Doris Day was an American actress and animal welfare activist. She began her career as a big band singer in 1939, achieving commercial success in 1945 with two No. 1 recordings, "Sentimental Journey" and "My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time" with Les Brown & His Band of Renown. She left Brown to embark on a solo career and recorded more than 650 songs from 1947 to 1967. Day's film career began during the latter part of the Golden Age of Hollywood with the film Romance on the High Seas, leading to a 20-year career as a motion picture actress, she starred in films of many genres, including musicals, comedies and thrillers. She played the title role in Calamity Jane and starred in Alfred Hitchcock's The Man Who Knew Too Much with James Stewart, her best-known films are those in which she co-starred with Rock Hudson, chief among them 1959's Pillow Talk, for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress. She worked with James Garner on both Move Over and The Thrill of It All, starred alongside Clark Gable, Cary Grant, James Cagney, David Niven, Jack Lemmon, Frank Sinatra, Richard Widmark, Kirk Douglas, Lauren Bacall, Rod Taylor in various movies.
After ending her film career in 1968, only removed from the height of her popularity, she starred in her own sitcom The Doris Day Show. Day became one of the biggest film stars in the early 1960s, as of 2012 was one of eight performers to have been the top box-office earner in the United States four times. In 2011, she released her 29th studio album My Heart which contained new material and became a UK Top 10 album, she received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and a Legend Award from the Society of Singers. In 1960, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress, was given the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures in 1989. In 2004, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Doris Mary Anne Kappelhoff was born on April 3, 1922, in Cincinnati, the daughter of Alma Sophia and William Joseph Kappelhoff, her mother was a homemaker, her father was a music teacher and choirmaster. Her maternal and paternal grandparents were German. For most of her life, Day believed she had been born in 1924 and reported her age accordingly.
The youngest of three siblings, she had two older brothers: Richard and Paul, two to three years older. Due to her father's alleged infidelity, her parents separated, she developed an early interest in dance, in the mid-1930s formed a dance duo with Jerry Doherty that performed locally in Cincinnati. A car accident on October 13, 1937, injured her right leg and curtailed her prospects as a professional dancer. While recovering from her car accident, Kappelhoff started to sing along with the radio and discovered a talent she did not know she had. "During this long, boring period, I used to while away a lot of time listening to the radio, sometimes singing along with the likes of Benny Goodman, Duke Ellington, Tommy Dorsey, Glenn Miller", she told A. E. Hotchner, one of Day's biographers. "But the one radio voice I listened to above others belonged to Ella Fitzgerald. There was a quality to her voice that fascinated me, I'd sing along with her, trying to catch the subtle ways she shaded her voice, the casual yet clean way she sang the words."Observing her daughter sing rekindled Alma's interest in show business, she decided Doris must have singing lessons.
She engaged Grace Raine. After three lessons, Raine told Alma that young Doris had "tremendous potential". Years Day said that Raine had the biggest effect on her singing style and career. During the eight months she was taking singing lessons, Kappelhoff had her first professional jobs as a vocalist, on the WLW radio program Carlin's Carnival, in a local restaurant, Charlie Yee's Shanghai Inn. During her radio performances, she first caught the attention of Barney Rapp, looking for a female vocalist and asked if she would like to audition for the job. According to Rapp, he had auditioned about 200 singers. While working for Rapp in 1939, she adopted the stage surname "Day", at Rapp's suggestion. Rapp felt that "Kappelhoff" was too long for marquees, he admired her rendition of the song "Day After Day". After working with Rapp, Day worked with bandleaders Jimmy James, Bob Crosby, Les Brown. In 1941, Day appeared as a singer in three Soundies with the Les Brown band. While working with Brown, Day recorded her first hit recording, "Sentimental Journey", released in early 1945.
It soon became an anthem of the desire of World War II demobilizing troops to return home. The song continues to be associated with Day, she re-recorded it on several occasions, including a version in her 1971 television special. During 1945–46, Day had six other top ten hits on the Billboard chart: "My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time", "'Tain't Me", "Till The End of Time", "You Won't Be Satisfied", "The Whole World is Singing My Song", "I Got the Sun in the Mornin'". Les Brown said, "As a singe
Loretto is a city in Hennepin County, United States. The population was 650 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.29 square miles, all of it land. County Roads 11 and 19 are two of the main routes. Nearby places include Medina, Maple Plain, Independence and Corcoran. Loretto was founded in 1886, settled by German and Dutch immigrants. Loretto was named for a Roman Catholic mission for refugees of the Huron Indians near Quebec, named Lorette; the original source of the name is Loreto, a small town in Italy, which has a noted shrine of pilgrimage. The city was incorporated in 1940; the first mayor was Albert Van Beusekom. In 2010, Loretto elected Kent Koch as its mayor. Koch was the starting second baseman on the St. Cloud State University baseball team, was believed to be the only college student in the country, a mayor; as of the census of 2010, there were 650 people, 269 households, 168 families living in the city. The population density was 2,241.4 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 278 housing units at an average density of 958.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.6% White, 0.3% African American, 0.3% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population. There were 269 households of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.5% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.10. The median age in the city was 39.9 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 50.3% male and 49.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 570 people, 225 households, 146 families living in the city; the population density was 1,948.7 people per square mile.
