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Dunstan

Dunstan was an English bishop. He was successively Abbot of Glastonbury Abbey, Bishop of Worcester, Bishop of London and Archbishop of Canterbury canonised as a saint, his work reformed the English Church. His 11th-century biographer Osbern, himself an artist and scribe, states that Dunstan was skilled in "making a picture and forming letters", as were other clergy of his age who reached senior rank. Dunstan served as an important minister of state to several English kings, he was the most popular saint in England for nearly two centuries, having gained fame for the many stories of his greatness, not least among which were those concerning his famed cunning in defeating the devil. Dunstan was born in Somerset, at the time part of the kingdom of Wessex, he was the son of a noble of Wessex. Heorstan was the brother of the bishop of Wells and Winchester, it is recorded that his mother, was a pious woman. Osbern's Life of Dunstan relates that a messenger miraculously told her of the saintly child she would give birth to: She was in the church of St Mary on Candleday, when all the lights were extinguished.

The candle held by Cynethryth was as relighted, all present lit their candles at this miraculous flame, thus foreshadowing that the boy "would be the minister of eternal light" to the Church of England. The anonymous author of the earliest Life places Dunstan's birth during the reign of Athelstan, while Osbern fixed it at "the first year of the reign of King Æthelstan", 924 or 925; this date, cannot be reconciled with other known dates of Dunstan's life and creates many obvious anachronisms. Historians therefore assume that Dunstan was born around earlier; as a young boy, Dunstan studied under the Irish monks who occupied the ruins of Glastonbury Abbey. Accounts tell of his vision of the abbey being restored. While still a boy, Dunstan was stricken with a near-fatal illness and effected a miraculous recovery; as a child, he was noted for his devotion to learning and for his mastery of many kinds of artistic craftsmanship. With his parents' consent he was tonsured, received minor orders and served in the ancient church of St Mary.

He became so well known for his devotion to learning that he is said to have been summoned by his uncle Athelm, the Archbishop of Canterbury, to enter his service. He was appointed to the court of King Athelstan. Dunstan soon was the envy of other members of the court. A plot was hatched to disgrace him and Dunstan was accused of being involved with witchcraft and black magic; the king ordered him to leave the court and as Dunstan was leaving the palace his enemies physically attacked him, beat him bound him, threw him into a cesspool. He managed to make his way to the house of a friend. From there, he journeyed to Winchester and entered the service of his uncle, Ælfheah, Bishop of Winchester; the bishop tried to persuade him to become a monk, but Dunstan was doubtful whether he had a vocation to a celibate life. The answer came in the form of an attack of swelling tumours all over Dunstan's body; this ailment was so severe. It was more some form of blood poisoning caused by being beaten and thrown in the cesspool.

Whatever the cause, it changed Dunstan's mind. He took Holy Orders in 943, in the presence of Ælfheah, returned to live the life of a hermit at Glastonbury. Against the old church of St Mary he built a small cell five feet long and two and a half feet deep, it was there that Dunstan studied, worked at his handicrafts, played on his harp. It is at this time, according to a late 11th-century legend, that the Devil is said to have tempted Dunstan and to have been held by the face with Dunstan's tongs. Dunstan worked in the scriptorium while he was living at Glastonbury, it is thought that he was the artist who drew the well-known image of Christ with a small kneeling monk beside him in the Glastonbury Classbook, "one of the first of a series of outline drawings which were to become a special feature of Anglo-Saxon art of this period." Dunstan became famous as a musician and metalworker. Lady Æthelflaed, King Æthelstan's niece, made Dunstan a trusted adviser and on her death she left a considerable fortune to him.

He used this money in life to foster and encourage a monastic revival in England. About the same time, his father Heorstan died and Dunstan inherited his fortune as well, he became a person of great influence, on the death of King Æthelstan in 940, the new King, summoned him to his court at Cheddar and made him a minister. Again, royal favour fostered jealousy among other courtiers and again Dunstan's enemies succeeded in their plots; the king was prepared to send Dunstan away. There were at Cheddar certain envoys from the "Eastern Kingdom", which meant East Anglia. Dunstan implored the envoys to take him with them, they agreed to do so. The story is recorded:... the king rode out to hunt the stag in Mendip Forest. He became separated from his attendants and followed a stag at great speed in the direction of the Cheddar cliffs; the stag was followed by the hounds. Eadmund endeavoured vainly to stop his horse. At that moment his horse was stopped on the edge of the cliff. Giving thanks to God, he returned forthwith to his palace, called for St. Dunstan and bade him follow rode straight to Glastonbury.

