A dream is a succession of images, ideas and sensations that occur involuntarily in the mind during certain stages of sleep. The content and purpose of dreams are not understood, although they have been a topic of scientific and religious interest throughout recorded history. Dream interpretation is the attempt at drawing meaning from dreams and searching for an underlying message; the scientific study of dreams is called oneirology. Dreams occur in the rapid-eye movement stage of sleep—when brain activity is high and resembles that of being awake. REM sleep is revealed by continuous movements of the eyes during sleep. At times, dreams may occur during other stages of sleep. However, these dreams tend to be memorable; the length of a dream can vary. People are more to remember the dream if they are awakened during the REM phase; the average person has three to five dreams per night, some may have up to seven. Dreams tend to last longer. During a full eight-hour night sleep, most dreams occur in the typical two hours of REM.
Dreams related to waking-life experiences are associated with REM theta activity, which suggests that emotional memory processing takes place in REM sleep. Opinions about the meaning of dreams have shifted through time and culture. Many endorse the Freudian theory of dreams – that dreams reveal insight into hidden desires and emotions. Other prominent theories include those suggesting that dreams assist in memory formation, problem solving, or are a product of random brain activation. Sigmund Freud, who developed the psychological discipline of psychoanalysis, wrote extensively about dream theories and their interpretations in the early 1900s, he explained dreams as manifestations of one's deepest desires and anxieties relating to repressed childhood memories or obsessions. Furthermore, he believed that every dream topic, regardless of its content, represented the release of sexual tension. In The Interpretation of Dreams, Freud developed a psychological technique to interpret dreams and devised a series of guidelines to understand the symbols and motifs that appear in our dreams.
In modern times, dreams have been seen as a connection to the unconscious mind. They range from ordinary to overly surreal and bizarre. Dreams can have varying natures, such as being frightening, magical, adventurous, or sexual; the events in dreams are outside the control of the dreamer, with the exception of lucid dreaming, where the dreamer is self-aware. Dreams can at times make a creative thought give a sense of inspiration; the Dreaming is a common term within the animist creation narrative of indigenous Australians for a personal, or group and for what may be understood as the "timeless time" of formative creation and perpetual creating. The ancient Sumerians in Mesopotamia have left evidence of dream interpretation dating back to at least 3100 BC. Throughout Mesopotamian history, dreams were always held to be important for divination and Mesopotamian kings paid close attention to them. Gudea, the king of the Sumerian city-state of Lagash, rebuilt the temple of Ningirsu as the result of a dream in which he was told to do so.
The standard Akkadian Epic of Gilgamesh contains numerous accounts of the prophetic power of dreams. First, Gilgamesh himself has two dreams foretelling the arrival of Enkidu. Enkidu dreams about the heroes' encounter with the giant Humbaba. Dreams were sometimes seen as a means of seeing into other worlds and it was thought that the soul, or some part of it, moved out of the body of the sleeping person and visited the places and persons the dreamer saw in his or her sleep. In Tablet VII of the epic, Enkidu recounts to Gilgamesh a dream in which he saw the gods Anu and Shamash condemn him to death, he has a dream in which he visits the Underworld. The Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II built a temple to Mamu the god of dreams, at Imgur-Enlil, near Kalhu; the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal had a dream during a desperate military situation in which his divine patron, the goddess Ishtar, appeared to him and promised that she would lead him to victory. The Babylonians and Assyrians divided dreams into "good," which were sent by the gods, "bad," sent by demons.
A surviving collection of dream omens entitled Iškar Zaqīqu records various dream scenarios as well as prognostications of what will happen to the person who experiences each dream based on previous cases. Some list different possible outcomes, based on occasions in which people experienced similar dreams with different results. Dream scenarios mentioned include a variety of daily work events, journeys to different locations, family matters, sex acts, encounters with human individuals and deities. In ancient Egypt, as far back as 2000 BC, the Egyptians wrote down their dreams on papyrus. People with vivid and significant dreams were considered special. Ancient Egyptians believed, they thought that the best way to receive divine revelation was through dreaming and thus they would induce dreams. Egyptians would go to sanctuaries and sleep on special "dream beds" in hope of receiving advice, comfort, or healing from the gods. In Chinese history, people wrote of two vital aspects of the soul of which one is freed from the body during slumber to journey in a dream realm, while the other remained in the body, although this
Saperda punctata is a beetle species of flat-faced longhorns belonging to the family Cerambycidae, subfamily Lamiinae. This beetle is widespread in the Near East. In Central Europe is a protected species, as in a vulnerable position owing to dying out of old elm trees Ulmus species), suffering from an elm disease. Saperda punctata can reach a length of 11–18 millimetres; the head and elytra are greenish, with four black spots on pronotum and six black spots on each elytron. This species is rather similar to Saperda octopunctata, it is a nocturnal species. The adults can be encountered from May through August, completing their life cycle in one to two years. Larvae are wintering. Larvae feed under bark in dead trunks or large branches of elm, but of other deciduous trees such as oak and willow. Cerambycoidea Cerambyx
The 2012–13 Mordovia Saransk season was their 1st season back in the Russian Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Russia. They finished the season in 15th place, meaning they were relegated back to the Russian National Football League after only one season in the Premier League. Mordovia participated in the 2012–13 Russian Cup, getting knocked out at the Round of 16 stage by Zenit St. Petersburg. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Sora Park Tanjasiri is a Professor in the Department of Health Science and Director of the Health Promotion Research Institute at the California State University, Fullerton. Her research focusses on community health in diverse populations, in particular Pacific Islanders and Asian Americans. Tanjasiri earned her undergraduate degree at the University of Berkeley, she moved to the University of California, Los Angeles for her graduate studies, where she earned a Masters of Public Health and a doctorate. Tanjasiri acted as an advisor for the California Tobacco Control Program from 1992. After earning her doctorate Tanjasiri joined the University of California, where she completed postdoctoral research in the Department of Environmental Analysis & Design, she was a founding member of the National Asian Pacific American Women's Forum in 1996. Tanjasiri joined the California State University, Fullerton in 2003, she was Promoted to Professor in 2008, where she was the founding Director of the Center for Cancer Disparities Research.
