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Deep Purple

Deep Purple are an English rock band formed in Hertford, Hertfordshire in 1968. The band is considered to be among the pioneers of heavy metal and modern hard rock, although their musical approach changed over the years. Formed as a psychedelic rock and progressive rock band, the band shifted to a heavier sound in 1970. Deep Purple, together with Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath, have been referred to as the "unholy trinity of British hard rock and heavy metal in the early to mid-seventies", they were listed in the 1975 Guinness Book of World Records as "the globe's loudest band" for a 1972 concert at London's Rainbow Theatre and have sold over 100 million copies of their albums worldwide. Deep Purple have had an eight-year hiatus; the 1968–1976 line-ups are labelled Mark I, II, III and IV. Their second and most commercially successful line-up consisted of Ian Gillan, Jon Lord, Roger Glover, Ian Paice, Ritchie Blackmore; this line-up was active from 1969 to 1973 and was revived from 1984 to 1989 and again from 1992 to 1993.

The band achieved more modest success in the intervening periods between 1968 and 1969 with the line-up including Rod Evans and Nick Simper, between 1974 and 1976 with the line-up including David Coverdale and Glenn Hughes, between 1989 and 1992 with the line-up including Joe Lynn Turner. The band's line-up has been much more stable in recent years, although keyboardist Jon Lord's retirement from the band in 2002 left Ian Paice as the only original Deep Purple member still in the band. Deep Purple were ranked number 22 on VH1's Greatest Artists of Hard Rock programme, a poll on British radio station Planet Rock ranked them 5th among the "most influential bands ever"; the band received the Legend Award at the 2008 World Music Awards. Deep Purple were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2016. In 1967, former Searchers drummer Chris Curtis contacted London businessman Tony Edwards, in the hope that he would manage a new group he was putting together, to be called Roundabout. Curtis' vision was a "supergroup" where the band members would get on and off, like a musical roundabout.

Impressed with the plan, Edwards agreed to finance the venture with his two business partners John Coletta and Ron Hire, who comprised Hire-Edwards-Coletta Enterprises. The first recruit to the band was classically trained Hammond organ player Jon Lord, Curtis's flatmate, who had most notably played with the Artwoods. Lord was performing in a backing band for the vocal group The Flower Pot Men, along with bassist Nick Simper and drummer Carlo Little.. Lord alerted the two that he had been recruited for the Roundabout project, after which Simper and Little suggested guitarist Ritchie Blackmore, whom Lord had never met. Simper had known Blackmore since the early 1960s when his first band, the Renegades, debuted around the same time as one of Blackmore's early bands, the Dominators. HEC persuaded Blackmore to return from Hamburg to audition for the new group, he was making a name for himself as a studio session guitarist, had been a member of the Outlaws, Screaming Lord Sutch, Neil Christian. Curtis's erratic behaviour and lifestyle, fuelled by his use of LSD, caused him to display a sudden lack of interest in the project he had started, forcing HEC to dismiss him from Roundabout.

However, HEC was now intrigued with the possibilities Blackmore brought. Lord and Blackmore were keen to continue. Lord convinced Simper to join for good, but left Carlo Little behind in favour of drummer Bobby Woodman. Woodman was the former drummer for Vince Taylor's Play-Boys. In March 1968, Blackmore and Woodman moved into Deeves Hall, a country house in South Mimms, Hertfordshire; the band would live and rehearse at the house. According to Simper, "dozens" of singers were auditioned until the group heard Rod Evans of club band the Maze, thought his voice fitted their style well. Tagging along with Evans was his band's drummer Ian Paice. Blackmore had seen an 18-year-old Paice on tour with the Maze in Germany in 1966, had been impressed by his drumming; the band hastily arranged an audition for Paice, given that Woodman was vocally unhappy with the direction of the band's music. Both Paice and Evans won their respective jobs, the line-up was complete. During a brief tour of Denmark and Sweden in April, in which they were still billed as Roundabout, Blackmore suggested a new name: "Deep Purple", named after his grandmother's favourite song.

The group had resolved to choose a name. Second to Deep Purple was "Concrete God", which the band thought was too harsh to take on. In May 1968 the band moved into Pye Studios in London's Marble Arch to record their debut album, Shades of Deep Purple, released in July by American label Tetragrammaton, in September by UK label EMI; the group had success in North America with a cover of Joe

R J Whitwell

Robert Jowitt Whitwell B. Litt. was a British medievalist who made significant contributions to lexicography. Robert Jowitt Whitwell was born in August 1859 to Mary Ann Edward Whitwell; the Whitwell family were based in Kendal, where Edward's brother John was the local MP from 1868 to 1880. In April 1884, Robert married Louisa Crommelin Brown, a Glaswegian, with whom he had two daughters and one son. By 1898, they had moved to Oxford, where they lived at 70 Banbury Road, a few doors away from the editor of the OED. In 1914 their younger daughter, Louisa Crommelin Roberta Jowitt Whitwell, married Hastings Russell, the Marquess of Tavistock, who had studied history at Oxford. Robert died in May 1928, his wife Louisa died in January 1945. In his twenties, while he was still living in Kendal, Whitwell became a prolific voluntary contributor to the OED, submitting some 17,000 quotation slips between 1879 and 1884, his academic life was, based at Oxford University, where he received a B. Litt. From Corpus Christi before becoming associated with New College.

