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Downing College, Cambridge

Downing College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge and has around 650 students. Founded in 1800, it was the only college to be added to Cambridge University between 1596 and 1869, is described as the oldest of the new colleges and the newest of the old. Downing College was formed "for the encouragement of the study of Law and Medicine and of the cognate subjects of Moral and Natural Science", has developed a reputation amongst Cambridge colleges for Law and Medicine. Downing has been named one of the two most eco-friendly Cambridge colleges. Upon the death of Sir George Downing, 3rd Baronet in 1749, the wealth left by his grandfather, Sir George Downing, 1st Baronet, who served both Cromwell and Charles II and built 10 Downing Street, was applied by his will. Under this will, as he had no direct issue, the family fortune was left to his cousin, Sir Jacob Downing, 4th Baronet, if he died without heir, to three cousins in succession. If they all died without issue, the estates were to be used to found a college at Cambridge called Downing.

Sir Jacob died in 1764, as the other named heirs had died, the college should have come into existence but Sir Jacob's widow, refused to give up the estates and the various relatives who were Sir George's legal heirs had to take costly and prolonged action in the Court of Chancery to compel her to do so. She died in 1778 but her second husband and the son of her sister continued to resist the heirs-at-law's action until 1800 when the Court decided in favour of Sir George's will and George III granted Downing a Royal Charter, marking the official foundation of the college; the architect William Wilkins was commissioned by the trustees of the Downing estate, who included the Master of Clare College and St John's College and the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, to design the plan for the college. Wilkins, a disciple of the neo-classical architectural style, designed the first wholly campus-based college plan in the world based on a magnificent entrance on Downing Street reaching back to form the largest court in Cambridge, extending to Lensfield Road.

But this was not to be. The estate was much reduced by the suit in Chancery, the grand plans failed. Much of the north side of what was the Pembroke Leys was sold to the University and is now home to scientific buildings. In fact, only limited East and West ranges were built, with the plans for a library and chapel on the south face of the college shelved; the third side of the square was only completed in 1951 with the building of the college chapel. Where the fourth side would have been is now a large paddock, with many trees. Though not enclosed, the court formed before the Downing College is largest in Cambridge or Oxford. An urban legend amongst Cambridge students claims that Trinity pays an undisclosed sum to the college annually with the condition that it will never build the fourth side of the square, so that Trinity may maintain the distinction of having the largest enclosed court of all colleges of Cambridge; the most recent building additions are the Howard Lodge accommodation, the Howard Building, most recent of all the Howard Theatre which opened in 2010.

These were sponsored by the Howard Foundation and are located behind the main court around their own small garden. These facilities are used for conference and businesses gatherings outside the student term; the Heong Gallery, opened in February 2016, is a modern and contemporary art gallery at Downing, named by Alwyn Heong, an alumnus of the college, a supporter of the visual arts. The conversion of a stables building by Caruso St John won a RIBA regional award. Downing students remain prominent in the University world, it is a politically active college, with politically active members and alumni occupying different parts of the British political spectrum, from the far left to the extreme right. In this sense, it is quite different from other colleges, as the student body of many of the politically active colleges tend to incline toward one party or another. Downing has a particular reputation for law; the Griffin has been the undergraduate student magazine for over 100 years. The college fields teams in a range of sports including, men's football, men's and women's rugby and Ultimate Frisbee.

