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Dungeon (magazine)

Dungeon was one of the two official magazines targeting consumers of the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game and associated products. It was first published by Inc. in 1986 as a bimonthly periodical. It went monthly in May 2003 and ceased print publication altogether in September 2007 with Issue 150. Starting in 2008, Dungeon and its more read sister publication, went to an online-only format published by Wizards of the Coast. Both magazines went on hiatus with Dungeon Issue 221 being the last released. Dungeon first received mention in the editor's column of Dragon Issue 107. Lacking a title at that point, it was described as "a new magazine filled with modules" made available "by subscription only" that would debut "in the late summer or early fall" of 1986 and "come out once every two months"; the publication's original editor, Roger E. Moore, elaborated on this basic outline:Dungeon Adventures is a new periodical from TSR, Inc. in which you, the readers, may share your own adventures and scenarios from AD&D and D&D gaming with the legions of other fantasy gamers.

Each issue offers a number of short modules, selected from the best we receive. What kind of adventures do you want to see? We're going to offer as broad a spectrum of material as possible: dungeon crawls, wilderness camp-outs, Oriental Adventures modules, solo quests, tournament designs, Battlesystem scenarios, more; the premiere issue of Dungeon: Adventures for TSR Role-Playing Games was undated, but "November/December 1986" appears on the cover of the subsequent issue, Moore stated that it had been released prior to the November issue of Dragon. The magazine's format consisted of 64 pages of short D&D and AD&D game adventures of various lengths and tones, written by both amateur and professional fantasy role-playing writers. In conjunction with the first anniversary of Dungeon Adventures, Ken Rolston included a brief review in Issue 125 of Dragon. Regarding the modules themselves, he called them "heap and cheerful, full of the basic fun of D&D games", said that they reminded him of "the selection of game sessions you find at gaming conventions or in old-fashioned modules".

Rolston commented on the anthology format, which allowed writers to "publish fine little bits" and provided "great training grounds for new writers" that offered "an opportunity to experiment with offbeat themes and tones". Rolston concluded that "sophisticated gamers will find a lot to snicker at here, but there are some cute ideas", added that the "writing ranges from young and enthusiastic to polished, when compared with some of TSR's current modules...the quality of the layout and graphics is quite decent." With the sale of TSR due to solvency concerns, the magazine came under the umbrella of Wizards of the Coast in 1997, the company printed the next 30 issues. With the release of Issue #78 in January 2000, the long title printed on the cover was simplified from Dungeon: Adventures for TSR Role-Playing Games to Dungeon: Adventures. By Issue #82 it was simplified again to Dungeon. In late 2002, Paizo Publishing acquired publishing rights to both Dungeon and Dragon magazine titles as part of a move by Wizards of the Coast to divest business ventures not related to its core business.

On April 18, 2007, Wizards of the Coast announced that Paizo would cease publication of Dungeon in September of that year. Scott Rouse, senior brand manager of Dungeons & Dragons at Wizards of the Coast, stated, "Today the internet is where people go to get this kind of information. By moving to an online model we are using a delivery system that broadens our reach to fans around the world."Coinciding with the release of the 4th edition of Dungeons & Dragons in June 2008, Wizards of the Coast launched a website that included online versions of Dungeon and Dragon magazines for subscribers. In this new format, Dungeon retained its mandate to deliver adventures of varying lengths and levels as well as articles with information and advice for DMs. Mainstay columns such as "Dungeoncraft" were retained, DM-focused articles that appeared in Dragon magazine were incorporated into Dungeon, making it a "one-stop shop" for DMs; the magazine shifted to a landscape format with the intent of making the articles and adventures more readable onscreen.

Content was gathered into PDF compilations on a monthly basis. In May 2011, Wizards of the Coast stopped the monthly compilations and left content in single article format. In October 2012, Wizards of the Coast resumed monthly compilations. In the September 2013 issue of Dragon an article by Wizards of the Coast game designer and editor Chris Perkins announced that both Dragon and its sibling publication Dungeon would be going on hiatus starting January 2014 pending the release of the Dungeons & Dragons 5th edition product line; the final online version was Issue #221 in December 2013. The successor magazine, called Dragon+, was subsequently released online on 30 April 2015; each issue featured a variety of self-contained, pre-scripted, play-tested game scenarios called "modules", "adventures" or "scenarios". Dungeon Masters could either enact these adventures with their respective player groups as written or adapt them to their own campaign settings. Dungeon aimed to save DMs time and effort in preparing game sessions for their players by providing a full complement of ideas, plots, creatures, maps, hand-outs, character dialogue

