click links in text for more info


Duklja was a medieval Serb state which encompassed the territories of present-day southeastern Montenegro, from the Bay of Kotor in the west to the Bojana river in the east, to the sources of the Zeta and Morača rivers in the north. First mentioned in 10th– and 11th century Byzantine chronicles, it was a vassal of the Byzantine Empire until it became independent in 1040 under Stefan Vojislav who rose up and managed to take over territories of the earlier Serbian Principality, founding the Vojislavljević dynasty. Between 1043 and 1080, under Mihailo Vojislavljević, his son, Constantine Bodin, Duklja saw its apogee. Mihailo was given the nominal title King of Slavs by the Pope after having left the Byzantine camp and supported an uprising in the Balkans, in which his son Bodin played a central part. Having incorporated the Serbian hinterland and installed vassal rulers there, this maritime principality emerged as the most powerful Serb polity, seen in the titles used by its rulers. However, its rise was short-lived, as Bodin was imprisoned.

Between 1113 and 1149 Duklja was the centre of Serbian–Byzantine conflict, with members of the Vojislavljević as protégés of either fighting each other for power. Duklja was incorporated as a crown land of the Grand Principality of Serbia ruled by the Vukanović dynasty, subsequently known as Zeta, remaining so until the fall of the Serbian Empire in the 14th century. In historiography, K. Jirechek was the first to use "Duklja". Doclea was the name of the Roman city on the site of modern Podgorica, built by Roman Emperor Diocletian, who hailed from this region of Roman Dalmatia; the Romanized Illyrian tribe known as Docleatae that inhabited the area derived their name from the city. In centuries, the Romans hypercorrected the name to Dioclea, wrongly guessing that an i had been lost due to vulgar speech patterns. Duklja is the Slavic version of the name of this region, attributed to the principality under Byzantine suzerainty; the demonym, or tribal name, appearing in De Administrando Imperio was "Dioklētianoi".

According to De Administrando Imperio, in chapter 35, Diokleia included the "large, inhabited cities" of Gradetai and Lontodokla. Gradetai may have been Starigrad, Nougrade may have been Prevlaka, while the location of Lontodokla is uncertain. According to the somewhat dubious source, Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja, a ruler named Hvalimir, alleged to be an ancestor of Jovan Vladimir, held Zeta and its towns, the following counties: Lusca, Gorsca, Obliquus, Prapratna and Budua with Cuceva and Gripuli. Since the 12th century, the term Zeta began to replace the name Duklja. According to the 10th-century De Administrando Imperio, written by the Byzantine emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos, a second migration of Slavs into the Balkans occurred during the reign of Heraclius. DAI mentions Croats and Serbs having settled the Western Balkans, the Serbs having founded "baptized Serbia" which included the land of Bosna; the other Serb-inhabited lands that were mentioned in the DAI included the maritime Paganija, Zahumlje and Kanalites, while Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos does not provide information about Serb settlement in Duklja.

All of the maritime lands bordered Serbia to the north. According to Croatian historian Trpimir Vedriš, statements of various Byzantine writers do not allow equalization of Duklja inhabitants in the 11th and 12th century either with the Serbs or with the Croats; the DAI has been a used source in reconstructing the earliest histories of the South Slavic states. The DAI claims that Duklja had been made desolate by the Avars and "repopulated in the time of the Emperor Heraclius, just as were Croatia and Serbia", by Slavs. While he states that the neighboring principalities of Serbia, Zahumlje and Pagania had been settled by the'unbaptized Serbs', he mentions Duklja as having been settled by'Slavs'. John V. A. Fine argues "given that Serbs settled in regions along its borders this would have been a Serb region". Scholars have debated at length as to the reliability of such sources. For example, Florin Curta, among others, suggested that the DAI was a political document, rather than a historical one, that it indicates that the coastal županijas were under the authority of the Serbian prince, Časlav Klonimirović, in the mid-10th century.

Tibor Živković and Neven Budak considered that a closer reading suggests that the Constantine consideration about the regions population ethnic identity is based on Serbian political rule and does not indicate ethnic origin. Ivo Banac proposed that the DAI mention that a part of the Croats "split off and took control of Illyricum and Pannonia" after settling Northern Dalmatia could be connected to Duklja; the dubious Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja, compiled in 1298–1301 by a Cistercian monk in the service of Paul I Šubić of Bribir, refers to Croats in Southern Dalmatia. If this is not mere Byzantine confusion over Serbs and Croats, it might allude to the existence of minor

Joe Vlasits

Joseph "Uncle Joe" Vlasits was a Hungarian football player and manager who coached the Australian national side from 1967 to 1969. Vlasits was born in 1921 in Hungary, he played for Budapest First Division club Nemzeti but his career was cut short by injury and he moved to Australia in the late 1940s. In Australia, Vlasits moved into management, coached New South Wales Division One side Canterbury-Marrickville from 1958 to 1960, winning titles in 1958 and 1960 and winning the Ampol Cup in'58, he coached Sydney Prague and Budapest in 1961 and'62 winning the Division One title with both clubs. He took over at fellow Division One side Pan-Hellenic for 1963 and'64, but could only manage fourth- and sixth-place finishes, he dropped down a league to Division Two side Bankstown, which placed sixth in his only year of management, 1965. He returned to Division One in 1966 with strugglers SSC Yugal. A two-year stint at Melita Eagles-Newtown saw the club finish third-last in both the 1967 and'68 Division One seasons.