There were 228 housing units at an average density of 779.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.95% White, 0.53% Native American, 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.18% of the population. 56.7% were of German, 7.6% Irish and 6.2% Norwegian ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 225 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.7% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.22. In the city, the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $54,375, the median income for a family was $71,944. Males had a median income of $50,208 versus $32,321 for females; the per capita income for the city was $27,443. About 0.7% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over. City website
HMS Blackmore was an escort destroyer of the Type II Hunt class. The Royal Navy ordered Blackmore's construction three months after the outbreak of the Second World War. A. Stephen & Sons laid down her keel at their Glasgow yard on 10 February 1941, as Admiralty Job Number J1479; the ship was adopted by the civil community of Langport, Somerset after a successful Warship Week campaign. The ship was renamed HDMS Esbern Snare. Blackmore began her contractor sea trials in April, the destroyer joined the Second Destroyer Flotilla. After completing trials and working up for operational service, in May the destroyer was nominated for escort of military convoys during their passage to Freetown. On 1 June Blackmore joined Convoy WS 19P, with the battleship Nelson and the destroyer Derwent as ocean escort during the convoy's Atlantic passage. On 15 June the destroyer detached from WS 19P upon arrival at Freetown, where she was retained for local escort duties. On 24 June, the destroyer left Freetown with the destroyer Brilliant to meet with and escort Convoy WS 20 during its Atlantic passage from the Clyde.
On 26 June she joined WS 20 on its way to Freetown. In July Blackmore was transferred to the Indian Ocean for convoy defence, detaching from WS 20 on 2 July along with the other ships on arrival to Freetown. On 6 July, Blackmore joined WS 20 as ocean escort, with the battleship Malaya the destroyers Brilliant and Wivern during the convoy's passage to the Cape of Good Hope. On 17 July, Blackmore detached from ocean escort duties with Malaya and escorted the convoy into Cape Town. On 19 July the destroyer was deployed at Simonstown for convoy defence in the South Atlantic and Indian Ocean; the destroyer remained in duty at Simonstown up until January 1943. In February, the destroyer joined Convoy WS 26 during its passage from Freetown to the Cape. Blackmore joined as escort for WS 26 as a relief for the destroyer Quality; the destroyer sailed to Durban for convoy defence duties in the Indian Ocean. On 1 March, the destroyer rejoined WS 26 from Durban as escort with the minesweeper Carnatic and the destroyers Catterick and Relentless.
On 3 March, Blackmore detached from the convoy to join another Convoy DN 21 as escort. After arriving at Durban with DN 21, Blackmore took passage to Simonstown to effect a refit; the destroyer's refit was finished in May, after completing post refit trials, Blackmore took passage to Freetown to serve for Atlantic convoy defence. The destroyer was deployed for local escort duties at Freetown, making a passage to Gibraltar on 20 June to escort Convoy WS 31 to Freetown. In July, Blackmore was nominated for transfer to the Mediterranean; the destroyer arrived at Freetown with WS 31 on 4 July and rejoined military convoy WS 31. Blackmore escorted the convoy until 15 July when she returned to Freetown and took passage to the Mediterranean. In August Blackmore joined the 57th Fleet Division based at Malta, deployed for convoy defence in the central Mediterranean. In September the destroyer joined a naval task force to escort and support the Allied invasion of Italy. On 8 September the destroyer was deployed as an escort of the military convoy TSF1X during passage from Palermo to the Salerno beach head.
Upon being released from the invasion of Italy, the destroyer resumed her convoy defence duties with the Division. Between November and December, Blackmore joined the 60th Destroyer Division based in Malta but deploying for convoy defence and support duties of military operations in the Adriatic sea. From January to May 1944, Blackmore continued in her convoy escort duties. On 16 January she carried out a bombardment of Durazzo in Albania with the destroyer Ledbury. During June Blackmore was transferred to the Fifth Destroyer Flotilla, Mediterranean Fleet, taking part in an engagement against four German E-Boats in the Adriatic, with the destroyer Eggesford. One E-Boat was sunk, with ten survivors rescued. In July the destroyer continued in her deployment with the flotilla, this time with the nomination for escort and patrol duties of military convoys during Allied landings in the south of France; this operation was carried under overall US Navy command. In August, Blackmore joined in the escort of Convoy SM 2 from Naples.
After being released from the operation, the destroyer resumed her flotilla duties. In September Blackmore was recalled to the United Kingdom for a refit at Sheerness, before being nominated for service with the Eastern Fleet; the ship was taken in the refit taking from October to January. Post refit trials were made at Nore Command. In March, Blackmore was deployed for convoy defence, since additional escorts were needed to combat a concerted submarine and E-Boat attack in the Thames estuary. In April the destroyer was prepared for foreign service with the 18th Destroyer Flotilla within the Eastern Fleet. On 28 April Blackmore joined the flotilla at Bombay. In May the destroyer was deployed as a weather ship in the Andamans, during the Allied landings at Rangoon. After these landings, Blackmore was again deployed for convoy defence in support of military operations and patrol in the Indian Ocean. Blackmore continued to be deployed in this theatre until August, sailing from Trincomalee on 4 September as part of the escort task force for aircraft carriers during their passage to the Malacca Straits.
On 6 September the destroyer joined military convoy JE1F, in the Malacca Straits, forming part of the escort in Operation Zipper. Blackmore was deployed at Singapore, was nominated for return to the United Kingdom where she was to be paid off into the reserve; the destroyer sailed from Trincomalee on 8 October 1945, on arriving at Plymouth the destroyer was paid off at Devonport where she was laid up in the reserve fleet until 195