click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Deathlok

Deathlok is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. He first appeared in Astonishing Tales # 25, created by Doug Moench. At least three subsequent Marvel characters have used the "Deathlok" identity since then. A recurring theme among these characters is that a dead human has been reanimated with cybernetic technology. "Deathlok technology" has been used thematically by Marvel writers in other stories. The character has appeared on television in animation and live action. J. August Richards portrayed him in the television series Marvel's Agents of S. H. I. E. L. D. Which is part of the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Although announced as the new lead feature for Marvel's Worlds Unknown comic, under the title "Cyborg", the first Deathlok series ran in Astonishing Tales #25-28, 30-36; this initial version of the character, Luther Manning guest-starred with Spider-Man in Marvel Team-Up #46, the story from the cancelled Astonishing Tales comics was finished in Marvel Spotlight #33.

Deathlok subsequently appeared with the Thing, a member of the superhero team the Fantastic Four, in Marvel Two-in-One #26, 27, 28, 34 and #54, although one appearance was a robot and not the genuine Deathlok. The Luther Manning Deathlok appeared in Captain America #286-288. A new Deathlok, Michael Collins, debuted in the limited series Deathlok #1-4, he was the second Deathlok to be created in the modern era and the second to be created for the traditional Marvel Universe. This second Deathlok went on to a 34-issue series cover-dated July 1991 to April 1994, plus two summer annuals in 1992 and 1993; the third Deathlok, S. H. I. E. L. D. Espionage agent Jack Truman, debuted in an 11-issue limited series. Deathlok has appeared in four issues of the limited series Beyond!, Michael Collins, in human form and not as Deathlok, appeared in Fantastic Four #544-545. Multiple unnamed Deathlok units appear in Black Panther vol. 4, #1-6. Possessing no human sentience, they were automatons created from corpses of soldiers killed in Iraq.

A new Deathlok named Henry Hayes debuted during the Original Sin event from Nathan Edmondson and Mike Perkins. While the character was considered to be an adaptation of the Marvel Cinematic Universe portrayal of Deathlok, Mike Petersen, Edmondson stated that the coincidences were just "happy similarities" and that they tried to go for a total original concept; this Deathlok has his own ongoing series that began in October 2014. Colonel Luther Manning is an American soldier from Detroit, who, after being fatally injured, is reanimated in a post-apocalyptic future only to discover that what remains of his dead body has been turned into the experimental Deathlok cyborg by Simon Ryker, he verbally communicates with his symbiotic computer, to which he refers as the abbreviated "'Puter". He escapes from Ryker's control, he battles the evil corporate and military regimes that have taken over the United States, while struggling not to lose his humanity. He battles Simon Ryker and the first War-Wolf, encounters his wife and son for the first time after becoming a cyborg.

He battles Simon Ryker's Super-Tank, begins a hunt for a "cyborg doctor". He battles Simon Ryker as the Savior Machine, his mind is transferred into a Luther Manning clone, he battles mutants alongside a time-traveling Spider-Man. He begins working for the CIA, encounters Godwulf for the first time, is finally sent back in time to the modern era, he battles the Devil-Slayer, but battles demons alongside Devil-Slayer. He becomes controlled by Mentallo and the Fixer and is sent to assassinate the President, but is stopped by the Thing and Nick Fury. After his capture he becomes catatonic, is taken to England for treatment by the Thing, he is cured by Louis Knort, Nick Fury takes him into custody. Deathlok is sent to sabotage Project Pegasus; the robot battles the Thing and Quasar, self-destructs. The real Deathlok, now working for the Brand Corporation, battles Captain America and a time-traveling Luther Manning clone. Alongside Captain America and the Redeemers, he battles Hellinger; some time the "mainstream timeline" Luther Manning begins dreaming that he is Deathlok.

