The Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools is a Roman Catholic religious teaching congregation, founded in France by a priest named Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, now based in Rome, Italy. The Brothers use the post-nominal abbreviation FSC to denote their membership of the order, the honorific title Brother, abbreviated Br; the Lasallian Christian Brothers are not the same order as the Irish Christian Brothers. In 2019 the La Salle Web site stated that the Lasallian family was formed by about 4,000 Brothers, who help in running 1,000 education centers in 79 countries with 850,000 students, together with 90,000 teachers and many lay associates. There are La Salle educational institutions in countries ranging from impoverished nations such as Nigeria to post-secondary institutions such as Bethlehem University in Bethlehem, Manhattan College in New York City, La Salle University in Philadelphia; the central administration of the Brothers operates out of the Generalate in Rome and is made up of the Superior General and his councillors.
A number of Lasallian institutions have been accused of, have admitted and apologised for and serious physical and sexual abuse against their charges. In March, 1679, de La Salle met Adrian Nyel in a chance encounter at the Convent of the Sisters of the Infant Jesus. Nyel asked for De La Salle's help in opening free schools for the poor boys in Reims. A novitiate and normal school were established in Paris in 1694. La Salle spent his life teaching poor children in parish charity schools; the school widened in scope. In 1950 Pope Pius XII declared him to be the "Special Patron of All Teachers of Youth in the Catholic Church"; the order, approved by Pope Benedict XIII in 1725 spread over France. It was dissolved by a decree of the National Assembly set up after the French revolution in February 1790, but recalled by Napoleon I in 1804 and formally recognized by the French government in 1808. Since its members penetrated into nearly every country of Europe, America and Australia; as religious, members take the three usual vows of poverty and obedience.
The Institutes headquarters is in Italy. The order has five global regions: North America, Asia/Oceania, Europe/Mediterranean and Latin America. During the International Year of Literacy/Schooling, UNESCO awarded the NOMA prize to Lasallian Institutions; the order says that its key principles are faith, proclamation of the gospel, respect for all people, quality education, concern for the poor and social justice. In 2017 the Institute had 3,800 brothers, 75% fewer than in 1965; the decline is due to many brothers reaching retirement age, the small number of new recruits. In the same period the number of students in Lasallian schools increased from about 700,000 to over a million. La Salle initiated a number of innovations in teaching, he recommended dividing up of the children into distinct classes according to their attainments. He taught pupils to read the vernacular language. In accordance with their mission statement "to provide a human and Christian education... the poor" the Brothers' principal activity is education of the poor.
As of 2017 the Institute conducted educational work in 82 different countries, in both developed and developing nations, with more than 1,000,000 students enrolled in its educational works. There are 92,000 lay women who are Lasallian Partners in their institutions. In April 2019 Peruvian authorities investigated the death of British De La Salle Brother Paul McAuley, whose burned body was found April 2 in a home he founded for indigenous students in Iquitos, in the northeastern Amazonian region; the Guadalupana De La Salle Sisters were founded by Br. Juan Fromental Cayroche in the Archdiocese of Mexico, they teach in ten countries. The motherhouse is in Mexico City; the Congregation of the Lasallian Sisters was founded in 1966 by the Brothers of the Christian School in Vietnam to take care of the needs of poor children abandoned because of the civil war there. The office is in Bangkok. Lasallian Volunteers are lay people who volunteer for one or two years to engage in teaching and other Lasallian activities.
They receive a living stipend. In 1981, the Institute started Christian Brothers Investment Services, a "socially responsible investing service" for Catholic organisations, that it "encourage companies to improve policies and practices through active ownership"; the Brothers arrived in Martinez, California, US on the southern edge of the Carquinez Strait, part of the greater San Francisco Bay in 1868. In 1882 they began making wine as sacramental wine, they began to distill brandy, beginning with the pot-still production method, used in the cognac region. Their production expanded until 1920, when prohibition limited their production to wines for sacramental use. In 1932, at the end of Prohibition, they relocated the winery to the Mont La Salle property in the Napa Valley and continued making wine, in larger quantities. In 1935 Brother Timothy Diener became wi
The Natural Resources Research Institute is a U. S. based research institute established by the Minnesota state legislature within the University of Minnesota Duluth. NRRI is a non-profit applied research organization with a mission to improve the economy of Minnesota by helping its industries compete in the global marketplace with improved or new products and more efficient processes; the institute helps launch promising small businesses and provides ongoing research and development assistance. Because Minnesota’s economy relies on natural resource-based industries the institute focuses research on understanding problems, developing tools to solve problems, that impede the environmentally sound development of the economy. Environmental program areas include: water resources, land resources, land-water interactions, environmental chemistry; the mid- to late-1970s and early-1980s were difficult times for Minnesota's natural resource-based industries for the taconite mining industry. In the face of a domestic steel crisis, shipments of iron ore from Northeastern Minnesota's eight taconite plants plummeted.