Downing College Rugby Union Football Club is one of the most successful college teams in Cambridge with Cuppers wins in 1997, 2013 and 2019. Much of the club’s recent successes have been motivated by the work of club secretary James Todd; the Rugby club has been in the university’s top division for over 40 years. Downing College Boat Club is successful too, with the Women's first boat gaining Lents Headship of the river in the 1994 Lent Bumps, more the Mays Headship in the 2014 and 2015 May Bumps; the men's first boat has held the headship several times in the 1980s and 1990s while gaining the Mays headship in 1996 and the Lents Headship in 2014, on each occasion recognising the tradition of "burning the boat", while the rowers of the winning boat jump the flames. They both hold positions at or near the top in both University bumps races; the college is renowned for its strong legal tradition, being built up by Clive Parry, his pupil and successor John Hopkins and Graham Vi

Page 3 (film)

Page 3 is a 2005 Indian drama film directed by Madhur Bhandarkar and produced by Bobby Pushkarna and Kavita Pushkarna about the Page 3 culture and media in the city of Mumbai. It stars Konkona Sen Sharma, Atul Kulkarni, Sandhya Mridul, Tara Sharma, Anju Mahendru, Boman Irani; the film won three National Film Awards, including the Golden Lotus Award for Best Film. Madhavi Sharma is a young journalist, she is hired by newspaper editor Deepak Suri, is assigned the task of reporting on celebrity news, writing articles for Page 3. Her roommate Pearl Sequiera is an air hostess who aims to marry a rich man so that she can have a lavish, exciting lifestyle. Gayatri Sachdeva, an aspiring actress joins them at the apartment. Gayatri becomes romantically involved with a leading actor, Rohit Kumar, soon finds out that she is pregnant. Rohit is aware. Depressed and shattered, Gayarti unsuccessfully tries to commit suicide and, in the process, loses her child. Meanwhile, Pearl marries a wealthy old man and moves to the United States, where she lives an extravagant but loveless life.

Madhavi plans to expose Rohit by writing an article on his relationship with Gayatri, but her editor blocks the story, she is forced to apologize to Rohit. Madhavi finds out that her boyfriend is bisexual, when she finds him in bed with her best friend, Abhijeet. Soon, Madhavi becomes disillusioned with her job, she realises that'the party is over' for her - the celebrity lifestyle is not as glamorous as it seems, she requests to be moved to a different field, lands on the "crime beat" with Vinayak Mane. She accompanies Vinayak. On one such trip, they witness a bomb blast in the city, she is made to cover a high-profile Bollywood party by Deepak. At the party, she comes across the ACP in charge of the bomb blast she witnessed, insensitively discussing the incident. Madhavi is shocked to find out that the ACP was attending a film shoot while he was on duty, which delayed his reaction to the blast. Vinayak goes to cover another news story in Nashik, Madhavi is asked to take charge of crime news, she learns that a number of boys from a rehabilitation home owned by Anjali Thapar have gone missing, during the subsequent search, a number of boys could not be accounted for.

The police find out that a group of boys are being held at the Thapar's private bungalow in Mud Island. However, based on Madhavi's investigation, they conduct a raid, it is revealed. Ramesh is arrested and police find a connection to other corporate personalities who are involved in the scandal. Madhavi manages to capture the whole event on camera, develops a breaking exposé story, she asks Deepak to run the story as the headline article for the next day's news edition, he promises to look into the piece and put it on the front page. However, that same night Deepak meets with the owner of the newspaper, Mr Agarwal, the best friend of Ramesh. Agarwal tells Deepak that the newspaper receives major advertisement revenue and other sponsorship from Ramesh. Fearing major loss to his business, Agarwal declines to publish the story, asks Deepak to fire Madhavi from the company. Meanwhile, who turned her back on Bollywood and went back to Delhi, returns to Mumbai. In order to make a name for herself, she sleeps with a film director and gets cast in his next movie.

