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Demographics of Kenya

The demography of Kenya is monitored by the Kenyan National Bureau of Statistics. Kenya is a multi-ethnic state in the Great Lakes region of East Africa, it is inhabited by Bantu and Nilotic populations, with some Cushitic-speaking ethnic minorities in the north. Its total population was estimated at 47,564,296 as of 2019. A national census was conducted in 1999. A new census was undertaken in 2009, but turned out to be controversial, as the questions about ethnic affiliation seemed inappropriate after the ethnic violence of the previous year. Preliminary results of the census were published in 2010. Kenya's population was reported as 38.6 million during the 2009 census compared to 28.7 million inhabitants in 1999, 21.4 million in 1989, 15.3 million in 1979. This was an increase of 2.5 percent over 30 years, or an average growth rate of more than 3 percent per year. The population growth rate has been reported as reduced during the 2000s, was estimated at 2.7 percent, resulting in an estimate of 46.5 million in 2016.

Kenya has a diverse population that includes most major ethnic and linguistic groups found in Africa. Bantu and Nilotic populations together constitute around 97% of the nation's inhabitants. People from Asian or European heritage living in Kenya are estimated at around 200,000. Kenya's largest ethnic group is the Kikuyu, they make up less than a fifth of the population. Since Kenyan independence in 1963, Kenyan politics have been characterized by ethnic tensions and rivalry between the larger groups; this devolved into ethnic violence in the 2007–2008 Kenyan crisis. In Kenya's last colonial census of 1962, population groups residing in the territory included European and Asian individuals. According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, Kenya had a population of 38,610,097 by 2009; the largest native ethnic groups were the Kikuyu, Kalenjin, Kamba, Somalis, Meru and Maasai. Foreign-rooted populations included Asians and Kenyan Arabs. Arabs form a small but important minority ethnic group in Kenya.

They are principally concentrated along the coast in cities such as Mombasa. A Muslim community, they came from Oman and Hadhramaut in Yemen, are engaged in trade. Arabs are locally referred to as Washihiri or, less as Shihiri in the Bantu Swahili language, Kenya's lingua franca. According to the 2009 Census, Kenyan Arabs number 40,760 people. Asians living in Kenya are descended from South Asian migrants. Significant Asian migration to Kenya began between 1896 and 1901 when some 32,000 indentured labourers were recruited from British India to build the Kenya-Uganda Railway; the majority of Kenyan Asians hail from the Punjab regions. The community grew during the colonial period, in the 1962 census Asians made up a third of the population of Nairobi and consisted of 176,613 people across the country. Since Kenyan independence large numbers have emigrated due to race-related tensions with the Bantu and Nilotic majority; those that remain are principally concentrated in the business sector, Asians continue to form one of the more prosperous communities in the region.

According to the 2009 Census, Kenyan Asians number 46,782 people, while Asians without Kenyan citizenship number 35,009 individuals. In 2017, they were recognised at the 44th tribe of Kenya. Bantus are the single largest population division in Kenya; the term Bantu denotes dispersed but related peoples that speak south-central Niger–Congo languages. From West-Central Africa, Bantus began a millennium-long series of migrations referred to as the Bantu expansion that first brought them to southeast Africa about 2,000 years ago. Most Bantu are farmers; some of the prominent Bantu groups in Kenya include the Kikuyu, the Kamba, the Luhya, the Kisii, the Meru, the Mijikenda. The Swahili people are descended from Mijikenda Bantu peoples that intermarried with Arab immigrants. Cushitic peoples form a small minority of Kenya's population, they speak languages belonging to the Afroasiatic family and came from Ethiopia and Somalia in northeastern Africa. Most are Muslim. Cushites are concentrated in the northernmost North Eastern Province.