In 2010 she was made Director of the Health Promotion Research Institute and in 2014 Chair in the Department of Health Science. In 2005 Tanjasiri launched the research project WINCART, which looks to improve the health of underserved populations; the early stages of WINCART involved building a network of Pacific Islander community groups and local universities. Tanjasir has worked to better represent people from underserved communities in biorepositories, as, despite being important in the diagnosis of cancer, Alzheimer's disease and other diseases, biorepositories exclude Pacific Islanders. Pacific Islanders are hesitant to donate to biorepositories because of distrust in public health systems, but their exclusion from these databases can have negative impacts on their health and wellbeing, they suffer from lower levels of early cancer detection. WINCART has been supported by the National Institutes of Health, was most awarded $1.5 million from the National Cancer Institute, which has funded Tanjasiri in teaching the Pacific Islander community about cancer research and detection.
She has led screening programs for the Chamorro and Samoans who live in Orange County, California. At California State University, Tanjasiri has looked to support medical students from minoritised groups through mentorship and structured programs. Alongside her academic research in health disparities, Tanjasiri has studied the scholarly outcomes of these minoritised medical students, she was awarded the 2015 California State University Wang Family Excellence Awards. In 2016 Tanjasiri hosted the OC Women's Health Policy Summit. Tanjasiri is married with two children
Wendy Patricia Acosta Salas is a Costa Rican footballer who plays as a midfielder for the Costa Rica women's national football team. Acosta attended the University of Costa Rica. On 28 April 2010, Acosta made her international debut against Honduras. On 7 October 2011, she scored her first international goal against El Salvador. In the following matches against Honduras and Guatemala, she again scored a goal in each match. On 22 January 2012, she scored a brace against Haiti. On 7 March, she scored a hat-trick against Belize, with goals in the twenty-sixth, forty-fourth and sixty-fifth minute during a match in which Costa Rica won 14–0, she would continue her scoring, as she found the net in consecutive matches against El Salvador and Panama. On 16 March 2013, Acosta scored twice in a match against Nicaragua. There she found the net in the fourteenth and twentieth minute. Costa Rica won that match 4–0, she again scored in a 6–1 victory for Costa Rica against Martinique, finding the net in the thirty-second minute before she was substituted for Carol Sanchez in the sixty-second minute.
Through victory in that match, Costa Rica was "one match away from" the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup. On 5 March 2015, Acosta scored a single goal against Bosnia and Herzegovina, which helped Costa Rica win a match in the Istria Cup. In 2015, Acosta was invited for a trial by Swedish club AIK Fotboll Dam. After scoring a goal, Acosta "always to the sky" to remember her father, who died due to a heart ailment in 2011, she has said that she plays football because her "dad played". Costa RicaWinner Central American Games: 2013 Wendy Acosta – FIFA competition record Profile at Fedefutbol Wendy Acosta at Soccerway
Jaylen Barford is an American professional basketball player for Virtus Roma of the LBA. He played college basketball for the Arkansas Razorbacks. Barford attended South Side High School in Tennessee; as a senior, he led his team to the Class AA State Championship and averaged 22.5 points, three assists and three steals per game. Barford was named District 14-AA Player of the Year. Barford began his collegiate career at Motlow State Community College, where he averaged 20.6 points, 7.1 rebounds, 5.1 assists and 2.4 steals per game as a freshman. He was named to the All-TCCAA First Team; as a sophomore, he led all junior college players in scoring with 26.2 points per game. Barford was named to the NJCAA Division I Men's Basketball First Team All-America, he was the No. 1 junior college transfer in the 2016 class. As a junior at Arkansas, Barford averaged 3.8 rebounds and 2 assists per game. He considered leaving early to pursue a pro career and declared for the 2017 NBA draft, but decided to return to Arkansas.
On December 30, 2017, Barford notched a career-high 28 points in an overtime win against Tennessee Volunteers in which backcourt mate Daryl Macon had a career high in points. Barford matched his career high with 28 points in an 88-73 loss to Florida on January 17, 2018; as a senior, he averaged 3.9 rebounds per game. At the conclusion of the regular season he was named to the First Team All-SEC. After the season, he was invited to the Portsmouth Invitational Tournament and won MVP after averaging 19.3 points per game. After going undrafted in the 2018 NBA draft, Barford joined the Minnesota Timberwolves for the 2018 NBA Summer League play. On July 26, he signed a training camp deal with the Charlotte Hornets. Barford was waived by the Hornets on October 11, he subsequently was added to the roster of the Hornets’ NBA G League affiliate, the Greensboro Swarm. On July 12, 2019, Barford signed with VL Pesaro of the LBA. Given the difficulties of Pesaro, next to the relegation, he left the team before the end of the season and moved to Virtus Roma.
College statistics only available for final two years at Arkansas. Arkansas Razorbacks bio