He is charged with temporal energy by Timestream. Timestream recruits this "mainstream" human Manning. Deathlok and Manning battled the Collins Deathlok and Godwulf; the Manning Deathlok returns to his own time and overthrows the megalomaniac who had taken over the country. Manning remains in his near-future alternate reality, searching for a purpose in life and unable to disconnect himself from the machine bonded to him. Manning travels to the mainstream Marvel Universe and encounters Daredevil and the Kingpin, he lives a life of solitude until being apprehended by S. H. I. E. L. D. From which he is kidnapped by the supervillain Owl and, put up for auction as a weapon. Before a sale can be completed, he is stolen by the crime lord Hood and sent on a kamikaze decoy run. Kelly first appeared as Deathlok in Marvel Comics Presents #62; this version of Deathlok was controlled by Kelly until its systems determined that Kelly's brain function was detrimental to its completion of the "First Run" program. The Deathlok unit completed its mission.

Kelly's brain was disposed of. One of Ryker's assis

Frank Podmore

Frank Podmore was an English author, founding member of the Fabian Society. He is best known as an influential member of the Society for Psychical Research and for his sceptical writings on spiritualism. Born at Elstree, Hertfordshire, Podmore was the son of Thompson Podmore, headmaster of Eastbourne College, he was educated at Oxford. In October 1883 Podmore and Edward R. Pease joined a socialist debating group established by Edith Nesbit and Hubert Bland. Podmore suggested that the group should be named after the Roman General, Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus, who advocated weakening the opposition by harassing operations rather than becoming involved in pitched battles. In January 1884 the group became known as the Fabian Society, Podmore's home at 14 Dean's Yard, became the organisation's first official headquarters, he was a member of the Oxford Phasmatological Society which dissolved in 1885. In 1886 Podmore and Sidney Webb conducted a study into unemployment published as a Fabian Society pamphlet, The Government Organisation of Unemployed Labour.

Podmore married Eleanore Bramwell in 1891, the marriage was a failure and they separated. They had no children, his major work was ideas of Robert Owen. Podmore resigned from a senior post in the Post Office in 1907. Psychical researcher Alan Gauld wrote that "In 1907 Podmore was compelled to resign without pension from the Post Office because of alleged homosexual involvements, he separated from his wife, went to live with his brother Claude, rector of Broughton, near Kettering."Podmore died by drowning at Malvern, Worcestershire, in August 1910. Researcher Ronald Pearsall wrote that it was believed that Podmore was a homosexual and that it was "very strange" that his brother Claude, his wife or any member of the Society for Psychical Research did not attend his funeral. Podmore's books, giving non-paranormal explanations from much of the psychical research that he studied, received positive reviews in science journals, his book Studies in Psychical Research received a positive review in the British Medical Journal which described his debunking of fraudulent mediums as scientific and came to the conclusion the "book is well worth reading, it is agreeable reading, for the style is vigorous and not infrequently brilliant."Podmore who considered most mediums fraudulent, was open minded about the telepathic hypothesis for Leonora Piper's séances.

However, Ivor Lloyd Tuckett had "completely undermined" this hypothesis for Mrs. Piper. Podmore was critical of her claims of Theosophy, he concluded they are best explained by deception and trickery. Rationalist author Joseph McCabe stated that despite Podmore's "highly critical faculty" he was misled in the Piper case by Richard Hodgson; this was based on a letter he saw in the 2nd edition Spiritualism and Oliver Lodge by Dr. Charles Arthur Mercier, from a cousin of George Pellew to Edward Clodd, alleging that Hodgson claimed that Professor Fiske from his séance with Piper was "absolutely convinced" Piper's control was the real George Pellew, but that when Pellew's brother contacted Fiske about it, he replied it was "a lie" as Piper had been "silent or wrong" on all his questions. However, Alan Gauld, referring to this letter as published by Clodd, stated that it was "wholly unreliable", noted that Hodgson in his original report wrote that Fiske had a negative attitude, that Hodgson himself considered the Fiske sittings to be of no evidential value.

