Do the Right Thing is a 1989 American comedy-drama film produced and directed by Spike Lee. It stars Lee, Danny Aiello, Ossie Davis, Ruby Dee, Richard Edson, Giancarlo Esposito, Bill Nunn, John Turturro, Samuel L. Jackson, is the feature film debut of Martin Lawrence and Rosie Perez; the story explores a Brooklyn neighborhood's simmering racial tension, which culminates in violence and a death on a hot summer day. The film was a commercial success and received numerous accolades, including Academy Award nominations for Best Original Screenplay and Best Supporting Actor for Aiello's portrayal of Sal the pizzeria owner, it is listed among the greatest films of all time. In 1999, the film was deemed "culturally and aesthetically significant" by the Library of Congress, in its first year of eligibility, was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry. Mookie is a 25-year-old pizza delivery man living in Bedford–Stuyvesant, with his sister Jade, he and his girlfriend Tina have a toddler son named Hector.
He works at the local pizzeria, lacks ambition. Sal, the pizzeria's Italian-American owner, has been in the neighborhood for 25 years, his older son Pino intensely dislikes black people, does not get along with Mookie. Because of this, Pino is at odds with both his father, who refuses to leave the neighborhood, majority African-American, his younger brother Vito, friendly with Mookie. Many distinctive residents are introduced, including a friendly drunk. While at Sal's, Mookie's friend Buggin' Out, known for trouble-making and b-boying, questions Sal about his "Wall of Fame", a wall decorated with photos of famous Italian-Americans. Buggin' Out demands that Sal put up pictures of black celebrities since Sal's pizzeria is in a black neighborhood. Sal replies that it is his business, that he can have whoever he wants on "The Wall of Fame". Buggin' Out attempts to start a protest over the Wall of Fame. Only Radio Raheem and Smiley support him. During the day, the heat and tensions begin to rise; the local teenagers open a fire douse the street, before police officers intervene.
Mookie and Pino begin arguing over race. Mookie confronts Pino about his negative attitudes towards African Americans, although the latter's favorite celebrities are black. Various characters express flowery racial insults to the camera: Mookie against Italians, Pino against African Americans, Latino Stevie against Koreans, white police officer Gary Long against Puerto Ricans, Korean store owner Sonny against Jews. Pino and Sal talk about the neighborhood, with Pino expressing his contempt for African Americans, Sal insisting that he is not leaving. Sal fires Mookie, but Jade intervenes, before Mookie confronts her for being too close to Sal; that night, Buggin' Out, Radio Raheem, Smiley march into Sal's and demand that Sal change the Wall of Fame. Raheem's boombox is blaring and Sal demands that he turn it off. Buggin' Out calls Sal and sons "guineas", threatens to close down the pizzeria until they change the Wall of Fame. Frustrated and angry after being called a "guinea bastard" and threatened by Buggin' Out, Sal calls Buggin' Out a "nigger" and destroys Raheem's boombox with a baseball bat.
Raheem attacks Sal, leading to a violent fight that spills out into the street, attracts a crowd. While Raheem is choking Sal, the police arrive, they apprehend Raheem and Buggin' Out. Despite the pleas of fellow officers and onlookers, one officer refuses to release his chokehold on Raheem, killing him. Realizing that Raheem has been killed in front of witnesses, the officers place his body in the back of a squad car and drive off, leaving Sal and Vito unprotected; the onlookers, enraged about Radio Raheem's death, blame his sons. Mookie grabs a trash can and throws it through the window of Sal's pizzeria, sparking the crowd to rush into the restaurant and destroy it. Smiley sets it on fire, diverting violent revenge against Sal. Da Mayor pulls Sal and Vito out of the mob's way. Firemen and riot patrols arrive to disperse the crowd. After police issue a warning, the firefighters turn their hoses on the rioters, leading to more fighting and arrests. Mookie and Jade sit on the curb. Smiley wanders back into the smoldering building and hangs one of his pictures on what is left of Sal's Wall of Fame.
