Devanagari called Nagari, is a left-to-right abugida, based on the ancient Brāhmī script, used in the Indian subcontinent. It was developed in ancient India from the 1st to the 4th century CE and was in regular use by the 7th century CE; the Devanagari script, composed of 47 primary characters including 14 vowels and 33 consonants, is one of the most adopted writing systems in the world, being used for over 120 languages. The ancient Nagari script for Sanskrit had two additional consonantal characters; the orthography of this script reflects the pronunciation of the language. Unlike the Latin alphabet, the script has no concept of letter case, it is written from left to right, has a strong preference for symmetrical rounded shapes within squared outlines and is recognisable by a horizontal line that runs along the top of full letters. In a cursory look, the Devanagari script appears different from other Indic scripts such as Bengali, Odia or Gurmukhi, but a closer examination reveals they are similar except for angles and structural emphasis.
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Hindi, Sherpa, Apabhramsha, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Haryanvi, Nagpuri, Bhili, Marathi, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Nepalbhasa and Santali. The Devanagari script is related to the Nandinagari script found in numerous ancient manuscripts of South India, it is distantly related to a number of southeast Asian scripts. Devanagari is a compound of "deva" देव and "nāgarī" नागरी. Deva means "heavenly or divine" and is one of the terms for a deity in Hinduism. Nagari comes from नगरम्, which means city. Hence, Devanagari denotes from the abode of divinity or deities. Nāgarī is the Sanskrit feminine of Nāgara "relating or belonging to a town or city, urban", it is a phrasing with lipi as nāgarī lipi "script relating to a city", or "spoken in city". The use of the name devanāgarī emerged from the older term nāgarī. According to Fischer, Nagari emerged in the northwest Indian subcontinent around 633 CE, was developed by the 11th-century, was one of the major scripts used for the Sanskrit literature.
Devanagari is part of the Brahmic family of scripts of India, Nepal and Southeast Asia. Some of the earliest epigraphical evidence attesting to the developing Sanskrit Nagari script in ancient India, in a form similar to Devanagari, is from the 1st to 4th century CE inscriptions discovered in Gujarat, it is a descendant of the 3rd century BCE Brahmi script through the Gupta script, along with Siddham and Sharada. Variants of script called Nāgarī, recognisably close to Devanagari, are first attested from the 1st century CE Rudradaman inscriptions in Sanskrit, while the modern standardised form of Devanagari was in use by about 1000 CE. Medieval inscriptions suggest widespread diffusion of the Nagari-related scripts, with biscripts presenting local script along with the adoption of Nagari scripts. For example, the mid 8th-century Pattadakal pillar in Karnataka has text in both Siddha Matrika script, an early Telugu-Kannada script; the Nagari script was in regular use by the 7th century CE, it was developed by about the end of first millennium.
The use of Sanskrit in Nagari script in medieval India is attested by numerous pillar and cave temple inscriptions, including the 11th-century Udayagiri inscriptions in Madhya Pradesh, an inscribed brick found in Uttar Pradesh, dated to be from 1217 CE, now held at the British Museum. The script's proto- and related versions have been discovered in ancient relics outside of India, such as in Sri Lanka and Indonesia. Nagari has been the primus inter pares of the Indic scripts, it has long been used traditionally by religiously educated people in South Asia to record and transmit information, existing throughout the land in parallel with a wide variety of local scripts used for administration and other daily uses. Sharada remained in parallel use in Kashmir. An early version of Devanagari is visible in the Kutila inscription of Bareilly dated to Vikram Samvat 1049, which demonstrates the emergence of the horizontal bar to group letters belonging to a word. One of the oldest surviving Sanskrit texts from the early post-Maurya period consists of 1,413 Nagari pages of a commentary by Patanjali, with a composition date of about 150 BCE, the surviving copy transcribed about 14th century CE.