Madhavi, who gets a job as a Page 3 writer for another newspaper, realises that in the elite and extravagant lives of politicians, film stars and socialites, there is no place for trust and honour. Konkona Sen Sharma as Madhavi Sharma Atul Kulkarni as Vinayak Mane Sandhya Mridul as Pearl Sequeira Tara Sharma as Gayatri Sachdeva Anju Mahendru as Ritu Bajaj Boman Irani as Deepak Suri Bikram Saluja as Rohit Kumar Nassar Abdullah as Romesh Thapar, Industrialist Rehaan Engineer as Abhijeet Patnaik Soni Razdan as Anjali Thapar, Romesh's wife Kunika Lal as Monaz Modi Kurush Deboo as Hiren Sanghvi Madan Jain as ACP Uday Yadav Bobby Darling as Fashion Designer Zulfi Khan Manoj Joshi as Bosco, Chauffeur Suhasini Mulay as Pratima Bhave Maya Alagh as Pushpa Bhargav Upendra Limaye as Inspector Arun Bhonsle Dolly Thakore as Vijaya Agarwal, wife of Pramod Agarwal Yusuf Hasan as Pramod Agarwal, chairman of Agarwal Publications Suchitra Pillai as Fashion Designer Sonal Roy Darshan Jariwala as Mr. Tejani Navni Parihar as Sheetal Tejani Kishen Mulchandani as Page 3 Socialite in guest appearance Mukesh Tyagi as Member of Parliament Jai Kalra as Tarun Sanyal Pradeep Velankar as Film Maker Charu Mohanty Parmita Katkar as Dancer in guest appearance Gopal K Singh as Gomes, Drug Supplier Hansa Singh as Page 3 socialite Nirjan Asrani as Page 3 socialite Amir Merchant as Page 3 socialite Samir Modi as Page 3 socialite Anjana Kuthiala as Page 3 socialite Priti Pundeer as Page 3 socialite Shubra Sharma as Page 3 socialite Major Bikramjeet Kanwarpal as Page 3 socialite Abhijeet Lahiri as Page 3 socialite Tony Singh as Page 3 socialite Madan Joshi as Page 3 socialite Yusuf Hussain as Page 3 socialite Pradeep Milankar as Page 3 socialite Sangeeta Singh as Page 3 socialite R Julka as Page 3 socialite Palak shukla as Fauziya "Filmi Very Filmi" - Amit Kumar, Tannishtha Chatterjee "Huzoor-E-Aala" - Asha Bhosle, Abhijeet "Jhoot Boliyan" - Shabab Sabri "Kitne Ajeeb" - Lata Mangeshkar "Kitne Ajeeb Rishte Hain" - Lata Mangeshka

Chala Mussaddi... Office Office

Chala Mussaddi... Office Office is a 2011 Bollywood satirical film based on the television series Office Office directed by Rajiv Mehra. Starring Pankaj Kapoor, Deven Bhojani, Asawari Joshi, Sanjai Mishra and others, who featured in the TV sitcom. Retired schoolmaster Mussaddi Lal Tripathi, the quintessential "Common Man" troubled by his wife's serious illness takes her to the hospital where the utter negligence and vested interests of the doctors result in her untimely death. Mussaddi along with his young unemployed, drifter son, Bunty he sets out for his pilgrimage to the four Holy sites for the immersion of his wife's ashes. In his absence, pension officers arrive at Mussaddi's house to enquire his status. Musaddi's neighbour Gupta tells them that Mussaddi has gone far away, the Pension Officers interpret that Mussaddi Lal has expired, report him dead in their files; when Mussaddi returns he discovers to his utter shock. He tries his heart out to make the Pension Office staff believe that he is alive, but they are not convinced at all as they want proper proof.

Mussaddi Lal bemused and dejected by the irony of the situation sets out on his mission to gather proof that he is alive while the Pension Office employees resolve that whatever proof Mussaddi brings they will not allow him to be alive since they have mopped up his pension money. Mussaddi decides to take the law in his hands. Does Mussaddi get his justice or does he remain a dead victim of the bureaucracy? Can Mussaddi overcome the corrupt system and its officials and be triumphant, alive, if so how? Pankaj Kapoor as Mussaddi Lal Tripathi Deven Bhojani as Patel Manoj Pahwa as Bhatia Sanjay Mishra as Shukla Hemant Pandey as Pandey Ji Asawari Joshi as Ushaji Gaurav Kapoor as Bunty Tripathi Farida Jalal in a Cameo Makrand Deshpande - Uncredited Mahesh Thakur as Subhash the Judge Chala Mussaddi... Office Office on IMDb