He coached the Australian national side from 1967 to'69, coached the team to victory in the 1967 Quoc Khanh Cup, winning all five matches they played. It was Australia's first international footballing honour, he coached Australia for a total of 23 games — 13 wins, seven draws, three losses. He returned to Pan-Hellenic for the 1972 season, the team came seventh in Division One, he managed Northern Districts to the Division Three title in 1974. Vlasits died at the age of 64 on 23 April 1985. New South Wales Division One: 1958, 1960 Ampol Cup: 1958 New South Wales Division One: 1961 New South Wales Division One: 1962 Quoc Khanh Cup: 1967 New South Wales Division Three: 1974 Joe Vlasits' profile on Joe Vlasits at

Competition Commission of India

Competition Commission of India is a statutory body of the Government of India responsible for enforcing The Competition Act, 2002 throughout India and to prevent activities that have an appreciable adverse effect on competition in India. It was established on 14 October 2003, it became functional in May 2009 with Dhanendra Kumar as its first Chairman. The idea of Competition Commission was conceived and introduced in the form of The Competition Act, 2002 by the Vajpayee government. A need was felt to promote competition and private enterprise in the light of 1991 Indian economic liberalisation; the Competition Act, 2002, as amended by the Competition Act, 2007, follows the philosophy of modern competition laws. The Act prohibits anti-competitive agreements, abuse of dominant position by enterprises and regulates combinations, which causes or to cause an appreciable adverse effect on competition within India; the objectives of the Act are sought to be achieved through the Competition Commission of India, established by the Central Government with effect from 14 October 2003.

CCI consists of a Chairperson and 6 Members appointed by the Central Government. It is the duty of the Commission to eliminate practices having adverse effect on competition and sustain competition, protect the interests of consumers and ensure freedom of trade in the markets of India; the Commission is required to give an opinion on competition issues on a reference received from a statutory authority established under any law and to undertake competition advocacy, create public awareness and impart training on competition issues. An Act to provide, keeping in view of the economic development of the country, for the establishment of a Commission to prevent practices having adverse effect on competition, to promote and sustain competition in markets, to protect the interests of consumers and to ensure freedom of trade carried on by other participants in markets, in India, for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. To achieve its objectives, the Competition Commission of India endeavors to do the following: Make the markets work for the benefit and welfare of consumers.

Ensure fair and healthy competition in economic activities in the country for faster and inclusive growth and development of the economy. Implement competition policies with an aim to effectuate the most efficient utilization of economic resources. Develop and nurture effective relations and interactions with sectoral regulators to ensure smooth alignment of sectoral regulatory laws in tandem with the competition law. Carry out competition advocacy and spread the information on benefits of competition among all stakeholders to establish and nurture competition culture in Indian economy; the Commission comprises three members. Ashok Kumar Gupta is the current Chairperson of the CCI; the members of the Competition Commission of India are: Dr. Sangeeta Verma Bhagwant Singh Bishnoi In December 2010, CCI instituted a probe to examine if there was any cartelization among traders when onion prices touched 80 rupees, but did not find sufficient evidence of market manipulation. In June 2012, CCI imposed a fine of ₹63.07 billion 11 cement companies for cartelisation.

CCI claimed that cement companies met to fix prices, control market share and hold back supply which earned them illegal profits. In January 2013, CCI modified clauses in agreements between real estate company DLF Limited and apartment buyers. Business and finance Portal welcomed the order saying that, "This is a landmark ruling and will benefit property owners across the country". Some of the important modifications were: The Builder cannot undertake any additional construction beyond the approved building plan given to the buyers; the builder will not have complete ownership of open spaces within the residential project area not sold. Not just the buyer but the builder will be liable for any defaults. All payments made by the buyers must be based on construction milestones and not "on demand"; the builder will not have the sole power to form the owner’s association. On 8 February 2013, CCI imposed a penalty of ₹522 million on the Board of Control for Cricket in India for misusing its dominant position.

