Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a federal republic in Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in western-Central Europe, and is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of 41,285 km2. The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy dates to the medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria. Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire was formally recognized in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. The country has a history of armed neutrality going back to the Reformation, it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815, nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to international organisations.
On the European level, it is a member of the European Free Trade Association. However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties, spanning the intersection of Germanic and Romance Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions, French and Romansh. Due to its diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names, Suisse, Svizzera. On coins and stamps, Latin is used instead of the four living languages, Switzerland is one of the most developed countries in the world, with the highest nominal wealth per adult and the eighth-highest per capita gross domestic product according to the IMF. Zürich and Geneva have each been ranked among the top cities in the world in terms of quality of life, with the former ranked second globally, according to Mercer. The English name Switzerland is a compound containing Switzer, a term for the Swiss. The English adjective Swiss is a loan from French Suisse, in use since the 16th century.
The name Switzer is from the Alemannic Schwiizer, in origin an inhabitant of Schwyz and its associated territory, the Swiss began to adopt the name for themselves after the Swabian War of 1499, used alongside the term for Confederates, used since the 14th century. The data code for Switzerland, CH, is derived from Latin Confoederatio Helvetica. The toponym Schwyz itself was first attested in 972, as Old High German Suittes, ultimately related to swedan ‘to burn’
Districts of Switzerland
In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. Therefore, there exists a variety of structures and terminology for the subnational entities between canton and municipality, loosely termed districts, most cantons are divided into Bezirke. They are termed Ämter, district or distretto, the Bezirke generally provide only administration and court organization. However, for historical reasons districts in cantons Graubünden and Schwyz are their own legal entities with jurisdiction over tax, seven of the 26 cantons – Uri, Nidwalden, Zug, Basel-City and Geneva – have always existed without the district level of government. An eighth one, Appenzell Innerrhoden, uses no intermediate level either, bern in 2006 decided a reduction of its 26 districts to five administrative regions. Vaud decided a reduction from 19 to 10 districts, valais is planning a similar reduction and in Thurgau, a reduction of eight to four districts is under discussion.
From 2005, districts only have a statistical meaning, the districts are functionally equivalent to municipalities elsewhere in Switzerland, and are generally shown as municipalities on maps etc. The Canton is divided into 6 districts, Appenzell Gonten Oberegg Rüte Schlatt-Haslen Schwende Municipalities of Switzerland
Holy Roman Empire
The Holy Roman Empire was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806. On 25 December 800, Pope Leo III crowned the Frankish king Charlemagne as Emperor, reviving the title in Western Europe, more than three centuries after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The title was revived in 962 when Otto I was crowned emperor, fashioning himself as the successor of Charlemagne, some historians refer to the coronation of Charlemagne as the origin of the empire, while others prefer the coronation of Otto I as its beginning. Scholars generally concur, however, in relating an evolution of the institutions and principles constituting the empire, the office of Holy Roman Emperor was traditionally elective, although frequently controlled by dynasties. Emperor Francis II dissolved the empire on 6 August 1806, after the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine by Napoleon, before 1157, the realm was merely referred to as the Roman Empire.
In a decree following the 1512 Diet of Cologne, the name was changed to Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, by the end of the 18th century, the term Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation had fallen out of official use. As Roman power in Gaul declined during the 5th century, local Germanic tribes assumed control, by the middle of the 8th century, the Merovingians had been reduced to figureheads, and the Carolingians, led by Charles Martel, had become the de facto rulers. In 751, Martel’s son Pepin became King of the Franks, the Carolingians would maintain a close alliance with the Papacy. In 768 Pepin’s son Charlemagne became King of the Franks and began an expansion of the realm. He eventually incorporated the territories of present-day France, northern Italy, on Christmas Day of 800, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor, restoring the title in the west for the first time in over three centuries. After the death of Charles the Fat in 888, the Carolingian Empire broke apart, according to Regino of Prüm, the parts of the realm spewed forth kinglets, and each part elected a kinglet from its own bowels.
