Dimona is an Israeli city in the Negev desert, 30 kilometres to the south-east of Beersheba and 35 kilometres west of the Dead Sea above the Arava valley in the Southern District of Israel. In 2018 its population was 34,135; the Shimon Peres Negev Nuclear Research Center, colloquially known as the Dimona Reactor, is located 13 kilometres southeast of the city. The city's name is derived from a biblical town, mentioned in Joshua 15:21-22. Dimona was one of the development towns created in the 1950s under the leadership of Israel's first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion. Dimona itself was conceived in 1953; the location chosen was close to the Dead Sea Works. It was established in 1955; the first residents were Jewish immigrants from North Africa, with an initial 36 families being the first to settle there. Its population in 1955 was about 300; the North African immigrants constructed the city's houses. When the Israeli nuclear program began in 1958, a location not far from the city was chosen for the Negev Nuclear Research Center due to its relative isolation in the desert and availability of housing.
In the late 1950s and early 1960s, immigrants from Eastern Europe arrived. A textile factory was opened in 1958; that same year, Dimona became a local council. In 1961, it had a population of 5,000; the emblem of Dimona, adopted 2 March 1961, appeared on a stamp issued on 24 March 1965. Dimona was declared a city in 1969. In 1971, it had a population of 23,700. In spite of a gradual decrease during the 1980s, the city's population began to grow once again with the beginning of the Russian immigration in the 1990s. Dimona is the third largest city in the Negev, with the population of 34,000. Due to projected rapid population growth in the Negev, the city is expected to triple in size by 2025. Dimona is described as "mini-India" by many for its 7,500-strong Indian Jewish community, it is home to Israel's Black Hebrew community governed by its founder and spiritual leader, Ben Ammi Ben-Israel, now deceased. The Black Hebrews number about 3,000 in Dimona, with additional families in Arad, Mitzpe Ramon and the Tiberias area.
Their official status in Israel was an ongoing issue for many years, but in May 1990, the issue was resolved with the issuing of first B/1 visas, a year issuing of temporary residency. Status was extended to August 2003, when the Israeli Ministry of Interior granted permanent residency. In the early 1980s, textile plants, such as Dimona Textiles Ltd. dominated the industrial landscape. Many plants have since closed. Dimona Silica Industries Ltd. manufactures precipitated calcium carbonate fillers. About a third of the city's population works in industrial workplaces, another third in the area of services. Due to the introduction of new technologies, many workers have been made redundant in the recent years, creating a total unemployment rate of about 10%. Dimona has taken part of Israel's solar transformation; the Rotem Industrial Complex outside of the city has dozens of solar mirrors that focus the sun's rays on a tower that in turn heats a water boiler to create steam, turning a turbine to create electricity.
Luz II, Ltd. plans to use the solar array to test new technology for the three new solar plants to be built in California for Pacific Gas and Electric Company. Dimona is located in the Negev Desert; the city stands at an elevation of around 550–600 metres above sea level. Dimona has a semi-arid climate; the average annual temperature is 18.5 °C, around 213 mm of precipitation falls annually. In the early 1950s, an extension to Dimona and south was constructed from the Railway to Beersheba, designed for freight traffic. A passenger service began after pressure from Dimona's municipality. Dimona Railway Station is located in the southwestern part of the city; the main bus terminal is the Dimona Central Bus Station, with lines to Beersheba, Tel Aviv and nearby towns. Lucy Aharish, news presenter, television host Jacques Amir, Knesset member Yossi Benayoun, footballer Kfir Edri, footballer Ben Israel Ben Ammi, spiritual leader of the African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem Meir Cohen, Minister of Welfare and Social Services, Knesset member Dimona is twinned with: Andernach, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany The African Hebrew Israelites: New black civilisation in the promised land, January 1, 2004
La Unión is a province of the Arequipa Region in Peru. Its seat is Cotahuasi; the Huanzo mountain range traverses the province. One of the highest peaks of the province is Solimana at 6,093 metres. Other mountains are listed below: The province is divided into eleven districts which are Alca Charcana Cotahuasi Huaynacotas Pampamarca Puyca Quechualla Sayla Tauria Tomepampa Toro The people in the province are indigenous citizens of Quechua descent. Quechua is the language which the majority of the population learnt to speak in childhood, 40.06% of the residents started speaking using the Spanish language. Cotahuasi Subbasin Landscape Reserve Ikmaqucha Mawk'allaqta Wansuqucha Official website El Portal de Cotahuasi Spanish Cotahuasiweb English
Archie Boyd Teater was an American landscape and genre artist who painted in an impressionist style. He has been estimated to have painted more than 4000 paintings in his lifetime, making him one of the "most prolific painters in the U. S." His work featured western scenes, mining camps, Jackson Hole, the Teton Mountains, San Francisco buildings, still lifes: strawberries and oranges. Of the subsequent Jackson Hole artists, he is the best known. In terms of painting the Tetons and Jackson Hole, Archie is without peer.—Lester Taylor, a part-time Teton Valley resident. The first artist he saw was an itinerant'potboiler' painter set up in the window of a store in his hometown. Another tale is that at age 15 he met a buckeye artist, one that travels and paints portraits for a living, his first canvas may have been cut from the covering of a sheepherder's wagon. He repaired fences for ranchers in exchange for the weathered tops of wooden posts for use in carving; some of his first paintings were destroyed by cork-soled boots of loggers, yet his first sale was to a lumberjack for fifty cents.