Entering the church

Houston Automatic Spooling Priority

The Houston Automatic Spooling Priority Program known as HASP, is an extension of the IBM OS/360 operating system and its successors providing extended support for "job management, data management, task management, remote job entry." OS/360 included spooling routines, called output writers. Each reader/interpreter was "responsible for reading one input job stream" –, one input device; each output writer was responsible for controlling one printer or punch. Spooled data were stored in OS temporary datasets controlled by standard OS services; each reader/interpreter or output writer was a separate operating system task in its own partition or region. A system with a large number of readers and punches might have a large number of spooling tasks. HASP was developed by IBM Federal Systems Division contractors at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston; the developers were Bob Crabtree. HASP was a program that ran on a mainframe, performed functions such as: scheduling, control of job flow and printing/punching.

HASP had no support for IBM System/360 Operating System Remote Job Entry, 360S-RC-536, but provided equivalent facilities of its own. In HASP II V3, NIH created the shared spool capability for HASP, used by many mainframe sites, it allowed each HASP system to share a common checkpoint. This enabled workload balancing in a multi-mainframe environment. In HASP II V4, Don Greb and Dave Miko of Mellon Bank moved shared spool to this version and carried it forward into JES2 multi-access spool. Over 350 copies of the HASP II V4 shared spool mods were distributed around the world; the shared spool Mellon Mods were added to the SHARE distribution process so they could be more accessed. The program was sometimes referred to under various other names, but there is no indication of IBM using them in official documents; the program became classified as part of the IBM Type-III Library. It had a competitor, ASP, which ran on one mainframe and controlled scheduling of other attached mainframes. ASP became JES3.

In MVS, HASP became one of two Job Entry Subsystems. It was many years before the HASP labels were removed from the JES2 source, the messages issued by JES2 are still prefixed with "$HASP". A modified version of HASP was used to provide batch spooling and remote job entry services for the Michigan Terminal System during the late 1960s, 1970s, 1980s. HASP bypassed most operating system services with code specially tailored for efficiency. HASP operated as a single operating system task and used cooperative multitasking internally to run processors to perform tasks such as running card readers and punches, managing the spool files, communicating with the system operator, driving multiple communication lines for remote job entry. Hasp was written in System/360 assembler and a typical HASP system might require 86KB of memory, which could be virtual memory on OS/VS systems. Much of what would become JES2's JECL was a part of HASP. /*MESSAGE permitted sending a message to the console operator. /*SETUP would notify the operator what was needed and in the meantime the job was in a HOLD queue.

/*ROUTE PRINT & /*ROUTE PUNCH allowed flexibility, as needed. HASP supported IBM terminals such as 2770, 2780, 3780, but additionally provided support for multi-leaving communication with intelligent workstations such as the IBM 1130 and the System/360 Model 20. Multi-leaving is "fully synchronous, pseudo-simultaneous, bi-directional transmission of a variable number of data streams between two or more computers utilizing binary-synchronous communications facilities."Third party vendors developed a variety of 2770/2780/3780 simulators and Multi-leaving implementations for use with HASP and ASP. Some of these vendors incorrectly referred to their products as HASP emulators, but the products were terminals that talked to HASP; the RJE console operator could enter a restricted set of HASP Console Operator Commands. These HASP commands were the precursor of JES2's Job Entry Control Language. Operands were restricted to those from this remote site, hence DJ1-999 would only display a few, those still outstanding from the operator's remote site.

Some of the HASP RJE Console commands, which could be entered in short form, or spelled out, are: A command line "C rm1.rdr" was meant to cancel rather than submit the current deck of cards being read. This might have been of use if a card jam made it more sensible to let other jobs go ahead while one or more cards were replaced at a nearby keypunch. HASP job log output provided a summary of the resources used for the job: Start time Stop time Execution time Memory usage Spool space used Cards read Cards punched Lines printed Remote Job Entry Job Entry Subsystem 2/3 Peter G. Gyarmati Anthony James Barr David Andrews. "Session O441 - The History of HASP and JES2". Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2006-12-12. A History of Modern Computing, page 124, By Paul E. Ceruzzi, Published by MIT Press, 2003, ISBN 978-0-262-53203-7. 445 pages IBM. The HASP System, HASP II. Version 3 Modification Level 1. IBM. OS/VS2 HASP II Version 4 System Programmer's Guide, Program Number 370H-TX-001. First Edition revised September 15, 1976, by TNLs GN25-0121 and GN27-1553.

