Interstate 69 is an Interstate Highway in the United States consisting of seven disjointed parts with an original continuous segment from Indianapolis, northeast to the Canada–US border in Port Huron, Michigan, at 355.8 miles. The remaining separated parts are variously completed and posted or unposted parts of an extension southwest to the Mexican border in Texas. Of this extension—nicknamed the NAFTA Superhighway because it would help trade with Canada and Mexico spurred by the North American Free Trade Agreement—five pieces near Corpus Christi, northwestern Mississippi and Evansville have been newly built or upgraded and signposted as I-69. A sixth segment of I-69 through Kentucky utilizing that state's existing parkway system and a section of I-24 was established by federal legislation in 2008, but only a portion is signposted. A section of the existing Western Kentucky Parkway from Eddyville to Nortonville was approved and signposted in late 2011, with the Pennyrile Parkway between Nortonville and Henderson being signed as I-69 in 2015, the Purchase Parkway between Mayfield and Calvert City signed in July 2018.
This brings the total length to about 720 miles. The proposed extension evolved from the combination of Corridors 18 and 20 of the National Highway System as designated in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, but the federally recognized corridor includes connecting and existing infrastructure, including I-94 between Chicago and Port Huron and several spurs from I-69. Among these proposed spurs are an extension of I-530 from Pine Bluff, Arkansas, an upgrade of U. S. Route 59 from Texarkana, a split in southern Texas to serve three border crossings at Laredo and Brownsville. In August 2007, I-69 was selected by the United States Department of Transportation as one of six Corridors of the Future, making it eligible for additional federal funding and streamlined planning and review; this funding has since been withheld. I-69 exists as a number of distinct segments: The original completed route from Indianapolis, Indiana, to the Blue Water Bridge at Port Huron, Michigan.
A 53.3-mile section of US-77 from the Veterans International Bridge at Brownsville, Texas to Raymondville, designated as I-69E on May 30, 2013. A 1.4-mile section of both US 59 and Loop 20 in Laredo, Texas between the World Trade International Bridge and I-35, designated as I-69W on June 17, 2014. The original portion of Interstate 69 in Indiana starts at an interchange with Interstate 465, the beltway around Indianapolis on the northeast side of that city. I-69 heads northeast to near Anderson, where it turns more easterly to provide indirect access to Muncie before turning more northerly towards Marion, Fort Wayne. In Fort Wayne, I-69 runs along the western edge of the city while I-69's only current signed auxiliary route, I-469, loops east of the city. After crossing the Indiana East-West Toll Road near Angola and Fremont, I-69 enters Michigan just south of Kinderhook. I-69 in Michigan runs north passing through Marshall. There it crosses I-94 east of Battle Creek. Near Olivet, I-69 begins to turn in a northeasterly direction passing through the Lansing metropolitan area.
Here I-69 is cosigned with I-96 as an overlap west of Lansing, the only such palindromic pairing in the Interstate Highway System. Where it splits from I-96, I-69 turns east, both in compass direction and in signed direction, heads north of Lansing and through Flint to a junction with I-94 just outside Port Huron. At its eastern terminus, I-69 joins I-94 to the Blue Water Bridge across the St. Clair River, where traffic continues on Highway 402 in the Canadian province of Ontario to London, Ontario; the new section of Interstate 69 in southern Indiana presently begins at the U. S. Route 41 interchange south of Evansville at the former southern terminus of Interstate 164. From there, it runs north meeting state roads 662, 66, 62. At exit 18, Indiana State Road 57 joins I-69 on a concurrency. Shortly thereafter, it meets Interstate 64 at a cloverleaf interchange. From there, it runs north to SR 68. Construction was completed on November 2012 on a 67-mile segment; this extension takes the route north-northeast from there to SR 64 near Oakland City north-northeast to US 50/US 150 at Washington and northeast to US 231 near the Crane Naval Surface Warfare Center.
Construction for the final new terra
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf
Ashley County, Arkansas
Ashley County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,853; the county seat is Hamburg. The county was formed in 1848 from parts of Chicot and Union counties and named after Chester Ashley, it is dry county. Ashley County, the fifth-largest county in Arkansas in terms of land area, was formed on November 30, 1848 from portions of Drew and Union Counties, it was named after a US Senator and land speculator. The final borders were laid in 1861; the courtroom in the courthouse has a one-of-a-kind architecture: it is round, the seats are arranged so that members of the audience can always see each other. Ashley County is split between two geographic regions, divided by the Bayou Bartholomew; the rich, alluvial soils of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain extend into the eastern part of the county. In Arkansas, this region is called the Arkansas Delta, having a distinct history and culture from adjacent regions. West of the Ouachita, Ashley County is characterized by forests of shortleaf pine and hardwoods typical of the Gulf Coastal Plain.
