Durga, identified as Adi Parashakti, is a principal and popular form of the Hindu Goddess. She is a goddess of war, the warrior form of Parvati, whose mythology centres around combating evils and demonic forces that threaten peace and Dharma the power of good over evil. Durga is a fierce form of the protective mother goddess, who unleashes her divine wrath against the wicked for the liberation of the oppressed, entails destruction to empower creation. Durga is depicted in the Hindu pantheon as a Goddess riding a lion or tiger, with many arms each carrying a weapon defeating Mahishasura; the three principal forms of Durga worshiped are Maha Durga and Aparajita. Of these, Chandika has two forms called Chandi, of the combined power and form of Saraswati and Parvati and of Chamunda, a form of Kali created by the goddess for killing demons Chanda and Munda. Maha Durga has three forms: Ugrachanda and Katyayani. Bhadrakali Durga is worshiped in the form of her nine epithets called Navadurga, she is a central deity in Shaktism tradition of Hinduism, where she is equated with the concept of ultimate reality called Brahman.
One of the most important texts of Shaktism is Devi Mahatmya known as Durgā Saptashatī or Chandi patha, which celebrates Durga as the goddess, declaring her as the supreme being and the creator of the universe. Estimated to have been composed between 400 and 600 CE, this text is considered by Shakta Hindus to be as important a scripture as the Bhagavad Gita, she has a significant following all over India and Nepal in its eastern states such as West Bengal, Jharkhand and Bihar. Durga is revered after autumn harvests, specially during the festival of Navratri; the word Durga means "impassable", "invincible, unassailable". It is related to the word Durg which means "fortress, something difficult to defeat or pass". According to Monier Monier-Williams, Durga is derived from the roots gam. According to Alain Daniélou, Durga means "beyond defeat"; the word Durga and related terms appear in the Vedic literature, such as in the Rigveda hymns 4.28, 5.34, 8.27, 8.47, 8.93 and 10.127, in sections 10.1 and 12.4 of the Atharvaveda.
A deity named Durgi appears in section 10.1.7 of the Taittiriya Aranyaka. While the Vedic literature uses the word Durga, the description therein lacks the legendary details about her, found in Hindu literature; the word is found in ancient post-Vedic Sanskrit texts such as in section 2.451 of the Mahabharata and section 4.27.16 of the Ramayana. These usages are in different contexts. For example, Durg is the name of an Asura who had become invincible to gods, Durga is the goddess who intervenes and slays him. Durga and its derivatives are found in sections 4.1.99 and 6.3.63 of the Ashtadhyayi by Pāṇini, the ancient Sanskrit grammarian, in the commentary of Nirukta by Yaska. Durga as a demon-slaying goddess was well established by the time the classic Hindu text called Devi Mahatmya was composed, which scholars variously estimate to between 400 and 600 CE; the Devi Mahatmya and other mythologies describe the nature of demonic forces symbolised by Mahishasura as shape-shifting and adapting in nature and strategy to create difficulties and achieve their evil ends, while Durga calmly understands and counters the evil in order to achieve her solemn goals.
There are many epithets for Durga in Shaktism and her nine appellations are: Shailaputri, