work of researchers and theorists on learning, including John Dewey, Jean Piaget, Kurt Lewin, Donald Schon, David Kolb, who believe that we learn through combinations of action and reflection."In 1979 Robert Sigmon called for a more precise definition in Service-Learning: Three Principles, in which he said the term, new, was being used to describe a number of different volunteer actions and experiential education programs.
Sigmon wrote that, in the late 1960s, the Southern Regional Education Board popularized a service-learning internship model, that defined service-learning as "the integration of the accomplishment of a public task with conscious educational growth." In 1992 Maryland adopted statewide service-learning requirements for high school graduation. In the same year, the District of Columbia adopted such requirements. A number of other states have allowed credit toward graduation for service-learning/community service. Janet Eyler outlines the different ways student learn through service-learning in the book Where's the Learning in Service-Learning?. First, there is interpersonal learning, in which students re-evaluate personal values and motivations by channeling a passionate interest to service-learning projects, as well as build a connection and commitment to the community; the second form is academic material, taught through practical application and reflective instruction, so that it may be practiced outside classrooms and test-taking.
Janet Eyler explains, "it is the product of continuous challenge to old conceptions and reflection on new ways to organize information and use the new material." Thirdly is cognitive development where students are challenged to use critical thinking and problem-solving skills in a context that provides additional information and experience for student evaluation, because service-learning deals with numerous problems in complex situations. The fourth form is transformation within the students, which "is about thinking about things in a new way and moving in new direction—creating a new picture without relying on the old lines." Service-learning focuses on effective citizenship and behavioral issues, this helps the students better understand social issues relevant to their own community. Learning in all these ways makes service-learning effective to those serving as well as those being served, for "learning begins with t
A quarterback, colloquially known as the "signal caller", is a position in American and Canadian football. Quarterbacks are members of the offensive line up directly behind the offensive line. In modern American football, the quarterback is considered the leader of the offensive team, is responsible for calling the play in the huddle; the quarterback touches the ball on every offensive play, is the offensive player that always throws forward passes. In modern American football, the quarterback is the leader of the offense; the quarterback touches the ball on every offensive play, his successes and failures can have a significant impact on the fortunes of his team. Accordingly, the quarterback is among the most glorified and highest-paid positions in team sports. Prior to each play, the quarterback will tell the rest of his team which play the team will run. After the team is lined up, the center will pass the ball back to the quarterback. On a running play, the quarterback will hand or pitch the ball backwards to a halfback or fullback.
On a passing play, the quarterback is always the player responsible for trying to throw the ball downfield to an eligible receiver. Additionally, the quarterback will run with the football himself, which could be part of a designed play like the option run or quarterback sneak, or it could be an effort to avoid being sacked by the defense. Depending on the offensive scheme by his team, the quarterback's role can vary. In systems like the triple option the quarterback will only pass the ball a few times per game, if at all, while the pass-heavy spread offense as run by schools like Texas Tech requires quarterbacks to throw the ball in most plays; the passing game is emphasized in the Canadian Football League, where there are only three downs as opposed to the four downs used in American football, a larger field of play and an extra eligible receiver. Different skillsets are required of the quarterback in each system - quarterbacks that perform well in a pass-heavy spread offensive system, a popular offensive scheme in the NCAA and NFHS perform well in the National Football League, as the fundamentals of the pro-style offense used in the NFL are different from those in the spread system.
While quarterbacks in Canadian football need to be able to throw the ball and accurately. In general, quarterbacks need to have physical skills such as arm strength and quick throwing motion, in addition to intangibles such as competitiveness, leadership and downfield vision. In the NFL, quarterbacks are required to wear a uniform number between 1 and 19. In the National Collegiate Athletic Association and National Federation of State High School Associations, quarterbacks are required to wear a uniform number between 1 and 49. In the CFL, the quarterback can wear any number from 0 to 49 and 70 to 99; because of their numbering, quarterbacks are eligible receivers in the NCAA, NFHS, CFL. Compared to captains of other team sports, before the implementation of NFL team captains in 2007, the starting quarterback is the de facto team leader and well-respected player on and off the field. Since 2007, when the NFL allowed teams to designate several captains to serve as on-field leaders, the starting quarterback has been one of the team captains as the leader of the team's offense.