In Arkansas, this region is referred to as the Arkansas Timberlands, a subdivision of the Piney Woods. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 941 square miles, of which 925 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water; the lowest point in the state of Arkansas is located on the Ouachita River in Ashley County and Union County, where it flows out of Arkansas and into Louisiana. The county is located 58 miles north of Monroe, Louisiana, 118 miles south of Little Rock, 158 miles northwest of Jackson, Mississippi. Ashley County is surrounded by Drew County to the north, Chicot County to the east, Morehouse Parish, Louisiana to the south, Union Parish, Louisiana to the southwest, two Timberlands counties. Water is an important part of Ashley County's geography, history and culture; the many rivers and ditches crossing the county have featured prominently since prehistoric times, many archaeological sites, including the Lake Enterprise Mound from the Archaic period, are along waterways.
Many early white settlements, including Berea, were founded along waterways, but many faded as railroads eclipsed waterways as the favored mode of transportation. Ashley County is split among four watersheds: the lower Saline River in the northwest, lower Ouachita River in the southwest, Bayou Bartholomew across the majority of the county, the Boeuf River along the eastern edge; the Saline River serves as the northwestern boundary of the county before emptying into the Ouachita River, which serves as the southwestern boundary. The Port of Crossett is positioned just south of the Saline River's mouth. Within the county, Bearhouse Creek, Chemin-a-haut Bayou, Fountain Creek, Flat Creek, Mill Creek, Overflow Creek are important watercourses. Ashley County contains Overflow National Wildlife Refuge, part of the Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge, four Wildlife Management Areas under Arkansas Game and Fish Commission jurisdiction. Beryl Anthony Lower Ouachita WMA preserves seasonally flooded bottomland hardwood forest habitat along the Ouachita River between the Felsenthal NWR and the Louisiana state line for preservation and hunting opportunities.
Duck hunting when the Ouachita River floods, is the primary hunting opportunity due to the site's position along the Mississippi Flyway, with deer and squirrel hunting available during the year. Most of the 7,020 acres is on the Union County side of the Ouachita River, leaving the only public access to the Ashley County area via boat. A small segment in Ashley County contains the Coffee Prairie Natural Area, owned by the Arkansas Natural Heritage Commission; the Casey Jones Leased Lands WMA is a common name for five fragmented parcels in Ashley and Drew counties established in 1988. The two largest segments in Ashley County are south of Crossett and in the northwest corner of the county, with a small area northwest of the Overflow WMA included in Casey Jones WMA; this lease includes segments of working forest managed for forest products by single tree selection. Habitats range from upland pine to bottomland hardwood depending upon location. Deer and turkey hunting are most common in the WMA. Little Bayou WMA is located in northeastern Ashley County along the western banks of Bayou Bartholomew at the mouth of Little Bayou.
The area contains a boat ramp on Bayou Bartholomew, as well as birding, camping and hunting. The former agricultural area was replanted with bottomland and upland hardwoods, short-leaf pines, native warm season grasses in the 1990s; the Crossett Experimental Forest is a 1,765 acres property donated by Georgia-Pacific Corporation in 1934 to research forest management in second-growth loblolly pine and shortleaf pine forests. Within the Forest is the Reynolds Natural Area, a stand, untouched since the area's creation in 1934; the property is managed by the Southern Research Station of the United States Forest Service. As of the 2010 census, there were 21,853 people, 8,765 households, 6,227 families residing in the county; the population density was 23 people per square mile. There were 10,137 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 69.3% White, 25.8% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 3.2% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races.
4.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino o
U.S. Route 165
U. S. Route 165 is a north–south United States highway spur of U. S. Highway 65, it runs for 412 miles from U. S. Route 90 in Iowa, Louisiana north to U. S. Highway 70 in North Little Rock, Arkansas; the route passes through the states of Louisiana. It passes through the cities of Alexandria in Louisiana. A segment of US 165 serves as a routing of the Great River Road within Arkansas. From its southern terminus in Iowa at US 90, US 165 follows a diagonal north south route, passing through the casino town of Kinder, where it intersects US 190. Just south of Alexandria it merges with US 71 and they join through the west side of the city, across the Red River and into Pineville. A new four-lane bridge is being built beside the aging OK Allen Bridge and should be open in mid-2013. At that time US 165 will be four-laned for most of its traverse of Louisiana. There the two highways meet US 167 and 71 parts with 165. Going on through the Kisatchie National Forest the rest of the highway to Monroe is forest land and small towns.