The next day, after an argument with Tina, Mookie returns to Sal. He feels. Mookie demands his weekly pay; the two men cautiously reconcile, Sal pays Mookie. Mister Señor Love Daddy, a local DJ, dedicates a song to Radio Raheem; the film ends with two quotations that express different views about violence, one by Martin Luther King and one by Malcolm X. It fades to a photograph of the two leaders shaking hands. Prior to the credits, Lee dedicates the film to the families of six victims of police brutality or racial violence: Eleanor Bumpurs, Michael Griffith, Arthur Miller, Jr. Edmund Perry, Yvonne Smallwood, Michael Stewart. Lee first got the idea for the film after watching the Alfred Hitchcock Presents episode "Shopping for Death," in which the main characters discu
The 1992 United Nations Security Council election was held on 27 October 1992 during the Forty-seventh session of the United Nations General Assembly, held at United Nations Headquarters in New York City. The General Assembly elected Brazil, New Zealand and Spain, as the five new non-permanent members of the UN Security Council for two-year mandates commencing on 1 January 1993; the Security Council has 15 seats, filled by ten non-permanent members. Each year, half of the non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms. A sitting member may not run for re-election. In accordance with the rules whereby the ten non-permanent UNSC seats rotate among the various regional blocs into which UN member states traditionally divide themselves for voting and representation purposes, the five available seats are allocated as follows: One for African countries One for countries from the Asian Group One for Latin America and the Caribbean Two for the Western European and Others Group To be elected, a candidate must receive a two-thirds majority of those present and voting.
If the vote is inconclusive after the first round, three rounds of restricted voting shall take place, followed by three rounds of unrestricted voting, so on, until a result has been obtained. In restricted voting, only official candidates may be voted on, while in unrestricted voting, any member of the given regional group, with the exception of current Council members, may be voted on. Before the vote itself was held, the Chairmen of the regional groups made their statements endorsing the respective regional candidates. Mr. Ould Mohamed Mahmoud of Mauritania, speaking on behalf of the African Group, transferred the recommendation for the candidacy of Djibouti by both the African Group and the Organization of African Unity. Mr. Aksin of Turkey, speaking on behalf of the Asian Group, transferred the endorsement of the Group for the candidacy of Pakistan. Mr. Piriz Ballon of Uruguay transferred the endorsement of the Latin American and Caribbean Group for the candidacy of Brazil. Mr. Haakonsen of Denmark, speaking for the Western European and Others Group, announced the candidatures of New Zealand and Sweden.
List of members of the United Nations Security Council and the United Nations New Zealand and the United Nations Pakistan and the United Nations UN Document A/47/PV.48 Official record of General Assembly meeting, 11 November 1992
Aegopodium podagraria is a perennial plant in the carrot family that grows in shady places. The name "ground elder" comes from the superficial similarity of its leaves and flowers to those of elder, unrelated, it is the type species of the genus Aegopodium. This species is native to Eurasia, has been introduced around the world as an ornamental plant, where it poses an ecological threat as an invasive exotic plant. A. podagraria is perennial, growing to a height of 100 cm with rhizomes. The stems are erect and grooved; the upper leaves are ternate and toothed. Numerous flowers are grouped together in an umbrella-shaped flowerhead known as a compound umbel; the main umbel is further divided into several secondary umbels known as umbellules. Each umbellet has 15 to 20 rays that are each topped with a single, five-petaled white flower; the fruits have long curved styles. The flowers are visited by many types of insects, thus being characterised by a generalised pollination system. Aegopodium podagraria is distributed in the temperate zone of western Eurasia, from France to northern Russia.
It has been introduced elsewhere, including Ireland, Great Britain, the United States, Australia including Tasmania, New Zealand, Japan. Seed dispersal and seedling establishment is limited by shading, new establishments from seed are restricted to disturbed areas. However, Aegopodium podagraria spreads over large areas of ground by underground rhizomes. Once established, the plants are competitive in shaded environments, can reduce the diversity of ground cover, prevent the establishment of tree and shrub seedlings; because of its limited seed dispersal ability, short-lived seed bank and seedling recruitment, the primary vector for dispersal to new areas are human plantings as an ornamental, medicinal or vegetable plant, as well as by accidentally spreading rhizomes by dumping of garden waste. It spreads under favorable growing conditions; because of this it has been described as a nuisance species, been labeled one of the "worst" garden weeds in perennial flower gardens. A. podagraria has been introduced around the world, including in North America, New Zealand, Japan, most as an ornamental plant.
It establishes and can become naturalized in boreal, moist-temperate, moist-subtropical climates. It is an "aggressive" invader in the upper Great Lakes region and northeastern North America, Australia and New Zealand, it can pose an ecological threat due to its invasive nature, with potential to crowd out native species. Because of its potential impacts on native communities and the difficulty of its control, it has been banned or restricted in some jurisdictions outside its native range, including in Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont in the USA. Once established, goutweed is difficult to eradicate; the smallest piece of rhizome left in the ground will form a sturdy new plant. All-green goutweed may be more persistent and spread more than ornamental, variegated goutweed varieties, making the all-green type difficult to control, and all-green, wild type forms are known to reappear from seeds of variegated varieties. Integrative management strategies that combine herbicide with landscape cloth, bark mulch, hand weeding to control goutweed in a garden are unsuccessful because sprouting occurs from either rhizomes or root fragments left in the soil.
Hand pulling and digging followed by monitoring to control goutweed may be effective. Removing flowers before seed set may help control the spread of goutweed; because goutweed's starch reserves are depleted by spring, removal of leaves in spring could be effective in starving the plant. Once goutweed has been removed, the patch should be monitored periodically for a few years. New shoots should be destroyed. Revegetation with other plant materials is recommended; the most effective means of control is to prevent its establishment in natural communities. It is thus recommended to plant goutweed only on sites not adjacent to wildlands and in gardens where root spread can be restricted. A variegated form is grown as an ornamental plant, though with the advice to keep it isolated. In Eurasia, it is used as a food plant by the larvae of some species of Lepidoptera, including dot moth, grey dagger and grey pug, although A. podagraria is not the exclusive host to any of these species. The tender leaves have been used in antiquity and throughout the Middle Ages as a spring leaf vegetable, much as spinach was used.
It is used for soup. Young leaves are preferred as a pot herb, it is best picked from. If it is picked after this point, it has a laxative effect. However, it can be stopped from flowering by pinching out the flowers, ensuring the plant remains edible if used more sparingly as a pot herb, it had a history as a medicinal herb to treat gout and arthritis, applied in hot wraps externally upon boiling both leaves and roots together. Ingested, the leaves have a diuretic act as a mild sedative, its use as a medicinal herb has declined during the modern era. The plant is said to have been introduced into Great Britain by the Romans as a food plant and into Northern Europe as a medicinal h
Bolivia hosted the Copa América for the second time in its 38th edition. It was held from June 11 to 29, it was organized by South America's football governing body. There is no qualifying for the final tournament. All South American countries participate, along with two more invited countries, making a total of 12 teams competing in the tournament. In the 1997 edition, Costa Rica and Mexico were the invitees; the tournament was won by Brazil, who became the first team to hold the Copa América and the World Cup at the same time, a feat they would repeat in 2004. For a complete list of participating squads: 1997 Copa América squads The teams were divided into three groups of four teams each; the formation of the groups was made by CONMEBOL, in a public drawing of lots that took place on December 17, 1996. Each team plays one match against each of the other teams within the same group. Three points are awarded for one point for a draw and zero points for a defeat. First and second placed teams, in each group, advance to the quarter-finals.
The best third placed team and the second best third placed team advance to the quarter-finals. Tie-breaker If teams finish leveled on points, the following tie-breakers are used:greater goal difference in all group games. At the end of the first stage, a comparison was made between the third-placed teams of each group; the two best third-placed teams advanced to the quarter-finals. With six goals, Luis Hernández is the top scorer in the tournament. In total, 67 goals were scored with two of them credited as own goals. 6 goals Luis Hernández5 goals Ronaldo3 Goals 2 goals 1 goal Own goals Rónald González Camilo Romero 1997 Copa América at RSSSF
HeForShe is a solidarity campaign for the advancement of gender equality, initiated by the UN. Its goal is to achieve equality by encouraging both genders to partake as agents of change and take action against negative stereotypes and behaviors. Grounded in the idea that gender inequality is an issue that affects all people—socially and politically—it seeks to involve men and boys in a movement, conceived as "a struggle for women by men". On the HeForShe website, a geo-locating map records the global engagement of the campaign through counting the number of men and women around the world who have taken a pledge for the HeForShe initiative; the UN Women had worked toward a goal of engaging 1 million men and boys by July 2015, a goal they failed to meet. The campaign website sustains their online engagement by including a series of implementation plan for UN agencies and civil society, in addition to those on university and college campuses. Lastly, the HeForShe campaign shows the progress of their campaign by highlighting the work of the campaign supports on their website and social media platforms.
"Initially we were asking the question,'Do men care about gender equality?' and we found out that they do care", said Elizabeth Nyamayaro, senior adviser to the executive director of UN Women. "Then we started to get a lot of emails from men who signed up, who now want to do more." A special event was held to kick-start the HeForShe campaign on 20 September 2014 at the Headquarters of the United Nations in New York. It was hosted by UN Women Goodwill Ambassador Emma Watson, whose speech—about her own path to feminism and her call to involve men and boys in promoting gender equality—was circulated via social media. At that event, UN Women made a call to mobilize the first 100,000 men in the campaign, a goal reached in just three days. Former United States President Barack Obama, actor Matt Damon, UN Secretary-General António Guterres are among some of the high-profile male champions featured on the site. UN Women launched the HeForShe IMPACT 10x10x10 initiative to gain further momentum in advancing gender equality and women's empowerment at the 2015 World Economic Forum in Davos on January 23, 2015.
The initiative was launched as a one-year pilot effort to engage governments and universities as instruments of change. IMPACT 10x10x10 targets some of the communities that most need to address women's empowerment and gender equality concerns—and those that have the greatest capacity to make and influence those changes. Global leaders serving as IMPACT 10x10x10 founding champions include H. E. Prime Minister Mark Rutte of the Netherlands. E. President Ernest Bai Koroma of Sierra Leone. E. Prime Minister Stefan Löfvén of Sweden. UN Women Executive Director and Under-Secretary-General Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka said: "HeForShe exemplifies UN Women's groundbreaking leadership on gender equality. We know; the HeForShe IMPACT initiative puts responsibility for change right where it matters—and spotlights leaders who can make it happen. The founding champions from industry and government will pave the way for others to join in, using the pilot initiatives to streamline decision-making on relevant and successful activities.
We need everyone to get involved if we are to turn the tide." IMPACT 10x10x10 prioritizes legislative bodies and corporations based on the severity of gender inequality in these areas, as confirmed by findings from the World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Report in 2014. The report highlights the large gap between men and women in terms of political empowerment and indicates that there has been little improvement in workplace equality since 2006. Universities were invited to join the impact trio because youth engagement represents one of the greatest opportunities to accelerate progress in the achievement of gender equality and the end of violence against women. Popular British actor and UN Women Global Goodwill Ambassador Emma Watson serves as the public face of the movement, she said, "The groundswell of response we have received in support for HeForShe tells us we are tapping into what the world wants: to be a part of change. Now we have to channel that energy into purposeful action; the pilot initiative provides that framework.
Next we need all country leadership, as well as that of hundreds of universities and corporations to follow HeForShe's IMPACT 10x10x10 so as to bring an end to the persisting inequalities faced by women and girls globally." In Mexico, the National Autonomous University of Mexico supports the campaign HeForShe. UNAM has organized several events and programs to empower women, so this campaign was well aligned with the university's principles, which facilitated the university's participation. Within the HeForShe campaign, the university has organized events where women and men collaborate and innovate together. UNAM has opened forums where women and men share their experiences regarding discrimination, best practices to overcome it. HeForShe has offered a platform where UNAM could continue to include women in tech fields. UNAM's efforts, as well as that of other organizations in the region, have helped to position Mexico as a country with a high number of women engineers. Around the world, Vice Chancellors and Presidents of universities are participants in the initiative.
Robert A. Kotick is an American businessman, CEO of Activision Blizzard, he was the head of several technology companies early in his career. He purchased a stake in Activision in 1990, became CEO the next year. Kotick engineered the Activision Blizzard merger, he became CEO of the combined company in 2008, he is on several company boards. From 2003 until 2008, he was a director at Yahoo!. In February 2012, he became a non-executive director of The Coca-Cola Company. Robert A. Kotick was born in 1963 in the US, he attended the University of Michigan in the 1980s. In 1983 Kotick was advised by Steve Jobs to discontinue his studies in Art history and to run his software company full-time, he left the University of Michigan. Kotick began his career in 1983 while he was still in college at the University of Michigan, when he began creating software for the Apple II with financial backing from Steve Wynn. Kotick credits Steve Jobs for advising him to drop out of college to pursue his entrepreneurial interests in the software business.
