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Dumfries is a market town and former royal burgh within the Dumfries and Galloway council area of Scotland. It is located near the mouth of the River Nith into the Solway Firth. Dumfries is the traditional county town of the historic county of Dumfriesshire. Dumfries is nicknamed Queen of the South; the nickname has given name to the town's professional football club. People from Dumfries are known colloquially in Scots language as Doonhamers. There are at least three theories on the etymology of the name. One is that the name Dumfries originates from the Scottish Gaelic name Dùn Phris which means "Fort of the Thicket". Another is. Dumfries may be the same place as Penprys, mentioned in an awdl by Taliesin, suggests that the first element may have been pen, "summit, head". According to a third theory, the name is a corruption of two Old English or Old Norse words which mean "the Friars’ Hill". If the name were English or Norse, the expected form would have the elements in reversed orientation. A Celtic derivation is therefore preferred.

Moreover, the Brittonic element drum, meaning "ridge", the Gaelic elements druim, which means the same, dronn-, "a hump", have all been suggested as an explanation of the first element. No positive information has been obtained of the era and circumstances in which the town of Dumfries was founded; some writers hold that Dumfries flourished as a place of distinction during the Roman occupation of North Great Britain. The Selgovae inhabited Nithsdale at the time and may have raised some military works of a defensive nature on or near the site of Dumfries; this is inferred from the etymology of the name, according to one theory, is resolvable into two Gaelic terms signifying a castle or fort in the copse or brushwood. Dumfries was once within the borders of the Kingdom of Northumbria; the district around Dumfries was for several centuries ruled over and deemed of much importance by the invading Romans. Many traces of Roman presence in Dumfriesshire are still to be found; the Caledonian tribes in the south of Scotland were invested with the same rights by an edict of Antoninus Pius The Romanized natives received freedom as well as civilisation from their conquerors.

Late in the fourth century, the Romans bade farewell to the country. According to another theory, the name is a corruption of two words. In the list of British towns given by the ancient historian Nennius, the name Caer Peris occurs, which some modern antiquarians suppose to have been transmuted, by a change of dialect, into Dumfries. Twelve of King Arthur's battles were recorded by Nennius in Historia Brittonum; the Battle of Tribruit, has been suggested as having been near Dumfries or near the mouth of the river Avon near Bo'ness. After the Roman departure the area around Dumfries had various forms of visit by Picts, Anglo-Saxons and Norse culminating in a decisive victory for Gregory, King of Scots at what is now Lochmaben over the native Britons in 890. When, in 1069, Malcolm Canmore and William the Conqueror held a conference regarding the claims of Edgar Ætheling to the English Crown, they met at Abernithi – a term which in the old British tongue means a port at the mouth of the Nith, it has been argued, the town thus characterised.

However, against this argument is that the town is situated eight to nine miles distant from the sea, although the River Nith is tidal and navigable all the way into the town itself. Although at the time 1 mile upstream and on the opposite bank of the Nith from Dumfries, Lincluden Abbey was founded circa 1160; the abbey ruins are on the site of the bailey of the early Lincluden Castle, as are those of the Lincluden Tower. This religious house was used for various purposes, until its abandonment around 1700. Lincluden Abbey and its grounds are now within the Dumfries urban conurbation boundary. William the Lion granted the charter to raise Dumfries to the rank of a royal burgh in 1186. Dumfries was much on the frontier during its first 50 years as a burgh and it grew as a market town and port. Alexander III visited Dumfries in 1264 to plan an expedition against the Isle of Man Scots but for 180 years subjected by the crown of Norway. Identified with the conquest of Man, Dumfries shared in the well being of Scotland for the next 22 years until Alexander's accidental death brought an Augustan era in the town's history to an abrupt finish.

A royal castle, which no longer exists, was built in the 13th century on the site of the present Castledykes Park. In the latter part of the century William Wallace chased a fleeing English force southward through the Nith valley; the English fugitives met

Clinton–Lewinsky scandal

The Clinton–Lewinsky scandal was a United States political sex scandal that involved 49-year-old President Bill Clinton and 22-year-old White House intern Monica Lewinsky. The sexual relationship took place between 1995 and 1997 and came to light in 1998. Clinton ended a televised speech in late January 1998 with the statement that he "did not have sexual relations with that woman, Ms. Lewinsky." Further investigation led to charges of perjury and to the impeachment of Bill Clinton in 1998 by the U. S. House of Representatives, he was subsequently acquitted on all impeachment charges of perjury and obstruction of justice in a 21-day Senate trial. Clinton was held in civil contempt of court by Judge Susan Webber Wright for giving misleading testimony in the Paula Jones case regarding Lewinsky and was fined $90,000 by Wright, his license to practice law was suspended in Arkansas for five years. Lewinsky was a graduate of Clark College, she was hired during Clinton's first term in 1995 as an intern at the White House and was an employee of the White House Office of Legislative Affairs.