After the death of Charles the Fat, those crowned emperor by the pope controlled only territories in Italy, the last such emperor was Berengar I of Italy, who died in 924. Around 900, autonomous stem duchies reemerged in East Francia, on his deathbed, Conrad yielded the crown to his main rival, Henry the Fowler of Saxony, who was elected king at the Diet of Fritzlar in 919. Henry reached a truce with the raiding Magyars, and in 933 he won a first victory against them in the Battle of Riade, Henry died in 936, but his descendants, the Liudolfing dynasty, would continue to rule the Eastern kingdom for roughly a century. Upon Henry the Fowlers death, his son and designated successor, was elected King in Aachen in 936 and he overcame a series of revolts from an elder brother and from several dukes. After that, the managed to control the appointment of dukes. In 951, Otto came to the aid of Adelaide, the queen of Italy, defeating her enemies, marrying her. In 955, Otto won a victory over the Magyars in the Battle of Lechfeld
Anthroposophy aims to attain in its study of spiritual experience the precision and clarity attained by the natural sciences in their investigations of the physical world. The philosophy has double roots in German idealism and German mysticism and was expressed in language drawn from Theosophy. The Anthroposophical Society has its center at the Goetheanum in Dornach. Modern critics, particularly Michael Shermer, have termed anthroposophys application in such as medicine, biology. Anthroposophy has been termed the most important esoteric society in European history, the early work of the founder of anthroposophy, Rudolf Steiner, culminated in his Philosophy of Freedom. Here, Steiner developed a concept of free will based on inner experiences, by the beginning of the twentieth century, Steiners interests turned to explicitly spiritual areas of research. His work began to interest others interested in ideas, among these was the Theosophical Society. From 1900 on, thanks to the reception given to his ideas.
During the years of his leadership, membership increased dramatically, from a few individuals to sixty-nine Lodges, by 1907, a split between Steiner and the mainstream Theosophical Society had begun to become apparent. While the Society was oriented toward an Eastern and especially Indian approach, Steiner was trying to develop a path that embraced Christianity, the split became irrevocable when Annie Besant, president of the Theosophical Society, began to present the child Jiddu Krishnamurti as the reincarnated Christ. Steiner strongly objected and considered any comparison between Krishnamurti and Christ to be nonsense, many later, Krishnamurti repudiated the assertion. By this time, Steiner had reached considerable stature as a spiritual teacher and he spoke about what he considered to be his direct experience of the Akashic Records, thought to be a spiritual chronicle of the history, pre-history, and future of the world and mankind. In a number of works, Steiner described a path of development he felt would let anyone attain comparable spiritual experiences.
In 1912, the Anthroposophical Society was founded, after World War I, the Anthroposophical movement took on new directions. Projects such as schools, centers for those with needs, organic farms and medical clinics were established. As a spiritual basis for the movement, Steiner wrote a Foundation Stone Meditation which remains a central meditative expression of anthroposophical ideas. Steiner died just over a year later, in 1925, by 2007, national branches of the Anthroposophical Society had been established in fifty countries, and about 10,000 institutions around the world were working on the basis of anthroposophy. In the same year, the Anthroposophical Society was called the most important esoteric society in European history, anthroposophy is an amalgam of the Greek terms ἄνθρωπος and σοφία
Old Swiss Confederacy
The Old Swiss Confederacy was a precursor of the modern state of Switzerland. It was a confederation of independent small states which formed during the 14th century. From a nucleus in what is now Central Switzerland, the confederacy expanded to include the cities of Zurich and this formed a rare union of rural and urban communes, all of which enjoyed imperial immediacy in the Holy Roman Empire. Its success resulted in the addition of more confederates, increasing the number of cantons to thirteen by 1513, the confederacy pledged neutrality in 1515 and 1647, although many Swiss served privately as mercenaries in the Italian Wars and during the Early Modern period. After the Swabian War of 1499 the confederacy was a de facto independent state throughout the modern period. The Swiss Confederacy fell to invasion by the French Revolutionary Army in 1798, the adjective “old” was introduced after the Napoleonic era with Ancien Régime, retronyms distinguishing the pre-Napoleonic from the restored confederation.
