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De Havilland Tiger Moth

The de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth is a 1930s British biplane designed by Geoffrey de Havilland and built by the de Havilland Aircraft Company. It was operated by many other operators as a primary trainer aircraft. In addition to the type's principal use for ab-initio training, the Second World War saw RAF Tiger Moths operating in other capacities, including maritime surveillance and defensive anti-invasion preparations; the Tiger Moth remained in service with the RAF until it was succeeded and replaced by the de Havilland Chipmunk during the early 1950s. Many of the military surplus aircraft subsequently entered into civil operation. Many nations have used the Tiger Moth in both military and civil applications, it remains in widespread use as a recreational aircraft in several countries, it is still used as a primary training aircraft for those pilots wanting to gain experience before moving on to other tailwheel aircraft. Many Tiger Moths are now employed by various companies offering trial lesson experiences.

The de Havilland Moth club, founded in 1975, is now an owners' association offering a mutual club and technical support. Among the reasons for which de Havilland came to pursue development of the Tiger Moth was the personal dissatisfaction of Geoffrey de Havilland, the company's owner and founder, who sought to produce a light aircraft superior to two of his previous designs, the de Havilland Humming Bird and de Havilland DH.51. From earlier experience, de Havilland knew the difficulty and importance of sizing such an aircraft to appeal to various sectors of the civil market, such as touring, flying club and private aviation customers; the starting point for the Tiger Moth was, in fact, the successful Gypsy Tiger. Successively more capable engines had been developed, the company had produced a prototype to test the new de Havilland Gipsy III engine; this prototype, a low-wing monoplane, was a modification of the standard Gypsy Tiger. Improvements made on the Tiger Moth monoplane were first incorporated into a military trainer variant of the de Havilland DH.60 Moth, designated the DH.60T Moth – in parlance the T came to stand for'Tiger' in addition to'Trainer'.

According to aviation author A. J. Jackson, development of the standard Tiger Moth version from the monoplane prototype had proceeded straightforward after this point; the DH.60T Moth had several shortcomings, thus was subject to several alterations, such as the adoption of shortened interplane struts in order to raise the wingtips after insufficient ground clearance was discovered while it was undergoing trials at RAF Martlesham Heath. As a result of the Martlesham trials, a favourable report for the type was produced, which in turn led to the type soon being formally adopted as the new basic trainer of the Royal Air Force. A single prototype, designated the DH.82 Tiger Moth, was ordered by the British Air Ministry under Specification 15/31, which sought a suitable ab-initio training aircraft. One of the main changes made from the preceding Moth series was necessitated by a desire to improve access to the front cockpit since the training requirement specified that the front seat occupant had to be able to escape especially when wearing a parachute.

Access to the front cockpit of the Moth's predecessors was restricted by the proximity of the aircraft's fuel tank, directly above the front cockpit and the rear cabane struts for the upper wing. The solution adopted was to shift the upper wing forward but sweep the wings back to maintain the centre of lift. Other changes included a strengthened structure, fold-down doors on both sides of the cockpit and a revised exhaust system. On 26 October 1931 the first'true' Tiger Moth, the prototype E6, conducted its maiden flight at Stag Lane Aerodrome, London. Shortly thereafter construction of the first 35 production aircraft for the RAF, designated K2567-K2601, began following the issuing of Specification T.23/31. The Tiger Moth became a commercial success, various models were exported to more than 25 air forces of various nations. In addition to the military demand, aircraft were produced for the civil market. At one point the flow of orders for the Tiger Moth occupied the entirety of de Havilland's capacity to manufacture aircraft, little capacity could be spared to accommodate domestic customers.

In 1932 de Havilland developed an affordable air taxi from the Tiger Moth. Following the end of all manufacturing, third parties would re-build Tiger Moths to a similar configuration to the Fox Moth, such as the Thruxton Jackaroo. In late 1934 50 Tiger Moths of a more refined design, sometimes referred to as the Tiger Moth II, were delivered to the RAF. Throughout the period 1934–1936 production activity was centred upon meeting the demand for military trainers, including several contracts having been placed by the RAF to Specification T.7/35 a

