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Desha County, Arkansas

Desha County is a county located in the southeast part of the U. S. state of Arkansas, with its eastern border the Mississippi River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,008, it ranks fifty-sixth of Arkansas's seventy-five counties in terms of population. The county seat is Arkansas City. Located in the Arkansas Delta, Desha County's rivers and fertile soils became prosperous for planters under the cotton-based economy of plantation agriculture in the antebellum years and late nineteenth century. Still rural, it has suffered population losses and economic decline since the mid-20th century, but following widespread farm mechanization, Desha County underwent a demographic and economic transformation. Farm workers left the area because of the lack of work, there was a decline in population. Farm holdings have been consolidated into industrial style farms and the economy cannot support much activity. In the 21st century, the county is seeking to reverse population and economic losses through better education for its workforce, developing tourism based on its cultural and outdoor recreation amenities.

Desha County was created by the Arkansas Legislature on December 12, 1838, consisting of the lands of Arkansas County separated from the county seat by the Arkansas River and the White River, land from Chicot County. The county was named for Captain Benjamin Desha, who fought in the War of 1812. Located in the Arkansas Delta, Desha County's rivers and fertile soils prosperous for planters under the cotton-based slave society of plantation agriculture in the antebellum years. After the Civil War, cotton continued as the primary commodity crop into the early 20th century, planters did well. Labor was provided by sharecroppers and tenant farmers, but following widespread farm mechanization, laborers were thrown off the land, Desha County had a demographic and economic transformation. Thousands of African-American farm workers left the area and went north or west in the Great Migration, there was a decline in population. Farm holdings have been consolidated into industrial-scale farms, with few governmental benefits for small farmers, the economy cannot support much activity.

In the 21st century, the county is seeking to reverse population and economic losses through better education for its workforce, developing tourism based on its cultural and outdoor recreation amenities. During World War II, the federal government established the Rohwer War Relocation Center, an internment camp for Japanese nationals and Japanese Americans it forced out of the coastal area of California, the U. S. Pacific Northwest, Alaska; the camp operated from late 1942 into 1945 and the end of the war, holding up to nearly 8500 ethnic Japanese, many American-born citizens. The Rohwer War Relocation Center Cemetery has been designated as a National Historic Landmark. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 820 square miles, of which 768 square miles is land and 51 square miles is water. Desha County is within the Arkansas Delta and is considered a member of the Southeast Arkansas region. Future Interstate 69 U. S. Highway 65 U. S. Highway 165 U. S. Highway 278 Highway 1 Highway 4 Highway 138 Arkansas County Phillips County Bolivar County, Mississippi Chicot County Drew County Lincoln County White River National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2000 census, there were 15,341 people, 5,922 households, 4,192 families residing in the county.

The population density was 20 people per square mile. There were 6,663 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 50.50% White, 46.33% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.73% from other races, 0.76% from two or more races. 3.16 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 5,922 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 19.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.20% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.90% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.60 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $24,121, the median income for a family was $30,028. Males had a median income of $29,623 versus $18,913 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,446. About 23.60% of families and 28.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.60% of those under age 18 and 24.00% of those age 65 or over. Desha County is traditionally Democratic, has remained so in recent years as Arkansas as a whole has shifted to the right. Arkansas City Dumas McGehee Mitchellville Tillar Watson Reed Back Gate Halley Kelso Pea Ridge Pickens Rohwer Snow Lake Napoleon Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical

West Horndon

West Horndon is a village and civil parish in the south of the Borough of Brentwood, Essex on the boundary with Thurrock. It is located 20 miles east north-east of Charing Cross in London; the civil parish includes East Horndon and Dunton Hills. The village has its own parish council and forms part of the'Herongate and West Horndon' ward of Brentwood Council; the local school is West Horndon Primary School, the village falls within the Brentwood County High catchment area. West Horndon parish was abolished in 1934 and created again in 2003 with new boundaries following a petition by residents in 2002. West Horndon was an ancient parish in the Barnstable hundred of Essex, it was grouped into rural sanitary district. It became part of Billericay Rural District in 1894. In 1934 the parish was abolished; the parish abolished in 1934 was an elongated area stretching north–south in common with neighbouring parishes. East Horndon was a separate parish to the east and the next parish to the west was Little Warley.