During its existence the confederacy was known as Eidgenossenschaft or Eydtgnoschafft, in reference to treaties among cantons, territories of the confederacy came to be known collectively as Schweiz or Schweizerland, with the English Switzerland beginning during the mid-16th century. From that time the Confederacy was seen as a single state, the foundation of the Confederacy is marked by the Rütlischwur or the 1315 Pact of Brunnen. Since 1889, the Federal Charter of 1291 among the communes of Uri, Schwyz. The initial pact was augmented by pacts with the cities of Lucerne, Zürich, in several battles with Habsburg armies, the Swiss were victorious, they conquered the rural areas of Glarus and Zug, which became members of the confederacy. From 1353 to 1481, the federation of eight cantons—known in German as the Acht Orte —consolidated its position, the members enlarged their territory at the expense of local counts—primarily by buying judicial rights, but sometimes by force. The Eidgenossenschaft, as a whole, expanded through military conquest, the Aargau was conquered in 1415, in both cases, the Swiss profited from weakness in the Habsburg dukes.
In the south, Uri led a military territorial expansion that would by 1515 lead to the conquest of the Ticino, none of these territories became members of the confederacy, they had the status of condominiums. At this time, the eight cantons gradually increased their influence on neighbouring cities, individual cantons concluded pacts with Fribourg, Schaffhausen, the abbot and the city of St. Gallen, Rottweil and others. These allies became closely associated with the confederacy, but were not accepted as full members, the Burgundy Wars prompted a further enlargement of the confederacy and Solothurn were accepted in 1481. In the Swabian War against Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, the Swiss were victorious, the associated cities of Basel and Schaffhausen joined the confederacy as a result of that conflict, and Appenzell followed suit in 1513 as the thirteenth member. The federation of thirteen cantons constituted the Old Swiss Confederacy until its demise in 1798, the expansion of the confederacy was stopped by the Swiss defeat in the 1515 Battle of Marignano.
Only Berne and Fribourg were still able to conquer the Vaud in 1536, the Reformation in Switzerland led to doctrinal division amongst the cantons
Reinach is a municipality in the district Arlesheim in the canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland. Reinach is first mentioned around 1168-76 as Rinacho, Reinach has an area, as of 2009, of 7 square kilometers. Of this area,1.84 km2 or 26. 3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 1.16 km2 or 16. 6% is forested. Of the rest of the land,3.87 km2 or 55. 3% is settled,0.06 km2 or 0. 9% is either rivers or lakes and 0.04 km2 or 0. 6% is unproductive land. Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 4. 1% of the area while housing and buildings made up 33. 0%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other developed areas made up 1. 6% of the area while parks. Out of the land,15. 1% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1. 4% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land,21. 1% is used for growing crops and 2. 9% is pastures, all the water in the municipality is flowing water. The municipality is located in the Arlesheim district, the original village grew up along a small stream.
At the beginning of the 21st century, it is part of the agglomeration of Basel at the crossing of the Basel-Aesch-Birstal and Dornach-Therwil-Leimental lines, the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent, from a Bar Azure a semi-fleur-de-lis issuant of the same. The coat of arms symbolises St. Nicholas who is connected to the town. Reinach has a population of 18,978, as of 2008,17. 1% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 4. 8%, most of the population speaks German, with Italian language being second most common and French being third. There are 11 people who speak Romansh, as of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 48. 3% male and 51. 7% female. The population was made up of 15,424 Swiss citizens, and 3,377 non-Swiss residents Of the population in the municipality 3,366 or about 18. 4% were born in Reinach and lived there in 2000. There were 2,730 or 14. 9% who were born in the canton, while 8,021 or 43.
8% were born somewhere else in Switzerland. In 2008 there were 101 live births to Swiss citizens and 30 births to non-Swiss citizens, ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 61 while the foreign population increased by 20. There were 9 Swiss men and 9 Swiss women who emigrated from Switzerland, at the same time, there were 49 non-Swiss men and 61 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland
Green Party of Switzerland
The Green Party of Switzerland is the fifth-largest party in the National Council of Switzerland, and the largest party that is not represented on the Federal Council. The first Green party in Switzerland was founded as a party in 1971 in the town of Neuchâtel. In 1979, Daniel Brélaz was elected to the National Council as the first Green MP on the national level and regional Green parties and organisations were founded in many different towns and cantons in the following years. In 1990, an attempt to combine these organisations failed, some of the member groups from the Green Alternative Party joined the Federation of Green Parties which has become the de facto national Green party. In 1993, the Federation of Green Parties changed its name to the Green Party of Switzerland, in 1986, the first two Green members of a cantonal government become members of the Regierungsrat of Bern. In 1987, the Green Party of Switzerland joined the European Federation of Green Parties, in the 1990s, members of the Green Party became town mayors, members of the high court and even president of a cantonal government.
