The Deutsches Wörterbuch, abbreviated DWB, is the largest and most comprehensive dictionary of the German language in existence. Encompassing modern High German vocabulary in use since 1450, it includes loanwords adopted from other languages into German. Entries cover the etymology, attested forms, usage peculiarities, regional differences of words found throughout the German speaking world; the dictionary's historical linguistics approach, illuminated by examples from primary source documents, makes it to German what the Oxford English Dictionary is to English. The first completed DWB lists over 330,000 headwords in 67,000 print columns spanning 32 volumes; the Deutsches Wörterbuch was begun by the Brothers Grimm in 1838 and the initial volumes were published in 1854. Unfinished at the time of their deaths, the dictionary was completed by a succession of scholars and institutions in 1961. In 1971, a 33rd supplement volume was published containing 25,000 additional entries. New research projects began in 2004 to expand and update the oldest parts of the dictionary to modern academic standards.
Volumes A–F were planned for completion in 2012 by the Language Research Centre at the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities and the University of Göttingen. Beginning in 1830, Weidmann's Publishing House in Leipzig approached Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm with a proposal for a large new dictionary, spanning German vocabulary from Martin Luther to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; as busy professors at Göttingen University, the Brothers Grimm rejected such a complex undertaking. A political scandal dramatically changed matters. In 1837, the new King of Hanover, Ernst August, dissolved parliament and demanded oaths of allegiance from all civil servants; the brothers and five other professors refused and this so-called "Göttingen Seven" were removed from their positions by royal order. The brothers became political refugees in their former home in Kassel. By October 1838, the Brothers had a contract with Weidmann's and the prestigious Leipzig journal Allgemeine Zeitung published an announcement of the start of work on the DWB.
The brothers expected the project to take ten years and produce 6–7 volumes. Circumstances seemed favorable because they were provided with staff and spacious apartments in Berlin at the invitation of the Prussian Minister in 1841. However, difficulties soon began. Not only did the acquisition of source excerpts take much longer than expected, but illness and the Revolution of 1848 interrupted the work. Eight volumes consisting of 1824 printed columns, a bibliography and a detailed preface were published on 13 April 1854; the first edition of the DWB exceeded the expectations of the publishers. The press called it its first shipments sold 10,000 copies; as it included words regarded as "indelicate," Jacob anticipated criticism of this and stated the following in the Foreword: "This dictionary is not an immoral book, but a scientific undertaking. The Bible does not lack for words that are frowned upon in fine society." - Jacob Grimm, Vorwort 1. Band, S. XXXIV, Leipzig 1854More volumes and updates were planned, but in their lifetime the brothers could only complete portions: Wilhelm Grimm wrote the articles to the letter D and died in 1859.
After the deaths of the Grimm Brothers, successive linguists continued the work. The first of these were close associates of Rudolf Hildebrand and Karl Weigand; the DWB became an affair of state when Otto von Bismarck requested the North German Confederation Federal Council to provide state funding in 1867. The young Germanist Moritz Heyne joined the project and became one of its most important contributors. By 1888 Heyne had invited graduate students to post articles under his supervision, turning the DWB into a true consortium for the first time. Included in this group was Rudolf Meißner who collaborated on the DWB for six decades; these ever-changing authors had different approaches and the work proceeded slowly. Hermann Wunderlich, Hildebrand's successor, only finished Gestüme to Gezwang after 20 years of work and 3000 columns of text. By 1905, academic professionals across Germany were unanimous: management of the DWB had to change or it would never be completed; the prestigious Prussian Academy of Sciences took on formal development of the DWB in 1908 with Göttingen remaining a central collection point for source documents.
Operations were salaried workers were provided through funding by the Empire. This period of reform and consolidation ended with World War I in 1914. By the early'20s the project was again close to collapse as German hyperinflation drove costs of production to over 5 billion marks. A donation of just $152 from the United States in 1923 saved the DWB from ruin. Max Planck advocated for the dictionary and funding was taken up by the Emergency Association of German Science. Due to the efficiencies of a permanent staff of lexicographers as well as standardized policies for production, the period between 1931–1939 saw six times as much work completed as in the previous years. Nearly 100 years after its conception the DWB was permanently institutionalized and its conclusion was in sight. World War II paralyzed the work. Employees were drafted into military service, resources were scarce, the archived holdings were moved to a potash mine at Bernburg an der Saale to protect them from Allied bombing; the remaining three employees continued some work at Schloss Fredersdorf outside Berlin.
After the war the USSR granted per
Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani is a Qatari politician, who served as the Prime Minister of Qatar from 26 June 2013 until his resignation on 28 January 2020. A member of the ruling family, he was Minister of State for Internal Affairs from 2005 to 2013, he is the son of Sheikh Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani. According to royal ark web site, Sheikh Abdullah is the agnatic great–grandson of Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani, son of Mohammed bin Thani. Sheikh Abdullah graduated from Durham Military College, United Kingdom, in 1984 and received a bachelor's degree in police sciences. In 1995, he graduated from Beirut Arab University, receiving a bachelor's degree in legislation. Al Thani joined the Qatari military and was appointed as patrol officer at rescue police section in 1985. In 1989, he was appointed as security officer for stadiums at the capital security section, he became assistant commander for the support brigade in the emergency police section. He was appointed as commander for special operations brigade in the special security force department and as commander for the special unit of the special security force department.