GC27-6992-0. IBM. OS/VS2 HASP II Version 4 User's Guide, Program Number 370H-TX-001. First Edition. GC27-0052-0

Charles Green (bishop)

Charles Alfred Howell Green was an Anglican bishop of the Church in Wales. He was the first Bishop of Monmouth and subsequently Bishop of Bangor during which time he served as Archbishop of Wales. Green was educated at Charterhouse School and Keble College, Oxford, he was ordained in 1889 where he was President of the Oxford Union in Hilary term, 1887. He began his ministry with a curacy at Aberdare and was subsequently Vicar Rural Dean of the area. In 1914 he was appointed Archdeacon of Monmouth, a post he held until his elevation in 1921 as the first bishop of the newly established Diocese of Monmouth, he was expert at organisation and realising that the population of Monmouthshire had changed since the church was created he founded thirteen new parishes. The new parishes reflected the growth of industry and formed principally a new archdeaconry in Newport, he redistributed the rural areas and created six new deaneries as part of the Archdeaconry of Monmouth. These were Abergavenny, Monmouth, Netherwent and Usk.

Green was subsequently Bishop of Bangor during which time he served as Archbishop of Wales. During the latter period he was assisted by a bishop of Maenan, the only instance of a place-name being given for this purpose subsequent to Disestablishment. Cultured but with a reputation for authoritarianism, a representative of the High Church tradition, Green wrote a work on the church dedications of the Llandaff and Monmouth dioceses and the definitive guide to the constitution of the Church in Wales, he died at Bishopcourt, aged 79. The Setting of the Constitution of the Church in Wales, Sweet & Maxwell, 1937

Der Kreis

Der Kreis was a Swiss gay magazine, published from 1932 to 1967 and distributed internationally. Der Kreis was first published on January 1, 1932, under the original title Schweizerisches Freundschaftsbanner as a joint project of Laura Thoma of Zürich lesbian organization Amicitia and August Bambula of the gay men's Excentric Club Zürich; the first issue was eight pages, credited editor "Fredy-Torrero" and proclaimed two related mottos: "Through light to freedom." And "Through struggle to victory". In 1937 its name was changed to Menschenrecht and to Der Kreis in 1942; the magazine focused on lesbian issues and was political in nature. Lesbianism was not criminalized in Switzerland at unlike male homosexuality. From 1933 to 1942 it was published under the editorial leadership of Anna Vock who published under her real name, under the pen name "Mammina". Vock and other writers came under attack from the tabloids Sheinwerfer and Guggu in an effort to stoke moral outrage about homosexuality, publishing Vock's home addresses and leading to a repeated loss of employment.

By 1942 most of the lesbian editorial staff had left and the magazine became focussed on gay male interests. In 1942 the magazine's bimonthly circulation was around 200 copies, by 1957 this had increased to 1,900, including 700 subscribers throughout Europe and the United States, it was the only gay magazine that continued publication through the Third Reich and the only gay publication, available in Europe during World War II. Der Kreis was published in multiple languages: it was written in German, but a French section was added in 1942 and an English section in 1954, it contained news, short stories, photographs and reports on scientific research. Although Swiss publications were censored for much of the duration of magazine's publication, the editors of Der Kreis were noted to have evaded censorship of "racier texts" in the English section since the censors were unable to read them. By and large, the magazine contained little risqué content since Meier wanted to promote "a high-minded vision of homosexuality" that valued friendship over sex.

The magazine's leadership began to decline in the 1960s, since younger gay readers were more inclined to buy Scandinavian publications that published pornography and nude photographs, the last issue was published in 1967. The editors of Der Kreis formed a society called Der Kreis-Club, to which all readers were offered membership; the club held weekly meetings in Zürich, where readers gathered to meet other men, discuss current affairs, listen to lectures hosted by the club. Der Kreis-Club hosted an international ball in Zürich each year which attracted hundreds of gay men from around Europe; the club disbanded in 1967. In Hubert Kennedy's book The Ideal Gay Man, which chronicles the history of Der Kreis, Kennedy describes the magazine as having been "the world's most important journal promoting the legal and social rights of gay men" for much of its publication period and one of few such journals in Europe at the time. Additionally, it remains the only gay publication to include editorial content in three languages.