Some believe that Clinton began a personal relationship with her while she worked at the White House, the details of which she confided to Linda Tripp, her Defense Department co-worker who secretly recorded their telephone conversations. In January 1998, Tripp discovered that Lewinsky had sworn an affidavit in the Paula Jones case, denying a relationship with Clinton, she delivered tapes to Ken Starr, the independent counsel, investigating Clinton on other matters, including the Whitewater scandal, the White House FBI files controversy, the White House travel office controversy. During the grand jury testimony, Clinton's responses were worded, he argued, "it depends on what the meaning of the word'is' is," with regard to the truthfulness of his statement that "there is not a sexual relationship, an improper sexual relationship or any other kind of improper relationship."The wide reporting of the scandal led to criticism of the press for over-coverage. The scandal is sometimes referred to as "Monicagate," "Lewinskygate," "Tailgate," "Sexgate," and "Zippergate," following the "-gate" construction, used since Watergate.

Lewinsky said she had sexual encounters with Bill Clinton on nine occasions from November 1995 to March 1997. According to her published schedule, First Lady Hillary Clinton was at the White House for at least some portion of seven of those days. In April 1996, Lewinsky's superiors relocated her job to the Pentagon, because they felt she was spending too much time around Clinton. According to his autobiography, then-United Nations Ambassador Bill Richardson was asked by the White House in 1997 to interview Lewinsky for a job on his staff at the UN. Richardson did so, offered her a position, which she declined; the American Spectator alleged that Richardson knew more about the Lewinsky affair than he declared to the grand jury. Lewinsky confided in Linda Tripp about her relationship with Clinton. Tripp persuaded Lewinsky to save the gifts Clinton had given her, not to dry clean a semen-stained blue dress. Tripp reported their conversations to literary agent Lucianne Goldberg, who advised her to secretly record them, which Tripp began doing in September 1997.

Goldberg urged Tripp to take the tapes to Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr and bring them to the attention of people working on the Paula Jones case. In the fall of 1997, Goldberg began speaking to reporters about the tapes. In the Paula Jones case, Lewinsky had submitted an affidavit that denied any physical relationship with Clinton. In January 1998, she attempted to persuade Tripp to commit perjury in the Jones case. Instead, Tripp gave the tapes to Starr, investigating the Whitewater controversy and other matters. Starr was now armed with evidence of Lewinsky's admission of a physical relationship with Clinton, he broadened the investigation to include Lewinsky and her possible perjury in the Jones case. News of the scandal first broke on January 17, 1998, on the Drudge Report, which reported that Newsweek editors were sitting on a story by investigative reporter Michael Isikoff exposing the affair; the story broke in the mainstream press on January 21 in The Washington Post. The story swirled for several days and, despite swift denials from Clinton, the clamor for answers from the White House grew louder.

On January 26, President Clinton, standing with his wife, spoke at a White House press conference, issued a denial in which he said: Now, I have to go back to work on my State of the Union speech. And I worked on it until pretty late last night, but I want to say one thing to the American people. I want you to listen to me. I'm going to say this again: I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky. I never told anybody to lie, not a single time; these allegations are false. And I need to go back to work for the American people. Thank you. Pundits debated, he chose not to mention them. Hillary Clinton remained supportive of her husband throughout the scandal. On January 27, in an appearance on NBC's Today she said, "The great story here for anybody willing to find it and write about it and explain it is this vast right-wing conspiracy, conspiring against my husband since the day he announced for president." For the next several months and through the summer, the media debated whether an affair had occurred and whether Clinton had lied or obstructed justice, but nothing could be definitively established beyond the taped recordings because Lewinsky was unwilling to discuss the affair or

Mark Stevens (cricketer)

Mark Edward Stevens is a former English cricketer. Stevens was a right-handed batsman who played as a wicketkeeper. Stevens made his Minor Counties Championship debut for Devon in 1981 against the Somerset Second XI. From 1981 to 1982, he represented. In 1983, he joined Berkshire, making his Minor Counties Championship debut for the county in 1983 against Shropshire. From 1983 to 1993, he represented the county in 58 Minor Counties Championship matches, the last of which came in the 1993 Championship when Berkshire played Wales Minor Counties. Stevens played in the MCCA Knockout Trophy for Berkshire, his debut in that competition came in 1986. From 1986 to 1993, he represented the county in 11 Trophy matches, the last of which came when Berkshire played Hertfordshire in the 1993 MCCA Knockout Trophy. Additionally, he played List-A matches for Berkshire, his List-A debut for the county came against Gloucestershire in the 1986 NatWest Trophy. From 1986 to 1991, he represented the county in 5 matches, with his final List-A match coming when Berkshire played Hampshire in the 1991 NatWest Trophy at Sonning Lane, Reading.

