Digital Light Processing is a set of chipsets based on optical micro-electro-mechanical technology that uses a digital micromirror device. It was developed in 1987 by Larry Hornbeck of Texas Instruments. While the DLP imaging device was invented by Texas Instruments, the first DLP-based projector was introduced by Digital Projection Ltd in 1997. Digital Projection and Texas Instruments were both awarded Emmy Awards in 1998 for the DLP projector technology. DLP is used in a variety of display applications from traditional static displays to interactive displays and non-traditional embedded applications including medical and industrial uses. DLP technology is used in DLP front projectors, DLP rear projection television sets, digital signs, it is used in about 85% of digital cinema projection, in additive manufacturing as a light source in some printers to cure resins into solid 3D objects. Smaller "pico" chipsets are used in mobile devices including cell phone accessories and projection display functions embedded directly into phones.
In DLP projectors, the image is created by microscopically small mirrors laid out in a matrix on a semiconductor chip, known as a Digital Micromirror Device. These mirrors are so small that DMD pixel pitch may be less; each mirror represents one or more pixels in the projected image. The number of mirrors corresponds to the resolution of the projected image. 800×600, 1024×768, 1280×720, 1920×1080 matrices are some common DMD sizes. These mirrors can be repositioned to reflect light either through the lens or onto a heat sink. Toggling the mirror between these two orientations produces grayscales, controlled by the ratio of on-time to off-time. There are two primary methods by which DLP projection systems create a color image: those used by single-chip DLP projectors, those used by three-chip projectors. A third method, sequential illumination by three colored light emitting diodes, is being developed, is used in televisions manufactured by Samsung. In a projector with a single DLP chip, colors are produced either by placing a color wheel between a white lamp and the DLP chip or by using individual light sources to produce the primary colors, LEDs or lasers for example.
The color wheel is divided into multiple sectors: the primary additive colors: red and blue, in many cases white. Newer systems substitute the primary subtractive colors cyan and yellow for white; the use of the subtractive colors is part of the newer color performance system called BrilliantColor which processes the additive colors along with the subtractive colors to create a broader spectrum of possible color combinations on the screen. The DLP chip is synchronized with the rotating motion of the color wheel so that the green component is displayed on the DMD when the green section of the color wheel is in front of the lamp; the same is true for the red and other sections. The colors are thus displayed sequentially at a sufficiently high rate that the observer sees a composite "full color" image. In early models, this was one rotation per frame. Now, most systems operate at up to 10× the frame rate; the black level of a single-chip DLP depends on. If the unused light is scattered to reflect and dissipate on the rough interior walls of the DMD / lens chamber, this scattered light will be visible as a dim gray on the projection screen, when the image is dark.
Deeper blacks and higher contrast ratios are possible by directing unused HID light away from the DMD / lens chamber into a separate area for dissipation, shielding the light path from unwanted internal secondary reflections. DLP projectors utilizing a mechanical spinning color wheel may exhibit an anomaly known as the "rainbow effect"; this is best described as brief flashes of perceived red and green "shadows" observed most when the projected content features high contrast areas of moving bright or white objects on a dark or black background. Common examples are the scrolling end credits of many movies, animations with moving objects surrounded by a thick black outline. Brief visible separation of the colours can be apparent when the viewer moves their eyes across the projected image; some people perceive these rainbow artifacts while others may never see them at all. This effect is caused by the way; when an object on the screen moves, the eye follows the object with a constant motion, but the projector displays each alternating color of the frame at the same location for the duration of the whole frame.