Prospector (train)

The Prospector was a passenger train operated by the Denver & Rio Grande Western railroad between Denver and Salt Lake City, Utah. There were two incarnations of the train: a streamlined, diesel multiple unit train that operated from 1941 to 1942; the train was inaugurated November 17, 1941. The original equipment was a pair of Budd Company-built diesel multiple unit trains numbered M-1 and M-2; the trainsets had significant reliability problems exacerbated by difficult terrain and the train was discontinued July 5, 1942. The trainsets were returned to Budd and scrapped. For the inaugural trip in 1941, the railroad made stainless steel pass holders that were intended to be distributed to passengers; the holder was engraved with a line drawing of the train on the outside. On the inside were two cards—one with an embossed picture of a prospector and mule in gold, the other with a message reading: "Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad is honored to welcome _____ on the inaugural trip of the Prospector.

New, diesel power, stainless steel streamlined train designed for overnight every night service between Denver and Salt Lake City."The holders were not distributed as intended to passengers. Anticipating increases in overnight Denver-Salt Lake City rail passenger traffic after the end of World War II, the Rio Grande restored the Prospector on October 1, 1945 using conventional heavyweight equipment; the railroad began planning the acquisition of new lightweight equipment for the train. In 1949 it purchased three dome-observation cars built by Budd, in 1950 it took delivery of 25 Pullman-Standard cars — equipment, ordered by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, but never used by that railroad; the Pullman-Standard cars began service on the Prospector in late 1950, whereas the Budd dome cars served on the Royal Gorge and therefore only appeared on the Prospector west of Grand Junction, Colorado. In response to a coal miners' strike, in 1950 the Rio Grande began combining the Prospector and the railroad's Royal Gorge train west of Grand Junction.

This combined operation continued until 1964 when Royal Gorge service was cut back to Salida, Colorado. Between 1950 and 1953 the train's western terminus was extended from Salt Lake City to Ogden. Between 1964 and 1967 the railroad attached flatcars carrying highway vans —piggyback cars — to the rear of the Prospector, a rare combination of passenger and freight service in the same train; the Prospector made its final runs on May 28, 1967. Davis, Michael B. "Prospector: The Judge's Train." Colorado Rail Annual Number Nine. Golden, Colorado: Colorado Railroad Museum, 1971. ISBN 0-918654-09-2. Eager, Jim Rio Grande Color Guide to Freight and Passenger Equipment 1996. Griffin, James Rio Grande Railroad 2003. Thode, Jackson C. A Century of Passenger Trains... And Then Some 1972


Blaw-Knox is a manufacturer of road paving equipment. The company was created in 1917 from the merger of Blaw Collapsible Steel Centering Company and the Knox Pressed and Welded Steel Company. Blaw-Knox was sold to new owners in 1968, changed owners a few times thereafter, continues as the Volvo Blaw-Knox brand of paving equipment, sold to Volvo Construction Equipment since 2007. In 1906, Jacob B. Blaw created the Blaw Collapsible Steel Centering Company, located in New Jersey, to manufacturer his patented steel form used to construct improved concrete circular tubes for sewers and tunnels. In 1909, Luther Knox created the Knox Pressed and Welded Steel Company to manufacture steel products used in high temperature applications. In July 1917, the firms merged to form the Blaw-Knox Company. Blaw-Knox added the construction of radio towers to its operation in 1927, soon developed the distinctive diamond-shaped Blaw-Knox Tower design of vertical, medium wave radio towers. Several are now listed on the US National Register of Historic Places.