Podmore's text Mesmerism and Christian Science: A Short History of Mental Healing received a positive review in the British Journal of Psychiatry, which referred to it as "an excellent account of this interesting and important subject."Podmore defended the validity of telepathy and ghosts, the latter of which he believed to be "telepathic hallucinations." Podmore's publications include: Phantasms of the Living.. The Government Organisation of Unemployed Labour.. Apparitions and Thought-Transference.. Studies in Psychical Research.. Modern Spiritualism. Reprinted as Mediums of the 19th Century.. Robert Owen A Biography. Volume 1; the Naturalisation of the Supernatural.. Mesmerism and Christian Science.. Telepathic Hallucinations: The New View of Ghosts.. The Newer Spiritualism.. Eusapia Palladino Works by Frank Podmore at Project Gutenberg Edward R. Pease, The History of the Fabian Society. Andrew Lang, "The Poltergeist and his explainers", The Making of Religion, Longmans, Green and Co. 1900, pp. 324–39.

Alice Johnson.. Modern Spiritualism: A History and a Criticism. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research 17: 389–403

Iain Gale

Iain Gale is a journalist and author born in 1959, who writes military novels. His book Four Days in June, about the Battle of Waterloo, was well received and acclaimed by Bernard Cornwell, he is the writer of eleven non-fiction books. Iain Gale was born in 1959 to Scottish parents, his father was George Gale. He grew up in Ham, near Richmond and was educated at St Paul's School and the University of Edinburgh, he was deputy art critic of The Independent from 1990 to 1996, art critic for Scotland on Sunday for 12 years from 1996 to 2008. He is the editor of the National Trust for Scotland magazine, he is married to an Edinburgh GP: between them they have six children. They divide their time between Fife. Following a series of non-fiction books, Gale published his first novel, the well received Four Days in June, about the Battle of Waterloo, in 2006, he followed this with a series of three books featuring the character Jack Steel, set during the campaigns of the Duke of Marlborough. In 2009 he published Alamein, about the Second Battle of El Alamein, which like Four Days in June was based on the experiences of real-life participants.

More he has published two novels in a projected Second World War series featuring the character Peter Lamb and his men. Gale, Iain; the Flying Hammer: An Insider's Collection of Salesroom Howlers. London: Elm Tree. ISBN 0-241-11578-7. OCLC 16404450. Gale, Iain. Laura Ashley Style. New York: Harmony. OCLC 16276208. Gale, Iain. Waugh's World: a guide to the novels of Evelyn Waugh. London: Sidgwick & Jackson. ISBN 0-283-99835-0. OCLC 24937652. Parsons, Thomas. Post-impressionism: the rise of modern art. London: Studio. ISBN 1-85170-861-8. OCLC 27464087. Italian translation: Da Van Gogh a Picasso: la nascita dell'arte contemporanea dal postimpressionismo all'espressionismo. Florence: Giunti. 2000. ISBN 88-09018478. Gale, Iain. Sisley; the Master Painters. London: Studio. ISBN 1-85170-857-X. OCLC 27976902. Gale, Iain. Living Museums. Boston: Little, Brown & Co. ISBN 0-8212-1963-4. OCLC 27431797. Gale, Iain. Corot; the Master Painters. London: Studio. ISBN 1-85170-961-4. OCLC 443426804. Gale, Iain. Ray Richardson: One Man on a Trip.

London: Beaux Arts. OCLC 35208410. Gale, Iain. Arthur Melville. Edinburgh: Atelier. ISBN 1-873830-04-1. OCLC 38113629. Gale, Iain. Four Days in June: a battle lost, a battle won, June 1815. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-720103-6. OCLC 62760618. Gale, Iain. Alamein: The Turning Point of World War Two. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-727867-5. OCLC 373477696. Jack SteelGale, Iain. Man of Honour. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-720106-0. OCLC 85828634. Gale, Iain. Rules of War. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-725355-9. OCLC 183915237. Gale, Iain. Brothers in Arms. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-725357-5. OCLC 298596791. Peter LambGale, Iain; the Black Jackals. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-727864-0. OCLC 703349371. Gale, Iain. Jackals' Revenge. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-727870-1. OCLC 760289666. KeaneGale, Iain. Keane's Company. London: Heron Books. ISBN 978-1-78087-362-6. OCLC 822959953. Gale, Iain. Keane's Challenge. London: Heron Books. ISBN 978-1-78087-364-0. OCLC 870426313. Gale, Iain. Keane's Charge. London: Heron Books.