The traditional emphases of the partys policies lie in environmentalism and green means of transportation, in terms of foreign policy, the greens set out on the course of openness and pacifism. In economic policy, the greens are center-left, the majority of greens support an accession of Switzerland to the European Union. In immigration policy, the greens support further integration initiatives for immigrants, the greens support measures to increase energy efficiency, oppose nuclear power, and support raising energy and fuel prices. According to their policy, the revenues should be allocated to social security spending. On the national level, in 2003 the Green Party was not represented in the Council of States or Federal Council, in 2007, two Green Party members were elected to the Council of States. By 2005, the party held 3.8 percent of the seats in the Swiss cantonal executive governments and 6.9 percent in the Swiss cantonal parliaments. In 2007, the Green Party was represented in the governments of the cantons Bern, Basel-City, Neuchâtel, Vaud and Zurich.
Percentage of the vote for the Green Party in Federal Elections 1971-20151. ^a * indicates that the party was not on the ballot in this canton. 2. ^b Part of the Canton of Bern until 1979
Mulhouse is a city and commune in eastern France, close to the Swiss and German borders. Mulhouse is the commune of the 33 making up the communauté dagglomération Mulhouse Alsace Agglomération. Mulhouse is famous for its museums, especially the Cité de l’Automobile, an industrial town nicknamed the French Manchester, Mulhouse is the main seat of the Upper Alsace University, where the secretariat of the European Physical Society can be found. Mulhouse is the city of an arrondissement of the Haut-Rhin département. Legends mention the origin of the town in 58 BC, and it was part of the southern Alsatian county of Sundgau in the Holy Roman Empire. From 1354–1515 Mulhouse was part of the Décapole, an association of ten Free Imperial Cities in Alsace, the city joined the Swiss Confederation as an associate in 1515 and was therefore not annexed by France in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 like the rest of the Sundgau. Starting in the middle of the century, the Koechlin family pioneered cotton cloth manufacturing.
André Koechlin built machinery and started making railroad equipment in 1842, the firm in 1839 already employed 1,800 people. After the Prussian victory in the Franco-Prussian War Mulhouse was annexed to the German Empire as part of the territory of Alsace-Lorraine. The city was occupied by French troops on 8 August 1914 at the start of World War I. The citizens of Alsace who unwisely celebrated the appearance of the French army, were left to face German reprisals, after World War I ended in 1918, French troops entered Alsace. Germany ceded the region to France under the Treaty of Versailles, after the Battle of France in 1940, it was occupied by German forces until returned to French control at the end of the war in May 1945. The towns development was stimulated first by the expansion of the industry and tanning. Mulhouse was for a time called the French Manchester. In consequence, the town has enduring links with Louisiana, from which it imported cotton, the towns history explains why its centre is relatively small.
Two rivers run through Mulhouse, the Doller and the Ill, Mulhouse is approximately 100 kilometres away from Strasbourg and Zürich, it is 350 km away from Milan and about 340 km from Frankfurt. It is close enough to Basel and Freiburg, Germany to share the EuroAirPort international airport with two cities. Medieval Mulhouse consists essentially of a lower and an upper town, the lower town was formerly the inner city district of merchants and craftsmen
Arlesheim is a municipality in the district of Arlesheim in the canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland. Its cathedral chapter seat, bishops residence and cathedral are listed as a site of national significance. The cathedral has a Baroque organ built by the German builder Johann Andreas Silbermann, based in Alsace, the instrument was restored by Metzler in 1959-62, and is an example of the fusion of French and German organ building styles. It has been used in recordings, including Lionel Roggs recording of the complete organ works of J. S. Bach. Arlesheim is first mentioned in 708, in 1239 it was mentioned as Arlisheim. The protected location on the foot of the Gempen Plateau encouraged an early settlement of the area. Paleolithic Magdalenian culture items from around 10,000 BC were discovered in the Birseck-Ermitage, Birseck-Ermitage was discovered in 1910 by Fritz Sartorius-Preiswerk, and Hollenberg 3 was discovered in 1950 by Martin Herkert. The caves contained traces of fires, spear points carved from antler and pendents from snail.