Growth in the taconite industry, which had begun in the 1950s, ended and employment in this critical base industry dropped from about 16,000 to 3,000. About 2,000 supply companies on the Iron Range, in Duluth and elsewhere in the state were critically impacted. Not as as the taconite industry, the forest products industry was impacted by the difficult economy. Northeastern Minnesota's logging and pulp and paper companies, in particular, were affected. At that time, the overall impact on Duluth and the Iron Range economy was verging on catastrophic. In the face of these challenging times, business, higher education and labor leaders began to focus on initiatives to help the economy. With a strong belief in its long-term value, U. S. Eighth District Court of Appeals Judge Gerald Heaney advocated for applied research. In his 1982 gubernatorial campaign, Rudy Perpich proposed that a center be established to do research on such resources as peat, forest products and minerals. A Proposal to Establish A Natural Resources Research Institute at the University of Minnesota Duluth was submitted to the Minnesota State Legislature under the seal of the Regents of the University of Minnesota.
The proposal affirmed the applied nature of research at the new institute, noting that its work would be separate and distinct from the University’s Minerals Resources Research Center, recommended the SAGE building in Duluth as an adaptable site. UMD Chancellor Robert Heller worked with Governor Perpich and Judge Heaney to gain political support throughout the state; the institute had strong federal support which included that of Minnesota's 8th district congressman, Jim Oberstar. The proposal called for the institute to be divided into four major divisions: Minerals Biomass Water EnergyThe Regents proposal listed the members of the Minerals Development Commission, the Duluth High Tech Task Force and Duluth Future Task Force as endorsees of the Institute; the simple notation of first-year funding of $1,650,000 and second-year funding of $2,250,000 for the Natural Resources Research Institute in Chapter 258, page 1051 of the LAWS of MINNESOTA for 1983, marks the establishment of the Institute.
UMD Economics Professor Dr. Jerrold Peterson was named acting coordinator of the Institute and he began to hire temporary employees to begin the work of the Institute. An Advisory Board was established, with UMD Dean of the College of Science and Engineering George Rapp as chair. In August 1983, UMD Provost Robert Heller envisioned NRRI doing between $5 and $10 million per year in research and employing up to 150 staff members in five years. Dr. Michael Lalich, with a background in industrial research and development, was hired in 1984 as the first permanent director of the Institute and began the task of development by conducting national searches for Associate Directors for each of the four divisions. Successful candidates included: Dr. Thys Johnson, a native Duluthian and Department Head of Mining at the Colorado School of Mines; because of Minnesota's economic dependence on its natural resources, NRRI adopted the mission to foster economic development of Minnesota’s natural resources in an environmentally sensitive manner to promote private sector employment.
The institute's goals are: Assisting entrepreneurs and businesses with near term economic development. Conducting applied research to develop products and services that will be of future benefit to Minnesota's industries and resource managers. Improving the knowledge base of Minnesota's natural resources to assist resource managers to make sound economic and environmental decisions; the NRRI is not a teaching institution, however, it fulfills its academic goals with research conducted by faculty and students at the institute and several NRRI employees hold faculty or adjunct faculty positions. NRRI assists students by providing scholarships and research assistantships. Moreover, the applied research skills learned at NRRI are invaluable in securing employment after graduation. University faculty and students interact with NRRI researchers to conduct collaborative research on a wide range of topics. Many of the early research directions for the institute proved to be productive and defined NRRI’s ongoing research agenda.
For example, applied re
Sin Salida was a professional wrestling major event produced by Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre that took place on June 6, 2010, in Arena México, Mexico City, Mexico. The event was centered on the storyline between CMLL wrestlers and a group called Los Invasores, a group portraying an "invading force"; the event featured six matches, where four of the six matches featured the Invasores group of wrestlers. CMLL hold their major events on Friday Nights, but in this case CMLL chose to hold the event on Sunday, running opposite their rival Asistencia Asesoría y Administración's Triplemanía XVIII event that took place on the same night in Mexico City; the main event was scheduled to be a Lucha de Apuestas, hair vs. hair match between Taichi vs. Máximo; the Mexican wrestling company Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre has held a number of major shows over the years using the moniker Sin Salida. CMLL has intermittently held a show billed as Sin Salida since 2009 using the name for their "end of the year" show in December, although once they held a Sin Piedad show in August as well.
