Dean Lawrence Kamen is an American engineer and businessman. He is known for his invention of the Segway, as well as founding the non-profit organization FIRST with Woodie Flowers. Kamen was born in New York, to a Jewish family, his father is an illustrator for Mad, Weird Science and other EC Comics publications. He attended Worcester Polytechnic Institute, but dropped out before graduating, after five years of private advanced research for the insulin pump AutoSyringe. Kamen is best known for inventing the product that became known as the Segway PT, an electric, self-balancing human transporter with a computer-controlled gyroscopic stabilization and control system; the device is controlled by moving body weight. The machine's development was the object of much speculation and hype after segments of a book quoting Steve Jobs and other notable IT visionaries espousing its society-revolutionizing potential were leaked in December 2001. Kamen was a successful inventor: his company Auto Syringe manufactures and markets the first drug infusion pump.
His company DEKA holds patents for the technology used in portable dialysis machines, an insulin pump, an all-terrain electric wheelchair known as the iBOT, using many of the same gyroscopic balancing technologies that made their way into the Segway. Kamen has worked extensively on a project involving Stirling engine designs, attempting to create two machines: one that would generate power, the Slingshot that would serve as a water purification system, he hopes. Kamen has a patent on his water purifier, other patents pending. In 2014, the film SlingShot was released, detailing Kamen's quest to use his vapor compression distiller to fix the world's water crisis. Kamen is the co-inventor of a compressed air device that would launch a human into the air in order to launch SWAT teams or other emergency workers to the roofs of tall, inaccessible buildings. In 2009 Kamen stated. Kamen and DEKA developed the DEKA Arm System or "Luke", a prosthetic arm replacement that offers its user much more fine motor control than traditional prosthetic limbs.
It was approved for use by the US Food and Drug Administration in May 2014, DEKA is looking for partners to mass-produce the prosthesis. In 1989, Kamen founded FIRST, a program for students to get people interested in science, technology and mathematics. One competition started and run by FIRST is FIRST Robotics Competition. In 2017, the organization chose to host two international competitions, one in St. Louis and another in Houston, each a week apart. From 2018 to 2020, it will be held in Detroit, instead of St. Louis, Missouri. FIRST has many robotics programs for students in grades K-12, including FLL JR. for younger elementary school students, FLL for older elementary school and middle school students, FTC for middle and high school students, FRC for high school students. In 2017, FIRST held the inaugural event of its first olympics-style competition – FGC – in Washington, D. C. Kamen says that FIRST is the invention he is most proud of, predicts that the 1 million students who have taken part in the contests so far will be responsible for some significant technological advances in years to come.
During his career Kamen has won numerous awards. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1997 for his biomedical devices and for making engineering more popular among high school students. In 1999 he was awarded the 5th Annual Heinz Award in Technology, the Economy and Employment, in 2000 received the National Medal of Technology from President Clinton for inventions that have advanced medical care worldwide. In April 2002, Kamen was awarded the Lemelson-MIT Prize for inventors, for his invention of the Segway and of an infusion pump for diabetics. In 2003 his "Project Slingshot", an inexpensive portable water purification system, was named a runner-up for "coolest invention of 2003" by Time magazine. In 2005 he was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame for his invention of the AutoSyringe. In 2006 Kamen was awarded the "Global Humanitarian Action Award" by the United Nations. In 2007 he received the ASME Medal, the highest award from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, in 2008 he was the recipient of the IRI Achievement Award from the Industrial Research Institute, in 2011 Kamen was awarded the Benjamin Franklin Medal in Mechanical Engineering of the Franklin Institute.
Kamen received an honorary Doctor of Engineering degree from Worcester Polytechnic Institute in 1992, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute May 17, 1996, a Doctor of Engineering degree from Kettering University in 2001, an honorary Doctor of Science degree from Clarkson University on May 13, 2001, an honorary "Doctor of Science" degree from the University of Arizona on May 16, 2009, an honorary doctorate from the Wentworth Institute of Technology when he spoke at the college's centennial celebration in 2004, other honorary doctorates from North Carolina State University in 2005, Bates College in 2007, the Georgia Institute of Technology in 2008, the Illinois Institute of Technology in 2008 and Plymouth State University in May 2008. In 2015, Kamen received an honorary Doctor of Engineering and Technology degree from Yale University.. In 2017, Kamen was honored with an institutional honorary degree from Univers
Abbott is a city in Hill County, United States. The population was 356 in 2010. Abbott was founded in 1871 as a stop for the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad and was named for Joseph Abbott, who represented the area in the Texas legislature at the time, its population has declined since. The town was incorporated in 1916. Abbott is located on Interstate 35, about 24 miles north of Waco, is at 31°53′2″N 97°4′32″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.6 square miles. As of the census of 2000, there were 300 people, 124 households, 89 families residing in the city; the population density was 518.0 people per square mile. There were 144 housing units at an average density of 248.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 1.00 % African American, 3.00 % from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.67% of the population. There were 124 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.2% were non-families.
