SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Donald Duck

Donald Fauntleroy Duck is a cartoon character created in 1934 at Walt Disney Productions. Donald is an anthropomorphic white duck with a yellow-orange bill and feet, he wears a sailor shirt and cap with a bow tie. Donald is known for his mischievous and temperamental personality. Along with his friend Mickey Mouse, Donald was included in TV Guide's list of the 50 greatest cartoon characters of all time in 2002, he has appeared in more films than any other Disney character, is the most published comic book character in the world outside of the superhero genre. Donald Duck appeared in comedic roles in animated cartoons. Donald's first appearance was in The Wise Little Hen, but it was his second appearance in Orphan's Benefit which introduced him as a temperamental comic foil to Mickey Mouse. Throughout the next two decades, Donald appeared in over 150 theatrical films, several of which were recognized at the Academy Awards. In the 1930s, he appeared as part of a comic trio with Mickey and Goofy and was given his own film series starting with Don Donald.

These films introduced Donald's love interest Daisy Duck and included his three nephews Huey and Louie. After the film Chips Ahoy, Donald appeared in educational films before returning to theatrical animation in Mickey's Christmas Carol, his last appearance in a theatrical film was in Fantasia 2000. However, since Donald has appeared in direct-to-video features such as Mickey, Goofy: The Three Musketeers, television series such as Mickey Mouse Clubhouse, video games such as QuackShot. Beyond animation, Donald is known for his appearances in comics. Donald was most famously drawn by Al Taliaferro, Carl Barks, Don Rosa. Barks, in particular, is credited for expanding the "Donald Duck universe", the world in which Donald lives, creating many additional characters such as Donald's rich uncle Scrooge McDuck. Donald has been a popular character in Europe in Nordic countries where his weekly magazine Donald Duck & Co was the comics publication with the highest circulation from the 1950s to 2009. In Italy, Donald is a major character in many comics in which his juvenile version Paperino Paperotto and his superhero alter ego Paperinik were created.

The first mention of Donald Duck was made in 1931 for the storybook The Adventures of Mickey Mouse, as one of Mickey's barnyard friends. The character featured in the cover is much different from the modern Donald Duck, being drawn more like a normal duck and sporting a green hat and pants; the origins of Donald Duck's name may have been inspired by Australian cricket legend Donald Bradman. In 1932, Bradman and the Australian team were touring North America and he made the news after being dismissed for a duck against New York West Indians. Walt Disney was in the process of creating a friend for Mickey Mouse when he read about Bradman's dismissal in the papers and decided to name the new character "Donald Duck". Voice performer Clarence Nash auditioned for Walt Disney Studios when he learned that Disney was looking for people to create animal sounds for his cartoons. Disney was impressed with Nash's duck imitation and chose him to voice the new character. Besides, during that period Mickey Mouse had lost some of his edge since becoming a role model towards children, so Disney wanted to create a character to portray some of the more negative character traits that could no longer be bestowed on Mickey.

Disney came up with Donald's iconic attributes including his sailor suit. While Dick Huemer and Art Babbit were the first to animate Donald, Dick Lundy is credited for developing him as a character; the character is known for possessing an only intelligible voice, developed by Donald's original performer, Clarence Nash. The voice actor produces sounds by forcing air through the mouth using the muscles of the cheek, rather than from the lungs as in typical speech. Nash reputedly developed the voice as that of a "nervous baby goat" before Walt Disney interpreted it as sounding like a duck. Donald's two dominant personality traits are his fiery temper and his upbeat attitude to life. Many Donald shorts start with Donald in a happy mood, without a care in the world until something comes along and spoils his day, his rage is a great cause of suffering in his life. On multiple occasions, it has caused him to lose competitions. There are times when he fights to keep his temper in check, he sometimes succeeds in doing so temporarily, but he always returns to his normal angry self in the end.

Donald's vicious nature has its advantages, however. While at times it is a hindrance, a handicap, it has helped him in times of need; when faced with a threat of some kind, for example, Pete's attempts to intimidate him, he is scared, but his fear is replaced by anger. As a result, instead of running away, he fights—with ghosts, mountain goats, giant kites, the forces of nature. More than not, when he fights, he comes out on top. Donald is something of a prankster, as a result, he can sometimes come across as a bit of a bully in the way he sometimes treats Chip n' Dale and Huey and Louie, his nephews; as the animator Fred Spencer has put it: The Duck gets a big kick out of imposing on other people or annoying them, but he loses his temper when the tables are turned. In other words, he can dish it out. However, with a few exceptions, there is any harm in Donald's pranks, he never intends to hurt anyone

Biblioteca statale del Monumento Nazionale Badia di Cava

The Biblioteca statale del Monumento Nazionale Badia di Cava or the State Library of the National Monument of the Abbey of Cava de' Tirreni, is a national library whose collection originated with works from the Benedictine abbey of La Trinità della Cava, located on Via Michele Morcaldi #6, Cava de' Tirreni, province of Salerno, region of Campania, Italy. The library's origins come from the foundation of the abbey in the 11th century, when the abbey founded a scriptorium; the library lost much of its original collection during the 15th century. However abbots protected the integrity of the library, going as far as obtaining in 1595 a papal bull from Pope Clement VIII banning the extraction of books from the library. A further loss however occurred during a rock fall occurring on Christmas' eve in 1796. After the 19th-century suppression of the monasteries, the abbey had some degree of protection since monks were employed as custodians of the abbey; the library contains 15,000 parchment pages including 65 codeses.

Among the treasures of the collection are a 9th-century Visigothic Bible, the 9th-century Codex legum Langobardorum (a compendium of the Ancient Germanic law of the Lombards.

Nkosi Nofuma

Nkosikhona Nofuma is a South African rugby union player for the Griffons in the Currie Cup and in the Rugby Challenge. He can play as number eight or lock. Despite being born in the Eastern Cape, Nofuma went to school in Welkom, he was selected to represent the Welkom-based Griffons rugby province at the Under-18 Academy Week in 2005 and played for a Griffons Country Districts side at the same competition in 2006. After high school, he continued to progress through age-group rugby at the Griffons. However, he failed to break into their senior squad. In 2011, Nofuma represented the rugby team of Alice-based university side University of Fort Hare in the Varsity Shield competitions in 2011, 2012 and 2013, he scored four tries for them during the 2013 edition, getting a brace in their match against UKZN Impi and one each in their matches against UWC and eventual champions CUT Ixias. He was one of several amateur players brought into the Border Bulldogs provincial set-up at the start of 2014 after the professional side was declared bankrupt.

He was included in their squad for the 2014 Vodacom Cup competition and made his debut in their First Round match against Sharks XV, suffering a 24–46 defeat. He featured in a defeat in the Eastern Cape derby against the Eastern Province Kings in their next match and helped the Border Bulldogs to an 18–17 win in their next match against Kenyan side Simba XV, their only victory of the competition, his first start for the Border Bulldogs came in their 16–29 defeat to Western Province in their next match and he made a further three appearances, to bring his tally in the competition to seven. Nofuma was retained for their 2014 Currie Cup qualification campaign and he made his debut in the Currie Cup competition in their opening-day 5–52 defeat to Griquas, he made one more appearance during the qualification series, but the Border Bulldogs lost all six of their matches, failing to qualify for the 2014 Currie Cup Premier Division, instead qualifying to the 2014 Currie Cup First Division. He was named in their squad for the First Division campaign, where he made a further five appearances – starting just one of those, their final match of the season against the Boland Cavaliers.

The Border Bulldogs ended the competition bottom of the log with a single win all season. He returned to action in the 2015 Vodacom Cup, starting their opening match of the season against the Sharks XV