In 1987, he tried to acquire Commodore International. He planned to remove the keyboard and disk drive from the Amiga 500 and turn it into the first 16-bit video game system, he was unsuccessful in persuading Commodore's then-Chairman Irving Gould to sell control of the company. He subsequently purchased a controlling stake in Leisure Concepts, Nintendo's licensing agent, renamed 4Kids Entertainment. Kotick and his partner Brian Kelly bought a 25% stake in Activision in December 1990, became CEO in February 1991. Kotick served as a founder of International Consumer Technologies and was President from 1986 to January 1995. In 1995, International Consumer Technologies became a wholly owned subsidiary of Activision. At Activision, Kotick set out to build "an institutional quality, well-managed company with a focus on the independent developer." In a June 14, 2010 interview with gaming blog Kotaku, Kotick stated, "…art of the whole philosophy of Activision was whether you're owned outright or not, if you're a studio you have control of your destiny, you could make decisions about who to hire, flexibility on what products to make, how to make them, schedules appropriate to make them, budgets."Kotick engineered the Activision Blizzard merger, stockholders of Activision Blizzard approved Kotick as CEO of the combined company on July 9, 2008.
In 2009, as reported by Forbes magazine, Robert Kotick received US$3.2 million in salary, benefits and incentives for his work with Activision Blizzard, of which $953,654 was his actual salary. By 2013, Kotick was the second-highest compensated CEO in the United States, earning $64.9 million in stock. Kotick has used Activision Blizzard's industry position to push partners for changes that he maintains would benefit the gaming community. In July 2009, Kotick threatened to stop making games for the PlayStation 3 platform if Sony did not cut the price of the console. Kotick urged the British government to reward Activision for continuing to invest in the country's pool of game developers by providing Activision with the same kinds of tax incentives provided by Canada and eastern bloc countries. Kotick has launched an Independent Games Competition with $500,000 in total available prize money for small developers working with new platforms and has stated that "keeping passion in game development is something that's important to him."
In October 2016, Kotick confirmed the creation of Activision Blizzard's Overwatch League. In November 2016, Activision Blizzard inked a deal with Kotick where he might receive bonuses if certain financial benchmarks were met concerning M&A. Earlier that same year, Activision had acquired companies such as Major League Gaming. In late 2016, he was given a pay hike because the company was performing well, with a contract that locks him in until 2021. In June 2017 it was Fortune who said that Kotick had become “the longest-serving head of any publicly traded tech company.” Under him, the company was still developing films about its video games, coming out with new video game sporting projects. In February 2019, non-profit organisation As You Sow ranked Kotick 45th in a list of the 100 most over-paid chief executive officers of the United States. According to the report, Kotick made $28.6 million in the year prior, equal to 306 times more than the average Activision Blizzard employee. Kotick was a Yahoo! board member from March 2003 to August 2008, is a board member for the Center for Early Education, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Tony Hawk Foundation.
In October 2009, Kotick founded the Call of Duty Endowment, a non-profit benefit corporation, after speaking with former Veteran's Administration Secretary Jim Nicholson about how best to serve veterans. The endowment helps soldiers transition to civilian careers after their military service. Kotick recruited an advisory board composed of veterans representing the various service branches. In 2017, CODE announced that efforts would now encompass both US and U. K veterans, with a goal of placing 100,000 veterans in high-quality positions by 2024. Ranked 50th in Vanity Fair's 2016 New Establishment List. Ranked 75th on Harvard Business Review's 2016 Best Performing CEOs in the World. Ranked 24th in 27th in 2015 on the Adweek list of Top 100 Leaders in Media; some statements Kotick has made about his business strategy have led to controversy. He has focused on developing intellectual property which can be, in his words, "exploited" over a long period, to the exclusion of new titles which cannot guarantee sequels.
Kotick described this business strategy as "narrow and deep" or "annualizable" and cited it as key to attracting development talent who may not be drawn to "s