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Devon

Devon known as Devonshire, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south. It is part of South West England, bounded by Cornwall to the west, Somerset to the north east, Dorset to the east; the city of Exeter is the county town. The county includes the districts of East Devon, Mid Devon, North Devon, South Hams, Teignbridge and West Devon. Plymouth and Torbay are each geographically part of Devon, but are administered as unitary authorities. Combined as a ceremonial county, Devon's area is 6,707 km2 and its population is about 1.1 million. Devon derives its name from Dumnonia. During the British Iron Age, Roman Britain, the early Middle Ages, this was the homeland of the Dumnonii Brittonic Celts; the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain resulted in the partial assimilation of Dumnonia into the Kingdom of Wessex during the eighth and ninth centuries. The western boundary with Cornwall was set at the River Tamar by King Æthelstan in 936. Devon was constituted as a shire of the Kingdom of England.

The north and south coasts of Devon each have both cliffs and sandy shores, the county's bays contain seaside resorts, fishing towns, ports. The inland terrain is rural and hilly, has a lower population density than many other parts of England. Dartmoor is the largest open space in southern England, at 954 km2. To the north of Dartmoor are the Culm Measures and Exmoor. In the valleys and lowlands of south and east Devon the soil is more fertile, drained by rivers including the Exe, the Culm, the Teign, the Dart, the Otter; as well as agriculture, much of the economy of Devon is based on tourism. The comparatively mild climate and landscape make Devon a destination for recreation and leisure in England, with visitors attracted to the Dartmoor and Exmoor national parks; the name Devon derives from the name of the Britons who inhabited the southwestern peninsula of Britain at the time of the Roman conquest of Britain known as the Dumnonii, thought to mean "deep valley dwellers" from proto Celtic *dubnos'deep'.

In the Brittonic, Devon is known as Welsh: Dyfnaint, Breton: Devnent and Cornish: Dewnens, each meaning "deep valleys." Among the most common Devon placenames is -combe which derives from Brittonic cwm meaning'valley' prefixed by the name of the possessor. William Camden, in his 1607 edition of Britannia, described Devon as being one part of an older, wider country that once included Cornwall: THAT region which, according to the Geographers, is the first of all Britaine, growing straiter still and narrower, shooteth out farthest into the West, was in antient time inhabited by those Britans whom Solinus called Dumnonii, Ptolomee Damnonii For their habitation all over this Countrey is somewhat low and in valleys, which manner of dwelling is called in the British tongue Dan-munith, in which sense the Province next adjoyning in like respect is at this day named by the Britans Duffneit, to say, Low valleys, but the Country of this nation is at this day divided into two parts, knowen by names of Cornwall and Denshire, The term "Devon" is used for everyday purposes e.g. "Devon County Council" but "Devonshire" continues to be used in the names of the "Devonshire and Dorset Regiment" and "The Devonshire Association".

One erroneous theory is that the "shire" suffix is due to a mistake in the making of the original letters patent for the Duke of Devonshire, resident in Derbyshire. However, there are references to "Defenascire" in Anglo-Saxon texts from before 1000 AD, which translates to modern English as "Devonshire"; the term Devonshire may have originated around the 8th century, when it changed from Dumnonia to Defenascir. Kents Cavern in Torquay had produced. Dartmoor is thought to have been occupied by Mesolithic hunter-gatherer peoples from about 6000 BC; the Romans held the area under military occupation for around 350 years. The area began to experience Saxon incursions from the east around 600 AD, firstly as small bands of settlers along the coasts of Lyme Bay and southern estuaries and as more organised bands pushing in from the east. Devon became a frontier between Brittonic and Anglo-Saxon Wessex, it was absorbed into Wessex by the mid 9th century. A genetic study carried out by the University of Oxford & University College London discovered separate genetic groups in Cornwall and Devon, not only were there differences on either side of the Tamar, with a division exactly along the modern county boundary dating back to the 6th Century but between Devon and the rest of Southern England, similarities with the modern northern France, including Brittany.

This suggests the Anglo-Saxon migration into Devon was limited rather than a mass movement of people. The border with Cornwall was set by King Æthelstan on the east bank of the River Tamar in 936 AD. Danish raids occurred sporadically along many coastal parts of Devon between around 800AD and just before the time of the Norman conquest, including the silver mint at Hlidaforda Lydford in 997 and Taintona in 1001. Devon was the home of a number of anticlerical movements in the Later Middle Ages. For

Robert Rocco Cottone

Robert Rocco Cottone is a psychologist, counselor and professor in the Department of Counseling and Family Therapy at the University of Missouri–St. Louis, where he is a colleague to the social activist Mark Pope, he is the founder of the Church of Belief Science. Academically, he is best known for his oriented theories of counseling and psychotherapy. In the mid-1980s he developed a “systemic theory of vocational rehabilitation”, which constitutes the first comprehensive social theory of vocational rehabilitation, he has been cited for his work on advanced theories of psychotherapy, he has been rated as having one of the highest publishing records among his peers. He published his first book, “Theories and Paradigms of Counseling and Psychotherapy” in 1992, which defined Kuhnian paradigms of mental health treatment, he developed a social model of decision making, the social constructivism model, taking decisions out of the head, so-to-speak, placing them within the sphere of social discourse.