Crossing I-20 in Monroe, the highway's largest city, it proceeds to Bastrop and crosses the Arkansas line a few miles north of the town. Due to the Louisiana DOT TIMED Project, US 165 is now a four lane divided highway from Iowa to Bastrop. US 165 passes near three federal prisons: two near Pollock. Near Oakdale is the ruins of Camp Claiborne, an abandoned WWII military post; the route enters Arkansas south of Wilmot in Arkansas. US 165 passes through bayous and marshlands before it intersects Highway 52 and Highway 173 in the town. Further north in Parkdale the route intersects Highway 8 and Highway 209. In Portland, US 165 intersects Highway 160 before entering Montrose. In the south part of Montrose US 165 passes under U. S. Route 82. US 165 continues north near Cut-off Creek Wildlife Management Area to enter Drew County. Only serving the extreme southeast corner of the county, US 165 runs through Jerome near the Jerome Elementary School No. 22. The highway enters Chicot County near Dermott where it intersects Highway 208 and Highway 35.
Northeast of town the route intersects its parent route. The route breaks from US 65 at Pickens Street, with Highway 277 shooting from the route east of Cypress Creek; the route forms a concurrency north with Highway 1 for 24.99 miles beginning at Back Gate. US 165/AR 1 intersect Highway 212 before crossing the Arkansas River on the Pendleton Bridge. Upon entering Arkansas County the route passes the A. M. Bohnert Rice Plantation Pump#2 Engine and through sectioned farmland before meeting US 165B in Gillett. US 165/AR 1 continue north to De Witt, with US 165 turning due west; the route has a junction with Highway 11 at Eldridge Corner. This segment of US 165 was AR 11 and is preserved in part by the National Register of Historic Places as Old AR 11 – Kauffman Road; the route enters Stuttgart after an intersection with 22nd Street. US 165 skirts the eastern edge of the city as Park Avenue before it turns west to intersect US 63 and enter Prairie County; the route only has one junction in its 2.9 miles within the county, Highway 343.
The route next enters Lonoke County. Now within the Little Rock metro area, the route serves the southern part of the county with many rural junctions. Along its path, the route runs west through Humnoke, Coy while intersecting Highway 13 and Highway 31 prior to England. US 165 turns northeast in England after a junction with Highway 256. US 165 passes through the Keo Commercial Historic District in Keo and the Toltec Mounds Archeological State Park before entering Pulaski County. Entering North Little Rock, the route has a junction with I-440 before terminating at Broadway Street; the Great River Road is designated as a National Scenic Byway in the state of Arkansas. Established in 1938, the route is a series of roads which connect Canada and the Gulf of Mexico along the Mississippi River; the portion of US 165 from the beginning of its concurrency with US 65 near Dermott north to De Witt is part of the Great River Road in Arkansas. The designation follows AR 1 north from De US 65 south of Dermott.
US 165 was established in 1926 on a route extending from Louisiana to McGehee, Arkansas. A proposed extension north to Arkansas in 1946 was deferred; the route was extended to its current North Little Rock terminus in 1982. The Louisiana portion was aligned with the existing State Route 24 south of Alexandria and State Route 14 north of Alexandria. Both had been designated in 1921 and remained co-signed with US 165 until the 1955 Louisiana Highway renumbering. US 165 replaced Arkansas Highway 11 in much of Arkansas. Highway 11 was the main route through the area since its designation in the original 1926 state highway system; some of this original pavement has been preserved by the National Register of Historic Places as Old AR 11 – Kauffman Road. U. S. Highway 165 Business is a business route of U. S. Highway 165 in and near Alexandria, United States, it once has since been truncated by other routes. It begins at an intersection with US 71/US 165, running concurrently with LA 1. LA 1/US 165 BUS meet, run concurrently with, LA 28 BUS before LA 1/LA 28 split from US 165 BUS.
US 165 Business travels along Jackson Street, the same as its former alignment. It crosses the Red River along the Gillis Long Bridge be
Arkansas's 4th congressional district
Arkansas's 4th congressional district is a congressional district located in the southwestern portion of the U. S. state of Arkansas. Notable towns in the district include Camden, Hot Springs, Pine Bluff, Texarkana; the district is represented by Republican Bruce Westerman. George W. Bush received 51% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain won the district in 2008 with 58.14% of the vote while Barack Obama received 39.33%. The 2018 election will be held on November 6, 2018; as of April 2017, there are four former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Arkansas's 4th congressional district that are living; the most recent representative to die was Jay Dickey on April 20, 2017. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
U.S. Route 278
U. S. Route 278 is a parallel route of U. S. Route 78, it runs for 1,074 miles from Hilton Head Island, South Carolina to Wickes, Arkansas at U. S. Route 71/U. S. Route 59, it is longer than its parent highway, US 78. US 278 passes through the states of South Carolina, Alabama and Arkansas; this highway passes through the cities and towns of Augusta, Atlanta, Powder Springs, Dallas and Cedartown, Georgia. It passes through the Savannah River Site, of the Department of Energy in South Carolina, crosses the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway in eastern Mississippi. U. S. 278 passes through the places where many colleges and technical institutes are located, including the Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia State University, many others in Atlanta, Georgia. US 278 begins at an intersection with U. S. Route 59/U. S. Route 71 in the town of Wickes in southwestern Arkansas. From Wickes, US 278 continues eastward near Gillham Lake to an overlap with US 70 through Dierks. Continuing south, US 278 passes the Ebenezer Campground and has an designated exception with Highway 26 of 0.09 miles at Center Point near the Adam Boyd House.