Huelva (Parliament of Andalusia constituency)

Huelva is one of the eight constituencies represented in the Parliament of Andalusia, the regional legislature of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia. The constituency elects 11 deputies, its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Huelva. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of three percent; the constituency was created as per the Statute of Autonomy for Andalusia of 1981 and was first contested in the 1982 regional election. The Statute provided for the eight provinces in Andalusia—Almería, Cádiz, Córdoba, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga and Seville—to be established as multi-member districts in the Parliament of Andalusia, with this regulation being maintained under the 1986 regional electoral law; each constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of eight seats, with the remaining 45 being distributed in proportion to their populations. The exception was the 1982 election, when each constituency was allocated a fixed number of seats: 11 for Almería, 15 for Cádiz, 13 for Córdoba, 13 for Granada, 11 for Huelva, 13 for Jaén, 15 for Málaga and 18 for Seville.

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals over eighteen, registered in Andalusia and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Andalusians abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote. Seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of three percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution; the use of the D'Hondt method may result in a higher effective threshold, depending on the district magnitude. The electoral law allows for parties and federations registered in the interior ministry and groupings of electors to present lists of candidates. Parties and federations intending to form a coalition ahead of an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election call—fifteen before 1985—whereas groupings of electors need to secure the signature of at least one percent of the electorate in the constituencies for which they seek election—one-thousandth of the electorate, with a compulsory minimum of 500 signatures, until 1985—disallowing electors from signing for more than one list of candidates

Enedina Arellano FĂ©lix

Enedina Arellano Félix de Toledo is a Mexican drug lord who leads the criminal organization known as the Tijuana Cartel. Throughout most of the 1990s, the Tijuana Cartel was headed by her six brothers, while Enedina advised and helped them in money laundering and financial administration, but after the fall of a financial mastermind in the cartel in the year 2000, Enedina took up the position. She first started working behind the scenes as a money launderer for the Tijuana Cartel but ended up leading the cartel after the arrest of her brother Eduardo Arellano Félix in 2008. Since most of her brothers are either incarcerated or deceased, Enedina has managed the financial aspect of the organization, overseen alliances, taken the lead of the Tijuana Cartel alongside Luis Fernando, her historical contacts with drug suppliers in Colombia managed to keep the organization afloat. Enedina Arellano Félix was born in Mazatlán, Sinaloa, on April 12, 1961, in a family of drug traffickers. In 1977, when she was seventeen, Enedina harbored her dream of becoming the queen of a carnival in Mazatlán, but she abandoned it after her two brothers, Ramón and Benjamín, were wanted by the United States and the Mexican government.

During that time, her older brothers were working for Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, who would give them the drug corridor in Tijuana, Baja California. Enedina enrolled at a private university in Guadalajara, graduating with a bachelor's degree in accounting. By the mid 1980s, Enedina was working with the family business, but was never considered by the authorities as a visible head in the Tijuana Cartel. Nonetheless, after the fall of the former cartel's financial brain, Jesús Labra Avilés, alias El Chuy, in the year 2000, Enedina began to directly manage the money laundering activities of the criminal organization. Enedina is the sister of former cartel leaders Benjamín, Eduardo, Francisco Javier, Francisco Rafael and Ramón. Luis Fernando Sánchez Arellano captured in 2014, the son of Enedina, Enedina's husband, Luis Raúl Toledo Carrejo, was accused by the United States Department of Treasury in the year 2005 for having links with the Tijuana Cartel. Alicia Arellano Félix, the sister of Enedina, is a leader in the Tijuana Cartel.

Since the apprehension of Benjamín Arellano Félix in 2002, the Mexican government was able to undermine the Tijuana Cartel but failed to destroy it. Enedina has been a leader in the organization since 2003. After the arrest of Eduardo Arellano Félix in 2008, Enedina became the leader of the Tijuana clan along with her son. Enedina has helped contribute a more "business-like vision" instead of the old and violent practices of her brothers, who led the Tijuana Cartel before they were arrested or killed, she forged alliances with other criminal organizations, as opposed to her brothers, who resorted to violence. The Drug Enforcement Administration and the Mexican media identify Enedina as the first and one of the few women to lead a criminal organization in the world other than Sandra Avila Beltran in Mexico, activities reserved for men. Enedina has several aliases, including: La Jefa, La Madrina, La Narcomami; the authorities in the United States and Mexico consider Enedina the "financial brains" of the Tijuana Cartel.

