Premier of New South Wales
The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature; the Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly. Prior to Federation in 1901 the term "Prime Minister of New South Wales" was used. "Premier" has been used more or less from 1901, to avoid confusion with the federal Prime Minister of Australia. The current Premier is Gladys Berejiklian, the Leader of the New South Wales Liberal Party, who assumed office on 23 January 2017. Berejiklian replaced Mike Baird on 23 January 2017. Nine former premiers are alive; the most recent premier to die was Tom Lewis on 25 April 2016. List of Premiers of New South Wales by time in office Deputy Premier of New South Wales
Government of New South Wales
The Government of New South Wales referred to as the New South Wales Government or NSW Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of New South Wales. It is held by a coalition of the Liberal Party and the National Party; the Government of New South Wales, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1856 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, New South Wales has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, New South Wales ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth. Section 109 of the Australian Constitution provides that, where a State law is inconsistent with a federal law, the federal law prevails; the New South Wales Constitution says: "The Legislature shall, subject to the provisions of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, have power to make laws for the peace and good government of New South Wales in all cases whatsoever."
The Australian states retained significant independence. Over time, that independence has been eroded by both the proliferation of Commonwealth Law, the increasing financial domination of the Commonwealth. New South Wales is governed according to the principles of the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom. Legislative power rests with the Parliament of New South Wales, which consists of the Crown, represented by the Governor of New South Wales, the two Houses, the New South Wales Legislative Council and the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. Executive power rests formally with the Executive Council, which consists of the Governor and senior ministers; the Governor, as representative of the Crown, is the formal repository of power, exercised by him or her on the advice of the Premier of New South Wales and the Cabinet. The Premier and Ministers are appointed by the Governor, hold office by virtue of their ability to command the support of a majority of members of the Legislative Assembly.
Judicial power is exercised by the Supreme Court of New South Wales and a system of subordinate courts, but the High Court of Australia and other federal courts have overriding jurisdiction on matters which fall under the ambit of the Australian Constitution. In 2006, the Sesquicentenary of Responsible Government in New South Wales, the Constitution Amendment Pledge of Loyalty Act 2006 No. 6 was enacted to amend the Constitution Act 1902 to require Members of the New South Wales Parliament and its Ministers to take a pledge of loyalty to Australia and to the people of New South Wales instead of swearing allegiance to the Queen her heirs and successors, to revise the oaths taken by Executive Councillors. The Act was assented to by the Queen on 3 April 2006; the following individuals serve as government ministers, at the pleasure of the Queen, represented by the Governor of New South Wales. The government ministers are listed in order of seniority as listed on the Parliament of New South Wales website and were sworn on by the Governor with effect from 2 April 2019, while their opposition counterparts are listed to correspond with the government ministers.
All Opposition counterparts are members of the Parliament of New South Wales. List of New South Wales government agencies Local government areas of New South Wales New South Wales Ministry New South Wales Shadow Ministry Public Service Association of NSW Government of New South Wales website New South Wales Government Annual Reports and Other Publications The Constitution of New South Wales
Giovanni Domenic "John" Barilaro, an Australian politician, is the 18th Deputy Premier of New South Wales and the New South Wales Leader of The Nationals since November 2016. Barilaro is the New South Wales Minister for Regional New South Wales and Trade in the second Berejiklian ministry since April 2019, he has served as the Minister for Regional Development, Minister for Small Business, Minister for Skills in the first Berejiklian and second Baird governments, from October 2014 until March 2019. Barilaro was born in Queanbeyan and after leaving school worked on the factory floor of his family's business. Before entering politics, he managed Ryleho, a business that manufactures energy efficient timber windows and doors, he has always been active in the local community. Barilaro was elected as an independent councillor of Queanbeyan City Council in 2008 and served on the Council until he ran for the National Party in the seat of Monaro at the 2011 state election, he won the seat from incumbent Labor Minister Steve Whan with an 8.3-point swing to the Nationals.
Following the resignation of Andrew Stoner in October 2014, Barilaro was appointed to the first Baird ministry as the Minister for Small Business and the Minister for Regional Tourism. Baird rearranged his ministry following the 2015 state election, Barilaro was sworn in as the Minister for Regional Development, the Minister for Skills, the Minister for Small Business in the second Baird government. On 15 November 2016, Barilaro was elected unopposed as leader of the National Party in New South Wales, following the resignation of Troy Grant. Following the resignation of Mike Baird and the election of Gladys Berejiklian as Leader of the New South Wales Liberal Party, Barilaro led The Nationals to form the Liberal-National coalition in the Berejiklian ministry, sworn in on 23 January 2017. On 1 December 2017, Barilaro called for Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull to resign as a "Christmas gift" to Australians. Turnbull subsequently accused Barilaro of "trying to ingratiate himself" with radio presenter Alan Jones.