In his 5 matches, he scored 34 runs at a batting average of 17.00, with a high score of 23. Behind the stumps he made a single stumping. Mark Stevens at Cricinfo Mark Stevens at CricketArchive

Good Deeds Global

Good Deeds Global was an Internet-based social business, social movement organization structured around the "pay it forward" and "good deeds" concept. The Good Deeds Global company had a unique hybrid business model utilizing the philanthropy aspect of a charity organization integrated into an online business, supported by a grassroots social movement spearheaded by its founders; the Good Deeds Global website offered a variety of free services to its users that included a social networking service called "Your Life", a wish granting out-reach service called "Request A Good Deed". The Founder of Good Deeds Global Corey Shoblom Davis along with Co-Founder Ken Melancon have been seen in a variety of cities throughout the United States handing out various amounts of free money to people in an effort to promote and encourage the pay it forward philosophy, in addition to supporting the random act of kindness concept. Official website

Fallschirmjäger-Regiment Hübner

Fallschirmjäger Regiment Hübner was formed as a reserve unit in August 1944, attached to 7th Parachute Division in September 1944, operated as an independent Battle Group from November 1944 until March 1945, when it was formally designated Fallschirmjäger Regiment 24 and subordinated to the 8th Parachute Division. FJR Hübner was at full strength, was able to deploy two field battalions. A third battalion was not ready for combat; the third battalion was located at Sint Odiliënberg and Melick. The unit's commander, Oberstleutnant Friedrich Hübner, was the same officer who commanded the 2nd Fallschirmjäger Battalion, 5th Fallschirmjäger Regiment, in the Ramcke Parachute Brigade, which fought against the 8th Army in North Africa, he continued service with the German Bundeswehr after the end of the war for several years. In December 1944 both Kampfgruppe Hübner and Kampfgruppe Müller were sent to Roermond to assist the 176th Infantry Division on the front along the Maas River. Both Hübner's and Müller's Kampfgruppen were used for training paratroops and were not yet numbered regiments, but rather carried the name of their commander.

The correct unit names were “Fallschirmjäger Ersatz und Ausbildungs Regiment Hübner” and “Fallschirmjäger Ersatz Regiment Müller”. During January 1945 the regiment was assigned to the 15th Army, positioned on the Maas River, protecting the northern flank of the XII SS Corps. Elements of FJR Hübner conducted a spirited defense of St. Joost while under attack from the British 7th Armoured Division during Operation Blackcock, January 19–21, 1945; the efforts of Hübner's men notwithstanding, the British closed in with support of flame-throwing tanks and seized St. Joost. During Operation Blackcock, English-speaking Fallschirmjäger of FJR Hübner were organised into a special patrolling section; the forty hand-picked men of this section spoke excellent English and were selected to infiltrate through the allied lines and cause as much trouble as possible. On several occasions during the first half of February the commandos who were holding the line near Linne in the Roer Triangle, were surprised by nightly patrols of this special section.

In February 1945 Hübner’s Battle Group was designated Fallschirmjäger Regiment 24 with the regiment still under the command of Oberstleutnant Hübner. In March 1945, FJR 24 was placed under command of Major Zander; as FJR 24, the regiment fought a delaying action in northwestern Germany surrendering to British forces south of Bremen in April 1945

Busega District

Busega District is one of the five districts of Simiyu Region of Tanzania, East Africa. Its administrative centre is the town of Nyashimo, it is bordered to the north by Lake Victoria and Bunda District, to the east by Bariadi District, to the south by Magu District. As of 2012, the population of Busega was 203,597. Busega was established in 2012, when it was split off from Magu District and became part of the newly established Simiyu Region. Busega district is connected by paved national trunk roads; the Mwanza-Musoma highway runs through the district from south to north. The highway that connects Shinyanga Region and Mara Region branches of the Musoma-Mwanza road in the town of Lamadi in Busega District and passes through the regional capital Bariadi; because of its proximity to the western'Ndabaka' gate of Serengeti National Park there are several lodges in the northern part of Busega District, that provide accommodation to tourists who visit the park. As of 2012, Busega District was administratively divided into 13 wards.

The 13 wards in 2012