Imre Hercz

Imre Hercz was a Jewish Hungarian-Norwegian physician and public debater. He was born in Transylvania and had his childhood years in Nagyvárad, in the Hungarian part of Romania. At the age of 15, he was deported to Auschwitz concentration camp in May 1944 to Vernichtungslager Kaufbeuren and to Dachau concentration camp, but survived. After being hospitalized in Amberg for five and a half years, he recovered and emigrated to Norway in 1952 as one of several Jewish Holocaust-survivors of lesser health accepted to Norway with substantial grants from Joint to the Norwegian government, he graduated from the University of Oslo with a cand.med. Degree in 1961, he worked in Tønsberg and Brumunddal from 1962 to 1970, before opening a medical clinic in Høvik in 1971. He resided in Nesbru, moved to Høvik, he represented the Liberal Party as a deputy in Ringsaker municipal council from 1968 to 1970, chaired the local party branch. He was a board member of the Mosaic Religious Community from 1972 to 1991, member of the Norwegian Refugee Council from 1972 to 1991, national board member of the Norwegian Medical Association from 1981 to 1993 and national council member of Allmennpraktiserende Legers Forening from 1984 to 1991.

He is well known from the public debate on health policy, but more so in the debate on defamation and anti-Semitism. He has held several public speeches, among others for school students. In February 2009 he won a ruling from Pressens Faglige Utvalg, where a comedian aired on national TV 2 was admonished for defamation and breach of the Ethical Code of Practice for the Norwegian Press. In June 2011 he was awarded the King's Medal of Merit, he received patients in his office at Høvik Legesenter up to his death, making him, at 82 years of age, one of the oldest practicing doctor in Norway. He had four children, he died in July 2011

Lordship of Salona

The Lordship of Salona, after 1318 the County of Salona, was a Crusader state established after the Fourth Crusade in Central Greece, around the town of Salona. The first lord of Salona, Thomas I d'Autremencourt, was named by Boniface of Montferrat, the King of Thessalonica, in 1205. After the fall of the Thessalonica to the forces of Epirus, a short-lived Epirote occupation in c. 1210–1212, Salona became a vassal of the Principality of Achaea, but came under increasing dependency from the Duchy of Athens. In 1318, the lordship came under the rule of the Catalan Fadrique family, the leader of the Catalan Company, who claimed the title of Count of Salona. Among the eighteen Catalan vassals of the area in 1380-1 the Count of Salona ranks first above Count Demitre and the Margrave of Bodonitsa. Due to the unpopularity of the Dowager Countess Helena Asanina Kantakouzene, in 1394, the town opened its gates to the Ottoman sultan Bayezid I, it fell for a short time into the hands of the Despotate of the Morea c.

1402. The Despot Theodore I Palaiologos sold Salona to the Knights Hospitaller in 1404, but it fell again to the Ottomans in 1410. D'Autremencourt/de Stromoncourt familyThomas I d'Autremencourt Thomas II d'Autremencourt, son of Thomas I William d'Autremencourt, son of Thomas II Thomas III d'Autremencourt, son of William, killed at the Battle of the CephissusCatalan ConquestRoger Deslaur Alfonso Fadrique Peter Fadrique, eldest son of Alfonso James Fadrique, second son of Alfonso Boniface Fadrique, brother of James Louis Fadrique, son of JamesNavarrese Conquest Maria Fadrique, daughter of Louis, under the regency of her mother, Helena Asanina KantakouzeneFirst Ottoman conquest Byzantine Moreot conquest Knights Hospitaller Second Ottoman conquest Latin Bishopric of Salona Fine, John Van Antwerp; the Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-08260-4. Longnon, Jean. "Les Autremencourt, seigneurs de Salona en Grèce".

Bulletin de la Société historique de Haute-Picardie. 15: 15–48. Miller, William; the Latins in the Levant: A History of Frankish Greece. London: John Murray. OCLC 563022439. "County of Salona". Latin Occupation in the Greek Lands. Foundation of the Hellenic World. Retrieved 2011-01-22

Villa Romana, Minori

The Villa Romana or Roman Villa is an archaeological ruin from the 1st century in the Italian village of Minori, in Campania. The Roman villa of Minori stood in a bay of the Amalfi Coast, at the point where the river, Regina Minor, empties into the sea; this stretch of coastline, full of coves and natural harbors, was a favorite place where the imperial Roman aristocracy built their residences, as evidenced by the findings of Vietri sul Mare, Positano, Li Galli. The first information on a building dating from Roman times in Minori dates from "Documents and Proceedings of the Archaeological Commission of the Hither Province Principality", where L. Stabiano wrote about the discovery of "Roman Baths". In 1932 a collapse occurred during the renovation of some local homes and led to the discovery of an underground chamber, belonging to the Roman villa; the actual excavations began in 1934, but some areas came to light only in the 1950s after 1954, when a flood disrupted the Amalfi Coast. In 1956, while working on the construction of the Hotel St. Lucia, new areas were discovered including paintings which are preserved in the annex to the villa.