Turnbull stated he had called Barilaro and left a message after previous criticism, but had not heard back, suggested Barilaro should have expressed his view to Turnbull rather than "bagging in the media". Several federal ministers, including Julie Bishop and Mathias Cormann were critical of Barilaro, with Cormann stating: "He is not a federal member of parliament, I don't know him, I have never met him, it is a regrettable comment, it is uncalled for, it is wrong, I reject it". At the 2019 state election as the Coalition suffered a 3.6 percent swing and his own party lost four seats, Barilaro was reelected in Monaro. He picked up a swing of 8.9 percent, enough to make Monaro a safe National seat. Following the 2019 state election, Barilaro was sworn in as the Minister for Regional New South Wales and Trade in the second Berejiklian ministry, with effect from 2 April 2019. Barilaro is married to Deanna. National Party – John Barilaro, Member for Monaro Queanbeyan City Council – Cr John Barilaro
John Joseph Cahill known as Joe Cahill or J. J. Cahill, was a long-serving New South Wales politician, railway worker, trade unionist and Labor Party Premier of New South Wales from 1952 to his death in 1959. Born the son of Irish migrants in Redfern, New South Wales, Cahill worked for the New South Wales Government Railways from the age of 16 before joining the Australian Labor Party. Being a prominent unionist organiser, including being dismissed for his role in the 1917 general strike, Cahill was elected to the Parliament of New South Wales for St George in 1925. After many years of backbench service, including a term outside of parliament, Cahill was appointed Secretary for Public Works in 1941 and Minister for Local Government in the government of William McKell in 1944, where he led significant reforms of local government in the state, including establishing a Royal commission in 1945, passing the landmark Local Government Act of 1948. Promoted to Deputy Premier in 1949, Cahill became Premier of New South Wales from April 1952 to his death in October 1959.
His term as premier is remembered for his government's role in post-war infrastructure development, which included the commissioning of the Sydney Opera House and construction of the expressway which now bears his name. Joe Cahill, as he was popularly known, was born on 21 January 1891 in the inner-Sydney suburb of Redfern, the son of Irish-born parents, Thomas Cahill, Ellen Glynn. Cahill's father was a labourer at the nearby Eveleigh Railway Workshops. After being educated at St Brigid's convent school and Patrician Brothers' School, Redfern, at age 16 he was apprenticed as a fitter for the New South Wales Government Railways at the Eveleigh railway workshops on 2 July 1907; as a member of the Workers' Educational Association and the Marrickville branch of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, Cahill became politically active and joined the NSW Branch of the Labor Party. Like most Roman Catholics within the Labor Party he opposed conscription for the First World War in 1916, lost his railway job on 14 August 1917 after taking part in a general strike over railway workers' pay and conditions.
Cahill made his first attempt to enter politics as a member of the Parliament of New South Wales, when he stood as the Labor candidate for the Legislative Assembly seat of Dulwich Hill at the March 1917 election. Bearing the marks of a young radical, Cahill campaigned on big ideas like the abolition of the Legislative Council and replacing the state Governor with the Lieutenant-Governor, but his comment that "the wealth of the country should be placed in one big pool" attracted amusement in the press. Cahill was subsequently defeated on a margin of 31-68% against the sitting Nationalist Party member, Tom Hoskins. On 17 February 1918 his younger brother who worked in the New South Wales railways, Sapper Thomas James Cahill, of the 4th Field Company, Australian Engineers, was killed in action in France. After a period of difficult unemployment, Cahill found some work selling insurance amongst other temporary jobs, but was re-employed by the New South Wales Government Railways in mid-1922 at the Randwick Tramway Workshops.
On 11 November 1922, at St Brigid's Church, Marrickville, he married Esmey Mary Kelly and they were to have three sons and two daughters. When their first son was born on 12 February 1924, they named him "Thomas James" after Cahill's younger brother. In 1922, after taking part in an unsuccessful attempt to unseat the Engineers Union's NSW governing body through a federal council, Cahill among several others was sued by the union for "illegally holding office within the union". Although the suit was dismissed by the Chief Judge in Equity, Philip Street, Cahill was banned from holding office in the union by the AEU until 1925. Eight years after his first tilt at state politics, Cahill was elected as one of the members of the NSW Legislative Assembly seat of St George at the 1925 state election, which swept the Labor party into government under Jack Lang, he was never counted among the close allies of Lang, remained on the backbench throughout Lang's two terms in government. Cahill, along with half of the parliamentary caucus, supported Peter Loughlin, when he challenged Lang for the party leadership in September 1926.
