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Dubbo is a city in the Orana Region of New South Wales, Australia. It is the largest population centre in the Orana region, with a population of 38,392 at June 2018; the city is located at the intersection of the Newell and Golden highways. The nearest city, Orange, is about 144 km away. Dubbo is located 275 m above sea level, 303 km north-west of Sydney and is a major road and rail freight hub to other parts of New South Wales, it is linked by national highways north to Brisbane, south to Melbourne, east to Sydney and Newcastle, west to Broken Hill and Adelaide. Dubbo is included in the rainfall and weather forecast region for the Central West Slopes and in the Central West Slopes and Plains division of the Bureau of Meteorology forecasts. Evidence of habitation by Wiradjuri Nation, Indigenous Australians dates back over 40,000 years. Explorer and surveyor John Oxley was the first European to report on the area now known as Dubbo in 1818; the first permanent British colonists in the area were English-born Robert Dulhunty and his brother Lawrence Dulhunty.

Dulhunty occupied a property, known as Dubbo Station, from the early 1830s on a squatting basis. With the passing of the Squatting Act in 1836, he took out a licence on the property. Dulhunty showed an affinity with Indigenous Australians, his party included some 40 Aborigines and he favoured using Aboriginal names for properties, including Dubbo. Dubbo is now thought to be a mispronunciation of the local Wiradjuri word thubbo, but because of a lack of precise records from Dulhunty at the time and an incomplete knowledge of the Wiradjuri language today, some conjecture remains over the word's meaning; some references indicate that Dubbo was the name of an old Wiradjuri man who resided at the site when Dulhunty took the land. Dubbo's name meant "red soil", consistent with the local landscape. Thubbo or tubbo is Wiradjuri for "head covering". Dundullimal Homestead is a farmhouse from that period, built around 1840 by John Maugham on his 26,000-acre sheep station; the building is one of the oldest homesteads still standing in western NSW and today is open to visitors.

In 1846, due to the number of settlers in the area, the government decided to establish a courthouse, police station, lock-up in the Dubbo area. A constable's residence was completed in 1847 and a wooden slab-construction courthouse and lock-up was completed in early 1848. By this time, the settlement had only four buildings - the constable's residence and lock-up, a store, an inn. Due to the lack of title for the land, in 1848, storekeeper Jean Emile Serisier organised a petition asking for a land sale of town allotments; the plan was presented to the colony's surveyor general in May 1849 by surveyor G. Boyle White; the settlement was gazetted as a village in November 1849 with the first land sales taking place in 1850. Population growth was slow until the Victorian gold rush of the 1860s brought an increase in north-south trade; the first bank was opened in 1867. Steady population growth caused the town to be proclaimed a municipality in 1872, when its population was 850; the railway extension of the main western railway from Wellington to Dubbo was formally opened on 1 February 1881.

By 1897, Dubbo had a general store, Carrier Arms, a slab courthouse, a gaol, a police hut. The final section of the Molong to Dubbo railway opened in late May 1925. Dubbo was proclaimed a city in 1966. Dubbo has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Cobra Street: Dubbo RAAF Stores Depot Macquarie Street: Talbragar Shire Council Chambers 110-114 Macquarie Street: National Australia Bank building, Dubbo 118 Macquarie Street: Colonial Mutual Life building, Dubbo 195-197 Macquarie Street: Milestone Hotel 215 Macquarie Street: Old Dubbo Gaol Main Western railway: Dubbo railway station Main Western railway 462.762 km: Macquarie River railway bridge, Dubbo Obley Road: Dundullimal Homestead The Macquarie River runs through Dubbo, as does Troy Creek. The City of Dubbo lies within a transition zone between the ranges and tablelands of the Great Dividing Range to the east and the Darling Basin plains to the west. Dubbo falls in the warm temperate climate zone. Under Köppen climate classification, Dubbo has a humid subtropical climate that borders the semi-arid climate.

Summers are warm to hot, winters cool to cold, bringing some occurrences of early morning frost but no snowfall – unlike the nearby city of Orange. The last occurrence of snow was recorded by The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate in July 1951 and 1920; the town's location in this transition area allows a large temperature variation during the year, with high summer temperatures, sometimes peaking above 40 °C typical of the Western Plains of New South Wales and colder subzero temperatures typical of the Central Tablelands in winter. Dubbo's location in the transition area between the Central Tablelands and the Central Western Plains have provided a mild distribution of rainfall throughout the year. Dubbo's wettest month is January with an average rainfall of 60.1 mm occurring on average over five days. Evaporation in the Dubbo area averages around 1,880 mm per year. Dubbo is sunny, receiving 148.6 days of clear skies annually, in contrast to Sydney's 104 days. Wind patterns vary over the whole year.

The prevailing winds at Dubbo are from the southeast, south and west, which account for a combined 64.4% of the wind direction over the whole year. In June 2018, the population of Dubbo was 38,392; the median age is 36 younger than the national average of 38. People aged 0–14 constitute 21.2% of the population compared to 18.7% nat

Allison B. Humphreys

Allison B. Humphreys was a Justice of the Tennessee Supreme Court from 1967 to 1974. Born in Lebanon, Wilson County, Humphreys attended Castle Heights Military Academy, received an LL. B. from Cumberland University in 1929, entering the practice of law that same year. He was an assistant district attorney general for the Fifth Judicial Circuit from 1937 to 1940, a circuit judge for that circuit from 1941 to 1942, an assistant to the attorney general and court reporter from 1943 to 1952. Humphreys served as acting dean and professor of law at the Cumberland School of Law from 1942 to 1945. Humphreys was solicitor general of Tennessee from 1952 to 1960. In that capacity, Humphreys asserted in one high-profile case that it was illegal for an executive branch agency of the state to employ a state legislator. On January 22, 1960, Humphreys was appointed by Governor Buford Ellington to a seat on the Tennessee Court of Appeals. On April 27, 1967, Ellington elevated Humphreys to a seat on the Tennessee Supreme Court vacated by the death of Justice W. G. White.

Humphreys was elected to a full term in 1968, defeating his challenger, Domestic Relations Judge Benton Trimble, by a vote of 200,852 to 111,387. Humphreys served until his retirement from the court in 1974. In 1984, Humphreys sat as a special justice to hear cases challenging state taxes on flea markets and computer software. Humphreys wrote the opinion on the software tax, upheld. Humphreys died at University Medical Center in Lebanon, Tennessee

Spoiled (play)

Spoiled is a television and stage play by Simon Gray, first broadcast by the BBC in 1968 as part of The Wednesday Play series and adapted for the stage. It is set over a single weekend in the house of a schoolmaster, who invites one of his O-Level French students to his home to do some last-minute cramming before an exam. Howarth has an unnatural enthusiasm, while his student, Donald, is painfully shy. Meanwhile, Howarth's pregnant wife is far from happy about having someone to stay in the midst of her fears about parenting. Howarth Donald Joanna Les Mrs Clenham Spoiled was a play written for the BBC's The Wednesday Play series, broadcast first on 28 August 1968, again on 9 July 1969, it was produced by Graeme MacDonald. Believed to be lost, it had the following cast: Howarth- Michael Craig Donald - Elizabeth Shepherd Joanna - Simon Ward Les - Mark Rose Mr Wyecroft - Will Leighton Mrs Clenham - Carmel McSharry Spoiled was adapted by the author for the stage and first performed at the Close Theatre Club, Glasgow, in 1970, directed by Stephen Hollis.

It had the following cast: Howarth- Daniel Massey Donald - David Hayman Joanna - Stephanie Bidmead Les - Philip Sayer Mrs Clenham - Pamela PitchfordThe play was performed at the Haymarket Theatre, London directed by Stephen Hollis, from 24 February 1971. It had the following cast: Howarth- Jeremy Kemp Donald - Simon Ward Joanna - Anna Massey Les - Peter Denyer Mrs Clenham - Pamela Pitchford The film was adapted for Australian TV in 1974. Gray, Simon. Simon Gray: Plays 1. London and Faber, 2010. Spoiled on IMDb Simon Gray website

38th Parliament of Ontario

The 38th Legislative Assembly of Ontario was a legislature of the government of the Province of Ontario, Canada. It opened November 19, 2003, at Queen's Park in Toronto, ended on June 5, 2007; the membership was set by the 2003 Ontario general election on October 2, 2003, it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections. It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Premier Dalton McGuinty; the Official Opposition was the Progressive Conservative Party, led first by Ernie Eves, by John Tory. The speaker was Michael A. Brown. There were two sessions of the 38th Legislature: November 19, 2003: The legislature conducted a secret vote to elect the Speaker of the legislature. Liberal Party of Ontario Member of Provincial Parliament Alvin Curling is elected as Speaker, he was the first black Speaker of the Ontario legislature. March 24, 2004: Dominic Agostino, Liberal MPP for Hamilton East, died of liver cancer. May 13, 2004: A by-election was held in Hamilton East to replace Dominic Agostino.