So, while the eye is moving, it sees a frame of a specific color. When the next color is displayed, although it gets displayed at the same location overlapping the previous color, the eye has moved toward the object's next frame target. Thus, the eye sees that specific frame color shifted; the third color gets displayed, the eye sees that frame's color shifted again. This effect is not perceived only the whole picture. Multi-color LED-based and laser-based single-chip projectors are able to eliminate the spinning wheel and minimize the rainbow effect, since the pulse rates of LEDs and lasers are not limited by physical motion. Three-chip DLP projectors function without color wheels, therefore do not manifest this rainbow artifact." A three-chip DLP projector uses a prism to split light from the lamp, each
The 2003–04 NBA season was the Clippers' 34th season in the National Basketball Association, their 20th season in Los Angeles. During the offseason, the Clippers signed free agents Bobby Simmons and former All-Star forward Glen Rice. However, after 18 games, Rice was released. With the Clippers starting from scratch again as they celebrated their 20th season in L. A. they hired Mike Sr. as their new head coach. Under Dunleavy, the Clippers played around.500 with a 22–25 start as of February 6. However, after co-hosting the 2004 NBA All-Star Game at the Staples Center with the Lakers, the young Clippers struggled badly as they won just six games, posted a 13-game losing streak near the end of the season; the Clippers would sink down the standings, coming to rest once again at the bottom of the Pacific Division with a 28–54 record. Following the season, Quentin Richardson signed as a free agent with the Phoenix Suns. Forward Glen Rice becomes the 10th former Laker to play with the crosstown rival Clippers.
He was waived for refusing to be placed the injury reserve list. Center Olden Polynice's second tour of duty with the franchise, he played for the team from 1990-1992. He was the 12th man off the bench and only played 2 games before being waived. Guard Doug Overton's second tour of duty with the franchise as well, he played for the team in 2001-2002. Guard Randy Livingston was signed to a 10-day contract and played in 4 games before contract expired; the Clippers have been involved in the following transactions during the 2003-04 season. 2003-04 NBA season
Adenanthos ileticos is a species of shrub in the family Proteaceae. It has triangular, lobed leaves, pale pink-red and cream, inconspicuous flowers. A rare species, it is known only from a single location in the south-west of Western Australia, it was discovered in 1968, brought into cultivation, but it would not be formally published and named until a decade later. Adenanthos ileticos grows as an erect, spreading lignotuberous shrub up to 2 m high, but to 3 m, it has triangular leaves, up to 10 mm long and around 5 mm wide, with three lobes across the top. The flowers, which appear between August and November, are pale pink-red and cream, with a style, about 32 mm long, it is somewhat similar in appearance to A. cuneatus and A. forrestii, but the former has much larger leaves, the other much deeper lobes, than A. ileticos. This species was first collected by John Wrigley of the Australian National Botanic Gardens in 1968. Wrigley took the plant was established in cultivation at the gardens. Ernest Charles Nelson worked with Wrigley while developing a comprehensive taxonomic revision of Adenanthos.
He recognised the cultivated plants as an undescribed species, in 1973 revisited Wrigley's collection location to collect further native specimens. When he published his revision in 1978, he gave this species the specific epithet ileticos from the Greek word for wriggle, as a pun on Wrigley. Wrigley states "his Irish sense of humour showed through when assigning the... name". Nelson followed George Bentham in dividing Adenanthos into two sections, placing A. ileticos into A. sect. Adenanthos because its perianth tube is straight, not swollen above the middle, he further divided the section with A. ileticos placed into A. subsect. Adenanthos for reasons including the length of its perianth; however Nelson discarded his own subsections in his 1995 treatment of Adenanthos for the Flora of Australia series of monographs. The placement of A. ileticos in Nelson's arrangement of Adenanthos may be summarised as follows: Adenanthos A. sect. Eurylaema A. sect. Adenanthos A. drummondii A. dobagii A. apiculatus A. linearis A. pungens A. gracilipes A. venosus A. dobsonii A. glabrescens A. ellipticus A. cuneatus A. stictus A. ileticos A. forrestii A. eyrei A. cacomorphus A. flavidiflorus A. argyreus A. macropodianus A. terminalis A. sericeus A. × cunninghamii A. oreophilus A. cygnorum A. meisneri A. velutinus A. filifolius A. labillardierei A. acanthophyllusThe species is said to be not related to any other species, with its closest relatives being A. cuneatus and A. forrestii.
The common name most reported for A. ileticos is Club-leaf Adenanthos. However Nelson regards this as a "concocted" common name, "rather crudely made up from an English word or two tagged on to unitalicized Adenanthos", he notes that the leaves of this species resemble neither a cudgel nor the symbol of the clubs card suit, making club-leaf a misnomer. This species is known only from a single location around 10 to 30 km south of Salmon Gums on the Coolgardie–Esperance Highway in southern Western Australia, it is locally quite abundant there, growing in sandy soil amongst open woodland of Eucalyptus and Hakea multilineata. Though locally abundant within its range, A. ileticos is only known from a single location. The habitat there is badly disturbed and is threatened by use of the area for agriculture and road construction, it was gazetted as rare in 1980, thus affording it legislative protection under the Wildlife Conservation Act 1950. This means that the species is considered to be rare, but there do not appear to be any serious threats to its survival.