He lived in poverty as a child and young man, yet in the mid-1950s built the Archie Teater Studio, the only Frank Lloyd Wright house in the state of Idaho, spent much of the last 20 years of his life traveling and painting in more than 100 countries, crossing the Atlantic on the Queen Elizabeth on one occasion, on the Concord on another. He died with a substantial estate, his large personal collection of paintings was left to a foundation for handicapped children, he once spent a night in jail for painting the rear-end of a buffalo in the Central Park Zoo in New York City. He never finished eighth grade, and he could well have been the most prolific U. S. artist with paintings numbering in the thousands that range from raw turn-of-the-century logging and mining camps in the West, to the majestic grandeur of the Grand Teton Mountains of Wyoming, street scenes in cowboy and mining towns, St. Patrick's Cathedral and Central Park in New York, the San Francisco skyline, exotic markets in North Africa, the Near East and Asia, plus what at the time he painted it was acclaimed to be the only accurate rendition of Custer's Last Stand.
At the time of his death, he was one of the country's best-known western landscape artists. He had one-man shows in New York City, his paintings had hung in exhibitions at the Metropolitan, other museums and U. S. Embassies around the world, he had been featured in articles in Better Homes and Gardens, Flair, Ideals and Quick Magazines. And, his paintings were in several important private collections, including: W. Averell Harriman, Lawrence Rockefeller, Godfrey Rockefeller, George S. Amory, Bennett Cerf, Henry P. Cole, Mrs. Charles de Rham. Following his death, Tester's paintings seemed to be known only by the owners his work and the diminishing coterie of people predominately in Boise and Jackson Hole, Wyoming who knew him or his wife. Teater was nomadic using; when he was 14, he lived in a cave in Malad Canyon in the Thousand Springs region of the Snake River in south-western Idaho. When he was 15 and 16, he lived in a horse-drawn covered wagon. With his brothers, he built a corral in the Snake River to catch sturgeon that they could sell as food to mining companies for their crews.
In the mid-1920s, he spent summers trekking with a string of pack burros through the Sawtooth Mountains prospecting for gold and painting. By the summer of 1928, he had a Model T Ford and ventured for the first time into Jackson Hole, Wyoming, to paint the Grand Tetons; this visit initiated a lifelong love affair with the Tetons, he spent, for the rest of his life every summer thereafter in Jackson Hole. He would start the summer season in the Tetons working for the U. S. Forest Service constructing trails in the nascent Grand Teton National Park, he would stay at the job until he had a few dollars he would quit in order to spend the remainder of the summer painting. His first'gallery' was on the shore of Jenny Lake at the base of the Tetons. In the mid-1940s he became known as'Teton Teater' for his paintings of the Tetons. A ridge in the Tetons became known as'Teater's Ridge' because of the considerable time he spent on it. In the late 1930s, his Jackson'studio' was the bed of a truck parked near the creek on the north side of town.
Hus 1941'formal' gallery in Jackson was in a rental space in the Railway Express Office. Teater's first formal art instruction began in the winter of 1921–22 when he left Boise to study for two winters at the Portland Art Museum, his teachers at the Museum were Henry F. Wentz. In the early 1930s, a number of eastern summer visitors in Jackson Hole felt that Teater would benefit from exposure to the New York art scene and urged him to go to New York for further training and study. Teater accordingly left Idaho for New York City in September 1935 and began the first of what would become eight winters of study at the Art Students League, his patron saint enabling him to do was Frances de Rham, who lived on Park Avenue and had a ranch in Jackson Hole where she spent summers. His instructors at the Art Students League between 1935 and 1945 included Homer Boss, Alexander Brook, George Brandt Bridgman, John Carroll, Frank Vincent Dumond, Reginald Marsh, William C. McNulty, his final formal study at the Art Students League