Ontario New Democratic Party candidate Andrea Horwath defeated Liberal candidate Ralph Agostino, Mr. Agostino's brother; this win returned the NDP to official party status. August 19, 2005: Speaker Alvin Curling resigned to accept an appointment as Ambassador to the Dominican Republic. November 24, 2005: In a by-election, Bas Balkissoon held the seat of Scarborough-Rouge River for the Liberals. September 18, 2006: Joe Cordiano, Liberal MPP for York South-Weston, resigned from cabinet and the legislature, citing a desire to spend more time with family. September 25, 2006: Tony Wong, Liberal MPP for Markham, resigned from the legislature to make a successful bid for a seat on York Regional Council. September 28, 2006: Cam Jackson, Progressive Conservative MPP for Burlington, resigned from the legislature to make a successful bid for the mayoralty of Burlington. February 8, 2007: Three by-elections were held. Paul Ferreira won York South-Weston for the NDP. March 29, 2007: Tim Peterson, brother of former Ontario Premier David Peterson, left the Liberal caucus to sit as an Independent until the next election, in which he ran for the PCs.

June 5, 2007: The 38th Parliament 2nd Session is prorogued. July 12, 2007 Liberal MPP Ernie Parsons resigned his seat in order to accept an appointment as Justice of the Peace. September 10, 2007 38th Parliament dissolved. Seating Plan P = Premier, LO = Leader of Opposition, L = Leader of the NDP. Cabinet ministers are in bold, leaders are in italics and the Speaker of the Legislature has a dagger next to his name. Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Nov. 19, 2003: Ontario names Curling as new Speaker

Melissa Coates

Melissa Coates is a Canadian professional wrestler, fitness model and actress. She is best known for appearing in the first two seasons of the Game Show Network show Extreme Dodgeball. Prior to entering professional wrestling, Coates aspired to become a professional tennis player after watching Martina Navratilova. In order to train for tennis, Coates began weightlifting at 15, during that same year, she entered her first tennis competition in 1984, where she lasted until the finals, she won the Mid-Canada Junior Girls Championship. However, she soon began to shift her attention from tennis to bodybuilding and entered her first contest in the early 1990s, where she won the overall lightweight category of the Windsor Physique Contest. After she began making prominence, Coates decided to move to Los Angeles and worked for two gyms and two bars to finance herself. After being granted professional status in 1995, she won the Jan Tana Classic in 1996. In 1999, she subsequently began working as a model.

She competed in the first two seasons of Extreme Dodgeball on the Game Show Network. Her team, the Barbell Mafia team, qualified for the playoffs in the first season but failed to qualify the next year. After training at both Killer Kowalski's training school and Ultimate Pro Wrestling's Ultimate University. In 2005, Melissa Coates made an appearance in Naked Women's Wrestling League, hosted by Carmen Electra. Melissa fought another professional wrestler, April Hunter, in which both wrestlers appeared nude. Melissa Coates had a memorable wrestling match with Cindy Rogers in 2005. Cindy Rogers was wearing spandex tights in this match, her spandex tights were shiny. Coates moved down to Louisville, Kentucky to begin training in World Wrestling Entertainment's developmental territory Ohio Valley Wrestling. Coates made an appearance at WWE's Backlash, taking part in Chris Masters' "Master Lock Challenge" segment, where he offered $3000 to anyone who could break his Master Lock, which she failed to do.

She was placed in OVW as an official trainee and became the "head of security" for Kenny Bolin's stable "Bolin's Services". Soon after, Coates left both OVW and WWE and went to work for World Xtreme Wrestling. Coates returned to OVW, albeit not under a WWE developmental contract. Upon re-debuting, she soon began facing off with several of the OVW Divas, including Beth Phoenix, Mickie James, Melina Perez. Coates turned heel and began managing the OVW Southern Tag Team Champions Blonde Bombers, as well as becoming Jillian Hall's bodyguard and went on a spree of blinding people with rubbing alcohol in storyline. After training in OVW, Coates moved over to Deep South Wrestling and debuted for the territory as The Bag Lady, a homeless woman who became the love interest and the valet of The Freakin' Deacon. On February 22, 2007, the Bag Lady debuted a new Diva-esque look and defeated Angel Williams in their subsequent match; the Bag Lady began feuding with both Williams and Krissy Vaine. On the April 5 episode of DSW TV Tapings, The Bag Lady accompanied Nattie Neidhart to the ring where she lost to Krissy Vaine after the distraction by Williams followed by Vaine using the heel of a shoe.

In March 2015, Devon Nicholson described an incident from 2006 that Bill DeMott was involved with while he was head trainer for the WWE's Deep South Wrestling developmental territory. Nicholson described an incident where Drew Hankinson was naked in the ring for a long period of time and gave naked stinkfaces to Coates and Zack Ryder while DeMott held jelly donuts over their faces; the wrestlers agreed to do this to get out of regular training for that day. DeMott refuted the notion that it was his idea, stating that the other trainees came up with it because they wanted to skip the session. In her first appearances on the indy circuit after leaving DSW, Coates made her debut for Great Championship Wrestling on May 29 and defeated Daffney to win the NWA/GCW Women's Championship, her first professional wrestling championship. Coates continued to remain champion until the title was forgotten and deactivated in late 2007. Coates made several appearances for other Georgia-based wrestling promotions in both a wrestling and managerial role.

On July 7, she made her debut for NWA Anarchy as a heel and defeating several male wrestlers in intergender matches. At NWA Anarchy's Fright Night event, Coates teamed up with fellow DSW alumnus Tony Santarelli to defeat Todd Sexton and referee Wes Grissom, the latter of whom Coates was feuding with. On December 15, Coates began an angle with Don Matthews after Coates attacked Matthews and his tag team partner Brodie Chase. All three were entered into an Anarchy Battle Royal to determine the number one contender for the Television Championship, but both Coates and Matthews were eliminated and Matthews began showing affection towards her. On December 29, Matthews publicly declared his affection towards Coates before she struck him in response; the angle between the two continued until Matthews' tag team partner Brodie Chase revealed that he and Coates were together, turning Chase heel in the process. On May 31, 2008, Chase defeated Matthews while having Coates in his corner. While working outside of NWA Anarchy, Coates took on a managerial role in April 2008.

Using the ring name Mile High Melissa, Coates adopted a flight attendant gimmick and joined "Captain" Mike Flyte, with the pair collectively known as The Flight Crew. In July 2008, they were joined by "Captain" Jason Static, though Static left the stable after a few months before Coates left NWA Anarchy. On August

Governor of Kocaeli

The Governor of Kocaeli is the bureaucratic state official responsible for both national government and state affairs in the Province of Kocaeli. Similar to the Governors of the 80 other Provinces of Turkey, the Governor of Kocaeli is appointed by the Government of Turkey and is responsible for the implementation of government legislation within Kocaeli; the Governor is the most senior commander of both the Kocaeli provincial police force and the Kocaeli Gendarmerie. The Governor of Kocaeli is appointed by the President of Turkey, who confirms the appointment after recommendation from the Turkish Government; the Ministry of the Interior first considers and puts forward possible candidates for approval by the cabinet. The Governor of Kocaeli is therefore not a directly elected position and instead functions as the most senior civil servant in the Province of Kocaeli; the Governor does not serve for a set length of time. Instead, the Governor serves at the pleasure of the Government, which can appoint or reposition the Governor whenever it sees fit.

Such decisions are again made by the cabinet of Turkey. The Governor of Kocaeli, as a civil servant, may not have any close connections or prior experience in Kocaeli Province, it is not unusual for Governors to alternate between several different Provinces during their bureaucratic career. The Governor of Kocaeli has both bureaucratic functions and influence over local government; the main role of the Governor is to oversee the implementation of decisions by government ministries, constitutional requirements and legislation passed by Grand National Assembly within the provincial borders. The Governor has the power to reassign, remove or appoint officials a certain number of public offices and has the right to alter the role of certain public institutions if they see fit. Governors are the most senior public official within the Province, meaning that they preside over any public ceremonies or provincial celebrations being held due to a national holiday; as the commander of the provincial police and Gendarmerie forces, the Governor can take decisions designed to limit civil disobedience and preserve public order.

Although mayors of municipalities and councillors are elected during local elections, the Governor has the right to re-organise or to inspect the proceedings of local government despite being an unelected position. Governor Kocaeli Province Ministry of the Interior Biography of the Governor of Kocaeli