From the end of the Palaeolithic era, Birseck-Ermitage cave contains galets colori, red-stripe like painted limestone pebbles, from the Mesolithic period, flint tools have been discovered at the Abri overhang at Hohlefels, excavated in 1905 by Fritz Sarasin, and in the Birseck-Hermitage cave. Some funerary objects from the largely unexplored period between the Mesolithic to Neolithic period were discovered. In the Kleinen Höhle skeletal remains of children with grave goods as well as a flint spear points were found. Horgen culture ceramic vessels have been found, from the Bronze Age, only a few, mostly are generic items have been discovered. So far, no items from the Iron Age have been found, the farm complex of Arlesheim was owned by Mont Sainte-Odile Monastery in Alsace starting in the 8th Century. It was sold in 1239 to the Bishop of Basel Lüthold von Rötteln, in 1245, the Frohburg family withdrew their claims on the land, which left the Bishop with an uncontested title to the land. In 1273 he pledged the village to the Lords of Ramstein in exchange for a loan, the Bishops of Basel didnt get the village back until 1435.
After that Arlesheim belonged to Bishops Herrschaft of Birseck, the inhabitants were initially part of the parish of Pfeffingen. However, by 1341 they possessed a church and in 1396 their own pastor. This parish church, the church of St. Odilia, was rebuilt in the late 17th century, while Arlesheim was probably under the influence of Basel through the counts of Birseck, it never entered into a Burgrecht treaty with the city
A satirical poet of the time of Nero and Vespasian bears this name. In Virgils Aeneid, Turnus was the King of the Rutuli, according to Virgil, Turnus is the son of Daunus and the nymph Venilia. Prior to Aeneas arrival in Italy, Turnus was the primary potential suitor of Lavinia, daughter of Latinus, upon Aeneas arrival, Lavinia is promised to the Trojan prince. Juno, determined to prolong the suffering of the Trojans, prompts Turnus to demand a war with the new arrivals, King Latinus is greatly displeased with Turnus, but steps down and allows the war to commence. During the War between the Latins and the Trojans, Turnus proves himself to be brave but hot-headed, in Book IX, he nearly takes the fortress of the Trojans after defeating many opponents, but soon gets into trouble and is only saved from death by Juno. In Book X, Turnus slays the son of Evander, the young prince Pallas, as he gloats over the killing, he takes as a spoil of war Pallas sword belt and puts it on. Enraged, Aeneas seeks out the Rutulian King with full intent of killing him, Virgil marks the death of Pallas by mentioning the inevitable downfall of Turnus.
To prevent his death at the hands of Aeneas, Juno conjures a ghost apparition of Aeneas, luring Turnus onto a ship, Turnus takes great offense at this action, questioning his worth and even contemplating suicide. In Book XII, Aeneas and Turnus duel to the death, Aeneas gains the upper hand amidst a noticeably Iliad-esque chase sequence, Turnus begs Aeneas either to spare him or give his body back to his people. Aeneas considers but upon seeing the belt of Pallas on Turnus, he is consumed by rage, the last line of the poem describes Turnus unhappy passage into the Underworld. In the Middle English poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, the unknown poet cites as a parallel to Brutus foundation of Britain, that of an unidentified Ticius to Tuscany. Although some scholars have tried to argue that Titius is derived from Titus Tatius, on top of manuscript stylometric evidence, Chapman notes that in a passage in Ranulf Higdons Polychronicon, Turnus is named as King of Tuscany. This suggests that legends in the age after Virgil came to identify Turnus as a figure like Aeneas, Langeberde.