It is susceptible to Phytophthora cinnamomi dieback. Adenanthos ileticos is considered a suitable background plant because of its unusual leaf shape, but its flowers are not at all showy, it is struck from cuttings, grows well in well-drained soils. It is intolerant of high summer humidity. "Adenanthos ileticos E. C. Nelson". Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government. "Adenanthos ileticos E. C. Nelson". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife. "Adenanthos ileticos E. C. Nelson". Australian Plant Name Index, IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government
Brugg District is a district in the Canton of Aargau, Switzerland. The capital of the district is the town of Brugg. Brugg District has an area, as of 1997, of 149.29 km2. Of this area, 42.6 % is used for agricultural purposes. The rest of the land, is settled, it is located around the rivers Reuss. The northern part of the district, north of the Aare, lies in the Aargau part of the Jura mountains. Brugg District has a population of 46,471; as of 2000, there were 1,635 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 8,736 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, 6,792 homes with 5 or more persons in the household. The average number of people per household was 2.41 individuals. In 2008 there were 7,550 single family homes out of a total of apartments. There were a total of 194 empty apartments for a 0.9% vacancy rate. Of the school age population, there are 3,374 students attending primary school, there are 1,246 students attending secondary school, there are 780 students attending tertiary or university level schooling in the district.
As of 2000 there were 22,875 residents who worked in the district, while 17,446 residents worked outside the Brugg district and 14,574 people commuted into the district for work. From the 2000 census, 13,426 or 30.4% were Roman Catholic, while 20,463 or 46.4% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 72 individuals who belonged to the Christian Catholic faith; the following changes to the district's municipalities have occurred since 2000: 2006: Stilli merged into Villigen On 1 January 2010 the municipality of Umiken merged into the municipality of Brugg. On the same date the municipalities of Hottwil in the Brugg district and Etzgen, Mettau and Wil in the Laufenburg district merged to form the new municipality of Mettauertal; this resulted in Hottwil transferring from Brugg to Laufenburg. On 1 January 2013 the former municipalities of Gallenkirch, Oberbözberg and Unterbözberg merged to form the new municipality of Bözberg. 2014: Oberflachs and Schinznach-Dorf combined to create Schinznach.
Paul K. Moser is an American philosopher who writes on epistemology and the philosophy of religion, he is Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University Chicago and past editor of the American Philosophical Quarterly. He is the author of many works in epistemology and the philosophy of religion, in which he has supported versions of epistemic foundationalism and volitional theism, his work brings these two positions together to support volitional evidentialism about theistic belief, in contrast to fideism and traditional natural theology. He draws from some epistemological and theological insights of the apostle Paul, Kierkegaard, P. T. Forsyth, H. R. Mackintosh, H. H. Farmer, but he adds a notion of purposively available evidence of God’s existence, a notion of authoritative evidence in contrast with spectator evidence, a notion of personifying evidence of God whereby some willing humans become salient evidence of God's existence, a notion of convictional knowledge of divine reality, his most recent work emphasizes the importance of experiential foundational evidence from the self-manifestation of God's moral character to cooperative humans in moral conscience.