The Cushitic peoples are divided into two groups: the Eastern Cushites. The Southern Cushites were the second-earliest inhabitants of Kenya after the indigenous hunter-gatherer groups, the first of the Cushitic-speaking peoples to migrate from their homeland in the Horn of Africa about 2,000 years ago, they were progressively displaced in a southerly direction or absorbed, or both, by the incoming Nilotic and Bantu groups until they wound up in Tanzania. There are no longer any Southern Cushites left in Kenya.. The Eastern Cushites include the Somali. Of these, the Somali are the most recent arrivals to Kenya, having first come from Somalia a few centuries ago. After the Northern Frontier District was handed over to Kenyan nationalists at the end of British colonial rule in Kenya, Somalis in the region fought the Shifta War against Kenyan troops to join their kin in the Somali Republic to the north. Although the war ended in a cease-fire, Somalis in the region still identify and maintain close ties with their kin in Somalia and see themselves as one people.

An entrepreneurial community, they established themselves in t

Type-1 OWA operators

The Yager's OWA operators are used to aggregate the crisp values in decision making schemes. It is accepted that Fuzzy sets are more suitable for representing preferences of criteria in decision making; the type-1 OWA operators have been proposed for this purpose. The type-1 OWA operators provides a technique for directly aggregating uncertain information with uncertain weights via OWA mechanism in soft decision making and data mining, where these uncertain objects are modelled by fuzzy sets; the two definitions for type-1 OWA operators are based on Zadeh's Extension Principle and α -cuts of fuzzy sets. The two definitions lead to equivalent results. Let F be the set of fuzzy sets with domain of discourse X, a type-1 OWA operator is defined as follows:Given n linguistic weights i = 1 n in the form of fuzzy sets defined on the domain of discourse U =, a type-1 OWA operator is a mapping, Φ, Φ: F × ⋯ × F ⟶ F ↦ Y such that μ Y = sup ∑ k = 1 n w ¯ i a σ = y where w ¯ i = w i ∑ i = 1 n w i,and σ: ⟶ is a permutation function such that a σ ≥ a σ, ∀ i = 1, ⋯, n − 1, i.e. a σ is the i th highest element in the set.

Using the alpha-cuts of fuzzy sets:Given the n linguistic weights i = 1 n in the form of fuzzy sets defined on the domain of discourse U = for each α ∈, an α -level type-1 OWA operator with α -level sets i = 1 n to aggregate the α -cuts of fuzzy sets i = 1 n {\displaystyle \l

University of Missouri

The University of Missouri is a public research university in Columbia, Missouri. It is Missouri's largest university and the flagship of the four campus University of Missouri System. Founded in 1839, it was the first public university west of the Mississippi River, it is a member of the Association of American Universities as well as a land-grant and space-grant institution. Enrolling 30,046 students in 2019, it offers over 300 degree programs in thirteen major academic divisions, its well-known Missouri School of Journalism was founded by Walter Williams in 1908 as the world's first journalism school. The University of Missouri Research Reactor Center is the world's most powerful university research reactor and is the United States sole source of isotopes used in nuclear medicine; the university operates University of Missouri Health Care, running a number of hospitals and clinics in Mid-Missouri. Its NCAA Division I athletic teams are known as the Missouri Tigers, compete in the Southeastern Conference.

The American tradition of homecoming is claimed to have originated at Missouri. The campus is home to the State Historical Society of Missouri, the Museum of Art and Archaeology, its historic center, Francis Quadrangle, is a National Historic District. Jesse Hall and the Missouri Theatre are large performance venues and utilized by the University of Missouri School of Music. In 1839, the Missouri Legislature passed the Geyer Act to establish funds for a state university, it would be the first public university west of the Mississippi River. To secure the university, the citizens of Columbia and Boone County pledged $117,921 in cash and land to beat out five other central Missouri counties for the location of the state university; the land on which the university was constructed was just south of Columbia's downtown and owned by James S. Rollins, he was called the "Father of the University." As the first public university in the Louisiana Purchase, the school was shaped by Thomas Jefferson's ideas about public education.