With the abolition of St George in 1930, Cahill was appointed party whip. However, Cahill lost his bid to be re-elected for Arncliffe to United Australia Party's Horace Harper, at the 1932 election, with the electoral tide sweeping out the dismissed Lang Labor government; this defeat proved to be only a temporary setback, Cahill found work as a shop inspector for a shoe retailer in the interim. Retaining his interest in political matters, Cahill remained loyal to party leader Jack Lang, exclaiming to an Arncliffe Labor meeting: "Mr. Lang is the greatest friend the workers have had, time will prove that Lang is Right." In 1935, Cahill was returned to parliament in Arncliffe for the State Labor Party despite the overall defeat at the election, declaring that while "the Press had poisoned the minds of the people, ten years after he was dead the Press would proclaim Mr. Lang as the greatest hero Australia had seen for many a long day."With Lang's leadership in doubt after a further election loss in 1938, Cahill's praise of Lang soured and he supported a caucus motion to support federal intervention in the state branch's factional infighting which had led to several of his colleagues defecting to the Member for Botany, Bob Heffron's Industrial Labor Party.
Cahill subsequently supported William McKell, when he challenged Lang for the Labor Party leadershi
Troy Wayne Grant, a former Australian politician, was the Minister for Police and the Minister for Emergency Services from January 2017 until March 2019 in the Berejiklian government. Grant was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly representing Dubbo for the Nationals from 2011 to 2019, he is a former Deputy Premier of New South Wales and New South Wales Leader of The Nationals from October 2014 to November 2016. Grant was the Minister for Justice and Police, the Minister for Racing and the Minister for the Arts in the second Baird government, between April 2015 and January 2017. In April 2014, Grant was appointed as the Minister for Hospitality and Racing and the Minister for the Arts in the first Baird government. Grant gained additional portfolio responsibilities in October 2014 and in addition to the above responsibilities in the two Baird ministries, he served as the Minister for Trade and Investment, Minister for Regional Infrastructure and Services, the Minister for Tourism and Major Events until 2 April 2015.
Grant stood down as Nationals leader and Deputy Premier on 15 November 2016. Troy was Minister for Police until being replaced in that position by David Elliot on 2 April 2019. A police officer for 22 years, Grant has twice has been decorated with Commendations for Courage by the Commissioner of the New South Wales Police Force, he has implemented a number of community-based policing initiatives in Gilgandra and Brewarrina and he has received other awards, including the Premier’s Public Sector Award. Grant led the paedophilia investigation into Catholic priest Vincent Ryan, has said "there is nothing I would not do in order to protect the children of NSW" from sexual abuse. Grant can speak Wiradjuri, a language from inland NSW. Grant was endorsed by the National Party as its candidate in Dubbo in June 2010, after a pre-selection battle with one other candidate a police officer. At the March 2011 elections, Grant was elected and received a swing of 14.5% in the traditionally strong Nationals seat, winning 63.7% of the vote on a two-party preferred basis.
Grant won 60 per cent of the primary vote, enough to take the seat without the need for preferences. Grant defeated the incumbent independent politician Dawn Fardell, ending a 12-year hold by independent candidates. In accordance with electoral procedures, he resigned his commission as a police officer. Due to the resignation of Barry O'Farrell as Premier, the subsequent ministerial reshuffle by Mike Baird, the new Liberal Leader, in April 2014 Grant was appointed as Minister for Hospitality and Racing, Minister for the Arts, appointed as a member of Cabinet. On 15 October 2014, Andrew Stoner stood down as Nationals leader and Deputy Premier, citing family reasons. On 16 October Grant was elected party leader and the following day he was sworn in as Deputy Premier of New South Wales, assuming the majority of Stoner's former ministerial responsibilities. Following a period of leadership speculation which came to a head on 12 November 2016 after the Nationals' poor performance at the Orange state by-election, on 14 November, facing a leadership spill, announced his resignation as Nationals leader and Deputy Premier, effective the following day.
