click links in text for more info


Dumuzid known by the alternative form Tammuz, is an ancient Mesopotamian god associated with shepherds, the primary consort of the goddess Inanna. In Sumerian mythology, Dumuzid's sister was Geshtinanna, the goddess of agriculture and dream interpretation. In the Sumerian King List, Dumuzid is listed as an antediluvian king of the city of Bad-tibira and an early king of the city of Uruk. In the Sumerian poem Inanna Prefers the Farmer, Dumuzid competes against the farmer Enkimdu for Inanna's hand in marriage. In Inanna's Descent into the Underworld, Dumuzid fails to mourn Inanna's death and, when she returns from the Underworld, she allows the galla demons to drag him down to the Underworld as her replacement. Inanna regrets this decision and decrees that Dumuzid will spend half the year in the Underworld, but the other half of the year with her, while his sister Geshtinanna stays in the Underworld in his place, thus resulting in the cycle of the seasons. Gilgamesh references Tammuz in Tablet VI of the Epic of Gilgamesh as one of Ishtar's past lovers, turned into an allalu bird with a broken wing.

Dumuzid was associated with fertility and vegetation and the hot, dry summers of Mesopotamia were believed to be caused by Dumuzid's yearly death. During the month in midsummer bearing his name, people all across Mesopotamia would engage in public, ritual mourning for him. During the late twentieth century, scholars thought that, during the Sumerian Akitu festival, kings may have established their legitimacy by taking on the role of Dumuzid and engaging in ritualized sexual intercourse with the high priestess of Inanna as part of a sacred marriage ceremony; this notion is now rejected by scholars as a misinterpretation of Sumerian literary texts. The cult of Dumuzid was spread to the Levant and to Greece, where he became known under the West Semitic name Adonis; the cult of Ishtar and Tammuz continued to thrive until the eleventh century AD and survived in parts of Mesopotamia as late as the eighteenth century. Tammuz is mentioned by name in the Book of Ezekiel and alluded to in other passages from the Hebrew Bible.

In late nineteenth and early twentieth century scholarship of religion, Tammuz was seen as a prime example of the archetypal dying-and-rising god, but the discovery of the full Sumerian text of Inanna's Descent in the mid-twentieth century disproved the previous scholarly assumption that the narrative ended with Dumuzid's resurrection and instead revealed that it ended with Dumuzid's death. The rescue of Dumuzid from the underworld and his ascension to Heaven was found in the text Return of Dumuzid, translated in 1963; the existence of the "dying-and-rising god" archetype has been rejected by modern scholars. The Assyriologists Jeremy Black and Anthony Green describe the early history of Dumuzid's cult as "complex and bewildering". According to the Sumerian King List, Dumuzid was the fifth antediluvian king of the city of Bad-tibira. Dumuzid was listed as an early king of Uruk, where he was said to have come from the nearby village of Kuara and to have been the consort of the goddess Inanna.

As Dumuzid sipad, Dumuzid was believed to be the provider of milk, a rare, seasonal commodity in ancient Sumer due to the fact that it could not be stored without spoiling. In addition to being the god of shepherds, Dumuzid was an agricultural deity associated with the growth of plants. Ancient Near Eastern peoples associated Dumuzid with the springtime, when the land was fertile and abundant, during the summer months, when the land was dry and barren, it was thought that Dumuzid had "died". During the month of Dumuzid, which fell in the middle of summer, people all across Sumer would mourn over his death; this seems to have been the primary aspect of his cult. In Lagash, the month of Dumuzid was the sixth month of the year; this month and the holiday associated with it was transmitted from the Sumerians to Babylonians and other East Semitic peoples, with its name transcribed into those languages as Tammuz. A ritual associated with the Ekur temple in Nippur equates Dumuzid with the snake-god Ištaran, who in that ritual, is described as having died.

Dumuzid was identified with the god Ama-ušumgal-ana, a local god worshipped in the city of Lagash. In some texts, Ama-ušumgal-ana is described as a heroic warrior; as Ama-ušumgal-ana, Dumuzid is associated with its fruits. This aspect of Dumuzid's cult was always joyful in character and had no associations with the darker stories involving his death. To ancient Mesopotamian peoples, the date palm represented stability, because it was one of the few crops that could be harvested all year during the dry season. In some Sumerian poems, Dumuzid is referred to as "my Damu", which means "my son"; this name is applied to him in his role as the personification of the power that causes the sap to rise in trees and plants. Damu is the name most associated with Dumuzid's return in autumn after the dry season has ended; this aspect of his cult emphasized the fear and exhaustion of the community after surviving the devastating summer. Dumuzid had no power outside of his distinct realm of responsibilities. Few prayers addressed to him are extant and, of those that are all of them are requests for him to provide more milk, more grain, more cattle, etc.