In 1862 the American Civil War forced the university to close for much of the year. Residents of Columbia formed a Union "home guard" militia that became known as the "Fighting Tigers of Columbia", they were given the name for their readiness to protect the university. In 1890, the university's newly formed football team took the name the "Tigers" after the Civil War militia. In 1870 the institution was granted land-grant college status under the Morrill Act of 1862; the act led to the founding of the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy as an offshoot of the main campus in Columbia. It developed as the present-day Missouri University of Technology. In 1888 the Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station opened; this grew to encompass ten centers and research farms around Missouri. By 1890 the university encompassed a normal college, engineering college and science college, school of agriculture and mechanical arts. School of medicine, school of law. On January 9, 1892, Academic Hall, the institution's central administrative building, burned in a fire that gutted the building, leaving little more standing than six stone Ionic columns.

Under the administration of Missouri Governor David R. Francis, the university was rebuilt, with additions that shaped the modern institution. After the fire, some state residents tried to have the university moved further west to Sedalia; the columns were retained as a symbol of the historic campus. Today they are surrounded by the oldest part of campus. At the quad's southern end is Academic Hall's replacement, Jesse Hall, named for Richard Jesse. Built in 1895, Jesse Hall holds Jesse Auditorium; the buildings surrounding the quad were constructed of red brick, leading to this area becoming known as Red Campus. The area was tied together in planned landscaping and walks in 1910 by George Kessler in a City Beautiful design of the grounds. Jesse Hall is scheduled for a $9.8 mil. makeover to include a fire sprinkler system, work on its elevators, a new heating and cooling system as part of a $92 mil. total renovation package the Board of Curators approved in June 2013. This upgrade is expected to be completed in March 2015.

To the east of the quadrangle buildings constructed of white limestone in 1913 and 1914 to accommodate the new academic programs became known as the White Campus. In 1908 the world's first journalism school opened at MU, it became notable for its "Missouri Method" of experience-based instruction. It established an award for "Distinguished Journalism". In April 1923, a black janitor was accused of the rape of the daughter of a University of Missouri professor. James T. Scott was abducted from the Boone County jail by a mob of townsfolk and students, was lynched to death from a bridge near the campus before his trial took place. In the winter of 1935, four graduates of Lincoln University—a traditionally black school about 30 miles away in Jefferson City—were denied admission to MU's graduate school. One of the students, Lloyd L. Gaines, brought his case to the United States Supreme Court. On December 12, 1938, in a landmark 6–2 decision, the court ordered the State of Missouri to admit Gaines to MU's law school or provide a facility of equal stature.

Gaines disappeared in Chicago on March 1939, under suspicious circumstances. The university granted Gaines a posthumous honorary law degree in May 2006. Undergraduate divisions were integrated by court order in 1950, when the university was compelled to admit African

Somebody Someone

"Somebody Someone" is a promotional single by American nu metal band Korn from their fourth album Issues. It was the least successful single from the album, failed to reach the top 20 of Billboard's Mainstream Rock and Modern Rock charts, although it gained moderate airplay on MTV's Total Request Live; the song is well known for its live performance and has become a concert staple from 2000-2011. It was absent from The Path of a first since its release. However, the end section of the song was played directly the performance of "Shoots and Ladders" at live performances starting in 2013; the music video, directed by Martin Weisz, is performance-based and filled with CGI effects, with a similar look as its predecessor, "Make Me Bad"

Dartmoor Discovery

The Dartmoor Discovery is an ultramarathon run around Dartmoor in early June. The race is on roads, it finishes in Princetown, famous as the home of Dartmoor Prison. The current distance is 52.115 km. Entrants are required to have completed a Marathon on an'average' course in less than 5 hours; the 2018 race was the 20th running of the race. There is a limit of 260 entries for the race; the main features of the race are the delightful countryside of the associated hills. The total rise of the hills is about 1200 metres; because of the hills, times are about 50% longer than those of a flat Marathon though the course is only 10 km longer than a Marathon. There are 10 refreshment stations. Facilities are made available for the runners to take their own food and/or drinks from the start to these stations; the race was first run in 1998 on a longer course which involved the final section from Two Bridges to Princetown going past Dartmoor Prison instead of on the direct route. The same course was used in 1999 and 2000.