In the NFL, while the starting quarterback has no other responsibility or authority, he may, depending on the league or individual team, have various informal duties, such as participation in pre-game ceremonies, the coin toss, or other events outside the game. For instance the starting quarterback is the first player to be presented with the Lamar Hunt Trophy/George Halas Trophy and the Vince Lombardi Trophy; the starting quarterback of the victorious Super Bowl team is chosen for the "I'm going to Disney World!" campaign, whether they are the Super Bowl MVP or not. Dilfer was chosen though teammate Ray Lewis was the MVP of Super Bowl XXXV, due to the bad publicity from Lewis' murder trial the prior year. Being able to rely on a quarterback is vital to team morale. San Diego Chargers safety Rodney Harrison called the 1998 season a "nightmare" because of poor play by Ryan Leaf and Craig Whelihan and, from the rookie Leaf, obnoxious behavior toward teammates. Although their 1999 season replacements Jim Harbaugh and Erik Kramer were not stars, linebacker Junior Seau said "you can't imagine the security we feel as teammates knowing we have two quarterbacks who have performed in this league and know how to handle themselves as players and as leaders".
Commentators have noted the "disproportionate importance" of the quarterback, describing it as the "most glorified -- and scrutinized -- position" in team sports. It is believed that "there is no other position in sports that'dictates the terms' of a game the way quarterback does, whether that impact is positive or negative, as "Everybody feeds off of what the quarterback can and cannot do... Defensively, everybody reacts to what threats or non-threats the quarterback has. Everything else is secondary". "An argument can be made that quarterback is the most influential position in team sport
Sunnyvale is a city located in Santa Clara County, California. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 140,095. Sunnyvale is the seventh most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area and one of the major cities comprising Silicon Valley, it is bordered by portions of San Jose to the north, Moffett Federal Airfield to the northwest, Mountain View to the northwest, Los Altos to the southwest, Cupertino to the south, Santa Clara to the east. It lies along the historic El Camino Real and Highway 101; as part of California's high-tech area known as Silicon Valley, Sunnyvale is the headquarters location of many technology companies and is a major operating center for many more. It is home to several aerospace/defense companies. Sunnyvale was the home to Onizuka Air Force Station referred to as "the Blue Cube" due to the color and shape of its windowless main building; the facility known as Sunnyvale Air Force Station, was named for the deceased Space Shuttle Challenger astronaut Ellison Onizuka.
It served as an artificial satellite control facility of the U. S. has since been decommissioned and demolished. Sunnyvale is one of the few U. S. cities to have a single unified Department of Public Safety, where all personnel are trained as firefighters, police officers, EMTs, so they can respond to an emergency in any of the three roles. Library services for the city are provided by the Sunnyvale Public Library, located at the Sunnyvale Civic Center; when the Spanish first arrived in the 1770s at the Santa Clara Valley, it was populated by the Ohlone Native Americans. However early on with the arrival of the Spaniards, smallpox and other new diseases reduced the Ohlone population. In 1777, Mission Santa Clara was founded by Franciscan missionary Padre Junipero Serra and was located in San Jose. In 1842, Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas was granted to his wife Inez Castro. Portions of the land given in this grant developed into the cities of Mountain View and Sunnyvale. Two years in 1844, another land grant was provided to Lupe Yñigo, one of the few Native Americans to hold land grants.
His land grant was first called Rancho Posolmi, named in honor of a village of the Ohlone that once stood in the area. Rancho Posolmi was known as Rancho Ynigo. Martin Murphy Jr. came to California with his father as part of the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party in 1844. In 1850, Martin Murphy Jr. bought a piece of Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas for $12,500. Murphy established a wheat ranch named Bay View. Murphy had the first wood frame house in Santa Clara County; the house was demolished in 1961 but was reconstructed in 2008 as the Sunnyvale Heritage Park Museum. When he died in 1884, his land was divided among his heirs. In 1860, The San Francisco and San Jose Rail Road was allowed to lay tracks on Bay View and established Murphy Station. Lawrence Station was established on the southern edge of Bay View. In the 1870s, small fruit orchards replaced many large wheat farms, because wheat farming turned uneconomical due to county and property tax laws and soil degradation. In 1871, Dr. James M. Dawson and his wife Eloise established the first fruit cannery in the county.