The sole exception to this rule is a single Assyrian inscription in which a man requests Tammuz that, when he descends to the Underworld, he should take with him a troublesome ghost, haunting him. The cult of Tammuz was associated with women, who were the ones responsible for mourning his death; the cust


Bischofite is a hydrous magnesium chloride mineral with formula MgCl2·6H2O. It is a sea salt concentrate. Bischofite is ecologically pure natural magnesium poly-mineral with a unique composition, it contains many macro- and micro-elements vital for human health, in much higher concentrations than can be found in sea or ocean salt. The main bischofit compound is magnesium chloride, moreover, it contains about 70 other elements as impurities, including potassium, bromine, calcium, molybdenum, zinc and copper. Bischofite is named in honor of German geologist Gustav Bischof, its discovery is attributed to Carl-Christian Ochsenius. At its type locality bischofite it an evaporite formed in an ancient seabed, deposited more than 200 million years ago, during the Permian Period. In 1930–1950, vast bischofite deposits were discovered near the Volga River in Russia; the mineral is mined by dissolving an underground dry mineral stratum with artesian water. The resulting brine is pumped out. Bischofite deposits differ by their composition: some of them are salt basins where bischofite is mixed with other minerals such as carnallite, halite and anhydrite.

These are the so-called bischofite containing rocks which have pink-brown-yellow and orange-red colors. They contain 36–58% of bischofite. Carnallite deposits are known in Staßfurt, Germany – where bischofite was first discovered, carnallite is one of the most important minerals in potassium salt deposits. Sub-surface bischofite layers were discovered in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and the US. There are bischofite-rich deposits with concentrations of 93–96% of the mineral. One of those rare deposits is located in the Volgograd region of Russia. Another one was found in 1990s in the Poltava region in Ukraine; this is one of oldest bischofite deposits. Bischofite has many applications ranging from construction materials to agriculture, oil extraction and chemical industry. Bishofite is used in form of compresses to treat joint diseases such as arthritis, rheumatic fever osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, calcaneal spur and traumas in rehabilitation centers in Ukraine, Russia and Lithuania. Bischofite is applied in gel form.

Bischofite is used in the production of synthetic carnallite. Bischofite solution is applied to deice roads, similar to sodium chloride, it is used in agriculture, veterinary medicine and cattle breeding to increase the crop yield and treat animals. Media related to Bischofite at Wikimedia Commons

Central library

Central library may refer to: Calgary Central Library, Alberta Mississauga Central Library, Ontario North York Central Library, Ontario Halifax Central Library, Nova Scotia Odense Central Library Helsinki Central Library Hong Kong Central Library Central Library, IIT, Bombay Sayaji Rao Gaekwad Library at Banaras Hindu University, in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh Central Library of Astan Quds Razavi, in Mashad National Central Library National Central Library Tenri Central Library Central Library, at the National Autonomous University of Mexico Christchurch Central Library Central Library Bahawalpur Central Library, NUS, of the National University of Singapore Central Library Cape Town Central Library of Cantabria Zurich Central Library National Central Library Dubai Central Library Central Library Birkenhead Central Library Birmingham Central Library Bristol Central Library Croydon Central Library Derby Central Library Imperial College Central Library Kensington Central Library Leeds Central Library Liverpool Central Library Manchester Central Library Oxford Central Library Reading Central Library Sheffield Central Library Stockport Central Library Belfast Central Library Central Library, Aberdeen Central Library, Edinburgh Cardiff Central Library Old Swansea Central Library Los Angeles Central Library Sacramento City Library Norman F. Feldheym Central Library, San Bernardino San Diego Central Library Hart Memorial Central Library, Kissimmee Atlanta Central Library NOAA Central Library, in Silver Spring Central Library Minneapolis Central Library Central Library Central Library Central Library Parkway Central Library, Philadelphia J. Erik Jonsson Central Library, Dallas Old Dallas Central Library Central Library Seattle Central Library State Central Library

Alice Waddington

Alice Waddington is a Spanish film director, writer and costume designer having developed most of her work in the field of modern cinema. Her directing style is defined by a contemporary approach to the golden era of large-scale-studio horror films in classical production companies such as Hammer Films or Universal's Creature Features. Born as Irene on July 31, 1990 in Bilbao, Spain to a Catalan psychologist and a Galician teacher, Waddington adopted her stage name at sixteen, while assisting director of photography Quique López. At 18, she studied advertising at UPV-EHU University where she started capturing promotion stills and directing fashion films as a photographer and assistant of photography for the Spanish editions of Harper's Bazaar, Neo2 and others. At 20 and for three years, she worked as an advertising creative, a producer and an advertising video editor at the agencies Leo Burnett Iberia and Social Noise specializing as a digital storyboard artist. In 2014, with the help of Mexican executive producer Yadira Ávalos, Waddington took a year off advertising agency work to write and direct a short movie.