In 1901, he was Honorary Secretary of the Oxford Architectural and Historical Society, in 1907 he was listed as a tutor in Modern History with colleagues including H. W. C. Davis, G. Baskerville, F. Madan, R. L. Poole, R. Rait, A. L. Smith. Whitwell made his greatest contribution to scholarship in 1913. Frustrated with the standard dictionary of medieval Latin, Du Cange's Glossarium, he petitioned the British Academy to use the third 5-yearly International Congress of Historical Studies to propose "an adequate and complete dictionary of the language, based on the best authorities and compiled on modern scientific principles" with the collaboration of "historical scholars of all countries"; the petition was signed by 82 British scholars, including the editors of the OED, Whitwell was duly allowed to put the proposal to the first plenary session of the Congress, held in the Great Hall of Lincoln's Inn. The American historian J. F. Jameson, reporting on the Congress, warned that the task that Whitwell envisaged "could not be undertaken with resources less formidable than those of the International Union of Academies".

The First World War made cooperation on such a scale impossible, but it was indeed the IUA who revived Whitwell's suggestion in 1920, by the time he died in May 1928 a coordinated effort from over ten countries was well under way. His death was noted with regret at the sixth 5-yearly International Congress of Historical Studies by Charles Johnson, who said that Whitwell "not only promoted the whole scheme but was a zealous member of the committee and a generous contributor of excerpts."

Tony Mitchell (basketball, born 1992)

Tony LaShae Mitchell Jr. is an American professional basketball player who last played for the NLEX Road Warriors of the Philippine Basketball Association. He competed in college for North Texas. Mitchell is 6 weighs 235 pounds and plays the forward position. Mitchell was selected in the 2013 NBA draft in the second round. Mitchell played three years of prep basketball. For his career, he posted over 700 rebounds; as a senior at L. G. Pinkston High School he averaged 20.5 points, 13.2 rebounds, 4.4 assists and 4.1 blocks per game while leading his school to a 26–10 record and a berth in the Class 4A Region II Tournament. In one playoff game against Lincoln High School he recorded 25 points, 20 rebounds and five blocks in an overtime win. Mitchell was ranked as the #12 overall senior recruit in the class of 2010 by Rivals.com. His accolades included being named the 2010 Dallas Morning News Player of the Year – beating out Perry Jones III, a future first round NBA Draft pick out of Baylor. Mitchell attended a public high school in Atlanta for his freshman year in Dallas sophomore years, but under the advice of his Amateur Athletic Union basketball coach he transferred to Center of Life Christian Academy in Miami.

What he did not realize until the latter portion of his junior year there, was that CLCA was not an accredited prep school, therefore only a fraction of his coursework counted toward NCAA eligibility. Mitchell transferred back home to Pinkston to finish his prep career. To make up for lost time at CLCA, he attempted to take make-up classes at a faster rate than the school district allowed. After an investigation into his course load, upon discovering Mitchell's attempted expedition of his graduation requirements, his transcript got invalidated and his high school graduation was postponed while he struggled with Texas' exit test. Mitchell had committed to play for the Missouri Tigers while these issues unfolded. Forced to stay at home in Dallas for the entire first semester of what would have been his freshman year playing for Missouri, it was not until the start of the second semester when he found out that he would never be allowed to suit up for the Tigers. Mitchell had to choose one of two routes: either play junior college basketball for two seasons, or play for a different four-year institution as a partial qualifier.

He chose to play as a partial qualifier for North Texas, the local Division I school whose coach, Johnny Jones, had aggressively recruited him during his high school years. After sitting out the 2010–11 season due to his eligibility issues, Mitchell began his collegiate career as a redshirt freshman in 2011–12, he established himself as a premier player in both the Sun Belt Conference as well as nationally. Along with Kentucky's Anthony Davis, he was one of only two freshmen in NCAA Division I to average a double-double. Among freshmen, only Davis' 10.4 rebounds per game average exceeded Mitchell's. He set school records for single season blocks and blocks per game, while his single game top scoring and rebounding performances were 34 and 21, respectively. Despite the team not qualifying for any postseason tournaments, Mitchell still received awards and honors for his personal play, he became just the second player in league history to earn three consecutive Sun Belt Player of the Week awards while becoming just the third player to be named the league's freshman of the year and earn a first team all-conference selection simultaneously.

Mitchell was named to the All-2012 Sun Belt Conference Tournament team after leading the Mean Green to the championship game before losing to Western Kentucky, 74 to 70. According to his North Texas player page, "In league-only games, Mitchell led the Sun Belt in scoring, rebounding, 3-point percentage and was second in field goal percentage." Mitchell had numerous 30-point, 15-rebound games during the season and became the first freshman since Kansas State's Michael Beasley in 2007–08 to record multiple 30/15 games. For his standout season, he was named a finalist for the Lou Henson Award, an annual college basketball award given to the nation's best mid-major player. Heading into his sophomore season in 2012–13, national media had their eyes on Mitchell as a potential All-American, he had been a projected first round draft pick in the 2012 NBA Draft following his freshman season, but opted to remain at North Texas because he said he "still needed to mature on and off the court." Some of the preseason watchlists and honors that Mitchell received included being an All-American according to numerous media outlets.

He was listed as a "near guarantee" to be named the 2013 Sun Belt Player of the Year according to CBS Sports. An anonymous Sun Belt coach said of Mitchell: " is the most athletic guy in college basketball, bar none. Rebounds as good as anyone. He's a freak."Mitchell's per-game averages lowered in four of the five major statistical categories from his freshman season: 13.0 points, 8