27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city, the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, 23.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $37,917, the median income for a family was $55,625. Males had a median income of $38,750 versus $20,000 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,062. About 6.0% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under the age of 18 and 13.0% of those 65 or over. In 2010 Abbott had a population of 356; the racial and ethnic makeup was 91.0% non-Hispanic white, 2.0% black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% reporting two or more races and 6.5% Hispanic or Latino.
The City of Abbott is served by the Abbott Independent School District and home to the Abbott High School Panthers. In 2015 there were 300 students in Pre-Kindergarten through 12th grade. Abbott is the birthplace of American singer-songwriter and actor Willie Nelson and his sister, pianist Bobbie Nelson. Abbott in the Handbook of Texas Abbott Independent School District
Jason Thomas Butler Harner is an American actor. Harner was born in Elmira, New York and grew up in suburban Northern Virginia, where he saw a handful of plays at Washington, D. C.’s Arena Stage. His middle name Butler is his mother’s maiden name, he graduated from T. C. Williams High School, Virginia, in 1988. Although Harner was the president of his high school drama club, he spent his time building sets rather than acting since many of his relatives were carpenters or plumbers. At 17, after graduating from high school, he worked as an usher at the Eisenhower Theater, part of the Kennedy Center in Washington, D. C, he graduated from VCU with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in acting in 1992. After graduating from VCU, he was an apprentice at Actors Theatre of Louisville. Harner returned to VCU as a Master Teacher during their 2007-08 Guest Artist program. Harner completed filming for Changeling in December 2007, he played a mechanic accused of murder. He appeared in the HBO miniseries John Adams as Oliver Wolcott, Jr. the second United States Secretary of the Treasury.
Harner had a guest role on the pilot for Fringe. He was cast as the regular character Silas Hunton on the cable series Possible Side Effects, until Showtime cancelled the series in April 2008, he plays Associate Warden Elijah Bailey "E. B." Tiller on the Fox series Alcatraz which debuted in January 2012. He made his London theater debut in February 2010 in the Lanford Wilson play Serenading Louie at Donmar Warehouse, England. During his stay in London, Harner read Michael Chabon's Manhood for Amateurs on BBC Book of the Week in April 2010. 1990: In What I Did Last Summer play by A. R. Gurney. May 1994: In Loved Less play by Brian Jucha. 1997: In Hydriotaphia, or the Death of Dr. Browne play by Tony Kushner. June 1997: Plays Sir Henry Guildford/Page/Garter/King of Arms Henry VIII play by William Shakespeare. July 1998: Plays Demarais the servant in Transit of Venus play by Maureen Hunter October 1999: Plays Donalbain/Murderer in Macbeth play by William Shakespeare. October 1999: Plays Thomas Armstrong/Phil in An Experiment with an Air Pump play by Shelagh Stephenson.
January 2000: Plays Young Housman opposite James Cromwell in the American premiere of The Invention of Love play by Tom Stoppard. September 2000: Plays Johnny Boyle in Juno and the Paycock play by Seán O'Casey. April 2001: Plays Barnett opposite Amy Ryan in Crimes of the Heart play by Beth Henley. February 2003: Plays David Craig in Observe the Sons of Ulster Marching Towards the Somme play by Frank McGuinness. September 2003: Plays Hamlet in Hamlet play by William Shakespeare. January 2004: Plays Ed in Five Flights play by Adam Bock. April 2004: Plays Harlequin/Tyler/Stage Crew in Mr. Fox: A Rumination play by Bill Irwin. August 2004: Plays Tom Wingfield opposite Sally Field in The Glass Menagerie play by Tennessee Williams. September 2004: Plays Tesman opposite Elizabeth Marvel in Hedda Gabler play by Henrik Ibsen. April 2005: Plays David in Orange Flower Water play by Craig Wright. June 2005: Plays Young Anton/Burt Sarris opposite John Glover in The Paris Letter play by Jon Robin Baitz. November 2005: Plays Tad Rose in The Ruby Sunrise opposite Marin Ireland, Richard Masur and Maggie Siff play by Rinne Groff.
March 2006: Plays Trofimov opposite Annette Bening and Alfred Molina in The Cherry Orchard play by Anton Chekhov. October 2006: Plays Sterling opposite Dylan Baker, Joanna Gleason, Brian d'Arcy James, David Rakoff and Joey Slotnick in The Cartells: A Prime Time Soap... Live play by Douglas Carter Beane. November 2006: Plays Ivan Turgenev in the trilogy The Coast of Utopia: Voyage, The Coast of Utopia: Shipwreck, Coast of Utopia: Salvage plays by Tom Stoppard. July 2007: Plays Hildy opposite Richard Kind in The Front Page play by Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur. April 2009: Plays Brian opposite Bobby Cannavale, Jackie Hoffman, Sarah Paulson in The Gingerbread House play by Mark Schultz. August 2009: Plays central role of'Stage Manager' in Our Town play by Thornton Wilder. February 2010: Plays Alex opposite Jason O'Mara in Serenading Louie play by Lanford Wilson. October 2010: Plays opposite Glenn Close, Victor Garber, John Benjamin Hickey, Joe Mantello, Jack McBrayer, Michael Stuhlbarg, Patrick Wilson in a staged reading of The Normal Heart directed by Joel Grey play by Larry Kramer