On 28 December 2001, he was named assistant director for the special security force department for operations affairs. In September 2004, he was promoted to the rank of brigadier general. After serving in different posts in the government, on 15 February 2005, he was appointed Minister of State for Interior Affairs, he was named as Prime Minister on 26 June 2013 in a cabinet reshuffle, replacing Hamad bin Jassim Al Thani in the post. He was named as Minister of the Interior in the same cabinet reshuffle, succeeding Abdullah bin Khalid Al Thani as interior minister, he serves as the chairman of the 2022 FIFA World Cup Supreme Committee for Legacy. A number of media outlets criticized his meeting with Fathi Hamad, a Hamas political leader, in April 2013, speculated the risks of terrorist acts occurring at the 2022 World Cup. Al Thani has six children. Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani His Excellency Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani Al Thani has been awarded various honours and awards, including Legion of Honor Award on 19 November 2009
Barry Horne is a British racing driver competing in the British Touring Car Championship. He made his debut in 2015. Horne began his career in the 1998 British Formula Ford Championship, he raced in the championship from 1998–1999 ending 8th in the standings in 1998, he switched to the Porsche Carrera Cup GB for the 2003 season, he won the championship that year, with 333 points. From 2003–2004 Horne raced in the Porsche Supercup. In August 2015, it was announced that Horne would make his British Touring Car Championship debut with Dextra Racing driving a Ford Focus ST, replacing Alex Martin at Snetterton. Barry Horne career summary at DriverDB.com
Iftikhar Ahmed is a Pakistani cricketer from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. He made his international debut for the Pakistan cricket team in November 2015, he was the leading run-scorer for Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited in the 2017–18 Quaid-e-Azam Trophy, with 735 runs in eleven matches. On 27 January 2017, he made 131 not out and took 3 wickets for 12 runs in the final of the 2016–17 Regional One Day Cup, he was jointly named man of the match along with Gauhar Ali. He was the leading run-scorer for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the 2017 Pakistan Cup, with 244 runs in four matches. In April 2018, he was named in Sindh's squad for the 2018 Pakistan Cup. In Sindh's opening fixture of the tournament, he scored 116 runs against Balochistan, was named the man of the match, as Sindh won by 12 runs, he scored the most runs for Sindh during the tournament. He was the leading run-scorer for Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited in the 2018–19 Quaid-e-Azam Trophy, with 660 runs in seven matches. In March 2019, he was named in Punjab's squad for the 2019 Pakistan Cup.
In September 2019, he was named in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's squad for the 2019–20 Quaid-e-Azam Trophy tournament. He was the top-scorer for Pakistan A in their two-day match against England in October 2015, he made his One Day International debut on 13 November 2015 during the same tour. He made his Test debut against England on 11 August 2016, he was selected in Pakistan's squad for the 2016 ICC World Twenty20 tournament, but he was dropped due to poor form. However, he made his Twenty20 International debut for Pakistan against Sri Lanka in the 2016 Asia Cup on 4 March 2016. In September 2019, he was included in the 16-man squad for Pakistan's series against Sri Lanka, he was one of three players. In September 2018, he was named in Kandahar's squad in the first edition of the Afghanistan Premier League tournament. Iftikhar Ahmed at ESPNcricinfo
The Conemaugh Generating Station is a 1,872 MW baseload coal-powered plant located on 1,750 acres, across the Conemaugh River from New Florence in Western Pennsylvania. The station generates enough electricity to light 17 million 100-watt bulbs; the facility consists of two steam turbines, which began commercial operation in 1970 and 1971, two cooling towers. The main turbines run on steam produced by twin year-around 850 MWe boilers, each as tall as a 14-story building; the plant uses more than 4 million tons of coal each year. Conemaugh has two hyperbolic natural draft cooling towers which provide recirculating water to cool and condense the steam and to limit the amount of water needed from the river; the plant is one of several in the area, situated near Pennsylvania deep mines and is a twin of the Keystone Generating Station owned by PSEG Power. To control air pollution emissions, the plant is equipped with electrostatic precipitators and low-NOx burners. A wet limestone flue-gas desulfurization system was installed in the mid 1990s.
The plant donated a scenic portion of the site, known locally as Buttermilk Falls, to Indiana County for use as a wildlife refuge. The plant is one of the largest employers in Indiana County, it is a subsidiary of GenOn Energy Inc. In March 2011, PennEnvironment and the Sierra Club won a favorable court ruling finding that the plant had committed 8,684 violations of the Clean Water Act by discharging wastewater directly into the Conemaugh River. On June 6, 2011 GenOn agreed to a $5 million settlement with $3.75 million going toward the restoration of the river. List of power stations in Pennsylvania http://www.skyscraperpage.com/diagrams/?b5010 PSEG Fossil Photo of the plant
From Branch to Branch is the fourth studio album by Leon Redbone, released in 1981. It peaked at No. 152 on the Billboard 200 chart. Side One " Te Na Na" – 2:58 "A Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight" – 3:00 "Sweet Mama" – 2:42 "Step It Up and Go" – 3:40 "Your Cheatin' Heart" – 3:02 "Seduced" – 2:40Side Two "Why" – 4:42 "My Blue Heaven" – 2:21 "Extra Blues" – 4:03 "When You Wish Upon a Star" – 2:01 "Prairie Lullaby" – 3:30 Leon Redbone – vocals, guitar Dr. John – piano, hambone Mitch Holder – guitar Ralph Humphrey – drums Tim May – banjo Grady Tate – drums Terry Waldo – drums Michael Braun – drums Bob Cranshaw – bass, vibraphone Jonathan Dorn – tuba Tom Artin – trombone Vince Giordano – bass sax Bobby Gordon – clarinet, sax Jack Maheu – clarinet Victor Morosco – clarinet Robert Payne – trombone Ed Polcer – trumpet Jim Rothermel – clarinet, saxophone Jim Self – tuba Dick Halligan – arranger William S. Fischer – string arrangementsProduction notes Beryl Handler – producer Joel Dorn – producer Ed Sprigg – engineer Vince McGarry – engineer Michael O'Reilly – assistant engineer Tom Heid – assistant engineer Sandi Young – art direction