An evidential role for experienced agapē, along the lines of Romans 5:5, is central to his theistic epistemology, as is his view that God is self-authenticating or self-evidencing via self-manifestation and conviction toward unselfish love. One result is a distinctive approach to divine hiddenness and the evidence for God's reality and presence. Understanding Religious Experience: From Conviction to Life's MeaningCambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2020. ISBN 978-1-108-45799-6The God Relationship: The Ethics for Inquiry about the DivineCambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017. ISBN 978-1-107-19534-9The Severity of God: Religion and Philosophy ReconceivedCambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013. ISBN 978-1-107-61532-8The Evidence for God: Religious Knowledge ReexaminedCambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-521-73628-2The Elusive God: Reorienting Religious EpistemologyCambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. 304 pages. ISBN 978-0-521-88903-2 Winner of the 2011 Alpha Sigma Nu Book Award for PhilosophyThe Theory of Knowledge: A Thematic Introduction New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
212 pages. Translated by Marcelo Brandao Cipolla as A Teoria Do Conhecimentio: Uma Introducao Tematica. Sao Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2004. 233 pages. Philosophy After Objectivity: New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. 267 pages. Paperback edition, 1999. Electronic version published in NetLibrary, 2002. Knowledge and EvidenceCambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. Cambridge Studies in Philosophy Series. 285 pages. Paperback edition, 1991. Empirical JustificationBoston/Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1985. Philosophical Studies Series in Philosophy, Vol. 34. 263 pages. Published in Reidel's Pallas Paperback Series, 1985. God of Holy Love: Essays of Peter Taylor Forsyth. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications/Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2019. 396 pages. God in Experience: Essays of Hugh Ross Mackintosh. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications/Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2018. 240 pages. The Cambridge Companion to Religious Experience. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2019.
350 pages. The Testimony of the Spirit: New Essays. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017; the Cambridge Companion to the Problem of Evil. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017; the Wisdom of the Christian Faith. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Jesus and Philosophy: New Essays. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009; the Rationality of Theism. London/New York: Routledge Ltd. 2003. Divine Hiddenness: New Essays. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Oxford Handbook of Epistemology. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. In Oxford Scholarship Online, 2004. Human Knowledge: Classical and Contemporary Approaches. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987, 1995, 2002. Moral Relativism. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Morality and the Good Life. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997. Empirical Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, Publishers, 1986, 1996. Contemporary Materialism.
Antonio Maceo Smith was a pioneer civil rights leader in Dallas, whose years of activism with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and other civil rights and community groups led Texans to dub him "Mr. Civil Rights" and "Mr. Organization". Antonio Maceo Smith was born in Texarkana, where he attended segregated schools, his parents were Winnie Smith. Smith graduated with an AB in 1924 from Fisk University, a black university in Nashville, Tennessee where he would go on to be honored as Alumnus of the Year in 1949. Smith was awarded an MBA at New York University in 1928, he earned further master's degrees in economics and business law at Columbia University. Smith first owned an advertising agency in New York City, a real estate firm in Texarkana. In 1932, he moved to Dallas, where he taught business administration in the segregated Dallas public schools, published a weekly black newspaper, the Dallas Express. In 1933, Smith became the first executive secretary of the Dallas Negro Chamber of Commerce, where he spearheaded voter registration drives.
He was appointed as the deputy director of the Hall of Negro Life at the Texas Centennial Exposition in 1936, that year, wed Fannie Fletcher. Turning from entrepreneurship to public service, in 1937, Smith became an administrative aide in the Federal Housing Administration, he was appointed regional relations advisor for Region VI in the United States Housing Authority in 1939. He went on to become assistant regional administrator for the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, retired in 1972. Smith fought against Texas' white primary system; that campaign led to the landmark U. S. Supreme Court decision in Smith v. Allwright, 321 U. S. 649, that did away with white primaries nationwide. Smith fought against school segregation in a legal campaign that led to Sweatt v. Painter, 339 U. S. 629, a case that paved the way for Brown v. Board of Education. Smith co-chaired the Biracial Committee for the City of Dallas, where he helped lead the city's desegregation, he served on the NAACP's national board of directors from 1953 until 1957, when he was forced to resign by his FHA supervisors.
He was a leader in the Texas State Negro Chamber of Commerce, the Texas Council of Negro Organizations, the Dallas Urban League, the Texas State Progressive Voters League, the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, the Rotary Club of Dallas, the Knights of Pythias, the New Hope Baptist Church, at Bishop College. The A. Maceo Smith High School building and the A. Maceo Smith Federal Building, both in Dallas, are named for Smith; the previous A. Maceo Smith zoned high school was replaced by A. Maceo Smith New Tech High School, now New Tech High School at B. F. Darrell, while Barack Obama Male Leadership Academy at A. Maceo Smith occupies the former Smith campus. History of the African Americans in Dallas-Fort Worth