Fruit agriculture for canning soon became a major industry in the county. The invention of the refrigerated rail car further increased the viability of an economy based upon fruit; the fruit orchards became so prevalent that in 1886, the San Jose Board of Trade called Santa Clara County the "Garden of the World". In the 1880s, Chinese workers made up one third of the farm labor in Santa Clara County; this percentage reduced over time. In the following decade, the 1890s, many immigrants from Italy, the Azores and Japan arrived to work in the orchards. In 1897, Walter Everett Crossman began selling real estate, he advertised the area as "Beautiful Murphy" and in the 1900s, as "the City of Destiny". In 1897, Encina School opened as the first school in Murphy. Children in the town had to travel to Mountain View for school. In 1901, the residents of Murphy were informed they could not use the names Encinal or Murphy for their post office. Sunnyvale was given its current name on March 24, 1901, it was named Sunnyvale as it is located in a sunny region adjacent to areas with more fog.
Sunnyvale in 1904, dried fruit production began. Two years Libby, McNeill & Libby, a Chicago meat-packing company, decided to open its first fruit-packing factory in Sunnyvale. Today, a water tower painted to resemble the first Libby's fruit cocktail can label identifies the former site of the factory. In 1906, the Joshua Hendy Iron Works relocated from San Francisco to Sunnyvale after the company's building was destroyed by fire after the 1906 earthquake; the ironworks was the first non-agricultural industry in the town. The company switched from producing mining equipment to other products such as marine steam engines. In 1912, the residents of Sunnyvale voted to incorporate, Sunnyvale became an official city. Fremont High School first opened in 1923. In 1924, Edwina Benner was elected to her first term as mayor of Sunnyvale, she was the second female mayor in the history of the state of California. In 1930, Congress decided to place the West Coast dirigible base in Sunnyvale after "buying" the 1,000-acre parcel of farmland bordering the San Francisco Bay from the city for $1.
This naval airfield was renamed Moffett Naval Air Station and Moffett Federal Airfield and is called Moffet
Los Altos Hills, California
Los Altos Hills is an incorporated town in Santa Clara County, United States. The population was 7,922 at the 2010 census; the Los Altos Hills ZIP code 94022 appeared on the 2017 Forbes list of America's most expensive ZIP codes. Los Altos Hills has a ban on commercial zones, upheld by the California Court of Appeal in 1973; the town's two retail commercial operations are the book store on the campus of Foothill College and the gift shop on the grounds of the Immaculate Heart Monastery of the Poor Clare Colettines. The town does not have library, with mail delivery provided from nearby Los Altos; the town's zoning regulations require a minimum lot size of one acre, setbacks from the property boundary, easements for public pathways. Landowners are limited to one primary dwelling per lot, which bans multifamily housing. S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in 1974; the town contracts with Santa Clara County for police and fire services, making it a so-called "contract city" under California law.
The town is home to a monastery of the Immaculate Heart of the Poor Clare Colettines. Los Altos Hills is located at 37°22′17″N 122°8′15″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 8.8 square miles, all of it land. The town is located in a group of small hills. Both the Altamont and Monte Vista Faults pass through the town. Los Altos hills maintains a rural feel, similar to the likes of neighboring Woodside and Portola Valley. There are many open space preserves, such as Westwind Barn; the 2010 United States Census reported that Los Altos Hills had a population of 7,922. The population density was 900.0 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Los Altos Hills was 5,417 White, 37 African American, 4 Native American, 2,109 Asian, 8 Pacific Islander, 50 from other races, 297 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 213 persons; the Census reported that 99.3% of the population lived in households and 0.7% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters.
There were 2,829 households, out of which 949 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,204 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 114 had a female householder with no husband present, 53 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 53 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 19 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 359 households were made up of individuals and 210 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78. There were 2,371 families; the population was spread out with 1,811 people under the age of 18, 342 people aged 18 to 24, 1,083 people aged 25 to 44, 2,848 people aged 45 to 64, 1,838 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males. There were 3,001 housing units at an average density of 341.0 per square mile, of which 2,582 were owner-occupied, 247 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%.
7,162 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 707 people lived in rental housing units. The median income for a household in the town was $219,485, the median income for a family was $224,922. Males had a median income of $152,361 versus $89,216 for females; the per capita income for the town was $118,779. About 2.2% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.7% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,902 people, 2,740 households, 2,339 families residing in the town; the population density was 917.2 people per square mile. There were 2,816 housing units at an average density of 326.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 74.94% White, 21.10% Asian, 0.59% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, 2.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.15% of the population. There were 2,740 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.0% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 14.6% were non-families.
10.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.02. In the town the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 19.6% from 25 to 44, 35.8% from 45 to 64, 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $143,570, the median income for a family was $161,865. Males had a median income of $200,000+ versus $178,288 for females; the per capita income for the town was $92,840. About 1.2% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over. The town of Los Altos Hills has a five-member elected city council. Several volunteer
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia