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Dryas octopetala

Dryas octopetala is an Arctic–alpine flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. It is a small prostrate evergreen subshrub forming large colonies; the specific epithet octopetala derives from the Greek octo and petalon, referring to the eight petals of the flower, an unusual number in the Rosaceae, where five is the normal number. However, flowers with up to 16 petals occur naturally; as a floral emblem, it is the official territorial flower of the Northwest Territories and the national flower of Iceland. The stems are woody, with short, horizontal rooting branches; the leaves are glabrous above, densely white-tomentose beneath. The flowers are produced on stalks 3–10 cm long, have eight creamy white petals - hence the specific epithet octopetala; the style is persistent on the fruit with white feathery hairs, functioning as a wind-dispersal agent. The feathery hairs of the seed head first appear twisted together and glossy before spreading out to an expanded ball which the wind disperses. Dryas octopetala has a widespread occurrence throughout mountainous areas where it is restricted to limestone outcrops.

These include the entire Arctic, as well as the mountains of Scandinavia, the Alps, Carpathian Mountains, Caucasus and in isolated locations elsewhere. In Great Britain it occurs in the Pennines, at two locations in Snowdonia, more in the Scottish Highlands. In North America it is found in Alaska, most on glaciated terrain, through the Canadian rockies reaching as far south as Colorado in the Rocky Mountains, it grows in dry localities where snow melts early, on gravel and rocky barrens, forming a distinct heath community on calcareous soils. The Younger Dryas, Older Dryas and Oldest Dryas stadials are named after Dryas octopetala, because of the great quantities of its pollen found in cores dating from those times. During these cold spells, Dryas octopetala was much more distributed than it is today, as large parts of the northern hemisphere that are now covered by forests were replaced in the cold periods by tundra. D. octopetala is cultivated in temperate regions as groundcover, or as an alpine or rock garden plant.

It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The leaves are used as a herbal tea. Elkington, T. T.. "Dryas Octopetala L.". Journal of Ecology. 59: 887–905. Doi:10.2307/2258146. JSTOR 2258146. Fisher, P. J.. "Fungal Endophytes of Dryas octopetala from a High Arctic Polar Semidesert and from the Swiss Alps". Mycologia. 87: 319–323. Doi:10.2307/3760828. JSTOR 3760828. Skrede, Inger. "Refugia and postglacial migration in arctic-alpine Eurasia, exemplified by the mountain avens". Molecular Ecology. 15: 1827–1840. Doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2006.02908.x. PMID 16689901


Polydextrose is a synthetic polymer of glucose. It is a food ingredient classified as soluble fiber by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration as well as Health Canada, as of April 2013, it is used to increase the dietary fiber content of food, to replace sugar, to reduce calories and fat content. It is a multi-purpose food ingredient synthesized from dextrose, plus about 10 percent sorbitol and 1 percent citric acid, its E number is E1200. The FDA approved it in 1981, it is 0.1 times as sweet as sugar. Commercial manufacture of edible polydextrose originated with a process developed by Hans H. Rennhard of Pfizer, Inc. Rennhard began investigating the potential of polysaccharides as low-calorie replacements for sugar, fat and starch. In 1965, he created polydextrose, a polymer of dextrose, produced from the occurring components: glucose and citric acid. Polydextrose is used as a replacement for sugar and fat in commercial beverages, candies, dessert mixes, breakfast cereals, frozen desserts and salad dressings.

Polydextrose is used as an ingredient in low-carb, sugar-free, diabetic cooking recipes. It is used as a humectant and thickening agent. Polydextrose is a form of soluble fiber and has shown healthful prebiotic benefits when tested in animals, it contains only 1 kcal per gram and, therefore, is able to help reduce calories. However, polydextrose is not universally well tolerated. Doses as low as 10g cause more intestinal gas and flatulence than psyllium

North Rustico

North Rustico is a Canadian town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island. Situated on the north shore, North Rustico an incorporated municipality in 1954. North Rustico changed its status to a town on November 16, 2013; the town is known to locals, as well as many others as "The Crick". Its population as of the 2016 Census was 607 people. North Rustico is well known for its Canada Day celebration every year on July 1; the event attracts in excess of 10,000 people, which packs the town quite full. It includes festivities in the park, a parade down main street, as well as a boat parade on Rustico Harbour; the celebration is popular among families and adults. The day is completed by a fireworks display over the bay; the village of North Rustico was founded circa 1790, around a small natural harbour along the Gulf of St. Lawrence coast; the region was home to a remnant Acadian population who fled British capture and deportation during the Seven Years' War, although English and Irish settlers moved into the area during the remainder of the 18th century and throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.

The name Rustico comes from the name of one of the first settlers from France. The Farmers' Bank of Rustico in nearby South Rustico was founded and managed under the leadership of Father Georges-Antoine Belcourt, received Royal Assent for its act of incorporation at the Court of Windsor on April 7, 1864, it is considered to have been the first community-based bank in Canada. The bank building was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1959. North Rustico's primary industries are fishing and agriculture. Located 30 kilometres northwest of Charlottetown, the town is becoming an exurb with residents commuting to work in the city. Since the 1996 census, the town has witnessed a population decline of 2% in year-round residents. During the short summer tourist season on Prince Edward Island in July and August, the village's proximity to the Prince Edward Island National Park results in a temporary population expansion, with many visitors staying in nearby accommodations; the town has 344 dwellings.

In 2015, the median household income was $49,920, compared with the provincial average of $61,163. Many seasonal homes or cottages are owned by non-residents and are occupied for only several weeks during the summer months; the fishing industry remains the village's most important economic activity, with 40 vessels home-ported in a small craft harbour. Lobster fishing is the main focus for much of the fleet and during May and June fresh north shore P. E. I lobster can be bought in a fish market on the harbour wharves or directly off of the boats. "Fisherman's Wharf Lobster Suppers", the "Blue Mussel Cafe" and "The Yellow House Take-Out" are popular places to enjoy the fresh seafood of Prince Edward Island. In the summer, this town is one of the Island's most popular destinations. On a warm summer evening, dozens of people can be found strolling the town's waterfront boardwalk, which overlooks the bay and fishing docks. North Rustico offers sea kayaking, walking, deep sea fishing, skating and hiking.

North Star arena is home to a number of different hockey organizations, allowing players of all ages to exercise and enjoy the game of hockey. Similar to other Maritime provinces, Rustico's weather can be somewhat unpredictable. Winter temperatures run from -3 to -11, Autumn temperatures run from 8-22, Summer temperatures run around 20, Spring temperatures run from 8 to 22 degrees. Gulf Shore Consolidated School provides public education for students from Kindergarten to grade 9. French language education is available at Ecole Saint-Augustin, located near South Rustico. Government of PEI Profile North Rustico Site of the Museum of the Farmers' Bank of Rustico, PEI Epodunk Canada Profile Government of PEI Municipality Information

No Love for Johnnie (novel)

No Love for Johnnie by Wilfred Fienburgh, was first published in 1959 by Hutchinson. A political novel it deals with the life of Johnny Byrne, a cynical and burnt-out politician whose career has ostensibly stalled due to his leftist leanings in a "conservative" Labour government, it was made into a film in 1961, directed by Ralph Thomas. Stylistically the novel belongs to the genre associated with John Osborne, John Braine, Shelagh Delaney and other realist writers who were to find their voices in the new wave of British "verismo" art forms; the narrative allows the reader to examine the internal conflicts that Johnnie Byrne negotiates as he attempts to find some merit in his desultory existence. Under scrutiny are his relationships with his cold, politically driven wife, whose own politics are a point of contention for Johnnie, his neighbour and the young woman, Pauline illuminate Byrne's darker aspects. As a piece of literature it may be considered light weight but re-readings will reveal a tight structure and a credible analysis of the way powerful individuals, the makers of social change, are paradoxically vulnerable cyphers in a world where they too may be ill-served by cupidity.

Though the weak ending of his relationship with a much younger woman may seem cliched and trite by twenty-first century standards, it is handled with a certain amount of legerdemain and irony so that it escapes being trite. There is a sense that Byrne lands on his feet by his own inaction in political matters. By the novel's end, it is clear, and appears to be a pawn at the mercy of events around him

Blood Cult

Blood Cult is a 1985 American direct-to-video slasher film directed and co-edited by Christopher Lewis and starring Juli Andelman, Charles Ellis, James Vance, Bennie Lee McGowan. Juli Andelman as Tina Wilbois Charles Ellis as Ron Wilbois James Vance as Joel Hogan Bennie Lee McGowan as Mrs. Gracie Moore Peter Hart as Doc White David Stice as Deputy Fred Graves as Dean Charles Bailey Bob Duffield as Mr. Moore Blood Cult was released for the first time on DVD by Vci Video on August 28, 2001. Vci re-released the film as a part of its three-disk "The Ripper Blood Pack" on October 31, 2006; the film was released by Mill Creek Entertainment on July 24, 2007 as a part of its twelve-disk "Decrepit Crypt of Nightmares: 50 Movie Pack". It was last released again by Vci on September 2012 as a double feature with Revenge. Blood Cult received negative reviews from critics. Justin Kerswell, from Hysteria Lives!, awarded the film 1/5 stars, due to the film's lack of suspense/thrills, "laughable" dialogue and for having "the most unattractive cast in slasher movie history".

Josh G. from Oh, the Horror hated the film, stating that the film started out well, but was ruined by poor acting, gore effects, "ridiculous dialogue", ending. Josh concluded his review by calling it "the cure for sleeplessness". Todd Martin from gave the film a positive review, while noting the film's poor acting, special effects. Martin concluded his review by stating, "Yes, it is cheesy as hell and a little over the top at times but if you’re a fan of corny low budget horror flicks you will most dig it as much as I did." Blood Cult at AllMovie Blood Cult on IMDb Blood Cult at Rotten Tomatoes

Ghost (1984 band)

Ghost was an experimental rock group formed in Tokyo, Japan, in 1984. Core-member Masaki Batoh grew up in Japan where he attended a private school. During this time, he became interested in American and British rock music ranging from Bob Dylan and Pink Floyd to the Velvet Underground and Japanese rock bands such as the Taj Mahal Travellers and the Flower Travellin' Band. Batoh formed Ghost with a large and varying lineup. According to reports posted on Allmusic, the group lived a nomadic existence, drifting from ruins of ancient temples to disused subway stations around the Tokyo area; the band began releasing their work with the albums Ghost and Second Time Around, which were released in 1990 and 1992. The American independent label Drag City licensed each of the albums for distribution, the Los Angeles The Now Sound label picked up two of Batoh's solo albums, released together as well under the title Collected Works. Two albums, Tune In, Turn On, Free Tibet and Snuffbox Immanence, were released in 1999.

As well as their own work, Ghost have recorded and performed with the ex-Galaxie 500 duo Damon and Naomi. Five years after releasing both Snuffbox Immanence and Tune In, Turn On, Free Tibet, Ghost returned with Hypnotic Underworld, there were some changes in the band. Cellist Hiromichi Sakamoto and percussionist Setsuko Furuya left and were replaced by a rhythm section of Takuyuki Moriya and Junzo Tateiwa. In 2005, the Drag City label released a CD+DVD set titled, "Metamorphosis: Ghost Chronicles 1984-2004"; the DVD is a career-spanning collection of footage featuring over two hours of improvisations, one-time-only band lineups, freakouts, live shows and more. The CD features tracks from the undocumented 1980s era of studio improvs, live tracks, outtakes from their debut album. In January 2007, Ghost released a new album titled In Stormy Nights; the year 2008 saw Batoh collaborating live and in the studio with cellist Helena Espvall, resulting in the album Helena Espvall & Masaki Batoh. Overloaded Ark followed a year later.

In 2014, Masaki Batoh announced on Facebook. Masaki Batoh: vocals, acoustic guitar Kazuo Ogino: piano, electronics Michio Kurihara: electric guitar Junzo Tateiwa: drums, percussion Takuyuki Moriya: bass Taishi Takizawa: theremin, saxophone Ghost Second Time Around Temple Stone Lama Rabi Rabi Snuffbox Immanence Tune In, Turn On, Free Tibet Hypnotic Underworld Metamorphosis: Ghost Chronicles 1984–-2004 In Stormy Nights Overture: Live in Nippon Yusen Soko 2006 Moungod Air Cave b/w Guru in the Echo Both tracks recorded live in 1989 and 1994 respectively. Holy High b/w Filament Damon and Naomi with Ghost Tama Yura on Tokyo Flashback Vol. 1 Sun is Tangging on Tokyo Flashback Vol. 2 Suspect Tells of Dog Under the Sun on Tokyo Flashback Vol. 3 Way to Coimbula on ALMS: A benefit for Ptolemaic Terrascope A Ghost from the Darkened Sea Total Album Length: 23min & 39sec Kikaokubeshi Total Album Length: 31min & 42sec Collected Works 95-96 Above two albums on one CD. Brain Pulse Music Helena Espvall & Masaki Batoh Overloaded Ark Ghost at Allmusic Official Site