The population of West Horndon in 1931 was 147. The village began to grow with the 1938 establishment of Rotary Hoes, a manufacturer of trenching machinery. House-building continued in the 1950s for commuters to London as well as workers at Rotary Hoes. In 1975, Rotary Hoes closed shortly afterwards; the civil parish formed in 2003, with different boundaries, is perpendicular to the former parish, stretching east–west to incorporate territory part of the parishes of Childerditch, East Horndon, Little Warley and West Horndon. In each of these former parishes the inner part is now part of West Horndon and the northern and southern extremities is outside the parish; the parish includes the settlements of Dunton Hills, Little Warley and West Horndon. It is predominately a rural parish with large sections of open land within the Metropolitan Green Belt. Within the main settlement of West Horndon village are some streets of suburban houses and a small area of light industrial use. To the southeast of the parish is the Dunton Hills golf course.

Little Warley in the northwest is the other main area of activity with some houses and the Clearview sports centre. East Horndon is a scattered settlement to the northeast and is located north of the A127 Southend Arterial Road; the entire parish is within the post town of Brentwood in the CM postcode area. The entire southern boundary with the unparished borough of Thurrock is the London and Southend railway line, with a small deviation to include all of West Horndon railway station; the western boundary with the unparished area of Great Warley is the Mardyke river, where the parish touches the eastern Greater London boundary at North Ockendon. The northern boundary is formed by the Southend Arterial Road, with some land to the northeast of it included in the parish; the eastern boundary is with the Borough of Basildon. The village is surrounded by an industrial estate, it is the first area east of London to not be continuously built up. There are hills rising as high as 100 metres covered in trees, arable fields and fenland of London clay.

There are several streams running down from the hills into the Mar Dyke which drains the fens out to the Thames at Purfleet. There was a time when it was planned to make the Mardyke into a canal but it was never brought to fruition. Thorndon Avenue is a long straight road leading to the heart of the modern village of West Horndon. Halfway down is the junior school with playing fields at the back and opposite is the modern church of St Francis. At the centre of the village is a village hall, built around 1961. On the other side of Station Road is a housing estate, consisting of meandering roads and cul-de-sacs, bordered at the rear by the railway line. Road names on this estate are named after places in Essex, namely Fyfield Close, Clavering Gardens, Witham Gardens, Dunmow Gardens and Chafford Gardens. More modern housing exists off both sides of Station Road towards the Industrial estate and railway station. West Horndon railway station is a station on the London and Southend Railway main line from London to Southend.

The Railway Hotel, behind the station, was once a coaching inn. North of the town and parallel to the railway is the A127 Southend Arterial Road. West Horndon is east of junction 29 of the M25 motorway; the village is served by two bus routes. There were three manors in the area of West Horndon, Tillingham Hall being the one which had most of the land in its borders. In 1066 Alwin, a free woman held it, but by 1086 it had passed to Swain of Essex in the hundred of Barstable. Following this the Tillingham family held the hall for several hundred years, it was sold to Sir William Bawd, who conveyed it to Coggeshall Abbey, where it remained until the Dissolution of the Monasteries. It is thought that the Abbey began to restrict the rights of the commons, for there were many proceedings in the manor-courts against the ordinary people trespassing on the land of the lords. After they acquired the commonland it was left as wild heath and woods, much as we see it today, the lords of the manor having much pleasure hunting to hounds through it as far as Southend.

The church of All Saints is built of brick, the present one being the third on this site. The village of Torinduna referred to in Domesday was built around this hill; the Saxon church was built around AD 807 rebuilt in the Norman style by the Neville family about 1200. In 1930, three houses were given to farm w

East Pakistan first-class cricket teams

Between the 1954–55 and 1970–71 seasons, 13 first-class cricket teams from East Pakistan played in the Pakistan domestic cricket competitions, the Quaid-i-Azam Trophy and the Ayub Trophy. With the creation of Bangladesh in 1971, this participation ended. An East Pakistan Governor's XI played a first-class match against the touring International XI in 1961-62. NB: Team names are as they appear on CricketArchive scorecards; some names differ in Wisden, such as "East Pakistan C. A." and "East Pakistan Sports Federation", both of which Cricket Archive calls East Pakistan. The only team to defeat sides from West Pakistan was East Pakistan, which defeated Hyderabad four times, Khairpur once, a combined Hyderabad-Khairpur-Quetta team once. East Pakistan played first-class matches against the touring Indians in 1954-55 and the MCC in 1955-56; the touring team won on each occasion. The only East Pakistan player to be selected in the Pakistan Test team was Niaz Ahmed. Several Test players from West Pakistan played for East Pakistan teams, however.