It was used in 2018 to celebrate the twentieth running of the event. The race was cancelled in 2001 because of the Foot and Mouth outbreak and since 2002, the race has been run on the current shorter route; the race goes along the B3212 to Two Bridges. The race turns east along the B3357; this section is flat until the road drops down into Dartmeet at about 9.5km. The road now rises steeply onto YarTor Down before falling again, passing Poundsgate, until it reaches New Bridge; the road rises again before falling to Holne Bridge. The road is now flat and passing Peartree Cross reaches Ashburton at about 21km; this is the lowest part of the course after a drop of 350 m from the start despite some steep climbs. In the centre of Ashburton the course takes the road to Buckland in the Moor and rises to Ausewell Cross before dropping to 205 m just before Buckland in the moor. At Stone Cross the route turns right onto Pudsham Down when the runners take a sharp left turn down into Widecombe-in-the-Moor at about the 32km point.

Turning left take the road towards Ponsworthy but after about 2km turn right and onto the moor again. The road travels north passed Rowden Longworthy before the runners turn left; this road is followed. Turning left the B3212 soon passes Postbridge and reaches the B3357 at Two Bridges; the runners return to Princetown by the B3212. The winners of the races are given below; the first three races were run on a longer course. The current best times are given below Web site with entry form

2014 RideLondon–Surrey Classic

The 2014 RideLondon–Surrey Classic was the 2nd edition of the RideLondon–Surrey Classic one-day cycling race. It was held on 10 August 2014 as a 1. HC category event within the 2014 UCI Europe Tour. Following the inaugural running of the RideLondon–Surrey Classic the 193.1 km route chosen for the 2014 edition incorporates a number of changes. The route features five categorised climbs and four intermediate sprint points; the biggest changes relate to the Surrey section where local residents complained about the lengthy road closures put in place for the 2013 edition. The climb of Newlands Corner has been substituted for Staple Lane in order to route the race further from Guildford; the Leith Hill loop has been replaced with two different loops centred on Dorking - riders will tackle Leith Hill once and Denbies Wine Estate twice. The riders will race through the centre of Dorking four times, rather than once in 2013. With three categorised climbs in the vicinity and two intermediate sprint points in the town centre, Dorking was expected to become a focal point for spectators.

The route back to London, which still features the climb of Box Hill, was routed via Oxshott rather than Cobham. Minor changes to the route in Kingston upon Thames have been included in order to showcase the redeveloped ancient Market Place. Both the climb of Staple Lane and Oxshott were used in the routes of the Olympic Road Cycling races in 2012. There are four Intermediate Sprints that count towards the sprints classification: Note that points are not awarded at the finish line. There are five categorised climbs that count towards the King of the Mountains classification: 25 teams were invited to the 2014 RideLondon–Surrey Classic: 7 UCI ProTeams, 5 UCI Pro Continental Teams, 12 UCI Continental Teams along with the British national team; each of the 25 teams are due to enter six riders to the race, making up a starting peloton of 150 riders. The 25 teams that will compete in the race are: The race was held in wet and windy conditions due to the passing of ex-Hurricane Bertha, with standing water and debris on the country lanes causing several punctures and accidents to riders.

A 6-man breakaway formed through Richmond Park and contested the first 3 KOMs. Their lead varied between 1 1/2 and 2 1/2 minutes. Team Sky lead the peloton and upped the pace on the first climb of Denbies, fracturing the peloton and allowing the early break to be caught soon after; the second Denbies climb was animated by attacks from the likes of Phillip Gilbert and Gert Steegmans, creating a new lead group. Cannondale took up the attempts to pace the peloton back to the front through the final climb of Box Hill, but made little gain; as the leaders headed home for London, further increases in pace left a select group of 5 riders who would contest the victory. Gilbert and Julian Alaphilippe went clear through Wimbledon, but Ben Swift, Adam Blythe and Kristijan Koren rode back to them to set up a final sprint down The Mall. Blythe, at the back of the line of riders, went first with a decisive sprint, Swift followed but was unable to beat him. Alaphilippe took third place, with the remnants of the break arriving soon after, with the peloton contesting a bunch sprint for top ten placings.

Soon after the race Adam Blythe signed for the 2015 season for Orica Green-Edge. Official website