Following the resignation of Mike Baird as Premier, Gladys Berejiklian was elected as Liberal leader and sworn in as Premier. The Berejiklian ministry was subsequently formed with Grant sworn in as the Minister for Police and the Minister for Emergency Services with effect from 30 January 2017. Grant did not seek re-endorsement for the 2019 state election. On 21 March 2017, ABC News reported with a headline Mr Grant NSW Police Minister fined for using phone in car, says he didn't know it was illegal; the Daily Telegraph reported that Grant was a "...decorated former police officer..." and that "Mr Grant, who has always tried to ram home road safety messages — including the dangers of using mobiles behind the wheel..." First Baird ministry Second Baird ministry Berejiklian ministry National Party – Troy Grant, Candidate for Dubbo
Robert James Heffron known as Bob Heffron or R. J. Heffron, was a long-serving New South Wales politician, union organiser and Labor Party Premier of New South Wales from 1959 to 1964. Born in New Zealand, Heffron became involved in various Socialist and labour movements in New Zealand and Australia before joining the Australian Labor Party. Being a prominent unionist organiser, having been gaoled at one stage for "conspiracy to strike action", he was elected to the Parliament of New South Wales for Botany in 1930; however his disputes with party leader Jack Lang led to his expulsion from the ALP in 1936 and Heffron formed his own party from disgruntled Labor MPs known as the Industrial Labor Party. The success of his party enabled his readmission to the party and his prominence in a post-Lang NSW Branch which won office in 1941. Heffron served as Minister of the Crown in the cabinets of William McKell, James McGirr and Joseph Cahill, most notably as Minister for Education from 1944 to 1960 and as Deputy Premier.
In his significant tenure as minister for education Heffron oversaw significant reforms through his commissioning of the "Wyndham Report" and the consequent Public Education Act of 1961, a massive expansion of the state's public schools. He oversaw the development of higher education services, including the establishment of the New South Wales University of Technology. Rising to become Premier in 1959, he spearheaded a final attempt to abolish the New South Wales Legislative Council via referendum in 1961, which ended in failure. Serving as Premier until 1964, Heffron was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for 37 years until his retirement on 23 January 1968. "Bob" Heffron was born on 10 September 1890 in Thames, New Zealand, the fifth child of Irish-born parents Michael Heffron, a blacksmith, Ellen Heath. After spending his early education at nearby Hikutaia, Heffron left school at 15 to work in a gold-treating plant while studying metallurgy at the Thames School of Mines.
At 19, he went to California to the Yukon in Canada to look for gold. Heffron joined the New Zealand Socialist Party in 1912 and, becoming a miners' union organiser, was involved in the Waihi miners' strike, an event significant to the development of the labour movement in New Zealand. Appointed an organiser for the Auckland General Labourers' Union, Heffron studied law part-time at Auckland University College, whilst residing at the Heffron family home at 24 Grosvenor Street Grey Lynn. Although having volunteered for military service in the First World War, Heffron was rejected on medical grounds, with the attending doctor citing heart troubles. However, the rejection on the grounds of health was done despite an allegation that Heffron, in an attempt to encourage such a finding, had smoked 12 packs of cigarettes prior to his medical, in order to avoid military service, his elder brother, William Thomas Heffron, enlisted as a Private on 3 October 1917 and was killed in action a few days before the armistice on 4 November 1918, while serving with the 1st Battalion, Auckland Infantry Regiment.
On 29 December 1917 he married Jessie Bjornstad, the daughter of a Norwegian engineer and they would have two daughters, Maylean Jessie and June. In 1921, the Heffrons moved to Victoria; that same year in Victoria, Heffron was appointed an organiser for the Federated Clothing Trades of the Commonwealth of Australia and joined the leftist Victorian Socialist Party. In 1921 he moved to Sydney, becoming the secretary of the New South Wales branch of the Federated Marine Stewards' and Pantrymen's Association of Australasia; as the union's state secretary, a role he would hold for ten years, he took a prominent role in maritime trade unionism in Sydney. In February 1924, when the Commonwealth and Dominion Line steamer Port Lyttelton was declared'Black' by the Labor Council of New South Wales owing to various worker's disputes and the ship having been declared unseaworthy and six other union representatives acted to advise members of the Seamen's Union to refuse to work on the Port Lyttelton. For this, in April the government of Sir George Fuller had Heffron and the six other unionists arrested on the charge of conspiracy to strike action.
Although controversially refused bail by the trial judge and his fellow defendants, represented by Richard Windeyer KC and H. V. Evatt, were found not guilty and released in July 1924 by the court, a verdict, returned by the direction of the judge. Joining the Labor Party, at the time he showed himself to be a supporter of party leader Jack Lang, supporting Lang's successful motion at the 1923 state conference to readmit James Dooley to the party. Having confirmed his Lang credentials, Heffron stood as the endorsed Labor party candidate for the seat of Botany at the 1927 election, held by Thomas Mutch, who had split from party after a stoush with Lang and stood as an'Independent Labor' candidate after being denied preselection. A contest marked by clashes and accusations of rorting, Heffron was unsuccessful, gaining only 45% of the vote, he was successful at the next election in 1930, defeating Mutch, would hold Botany until its abolition in 1950. While his support for Lang had enabled Heffron to accelerate his political career, he found himself unhappy with Lang's autocratic and divisive political style, amplified by the Great Depression, the expulsion of the NSW branch of the Labor Party from the federal branch and the ultimate dismissal of Lang's government in 1932 by Governor Sir Philip Game.