Abdul Latif, who captained East Pakistan teams in several matches, was a prominent player in the 1960s. He scored three centuries, took 24 wickets for 97 with his leg-spin in two consecutive matches for East Pakistan Greens in January 1968. Javed Masood hit the highest score for an East Pakistan team when he scored 215 in the victory over Hyderabad in 1962-63. According to Shaharyar Khan, Niaz Ahmed was used for political purposes, to disguise Pakistan's neglect of cricket in East Pakistan: "There was a club-level cricketer from Dhaka called Niaz Ahmed, Pakistan's perennial 12th man for quite some time, the Pakistan Cricket Board attempting to give the unconvincing impression that East Pakistan was on the verge of national representation; the fact was that no effort was made by the governments of Pakistan or by the cricket boards to promote cricket in East Pakistan." Most first-class matches in East Pakistan were played at Dacca Stadium. Pakistan played seven Tests at the stadium between 1955 and 1969.

History of cricket in Pakistan from 1947 to 1970 CricketArchive Wisden Cricketers' Almanack "Cricket in Pakistan" section, 1956 to 1972

Xanten Cathedral

Xanten Cathedral, sometimes called St. Victor's Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic church situated in Xanten, a historic town in the lower Rhine area, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, it is considered the biggest cathedral between the sea. In 1936 it was declared a minor basilica by Pope Pius XI. Though the church is called a cathedral, it has never been the seat of a bishop; the cathedral owes its name to Victor of Xanten, a member of the Theban Legion, executed in the 4th century in the amphitheater of Castra Vetera for refusing to sacrifice to the Roman gods. This Roman camp is near today's town of Birten. According to legend, Helena of Constantinople recovered the bones of Victor and his legion and erected a chapel in their honour. During a modern excavation the existence of a 4th-century cella memoriae was discovered; the cornerstone of the cathedral was laid in 1263 by Konrad von Hochstaden. Construction lasted 281 years and was finished with the dedication of the Holy Spirit Chapel in the year 1544.

The cathedral contains a five-aisle nave built in the Gothic style. In contrast to many other cathedrals of the period, St. Victor's lacks an ambulatory. Instead a twin pair of chapels is connected to the choir similar to that seen at the Church of Our Lady in Trier. Along with the monasterial library of the Cathedral houses one of the most important religious libraries of the Lower Rhine. Today the cathedral is the seat of the auxiliary bishop Heinrich Janssen who presides over the Lower Rhine part of the Diocese of Münster. St. Victor's Cathedral, Xanten tourism site St. Victor's Cathedral - Official site Xantener Dombauverein

Karuppannan Jaishankar

Karuppannan Jaishankar is an Indian criminologist who teaches at Raksha Shakti University. He is the editor in chief of International Journal of Cyber Criminology and the founding father of Cyber Criminology, an academic sub-discipline of Criminology. Jaishankar is the Professor and Head of the Department of Criminology at the Raksha Shakti University Ahmedabad, India. Earlier, he was a faculty member at the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, he was a Commonwealth Academic Fellow during 2009-10 at the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies, School of Law, University of Leeds. He is the proponent of the "space transition theory", which holds that people behave differently online than they do in real life, he is the founder president of the South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology, which works with motto "to develop Criminology and Victimology in the South Asian region" and has organized three international conferences of SASCV as the General Chair.