In 1929, Blaw-Knox purchased the A. W. French & Company paving equipment company, which manufactured machines that produced concrete roads, a natural extension of the Blaw-Knox expertise in concrete and steel works; as highway construction moved away from rigid concrete construction, Blaw-Knox began making highway pavers for the new method of flexible asphalt paving. In 1931 Blaw-Knox introduced a form-riding finisher for asphalt paving. By 1932 they released the first self-propelled non-form riding finisher for the placement of stones and asphalt; until this time it had been common to pave roads using formwork on either side of the pavement. These new machines were a self-propelled tailgate spreader that followed the asphalt truck. In 1943 they introduced the first road widener. In 1954 they introduced the first wheel-driven, rather than track-driven, paver; the front wheels rode on the prepared base, while the rear drive wheels rode on the new asphalt pavement. The screed was able to average out irregularities.

In 1956, they developed the first auto-grade-and-slope pavers. Blaw-Knox went on to establish a broad line of paving machines for the UK markets; the UK employed a distinctly different paving method, applying a deeper mat of asphalt than was common in the US, which resulted in a marked reduction in paving speed. The Blaw-Knox UK design and manufacturing division was based at Rochester, Kent, in southeast England, on the former site of the Short Brothers flying boat factory. Blaw-Knox was purchased by White Consolidated Industries in May 1968; the Blaw-Knox Construction Equipment Corporation name was used for the new WCI subsidiary. In April 1994, WCI sold the Blaw-Knox unit, based in Mattoon, Illinois, to Clark Equipment Company for US$144 million. In March 1995, Ingersoll-Rand offered $1.34 billion in a hostile takeover bid for Clark Equipment Company. Clark cited its Blaw-Knox unit as a reason for the US Federal Court to stop the takeover, claiming that Ingersoll-Rand would violate Federal antitrust laws since Ingersoll-Rand controlled a significant share of the paving equipment business, having purchased the German paving equipment company ABG in 1990, while Blaw-Knox owned a major share of the US paving market.

A few days in April 1995, Clark accepted a higher $1.5 billion offer from Ingersoll-Rand, who became owners of Blaw-Knox and all other Clark companies. Ingersoll-Rand soon sold the UK design and manufacturing division to Babcock, while keeping the North American operations of Blaw-Knox as a stand-alone unit in its road construction equipment division. In February 2007, Ingersoll-Rand accepted an offer of $1.3 billion from Volvo for the road construction equipment division, including the Blaw-Knox brand and the ABG brand. Official site News of the Rochester factory closure

Carpathian brook lamprey

The Carpathian brook lamprey or Danube lamprey is a species of lamprey in the Petromyzontidae family. It is found in Austria and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Moldova, Serbia, Montenegro and Ukraine, it is non-parasitic. The Carpathian brook lamprey grows to a maximum length of 35 centimetres, it is a long eel-like fish and its girth is greatest in the middle. It is a uniform silvery-olive colour, it has no jaws and the mouth is surrounded by an oral plate with many small blunt teeth. There are cartilaginous plates inside the mouth and the central, lingual plate has nine to thirteen teeth, a fact that distinguishes it from other lamprey species; the single nostril is between the eyes and seven naked gill pores are behind them. The only fins are two dorsal fins that run most of the way along the spine, a small diamond-shaped tail fin; the Carpathian brook lamprey is found in the Danube river basin in its tributaries the Tisza and the Timiș. It is a non-migratory freshwater species. Reproduction takes place in the spring in small brooks and streams.

The adults afterwards die. The larvae are called ammocoetes and at first develop among the sand and gravel on the bed of the stream, they feed on insect larvae and small crustaceans that they filter out of the sediment. They undergo metamorphosis when about four years old; as adults, they feed on living or dead fish, gripping them with their small rasping teeth and swallowing smaller food items whole. The Carpathian brook lamprey is listed as being of "Least Concern" in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Although pollution is threatening their spawning sites and their numbers seem to be declining, this is not happening at a sufficiently rapid rate for them to be included in a higher risk category