In Book IX of John Miltons Paradise Lost, the story of Turnus and Lavinia is mentioned in relation to Gods anger at Adam, Turnus can be seen as a new Achilles, due to his Greek ancestry and his fierceness. According to Barry Powell, he may represent Mark Antony or local peoples who must submit to Romes empire, Powell adds that in the dispute between Turnus and Aeneas, Turnus may have the moral upper hand, having been set to marry Lavinia first. However, Turnus must be stopped since he is running counter to the force of destiny
Dorneck District is one of the ten districts of the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland, situated to the north of the canton. Together with Thierstein District, it forms the Amtei of Dorneck-Thierstein and it has a population of 20,313. Five of the eleven municipalities are exclaves, either within the canton of Basel-Country or bordering France. Dorneck District contains the municipalities, On 1 January 1986 the municipality of Hofstetten changed its name to Hofstetten-Flüh. Dorneck has an area, as of 2009, of 74.64 square kilometers, of this area,32.99 km2 or 44. 2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 32.89 km2 or 44. 1% is forested. Of the rest of the land,8.59 km2 or 11. 5% is settled,0.13 km2 or 0. 2% is either rivers or lakes and 0.04 km2 or 0. 1% is unproductive land. Of the built up area and buildings made up 7. 1%, out of the forested land,41. 7% of the total land area is heavily forested and 2. 3% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land,37. 8% is used for growing crops, all the water in the district is flowing water.
The blazon of the coat of arms is Argent two Fish-hooks inverted and addorsed Sable. Dorneck has a population of 20,313 Most of the population speaks German, with Italian being second most common, There are 9 people who speak Romansh. As of 2008, the distribution of the population was 48. 7% male and 51. 3% female. The population was made up of 7,911 Swiss men and 1,603 non-Swiss men, There were 8,446 Swiss women and 1,568 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the district 4,863 or about 27. 0% were born in Dorneck and lived there in 2000. There were 1,178 or 6. 6% who were born in the canton, while 8,211 or 45. 7% were born somewhere else in Switzerland. In 2008 there were 138 live births to Swiss citizens and 22 births to non-Swiss citizens, ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 36 while the foreign population increased by 15. There were 5 Swiss men who immigrated back to Switzerland and 15 Swiss women who emigrated from Switzerland, at the same time, there were 73 non-Swiss men and 29 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland.
The total Swiss population change in 2008 was an increase of 21 and this represents a population growth rate of 0. 6%. As of 2000, there were 7,349 people who were single, There were 8,940 married individuals,801 widows or widowers and 888 individuals who are divorced
Hochwald is a municipality in the district of Dorneck in the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. Hochwald is first mentioned around 1225-26 as in villa Honwalt, Hochwald has an area, as of 2009, of 8.32 square kilometers. Of this area,3.81 km2 or 45. 8% is used for agricultural purposes, of the rest of the land,0.74 km2 or 8. 9% is settled. Of the built up area and buildings made up 4. 6%, out of the forested land,43. 1% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1. 7% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land,23. 2% is used for growing crops and 19. 4% is pastures, the municipality is located in the Dorneck district, on the Gempen plateau. It consists of the village of Hochwald and the hamlets of Herrenmatt. The blazon of the coat of arms is Per pale Gules a Crozier sinister Argent and Argent three Fir Trees issuant from a Base Vert. Hochwald has a population of 1,293, as of 2008,7. 8% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 8.
5%, most of the population speaks German, with French being second most common and French being third. As of 2008, the distribution of the population was 48. 1% male and 51. 9% female. The population was made up of 535 Swiss men and 62 non-Swiss men, There were 589 Swiss women and 54 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality 353 or about 31. 4% were born in Hochwald and lived there in 2000. There were 81 or 7. 2% who were born in the canton, while 523 or 46. 5% were born somewhere else in Switzerland. In 2008 there were 8 live births to Swiss citizens and were 5 deaths of Swiss citizens, ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 3 while the foreign population remained the same. There were 2 Swiss men and 1 Swiss woman who emigrated from Switzerland, at the same time, there were 3 non-Swiss men and 5 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 was a decrease of 10 and this represents a population growth rate of -0. 7%.
The age distribution, as of 2000, in Hochwald is,119 children or 10. 6% of the population are between 0 and 6 years old and 206 teenagers or 18. 3% are between 7 and 19. Of the adult population,37 people or 3. 3% of the population are between 20 and 24 years old,342 people or 30. 4% are between 25 and 44, and 302 people or 26. 9% are between 45 and 64