Further south the route serves as the northern terminus of Highway 355 near the Russey-Murray House and it continues south to enter Nashville. The route begins an overlap with U. S. Route 371 and Highway 27 upon entering Nashville, where it passes the Howard County Courthouse, the Nashville Post Office, the Nashville Commercial Historic District, the First Presbyterian Church, the Nashville American Legion Building, all properties on the National Register of Historic Places. Entering Hempstead County, the highway winds through rural areas to Ozan and the Washington Confederate Monument in Washington, before meeting US 278 Business outside Hope; the highway crosses over Interstate 30 shortly after entering the city limits and continues along Bill Clinton Drive, forming a concurrency with Highway 29 and Highway 32. US 278/AR 29/AR 32 intersect US 67 in east Hope. South of this junction AR 29 splits and continues south as Bill Clinton Drive with US 278/AR 32 continuing southeast. Further along this route, Highway 32 turns southeast to Willisville and US 278 runs toward Camden.
The route intersects Highway 53 in rural Nevada County, has an designated exception with US 371 in Rosston, has a junction with Highway 57 upon entering Ouachita County. Highway 278 passes the Two Bayou Methodist Church and Cemetery and the Bragg House before entering Camden. In the city, US 278 intersects Highway 24 before it meets US 278B and US 79B prior to overlapping US 79. Highway 278 breaks from US 79 near Harrell Field shortly before entering East Camden. Highway 278 continues into Calhoun County past the Dunn House into Hampton, where it passes the Calhoun County Courthouse prior to a junction with US 371; the east edge of town brings an intersection with Highway 274 as US 278 continues to Harrell and Highway 160 before entering Bradley County. Aside from Banks, where US 278 has a junction with Highway 275, the route runs through rural country until Warren, where US 278 entirely bypasses the city to the south while US 278B runs downtown, including a brief overlap with US 63B. US 278 has an intersection with US 63/AR 8 along the southern edge of Warren before serving as the eastern terminus for US 278B.
Further east the highway intersects Highway 172 which gives access to the Warren Prairie Natural Area just east of the Drew County line. The route continues to Monticello to McGehee, where it meets U. S. Route 65. US 278 overlaps US 65 southward for. There, US 65 splits off and US 278 overlaps U. S. Route 82 east to the Mississippi River, where US 278 cross into Mississippi. Long-term plans are to move US 278 to the Charles W. Dean Bridge, part of the proposed extension of Interstate 69. US 82 and US 278 go through Greenville to Leland, where US 278 separates from US 82 at U. S. Route 61. US 278 joins US 61 northward through Cleveland before splitting in Clarksdale. East of Clarksdale, it overlaps Mississippi Highway 6 through Batesville and Pontotoc before reaching Tupelo. At Tupelo, MS 6 separates from US 278 while US 278 overlaps U. S. Route 45 south to New Wren. From New Wren, US 278 continues east through Amory before entering Alabama. U. S. 278 enters Alabama between Greenwood Springs and Sulligent, Alabama.
As in Georgia and all U. S routes are partnered with state routes. From the Mississippi state line to Guin, U. S. 278 is paired with State Route 118. From Hamilton to the Georgia state line, U. S. 278 is paired with State Route 74. U. S. 278 junctions U. S. Route 431 at Gadsden; the two routes overlap. After a reconfiguration of 3rd St SW at Main Ave SW to connect directly with 4th St SW in Cullman, U. S. 278 no longer overlaps U. S. Route 31 for a block. U. S. 278 overlaps U. S. Route 43 between Hamilton and Guin. Prior to the completion of Corridor X, these two routes overlapped U. S. Route 78 between these two towns, with East U. S. 78 travelling in the same direction as West U. S. 278. In Atlanta, it runs along Donald Lee Hollowell Parkway, North Avenue along Piedmont Road and Ponce de Leon Avenue. Outside the Perimeter, U. S. 278 runs along Covington Highway. In Lithonia, Georgia, at the intersection with Turner Hill Road, U. S
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website