ISBN 978-1-84866-480-7. OCLC 908129325. Gale, Iain. Conspiracy. London: Heron Books. ISBN 978-1-84866-484-5. OCLC 948971494

Fatality (Mortal Kombat)

A Fatality is a gameplay feature in the Mortal Kombat series of fighting video games. It is a finishing move in which the victor of the final round in a match inflicts a brutal and gruesome execution onto their defeated opponent. Fatalities are performed after the announcer says "Finish Him/Her" by players entering, within a short time frame, specific button and joystick combinations while positioned a specific distance from the opponent; the Fatality and its derivations are arguably the most notable features of the Mortal Kombat series and have caused a large cultural impact and controversies. While creating Mortal Kombat, Ed Boon and John Tobias started with the idea of Street Fighter II style system and retained many of its conventions but tweaked others; the most notable additions were graphic blood effects, more brutal fighting techniques, the fatal finishing moves, although the 1987 fighting game Barbarian: The Ultimate Warrior had featured blood and beheadings. According to Boon, it started with an idea to enable the player to hit a dizzied opponent at the end of the match with a "free hit", that idea "quickly evolved into something nasty."

Tobias recalled it differently: "Our first idea was to use them as a finishing move for final boss Shang Tsung, going to pull out his sword and behead his opponent. We thought,'What if the player could do that to his opponent?'"The first Fatality they did was of Johnny Cage punching off an opponent's head, created by Daniel Pesina and implemented by Boon. Tobias and former Midway Games programmer Mark Turmell stated that no one at Midway expected players to find the Fatalities in the game. Tobias said: "When we watched players react to the Fatalities, we knew we had no choice but to give them more." Unlike special moves, a Fatality may require certain distances and quick button sequences in order to achieve the desired result. Every character has their own special Fatality that must be performed at a certain distance from the opponent, the three distances being: close and far; each character has signature Fatalities. Traditionally for the main and important characters of the games their Fatalities are a reflection of either their storyline or their special abilities: e.g. Sub-Zero's Fatalities have traditionally involved the use of his powers of ice, whereas Scorpion's storyline of a hellspawn ninja spectre involves the use of setting someone ablaze or using his famous spear.

The number of individual Fatalities varies depending upon the game. The Fatalities were featured in ScrewAttack's "Top 10 OMGWTF Moments" due to the competition it gave to other games including Street Fighter II and how it popularized the arcades, as well as in machinima.com's list of top ten gaming memes. The 2012 film Wreck-It Ralph shows a cyborg resembling Mortal Kombat's Kano performing his signature heart-ripping Fatality move on a zombie. By 1996, "Fatality" had become a generic gaming term for a lethal finishing move, including the official termed Fatals in the Killer Instinct series. In the game ClayFighter 63⅓ the Fatalities were parodied in the form of Claytality. "Fatalities" expanded into the shooter genre, most notably in the Gears of War series as "Executions". In many games in the franchises there are different types of Fatalities and Finishers: This finisher allows the player to morph into an animal and maul their opponent; this style of Fatality debuted in Mortal Kombat 3. According to Boon, his team "listened to what the players said about MKII and the Animalities that they thought were in there but weren't.

To answer all these rumors, we put Animalities in MKIII."In order to perform an Animality, the player must first grant his opponent Mercy, the act which revives the opponent in lieu of delivering a final blow or performing a Fatality by restoring a small amount of health. Should the opponent be defeated again, an Animality may be performed. Introduced in Mortal Kombat II, the Babality turns an opponent into an infant version of the character. Sometimes the opponent will wear a miniature version of the clothes he or she wore when fully-grown, complete with smaller versions of accessories such as Raiden's hat or Johnny Cage's shades. In MK3 and its updates, the generic green "Babality!!" Text and the sound of a baby crying used in MKII is replaced with pastel colored alphabet blocks and a short lullaby with the end portion of Rock-a-bye-baby. Their initial appearance in Mortal Kombat II Revision 2.1 came with some glitches including one that allowed players to perform attacks after the Babality was performed.