His social theorizing advanced from that of social systems to social constructions. Cottone was born and raised in the post–World War II Italian-American culture in the suburbs of St. Louis, Missouri. In his book, High Romance: A Book of Poetry, he describes his youth as "a story-book boyhood right from the pages of Mark Twain." He would ride his bike for hours to watch the barges at the Alton lock and dam, he was enthralled with the Mississippi river. He attended Catholic grade school and switched to public schools in the St. Louis suburbs, graduating from Hazelwood High School in 1970. During the Vietnam War he was a medic in the Air Force, he attended the University of Missouri and the Saint Louis University. Traditional counseling approaches are based on philosophies that attend to the individual experiencing emotional distress; this emphasis dates back to Freud, who defined an individual "psyche"—an internal non-physical aspect of self, the framework for dealing with conflicts within the personality.

Subsequent approaches to mental health addressed individual problems as originating inside the person. Cottone's contribution to counseling and psychotherapy, along with other social theorists, was to apply relationship theory to processes that were viewed as non-relational or individual; this was first accomplished in the field of vocational rehabilitation in the 1970s and 1980s with his "systemic theory of vocational rehabilitation". Until that time, vocational rehabilitation was viewed as a psychological or medical program, he developed a social model of vocational rehabilitation, meaning that individuals with disabilities are helped to fit within healthy and supportive relationship contexts rather than screened in or out of a rehabilitation program on psychological traits or abilities. Cottone developed a "paradigm" framework for counseling and psychotherapy, a theory about counseling theories that emphasized that all counseling is a relationship between a client and a counselor, he argued that regardless of the treatment philosophy a crucial element of counseling is the social process of consensualizing.

At the turn of the century he developed a social constructivism model of decision making, a relational model. By his model, decisions are made in the interpersonal processes of negotiating and arbitrating, his most recent effort has been to apply relationship theory to the study of religion. He developed a relational philosophy of religion, providing a postmodern definition of belief: "acting with others as if some defined concept represents truth." Accordingly, religious truths are imbedded within communities of believers and not as external universal truths. His most compelling concept is a "bracketed absolute truth," or a "consensuality." A bracketed absolute truth is unquestionably true to people in a community, but to people outside of the community, the group's truth looks relative. He used the example of the Heaven's Gate community, a religious group that committed mass suicide without coercion; the group members believed an alien spaceship followed the Hale-Bopp comet and was to clear the earth of humanity.

They committed suicide so their spirits could rise up to the alien spaceship and escape the onslaught. Cottone argued that the ideals of Heaven's Gate were bracketed absolute truths, which were powerful in affecting the behavior of adherents to the degree that group members took their lives in deference to "truths" that looked ridiculous to outsiders; the idea of bracketed absolute truth explains how communities of believers hold fast to doctrine for better or for worse. Cottone attempted to unite science and religion through relationship theory, he defined science not as a process of establishing objective universal truths, but rather as a social process that reflects the culture and definitions of groups of scientists who establ

Me, You and Him

Me, You and Him is a British television sitcom, that aired on ITV from 30 July to 3 September 1992. It was made for the ITV network by Thames, it was written by and starred Hugh Dennis, Nick Hancock and Steve Punt, all known - though Punt and Dennis - for their work on the alternative comedy and satirical circuit through the BBC Radio 1 sketch show The Mary Whitehouse Experience, which had transferred to television and made Dennis and Punt into household names. The plot centred on Hancock's character, John Hanley, a teacher of physical education who lived and lazily alone in a flat in the fictional area of Southbridge, until his old school friend and obnoxious businessman Harry Dunstan, returns from working in France and moves in with him. Punt's character, the unemployed but intelligent Mark Prior, lives nearby but was forever visiting the others after arguing with his parents; the six-part series was continuous in its plot, with Harry trying to win back the affections of girlfriend Clare with whom he had declined to keep in touch while in France.

The other regular characters were Hanley's upstairs neighbours Helen and Todd, a reformed but still scary ex-convict and his wife, his probation officer. A running theme is Harry's discomfort with Todd living above due to his prejudice against criminals reformed ones; the series ended with Harry and Clare reuniting cautionarily and Mark deciding to break from his parents' apron strings. The show was deemed a success for ITV and was enjoyed by critics, but did not appear for a second series, it gave pre-watershed audiences their first glimpses of Dennis and Punt and featured a guest appearance by Danny Baker, an old friend of Hancock's, parodying his own Daz detergent commercials. When first promoted by Thames TV in a season preview the title of the show was Letting Go, but this was changed before transmission. Me, You and Him on IMDb