The residential structure is visible only on the side closest to the sea, as many parts of the building were reused as wineries from new housing lots on the site of the villa. In the mid-1990s restoration began on the mosaics; the villa was constructed around a "viridarium" or Roman gardens with a central swimming pool surrounded by a group of dwelling rooms and triportico divided into two symmetric groups by a large central room. Amalfi Coast A. Schiavo, The Roman villa of Minori, in "Palladio", 1939. A. Schiavo, The monuments of the Amalfi coast, Milan-Rome, 1941, pp. 175 ff. P. Mingazzini-Pfister, Italiae Form. Surrentum, Rome, 1941, pp. 147–151. A. Maiuri, The history of the ancient monuments of the Amalfi Coast and Sorrento in the light of the recent floods, in "Proceedings of the Academy of Archaeology and Fine Arts of Naples, XXIX, 8, 1954, pp. 87 ff. M. Naples, Acts dell'IX Study Conference on Magna Grecia, Taranto, 1971, Naples, 1972, pp. 391-393. M. Naples, Minor, in Encyclopedia of Ancient Art, V, pp. 102-103.

C. Bencivenga, L. Ferguson, L. Melillo, Research on Roman villa in Minori, in "Annals of the Oriental Institute of Naples and Ancient History", 1, 1979, pp. 131 ff. S. De Caro, A. Greek, Bari 1981, pp. 145–148. M. Romito, materials Antiquarium of Minor, in "Apollo", VI, 1985–1988, pp. 119–164. GL Mangieri, The Roman villa of Minori: the numismatic data, in "Apollo", VI, 1985–1988, pp. 165–194. The Roman villas of the Imperial, 1986, pp. 78–87. Villa Maritime Minor triclinium-nymph; the restoration of the mosaics, Naples-Salerno, 1999. Media related to Villa Romana of Minori at Wikimedia Commons

Grant Family House

The Grant Family House is a historic house at 72 Grant Street in Saco, Maine. Built in 1825, the house is a fine local example of Federal period architecture, but is most notable for an extensive series of well-preserved stenciled artwork on the walls of its hall and main parlor; the house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990. The Grant House is located on the north side of Grant Road in the rural northern part of Saco; the main block, built about 1800, is a 2-1/2 story wood frame structure, five bays wide, with a side gable roof, central chimney, clapboard siding. A small two-story ell extends to the left, joining the main house to a small barn with two garage bays, from which another structure projects to the rear; the main entrance is centered, sheltered by a bracketed hood with a hip roof. The interior of the main block follows a typical central-chimney plan, with a narrow entry vestibule, from which a narrow staircase winds upward, chambers flanking the chimney to either side, the kitchen and a small bedroom in the rear, along with a second staircase and a passage to the ell.

The interior has retained most of its original Federal period woodwork. The most significant feature of the interior is the extensive stencilwork applied to the walls of the front entry hall and the right-side parlor; the hall has panels of pineapples separated with bands of oak leaf foliage. The parlor has similar banding at the top and bottom, with stencil patterns of sunflowers and vines with poppies. Above the fireplace are two examples of peacocks with four baskets; the artwork is in a style popularized by the itinerant New Hampshire-based stencil artist Moses Eaton, the examples in this house were first documented in 1937. National Register of Historic Places listings in York County, Maine

USS Eucalyptus (AN-16)

USS Eucalyptus was an Aloe-class net laying ship built for the United States Navy during World War II. She was launched in July 1941, completed in October 1941. Placed in service at that time without being commissioned, she was commissioned in May 1942, decommissioned in 1946, she was placed in reserve and scrapped in 1976. Eucalyptus was launched on 3 July 1941 by General Engineering and Dry Dock Company, California. McDonald, USNR, officer-in-charge, she was commissioned on 9 May 1942, Lieutenant Commander A. J. Einmo, USNR, in command, reclassified AN-16 on 20 January 1944. Assigned to the 13th Naval District, Eucalyptus carried out patrol and net-tending operations there until late 1943 when she sailed to Alaskan waters for more of the same duty, she returned to Seattle, Washington, in July 1944 was reassigned to duty in the San Francisco Bay area for the duration of World War II. In November 1945 she sailed to Astoria, where on 6 March 1946, she was placed in commission in reserve. Eucalyptus was placed out of commission in November 1946 at Astoria and remained in reserve through 1961.

She was stricken and transferred to the United States U. S. Maritime Administration on 1 September 1962, she was sold for scrapping in 1976. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive - YN-11 / AN-16 Eucalyptus