He co-founded the Centre for Cyber Victim Counselling along with Debarati Halder, which works with the motto to prevent cyber victimization and protect cyber victims. Jaishankar, K.. Cyber Criminology: Exploring Internet Crimes and Criminal Behavior. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press and Francis Group. ISBN 9781439829493. Jaishankar, K.. Global Criminology: Crime and Victimization in a Globalized Era. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press and Francis Group. ISBN 9781439892497. Halder, D.. Cyber Crimes Against Women in India. New Delhi: Sage. ISBN 9789385985775. Jaishankar, K.. Interpersonal Criminology: Revisiting Interpersonal Crimes and Victimization. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press and Francis Group. ISBN 9781498748599. Jaishankar, K.. Routledge Handbook of South Asian Criminology. New York, USA: Routledge and Francis Group. ISBN 9781482260458. In 2012, Jaishankar won the National Academy of Sciences, India - SCOPUS Young Scientist Award in the category "Social sciences", he is appointed by the British Society of Criminology as an International Ambassador.

He is a United Nations Expert on matters related to Victims of Terrorism

2017 A Lyga

The 2017 A Lyga was the 28th season of the A Lyga, the top-tier association football league of Lithuania. The season began on 3 March 2017 and ended on 19 November 2017. All eight teams from the previous season remained and competed in the league, while Žalgiris Vilnius began the season as defending champions having won fourth consecutive league title last year. Sūduva Marijampolė won the championship for the first time in their 96-year history, becoming the eighth club to win the league since its creation in 1991. A total of eight teams should have contested the league, including six sides from the previous season, one promoted from the 2016 LFF I Lyga and the winners of the 2016 A Lyga Relegation play-offs. Utenis managed to withstand against I Lyga runners-up Palanga in the play-offs and for the 3rd consecutive season continued to play in the A Lyga.2015 LFF I Lyga champions FK Lietava changed they name to FK Jonava after received permission from Lithuanian Football Federation. Kauno Žalgiris were relegated at the end of 2016 season and replaced by 2016 LFF I Lyga champions Šilas.

It was going to be a debut in the top tier for Kazlų Rūda team. Before the beginning of the season, newcomers Šilas were accused of match-fixing during a 2017 Virsligas Winter Cup match with FS METTA. Soon after Lithuanian Football Federation started an investigation to determine validity of these claims. At the time all club trainings and friendly matches were revoked. On 24 February, club chairman Audrius Raškauskas announced, that players received a permission to look for the new clubs while Šilas most will withdrew from the league into lower divisions of Lithuanian football. On 24 February 2017 Lithuanian Football Federation announced that Šilas withdrew from the league and will be replaced by last year participants Kauno Žalgiris, who were only non-participating team, which received a valid license for A Lyga; the following teams were competing in the 2017 championship: Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players and Managers may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

The 7th placed team faced the runners-up of the 2017 LFF I Lyga for a two-legged play-off. The winner on aggregate score after both matches earned entry into the 2018 A Lyga. Stumbras won 5–1 on aggregate; the table lists the positions of teams after each week of matches. In order to preserve chronological progress, any postponed matches are not included in the round at which they were scheduled, but added to the full round they were played afterwards. For example, if a match is scheduled for matchday 13, but postponed and played between days 16 and 17, it will be added to the standings for day 16. Updated to games played on 15 November 2017 ^ — Official attendance statistic from one of the Kauno Žalgiris matches was not publicly released. Awards were presented at the LFF Awards ceremony, held on December 4. Finalists for voted awards were announced after the season and winners were presented at the award ceremony. From 2016 season A lyga together with Lithuanian Football Federation decided to expand project "Bring you hearts to the stadium" and honor players who played 10 or more times for the Lithuania national team with golden heart on their shirts.

In 2017 season following players have had this evaluation: ŽalgirisEgidijus Vaitkūnas, Saulius Mikoliūnas, Vytautas Lukša, Mantas Kuklys, Darvydas Šernas, Georgas Freidgeimas, Linas Klimavičius TrakaiDeividas Česnauskis, Valdemaras Borovskis, Arūnas Klimavičius AtlantasLinas Pilibaitis, Tadas Labukas Sūduva — Vaidas Slavickas Utenis — Pavelas Leusas Kauno Žalgiris — Ignas DeduraFurthermore, Karolis Chvedukas was eligible to receive his "Heart" during the season, as he met qualification criterios. Official website