She found sponsors to help her produce her first narrative 11-minute film, Disco Inferno, which received nominations in 63 international film festivals including genre fan favorites such as Palm Springs, Sitges or Fantastic Fest, which first awarded her as Best Director in her category, second best feature project of the Fantastic Market for her movie Paradise Hills. Eleven other international festival wins ensued, with a considerable comparative presence of the short picture in American and Canadian festivals. Waddington entered pre-production of her first full-length feature, Paradise Hills in 2017 with Spanish production company Nostromo Pictures; the film is a science-fiction thriller written by Nacho Vigalondo. It was released in 2019. Waddington has pointed out in interviews that after Paradise Hills she desires to direct biopics metaphorical fantastic horror about minorities and terror stories that have taken place. In June 2019, it was announced that Waddington is developing her second film Scarlet, from a script written by her and Kristen SaBerre.

The film will be distributed by Netflix. Waddington is a proactive demander for progressive social change regarding causes related to female cooperation and sorority within the arts. In the context of film, she has been vocal about the need for both more female-led and more diversely-cast films worldwide and about motivating young women to enroll into filmmaking programs, she has often mentioned the need for film studios around the world to hire more women, with an accent on POC women. Waddington is fluent in English. Waddington's short film "Disco Inferno" has been presented on 63 plus and conventional film festivals across the world

Pat Fiacco

Pat Fiacco is the former Mayor of Regina, the capital city of Saskatchewan, Canada from 2000 to 2012. In June 2014, he became President and Chief Executive Officer of the Hospitals of Regina Foundation, after serving as the CEO of Tourism Saskatchewan since November 2012. On January 27, 2015 it was announced Fiacco had stepped down from his position with Hospitals of Regina Foundation, effective January 21, 2015, he was raised in Regina. Fiacco served in the 2004 Athens Olympics as the Canadian referee and judge for the boxing event, has held provincial and Canadian amateur boxing championships, such as Canada's amateur bantamweight crown in 1980, he has served as the Head Official of Boxing Canada. Ken Goff's son George Goff and Fiacco implemented the Ken Goff Memorial Boxing Classic, in memory of Ken Goff. Fiacco has contributed to the Canadian Olympic Committee, Telemiracle 22, the Big Valley Jamboree, the Ken Goff Memorial Boxing Classic, Sask Sport and Hockey Regina. Fiacco was elected mayor as a political newcomer.

He received an endorsement from the Regina Police Association by union president Troy Hagen after the number of police officers serving with the Regina Police Service decreased by 31 during the mayoralty of Doug Archer. Troy Hagen is now the Chief of Police in Regina. Fiacco was elected by acclamation in 2003, re-elected on October 25, 2006. On October 28, 2009, Fiacco was elected to his fourth term, he did not run for a fifth term, was succeeded as mayor by former councillor Michael Fougere. He serves as a member on the Regina Regional Economic Development Authority. On November 28, 2012 Fiacco received the President’s Community Award from the University of Regina in recognition of service to the province of Saskatchewan. Fiacco and his wife Angie have three children, Jordan and one granddaughter, Leena

Nishantha Ranatunga

Nishantha Ranatunga is a former Sri Lankan cricketer who played two ODIs in 1993. An all-rounder of note in domestic cricket, he is the brother of former Sri Lanka captain Arjuna Ranatunga, Sanjeeva Ranatunga, Dammika Ranatunga and Prasanna Ranatunga. Ranatunga was the former honorable secretary of Sri Lanka Cricket, the governing body of cricket in Sri Lanka, he served as the secretary of the government-appointed interim-committee, in charge of the cricket board when stadiums were built and renovated for the ICC Cricket World Cup 2011. Ranatunga was appointed by the UPFA government as the director general of the state-owned Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation. In January, 2012, he was elected uncontested as the secretary of the cricket board. There has been a lot of controversy over Ranatunga's role as CEO of a television channel, owned by president Mahinda Rajapaksa's family, that the cricket board awarded broadcast rights to. Critics say that Ranatunga's role as the CEO of Carlton Sports Network while being the secretary at Sri Lanka Cricket is a conflict of interest.

Nishantha Ranatunga at ESPNcricinfo Cricinfo article on Nishantha Ranatunga Nishantha Ranatunga at CricketArchive Articles and photos on Nishantha Ranatunga