The CCI found that IPL team ownership agreements were unfair and discriminatory and that the terms of the IPL franchise agreements were loaded in favor of BCCI and franchises had no say in the terms of the contract. The CCI ordered BCCI to "cease and desist" from any practice in future denying market access to potential competitors and not use its regulatory powers in deciding matters relating to its commercial activities. In 2014, CCI imposed a fine of ₹10 million upon Google for failure to comply with the directions given by the Director General seeking information and documents. On 25 August 2014, CCI imposed a fine of ₹2544 crores on 14 Indian car manufacturers for failure to provide branded spare parts and diagnostic tools to independent repairers, hampering their ability to repair and maintain certain car models; the companies fined were Maruti Suzuki, Mahindra & Mahindra, Tata Motors, Honda, Fiat, General Motors, Hindustan Motors, Mercedes Benz and Skoda. On 17 November 2015, CCI imposed a fine of ₹258 crores upon Three Airlines.

Competition Commission of India had penalized the three airlines for cartelization in determining the fuel surcharge on air cargo. A penalty of Rs 151.69 crores was imposed on Jet Airways, while that on InterGlobe Aviation Limited and SpiceJet are Rs 63.74 crores and Rs 42.48 crores respectively. In May 2017, CCI ordered a probe into the functioning of the Cellular Operators As


Sør-Varanger is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Kirkenes. Other settlements in the municipality include the villages of Bjørnevatn, Bugøynes, Grense Jakobselv, Jakobsnes and Sandnes. Located west of the Norway–Russia border, Sør-Varanger is the only Norwegian municipality that shares a land border with Russia, with the only legal border crossing at Storskog; the 3,972-square-kilometre municipality is the 6th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Sør-Varanger is the 113th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 10,171; the municipality's population density is 2.9 inhabitants per square kilometre and its population has increased by 6.9% over the last decade. The meaning of the name Sør-Varanger comes from the name of the large Varangerfjorden on the northern shore of the municipality; the first part is ver meaning "fishing village" and the last part is angr which means "fjord". It was first used for the narrow fjord on the inside of Angsnes which now is called "Meskfjorden" and leads into Varangerbotn.

Sør means "south" in Norwegian. Prior to 1918, the name was spelled Sydvaranger. Before 1964, there was a municipality named Nord-Varanger, located north of the Varangerfjorden, covering most of present-day Vadsø municipality. Prehistoric labyrinth constructions at Holmengrå, were used for religious purposes; the original inhabitants of the area are the Skolt Sami. This Sami group migrated between coast and inland in present Norwegian and Russian territory long before any borders existed. In the 16th century, they were converted to the Russian Orthodox faith, still today the chapel of Saint George at Neiden, dating from 1565, is a reminder of eastern influence; the Orthodox chapel of Saint George is in Neiden. In 1826, the disputed areas were divided between Norway and Russia, causing great difficulties for the Sami; the Norwegian state invited Norwegian settlers to come to the area, building Lutheran churches to counterbalance the Orthodox heritage, notably the King Oscar II Chapel, located west of the Russian border.

The historic border crossing station was at Skafferhullet. The King Oscar II Chapel in Grense Jakobselv on the Russian border was built in 1869 to mark the border. During the 19th century, Finnish settlers arrived to the valleys, since 1906, Norwegians came in large numbers because of the iron mining starting up near Kirkenes. After the Treaty of Tartu the area of Petsamo was ceded to Finland, Sør-Varanger no longer bordered Russia, until Finland had to cede it back to the Soviet Union in 1944. In 1906, the Sydvaranger company opened the Bjørnevatn Mine at Bjørnevatn and four years the mine was connected to the port in Kirkenes by Kirkenes–Bjørnevatn Line, the world's most northern railway; the mine was closed in 1996, but re-opened in 2009. In a 1944 report to Norway's prime minister in exile, a Norwegian government official in Finnmark—Thore Boye—said that Norwegian soldiers had cut "25 young girls—some of them married", pointed out by local men, as having had relations with German soldiers".

The municipality of Sør-Varanger was established on 1 July 1858 when the southern district of the municipality of Vadsø was separated to form the new municipality. The borders of the municipality have not changed since that time; the coat of arms were granted on 16 April 1982. The arms show three flames in gold/orange; the division of the shield symbolizes the importance of the number three: The three main sources of income are agriculture and fishing. Sør-Varanger is a vast area of about 3,700 square kilometres, situated between Russia. Most of the area is low-lying forest of birch, with barren sections facing the Barents Sea; the Varangerfjorden runs along the northern part of the municipality and the Bøkfjorden runs north-south cutting into the municipality and flowing into the Varangerfjorden. The large island of Skogerøya lies on the west side of the Bøkfjorden. Skogerøytoppen is the tallest mountain on Skogerøya; the Bøkfjord Lighthouse lies along the mouth of the Bøkfjorden. The municipal centre of Sør-Varanger is the town of Kirkenes, located on a peninsula in the Bøkfjorden.