Under the rule of Songtsen Gampo of the Tibetan Empire, Thonmi Sambhota traveled to India to marry a Nepali princess and find a writing system suitable for the Tibetan language. Thus he invented the Tibetan script, based on the Nagari used in Kashmir, he added 6 new characters for sounds. Other scripts related to Nagari such as Siddham Matrka were in use in Indonesia, Vietnam and other parts of East Asia by between 7th to 10th-century. Most of the southeast Asian scripts have roots in the Dravidian scripts, except for a few found in south-central regions of Java and isolated parts of southeast Asia that resemble Devanagari or its prototype; the Kawi script in particular is similar to the Devanagari in many respects though the morphology of the script has local changes. The earliest inscriptions in the Devanagari-like scripts are from around the 10th-century, with many more between 11th- and 14th
Kardia Mou Min Anisiheis is an album by Antonis Remos. It was released in May 2002 and was the second best selling album of the year selling more than 120,000 copies and was certified 3x Platinum. In Cyprus the album sold more than 12,000 copies and was certified 2x Platinum. in December 2001, a double-a side cd-single was released with the singles Ela Na Me Telioseis and Den Eho Pou Na Pao. In winter 2002-2003 Remos appeared with Alkistis Protopsalti performing most of the songs of his album; the album was re-released in May 2003, featuring remixes and the duet with Alkistis Protopsalti S' Agapo, the second single from her own album Pes Mou Thalassa, released in December 2002. Kardia mou min anisiheis Pes mou ti zitas Ekripsa To Prosopo Mou Den Eho Pou Na Pao Tremo Ela na me teleiosis Ti Sou'Ho Kani. Ine Aplo Savvatovrada Mi Me Rotae Kanis Arrostimeno Mou Mialo Meta Ap' Ola Auta S' Ekdikithika Re-released Edition bonus tracks Den teleiosame Kardia mou min anisiheis S' Agapo Ela Na Me Telioseis-The first single and first video of the album.
Was released in December 2001 in a double-a cd single with "Olos O Kosmos Ise Esi". The cd-single was certified double Platinum. Den Eho Pou Na Pao-Second single off the album. Was released in December 2001 in a double-a cd single with "Ela Na Me Telioseis"; the cd-single was certified double Platinum. Kardia Mou Min Anisihis-Third single off the album, released just prior to the release of the album in Spring 2002. A cd-single was released featuring various remixes. Tremo-Fourth single and second video clip off the album. Released in summer 2002. Ekripsa To Prosopo Mou-Fifth single and third video clip off the album. Released in Autumn 2002. Savvatovrada-Sixth single and forth video clip off the album. Released in February 2003. Den Teliosame-Seventh and final single off the album released in May 2003. A cd-single featuring remixes was released at the same time; also included on the re-release edition of the album: S' Agapo - Alikistis Protopsalti featuring Antonis Remos-The second single off Alkistis Protopsalti album Pes Mou Thalassa released in December 2002.
It was included in the re-release of Kardia Mou Min Anisiheis in May 2003
Jake Higgs is a Canadian curler from Strathroy, Ontario. He coached the mixed doubles rink of Becca Hamilton at the 2018 Winter Olympics. Higgs played second for Wayne Tuck, Jr.'s mixed team, that won a provincial championship in 2008-09, giving them the right to represent Ontario at the 2009 Canadian Mixed Curling Championship. The team lost in the final to Sean Grassie's Manitoba rink. Higgs was a member of the team that won the 2002 provincial mixed championship. Higgs began skipping a men's team in 2008, which finished fourth place at the 2009 provincial championship. In 2010, his team played in its first Grand Slam event, losing three straight before being eliminated at the 2010 Players' Championships. Higgs continued to skip his own rink until 2014, when he joined the Robert Rumfeldt rink, throwing lead stones for the team for one season, he went back to skipping in 2015 for two seasons before being chosen to coach USA Curling. In 2018, he began skipping an Iqaluit-based team and won the 2020 Nunavut Brier Playdowns and represented Nunavut at the 2020 Tim Hortons Brier where they finished with a 0–7 record.
Higgs works as a high school teacher for the Thames Valley District School Board. He has two children. Key C – Champion F – Lost final SF – Lost semi final QF – Lost quarter final Q – Did not make playoffs DNP – Did not participate in event Jake Higgs on the World Curling Tour database Jake Higgs on the CurlingZone database