In June 2000, the United States Department of the Treasury sanctioned Enedina under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act. Griselda Blanco Illegal drug trade Mexican Drug War Vulliamy, Ed. Amexica: War Along the Borderline. Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 0374104417. Blancornelas, Jesús. El cártel: Los Arellano Félix: la mafia más poderosa en la historia de América Latina. Random House. ISBN 9707809620

Albert Taubert

Albert Adolph Taubert was a member of the United States Marine Corps who received the Navy Cross and Distinguished Service Cross for his actions during the Battle of Soissons in World War I. He was awarded the French Military Medal for participation in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, as well as the Italian War Merit Cross, he received a second Navy Cross during the United States occupation of Haiti, during which he participated in killing the Caco leader Benoît Batraville. Taubert was born in Wisconsin. After serving in the Marines as an enlisted man during the First World War, he served at a Marine Corps engineer training center during the Second World War, his Distinguished Service Cross citation reads: The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Private Albert Adolph Taubert, United States Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while serving with the Sixty-Sixth Company, Fifth Regiment, 2d Division, A.

E. F. in action in the Villers Cotterets Forest, south of Soissons, France, 18 July 1918. Private Taubert went out in advance of the line of his company into the fire of a machine gun, shooting at him and captured the gun and its crew, his first Navy Cross citation reads: The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Private Albert Adolph Taubert, United States Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while serving with the 66th Company, 5th Regiment, 2d Division, A. E. F. in action in the Villers Cotterets Forest, south of Soissons, France, 18 July 1918. Private Taubert went out in advance of the line of his company into the fire of a machine gun, shooting at him and captured the gun and its crew, his second Navy Cross citation reads: The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Sergeant Albert Adolph Taubert, United States Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession while serving with the First Provisional Brigade of Marines, 19 May 1920.

With total disregard of personal danger he attacked, with Captain Jesse L. Perkins and two other enlisted men, a band of about seventy-five armed bandits of the Mirebalais District, resulting in the death of the greatest bandit leader, Benoit Batraville, the practical suppression of banditry throughout the District. Albert Taubert at Find a Grave

Nilssonia (turtle)

Nilssonia is a genus of softshell turtles from rivers, streams and lakes in South Asia and Burma. In many treatments, it is monotypic, with the single species Burmese peacock softshell. However, the supposed other genus of peacock softshells, Aspideretes, is more related to N. formosa than had been believed. They differ only in the neural plates between the first pleural scale pair of the bony carapace, which are fused into one in N. formosa and unfused in the others. Thus, it has been proposed to unite the two genera under Nilssonia; as it seems, the closest living relatives of the Burmese peacock softshell are the Indian softshell turtle and the Leith's softshell turtle, making the merging of the genera well warranted. The generic name, Nilssonia, is in honor of Swedish zoologist Sven Nilsson. If the genera are united, the five species are: Nilssonia formosa – Burmese peacock softshell, Burmese softshell turtle Nilssonia gangetica – Indian softshell turtle, Ganges softshell turtle Nilssonia hurumIndian peacock softshell turtle Nilssonia leithii – Leith's softshell turtle, Nagpur softshell turtle Nilssonia nigricans – black softshell turtle, Bostami turtleNota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was described in a genus other than Nilssonia

HMS Porpoise (1886)

HMS Porpoise was an Archer-class torpedo cruiser of the Royal Navy, built by J. & G. Thompson at Glasgow and launched on 7 May 1886. Commenced service on the Australia Station in December 1897. During the Samoan civil unrest in 1899, she took part in operations with HMS Royalist and HMS Tauranga, she left the Australia Station and was paid off at Portsmouth 20 May 1901. She was sold at Bombay on 10 February 1905. Commander A. H. D. Ravenhill – until May 1901 Bastock, Ships on the Australia Station, Child & Associates Publishing Pty Ltd. ISBN 0-86777-348-0