Other settlements include Bugøynes and little hamlets along the river of Pasvikelva. The local airport is called Kirkenes Airport, Høybuktmoen, a military camp; the Garrison of Sør-Varanger is based at Høybuktmoen. The flora of the area is a part of the Russian and Siberian taiga, including a few hundred spruce trees of the Russian variety. Bears inhabit the upper valley, notably in the Øvre Pasvik National Park, Øvre Pasvik Landscape Protection Area, Pasvik Nature Reserve. Lakes include Ellenvatnet, Gardsjøen, Garsjøen, Ødevatnet; the fjords include Korsfjorden. All municipalities in Norway, including Sør-Varanger, are responsible for primary education, outpatient health services, senior citizen services and other social services, economic development, municipal roads; the municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipali

Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures

Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures is a 1994 platform video game released for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. It is a video game adaptation of the Indiana Jones films Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade; the game was published by JVC Musical Industries, Inc.. The story is told through cutscenes and text and is faithful to the movies, its release coincided with that of Super Star Wars: Return of the Jedi released by JVC and LucasArts and in the same platform style as the Super Star Wars trilogy. A Sega Mega Drive/Genesis port of the game was completed and ready to be released between summer and autumn of 1995, was reviewed in GamePro and in Germany's GAMERS. Like many third-party titles near the end of the Genesis' life, the game was shelved and was never released; the game is action based, the player controls Indiana Jones through levels based on events of the movies. Jones's main method of attack is his bull-whip, but he can damage enemies by punching or rolling into them.

A gun can be found that has unlimited ammo, grenades are available in limited numbers. Besides attacking, the whip can be used as a method of swinging across pits. Once in a while, the game breaks the mold from the typical action and plunges the player into various other types of gameplay, such as flying a plane, riding a mine cart, going down a mountain on a raft. Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures uses the same engine as the Super Star Wars series and is divided into 28 areas, many of them in side-scrolling view and others in driving stages. If Indy dies in an area, the player restarts from the beginning of the current area. All three of the movies are featured in the game, but Raiders of the Lost Ark is the only one playable upon starting the game. In order to play Temple of Doom and Last Crusade, the player must progress through the game or use a password. On release, Famicom Tsūshin scored the game a 25 out of 40. GamePro described it as a decent though unexceptional side-scroller, they cited the game's faithful recreation of the scenery and enemies of the films as its strongest point, but found that the graphics are inconsistent, the music is excellent but stays the same through most of the game, the stages are far too easy.

The four reviewers of Electronic Gaming Monthly contradicted this, saying that the game is challenging, with two of them adding that it suffers from frequent unavoidable hits. However, they praised the game's graphics the Mode 7 effects, gave it a score of 7 out of 10. List of LucasArts games Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures at MobyGames

Midway, Gadsden County, Florida

Midway is a city in Gadsden County, United States. The population was 3,004 at the 2010 census, up from 1,446 at the 2000 census, it is part of Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. Midway is located in eastern Gadsden County at 30°29′42″N 84°27′45″W; the city limits extend from the Little River in the west to the Ochlockonee River in the east. The Ochlockonee forms the Gadsden County–Leon County border; the city is located along Interstate 10, with access from Exit 192. I-10 leads west 52 miles to Marianna. US 90 leads northwest 11 miles to Quincy, the Gadsden County seat, east 12 miles into Tallahassee. According to the United States Census Bureau, Midway has a total area of 9.2 square miles, of which 0.04 square miles, or 0.35%, is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 3,004 people, 1,204 households, 789 families residing in the city; the population density was 377.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,075 housing units at an average density of 191.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.90% African American, 10.80% White, 1.00% Asian, 0.50% Pacific Islander, 2.10% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.80% of the population. There were 1,204 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 27.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.6% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.25. In the city, the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $24,875, the median income for a family was $26,389. Males had a median income of $21,650 versus $17,500 for females; the per capita income for the city was $11,287. About 26.2% of families and 31.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.7% of those under age 18 and 28.2% of those age 65 or over.

The Midway Post Office of the U. S. Postal Service serves the community. Midway Volunteer Fire Department operates a station in Midway; the Gadsden Express, a bus route operated by Big Bend Transit, has a stop in Midway. Gadsden County School District operates public schools serving Midway; as of 2017 Gadsden County High School is the only remaining zoned high school in the county due to the consolidation of West Gadsden High School's high school section into East Gadsden High. From 2003 until 2017 East Gadsden High served as the high school for Midway; the district operated Midway Magnet School, an early childhood center constructed on land donated by Pat McLain, who once served as the mayor of Midway. The district had planned to make it into an elementary school. City of Midway official website