In 2014, the magazine's history was documented in a Swiss docudrama film eponymously titled The Circle. The film, which features a mix of historical footage from the 1950s and dramatisations of events, won the Teddy Award and the Panorama Audience Award in the documentary category at the 64th Berlin International Film Festival. Freundschaftsbanner Vol 1–4, e-publica

Yin Tiesheng

Yin Tiesheng is a Chinese football coach and a former player. As a player, Yin Tiesheng started his career playing for the Shandong youth team and by 1974 he was called up to the Chinese national under-20 football team as well. Within that year he graduated to the Shandong's senior team and played within the top tier of Chinese football. In 1979 Shandong were allowed to participate in the Chinese National Games. After Yin retired he remained with Shandong, where he became their youth team manager in 1990. After a brief stint he attracted the interests of the Chinese Football Association and worked with the Chinese U-17 team in 1991. After that short spell he returned to the Shandong youth team and went on to win the 1993 National Youth League title; this saw him promoted to managing the senior team of Shandong Taishan where he won the Chinese FA Cup in 1995. His time at the club ended at the end of the 1997 league season after he was unable to improve the club's league results. While he did not remain as manager, he did stay on as the administrative manager of the team when they won the national championship in 1999 before leaving the club.

In 1999 Yin became the manager of lower league club Changchun Yatai, during his reign he guided the club to a runners-up position within the second tier at the end of the 2001 Chinese league season. Yin remained as coach and at the end of the 2003 league season went on to win the division championship. Yin coached China national under-20 football team in 2004, where he coached them in the AFC U-19 Championship tournament, where they became the runner-up in that competition against Korea Republic. Yin was praised as a shrewd tactician and for encouraging many members of that team to subsequently graduate to the national side, he coached another Shandong club Qingdao Jonoon from 2005 to 2008. Yin became the last minute care-taker coach for the Chinese U-23 team, which had qualified for the Football at the 2008 Summer Olympics as hosts. During his short time as coach for the China U-23 team he was assigned with the task of coaching the team to a minimum of three competitive games against New Zealand and Brazil.

However, due to his short time, he couldn't implement his ideas in the team, China were eliminated within the group stages. On 9 December 2008 he was called as Interimscoach for China after Vladimir Petrovic stepped down in the wake of China's exit from the 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification in the Asian Zone. Yin was assigned to coach the two imminent 2011 AFC Asian Cup qualification matches to be held in the 14th and 21 January 2009 as well as the immediate friendlies leading up to the qualifiers where his reign as coach was mixed with a loss against Syria and a win against Vietnam. Shandong Taishan Chinese FA Cup: 1995Changchun Yatai Chinese Jia B: 2003 Xinhua Net's page on Yin Tiesheng Biography at sports.sina.com.cn

Turk McBride

Claude Maurice "Turk" McBride is a former American football defensive end who played in the National Football League. He was drafted by the Kansas City Chiefs in the second round of the 2007 NFL Draft, he played college football at Tennessee. He played for the Detroit Lions, New Orleans Saints and Chicago Bears. McBride attended Woodrow Wilson High School in Camden, New Jersey, where he played football for his uncle, Mike McBride and graduated in 2003, he was a 2-year starter at defensive end. Following his senior season, McBride was named an All-American by SuperPrep. McBride was named All-State, All-Area, All-Group 3, All-Conference and All-South for his respective areas, he set the school record for sacks in his senior year at Woodrow Wilson. McBride divided his time between defensive end position at Tennessee, he started the entire season his senior year. He was named the SEC defensive lineman of the week once in 2004 and once in 2006. Following the 2006 season, McBride was named to the Sporting News All SEC team.

McBride was drafted by the Kansas City Chiefs in the 2007 NFL Draft in the second round with the 54th overall pick. He signed a three-year contract with the team on July 24, 2007, he was featured in HBO's Hard Knocks in 2007. He spent most of the 2008 season on injured reserve; the Chiefs waived McBride on September 15, 2009. McBride was claimed off waivers by the Detroit Lions in September 2009. After the 2010 season, he became a free agent and on July 31, 2011, he signed with the New Orleans Saints. On March 20, 2013, he signed a one-year deal with the Chicago Bears. On July 29, 2013, McBride suffered a ruptured Achilles tendon during training camp and was out for the entire 2013 season, he was released with an injury settlement on July 31. Chicago Bears bio Detroit Lions bio Tennessee Volunteers bio