All Sin Salida shows have been held in Arena México in Mexico City, Mexico, CMLL's main venue, its "home". Traditionally CMLL holds their major events on Friday Nights, which means the Sin Salida shows replace their scheduled Super Viernes show; the 2010 Sin Salida show was the second show to use the name. The event featured six professional wrestling matches with different wrestlers involved in pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines. Wrestlers were portrayed as either heels or faces as they followed a series of tension-building events, which culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches. On April 12, 2010, a contingent of former AAA wrestlers including Psicosis II, Maniaco, El Alebrije and Cuije appeared on a CMLL show in Puebla, Puebla; the group drown into the arena in a black SUV and attacked La Sombra, El Hijo del Fantasma and La Máscara after they just finished wrestling. Brazo de Plata, Místico and Jon Strongman tried to help out but were kept away by CMLL rudos Averno, El Texano Jr. and El Terrible.
Following the attack the former AAA wrestlers left the arena. The group made several subsequent attacks during CMLL shows, were soon after introduced as Los Independientes after the "Independent circuit". Over the subsequent weeks the Los Independientes group was renamed Los Invasores and expanded with Universo 2000, Máscara Año 2000, Mr. Águila and Olímpico. CMLLL mainstay Héctor Garza joined Los Invasores. On May 20, 2010 CMLL held a press conference to announce the Sin Salida event and announced that Héctor Garza and Mr. Águila were the co-leaders of the group. During the press conference CMLL announced that they would be holding Sin Salida event on June 6, 2010 and that it would center on the CMLL vs. Invasores storyline as four of the five matches featured Invasores wrestlers. CMLL added one final match as the main event of Sin Salida, a Lucha de Apuestas, hair vs. hair match between Taichi and Máximo to the show. The match came about as a result of a confrontation between the two during a CMLL show the previous week.
At the May 28, 2010 Super Viernes Taichi teamed up with Ray Mendoza. Jr. to take on Volador Jr. and El Hijo del Fantasma. In the second fall Máximo tried to kiss Taichi during the match which caused Taichi to respond by kicking Máximo in the groin area in full view of the referee, drawing a disqualification loss for his team, building on the storyline that Máximo's Exotico ring character bothers Taichi
Olustee is a town in Jackson County, United States. "Olustee" is said to be a Seminole word meaning "pond" or from the Creek language ue-lvste meaning "black water", being taken from the Battle of Olustee in Florida. The population was 607 at the 2010 census. Olustee is located at 34°32′49″N 99°25′23″W, it is 14 miles southwest of Altus, OklahomaAccording to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 680 people, 250 households, 185 families residing in the town; the population density was 823.8 people per square mile. There were 280 housing units at an average density of 339.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 70.15% White, 0.74% African American, 3.97% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 19.71% from other races, 4.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 32.79% of the population. There were 250 households out of which 42.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.0% were non-families.
23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.16. In the town, the population was spread out with 33.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $25,125, the median income for a family was $28,375. Males had a median income of $24,500 versus $20,893 for females; the per capita income for the town was $10,189. About 19.5% of families and 24.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.0% of those under age 18 and 28.0% of those age 65 or over
Oskar Osala is a Finnish professional ice hockey left wing playing with Oulun Kärpät of the Liiga. He started his career with Vaasa-based Sport, he made his North American debut with the OHL's Mississauga IceDogs in 2005, was drafted in the 2006 NHL Entry Draft, 97th overall, 4th round, by the Washington Capitals. In the 2007–08 season, he played for the Espoo Blues of the SM-liiga, he made his senior national team debut during the season. After the season, Osala was named SM-liiga rookie of the year. Osala signed a three-year contract with the Capitals in June 2008, was assigned to Washington's AHL affiliate in Hershey. On 10 December 2008, Osala made his NHL debut replacing the injured Tomas Fleischmann in the Caps' 3-1 win over the Boston Bruins, playing two games total before being returned to the Bears. Osala finished the season with the Hershey Bears' Calder Cup winning team, scoring two goals in Game 1 of the Calder Cup Finals. On 3 March 2010, Osala was traded along with Brian Pothier to the Carolina Hurricanes for Joe Corvo.
Osala made a brief NHL appearance with Carolina shortly after the trade, but spent most of the remainder of the season with the Albany River Rats. Unable to find a role with the Hurricanes and subsequently assigned to AHL affiliate the Charlotte Checkers for the duration of the following season, on 25 May 2011, Osala signed a one-year contract with Russian team Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk of the Kontinental Hockey League. During his third season with Neftekhimik in 2013–14, Osala was traded to division competitors Metallurg Magnitogorsk on December 10, 2013, he contributed with 6 assists in the post-season. Osala played in 5 seasons with Metallurg, helping capture a second Gagarin Cup in the 2015–16 campaign, before opting to leave the KHL following the 2017–18 season. Citing a lack of drive, Osala opted to sit out the beginning of the 2018–19 season as a free agent. On November 12, 2018, Osala opted to end his hiatus and agreed to a one-year contract for the remainder of the season in returning to his homeland with Oulun Kärpät of the top flight Liiga.