Babalities were introduced as a deliberately absurd counter-argument to the controversy that the original received for its violent content, a tamer counterpart to the typical Fatality. Some fans found them humorous and enjoyable, while others felt they were an unwelcome, out-of-character intrusion in what is otherwise a "serious" game; the moves were dropped in an effort to abate this criticism. The Babalities, made a return in the relaunch game, fe

Luigi Frusci

Luigi Frusci was an officer in the Italian Royal Army during the Italian conquest of Ethiopia and World War II. He was the last Italian Governor of Amhara. Luigi Frusci soon enlisted in the Italian Army, he fought during World War I and -after Benito Mussolini took control of Italy- he enrolled in the National Fascist Party. Frusci fought on the southern front for General Rodolfo Graziani during the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. In April 1936, during the Battle of the Ogaden, Frusci commanded the center column of three columns attacking the Ethiopian "Hindenburg Wall". Frusci was the commander of the Italian "volunteers" of the 2nd CCNN Division "Fiamme Nere" in the Corps of Volunteer Troops during the Spanish Civil War in 1937 and 1938. In 1939 Frusci become Governor of Amhara in northern Ethiopia, governor of Italian Eritrea until 1941. During World War II, Frusci was the main military commander in the Italian Eritrea Governorate; as a Lieutenant-General, he commanded Italian forces fighting in Eritrea during the East African Campaign.

He fought in the Italian conquest of British Somaliland. In mid-1940, Frusci oversaw the initial Italian attacks into the Sudan. In 1940 when ordered to do so, he chose not pull out of the Sudan. Instead, he rebuffed the initial efforts of British and Commonwealth forces to retake the border towns. In November, an assault on Gallabat was stopped short of its goals, the attacking force was hit hard from the air, the position was re-taken by Italian ground forces. After the British and Commonwealth forces crossed the border and launched an offensive in January 1941, Frusci oversaw the defensive actions at Agordat and the rest of Eritrea. With the fall of Eritrea, Frusci became a prisoner of war. In 1948 Frusci received from the Italian government the award "Commendatore dell'Ordine Militare d'Italia" and the next year he died. Inspector of Infantry Colonel, Ogaden border region command, Italian Somaliland – 1935 to 1936 Deputy General Officer Commanding, Spain – 1936 to 1937 General Officer Commanding, 20th Division Friuli, Spain – 1937 to 1938 General Officer Commanding, XX Corps, Libya – 1938 to 1939 Governor of Amhara, Ethiopia – 1939 to 1941 Governor of Eritrea – 1940 to 1941 General Officer Commanding, Eritrean Army, East Africa – 1940 to 1941 Prisoner of War – 1941 to 1945 Luigi Frusci received many awards.

The most important were: "Ordine militare dei Savoia". Goffredo Orlandi Contucci, A. O. I.- AFRICA ORIENTALE ITALIANA - La conquista dell'Impero nel ricordo del tenente Goffredo Orlandi Contucci - Edizioni MyLife, Monte Colombo/Coriano, 2009 ISBN 978-88-6285-100-8 Eritrea Governorate Amhara Governorate Battle of Keren Second Italo-Abyssinian War Italian Order of Battle Second Italo-Abyssinian War East African Campaign Order of Battle, East African Campaign German Motorized Company History of Italy

Allegheny National Recreation Area

The Allegheny National Recreation Area is a National Recreation Area of the United States, located on the Allegheny Plateau in northwestern Pennsylvania. It is administered by the United States Forest Service as part of the Allegheny National Forest; the recreation area consists of 23,100 acres on three separate parcels of land within the forest. It was established under the Pennsylvania Wilderness Act of 1984, by Congressman Bill Clinger, Senator Arlen Specter, Senator John Heinz; the national recreation area is divided into two units, one around Allegheny Reservoir upstream from Kinzua Dam, another to the south of Warren on the west bank of the Allegheny River. Allegheny National Recreation Area was established by the 1984 Pennsylvania Wilderness Act, Public Law 98-585