After Labor's defeats at the hands of the United
Governor of New South Wales
The Governor of New South Wales is the viceregal representative of the Australian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the state of New South Wales. In an analogous way to the Governor-General of Australia at the national level, the Governors of the Australian states perform constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level; the governor is appointed by the queen on the advice of the premier of New South Wales, for an unfixed period of time—known as serving At Her Majesty's pleasure—though five years is the norm. The current governor is retired General David Hurley, who succeeded Dame Marie Bashir on 2 October 2014; the office has its origin in the 18th-century colonial governors of New South Wales upon its settlement in 1788, is the oldest continuous institution in Australia. The present incarnation of the position emerged with the Federation of Australia and the New South Wales Constitution Act 1902, which defined the viceregal office as the governor acting by and with the advice of the Executive Council of New South Wales.
However, the post still represented the government of the United Kingdom until, after continually decreasing involvement by the British government, the passage in 1942 of the Statute of Westminster Adoption Act 1942 and the Australia Act 1986, after which the governor became the direct, personal representative of the uniquely Australian sovereign. The Office of Governor is required by the New South Wales Constitution Act, 1902; the Australian monarch, on the advice and recommendation of the premier of New South Wales, approves the appointment of governor with a commission issued under the royal sign-manual and Public Seal of the State, from until being sworn in by the premier and chief justice referred to as the governor-designate. Besides the administration of the oaths of office, there is no set formula for the swearing-in of a governor-designate; the constitution act stipulates that: "Before assuming office, a person appointed to be Governor shall take the Oath or Affirmation of Allegiance and the Oath or Affirmation of Office in the presence of the Chief Justice or another Judge of the Supreme Court."
The sovereign will hold an audience with the appointee and will at that time induct the governor-designate as a Companion of the Order of Australia. The incumbent will serve for at least five years, though this is only a developed convention, the governor still technically acts at Her Majesty's pleasure; the premier may therefore recommend to the queen that the viceroy remain in her service for a longer period of time, sometimes upwards of more than seven years. A governor may resign and three have died in office. In such a circumstance, or if the governor leaves the country for longer than one month, the lieutenant governor of New South Wales, concurrently held by the chief justice of New South Wales since 1872, serves as Administrator of the Government and exercises all powers of the governor. Furthermore, if the lieutenant governor becomes incapacitated while serving in the office of governor or is absent from the state, the next most senior judge of the Supreme Court is sworn in as the administrator.
Between 1788 and 1957, all governors were born outside New South Wales and were members of the Peerage. Historian A. J. P. Taylor once noted that "going out and governing New South Wales became the British aristocracy's'abiding consolation'"; however though the implementation of the Australian Citizenship Act in 1948 established the concept of an independent Australian citizenship, the idea of Australian-born persons being appointed governor of New South Wales was much earlier. Coincidentally the first Australian-born governor, Sir John Northcott on 1 August 1946, was the first Australian-born governor of any state. However, as Northcott was born in Victoria, it was not until Sir Eric Woodward's appointment by Queen Elizabeth II in 1957 that the position was filled by a New South Welshman. Although required by the tenets of constitutional monarchy to be non-partisan while in office, governors were former politicians, many being members of the House of Lords by virtue of their peerage; the first governors were all military officers and the majority of governors since have come from a military background, numbering 19.
Samuels was the first governor in New South Wales history without either a political, public service or military background, being a former justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales. The first woman to hold this position is the first Lebanese-Australian governor, Dame Marie Bashir; as Australia shares its monarch with fifteen other countries in the Commonwealth of Nations and the sovereign lives predominantly outside New South Wales' borders, the governor's primary task is to perform the sovereign's constitutional duties on his or her behalf, acting within the principles of parliamentary democracy and responsible government as a guarantor of continuous and stable governance and as a nonpartisan safeguard against the abuse of power. For the most part, the powers of the Crown are exercised on a day-to-day basis by elected and appointed individuals, leaving the governor to perform the various ceremonial duties the sovereign otherwise carries out when in the country, it is the governor, required by the Constitution Act 1902, to appoint persons to the Government of New South Wales, who are all theoretically tasked with tendering to the monarch and viceroy guidance on