Osala shared the goal scoring title in 2007 IIHF World Junior Championships. Osala scored five goals in six games for Finland. Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or Eurohockey.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or The Internet Hockey Database
"Siege Week" is a week-long special of the British soap opera Coronation Street, broadcast from 31 May 2010 to 9 June 2010 on ITV1. The special edition was the first time in the history of the programme being on air that it was filmed in high definition; the six 30-minute episodes were directed by Ian Bevitt and David Kester, were the most expensive Coronation Street had produced, costing £1million. The episodes, ranging from the 7352nd to the 7356th in the series, were written by Martin Allen, Mark Wadlow, Stephen Russell, Chris Fewtrell and Joe Turner, produced by Kim Crowther for ITV Studios, it was filmed at the Granada Studios complex in Manchester. Each episodes broadcast every day during the week, the special storyline followed the soap's well-known villain Tony Gordon escaping from prison and with the help of his former cellmate Robbie Sloan, sets off to kidnap his ex-wife Carla Connor and Hayley Cropper in the Underworld factory with the intent to murder them; the episodes continued to depict the kidnapping, hostage situation and the aftermath, such as the rescue attempts of other characters and the explosive climax in which the factory was consumed with fire.
Siege Week was the first of two major events of Coronation Street in 2010, the second being the 50th anniversary tram crash, aired in December. Bitter about his ex-wife Carla Connor's affair with Liam Connor, Tony Gordon forms a plan with his cellmate Robbie Sloan to break out of prison, kidnap and kill Carla, Hayley Cropper for revenge against her husband Roy, who convinced Tony to confess to the police that he had murdered Liam, which ended him up in jail. Robbie is released from prison and Tony fakes a heart attack. Robbie gets him out of the ambulance and they head to Weatherfield. Carla is told by the police that Tony has escaped from prison, told to be careful; the news spreads around the street. Robbie poses as a businessman interested in the Underworld factory, arranges to meet Carla at the factory, covered in construction workers including Bill Webster and Jason Grimshaw. Meanwhile, Gail McIntyre's trial gets underway, as she is accused of her husband Joe's murder, although he accidentally died faking his own death for life insurance money.
Tina McIntyre gives evidence at the trial. Carla proceeds to showing all the knickers for sale. During her sales pitch, Robbie points it at her. Shocked, she realises. Robbie holds Carla at gunpoint and orders her to get rid of Bill and Jason who are working on the roof. Carla phones Bill and tells him the insurance company has not paid out so they are to stop working immediately. Despite Bill's protestations, Robbie threatens Carla into remaining firm; when Bill and Jason give in, Robbie ties Carla to her desk chair in her office. She begs to be freed, but Robbie duct tapes her mouth shut, after checking that she cannot speak or scream for help, leaves her bound and gagged in the office, she attempts to untie herself and scream for help through the tape over her mouth, but is unable to make anyone hear her or loosen her restraints. Robbie heads to Roy's café, tricks Hayley into coming with him to the factory, saying that Carla has had an accident. Hayley follows him there; as she enters, she sees Carla gagged, who screams in warning but it is too late.
Hayley is tied to a chair herself. Carla is wheeled on her chair into the Underworld workers' floor to sit face-to-face with Hayley. Tony appears in the factory. Robbie states that someone is to hear Hayley's screams, but Tony assures him that no one will hear them through the factory walls, he surveys a humiliated Carla bound and gagged, stating "You've done well." Warning that it might hurt, Tony rips the duct tape from Carla's mouth. Tony jokes; when Carla demands what he wants, Tony announces his plans terrifying them. Carla and Tony exchange heated words about Tony's sanity and jail sentence. Tony taunts his tied up ex-wife as she tells him he will go back to prison for longer, when he reminds her he was given a life sentence. Tony tells Robbie. Tony tells Hayley that she is there as revenge against Roy, although Hayley protests Roy did nothing to him, it is revealed that Robbie has kidnapped Carla and Hayley to earn money for his estranged son's university tuition fees, Tony has promised him £2,000.
Carla taunts Robbie, attempting to manipulate him into setting them free. Although Carla's bonds are too tight, Hayley is managing to slip free, although Tony notices before she can untie herself and tightens the restraints. Tony discovers the money from the Underworld factory is missing and that he cannot pay Robbie, he demands from Carla to know. Carla and Hayley try to convince Robbie to phone the police but he refuses; when Robbie becomes more and more anxious about getting his money, he threatens Tony with his gun. Carla and Hayley try to scream for help but they cannot be heard through the factory walls. Despite Carla's pleads, Robbie allows Tony to manipulate him, Robbie gives him the gun. Tony shoots Robbie dead. Maria Connor appears at the factory door, demanding answers from Carla. Tony gags Hayley's mouth with duct tape, forces Carla to answer the door and holds a gun to her while remaining hidden. Carla tries t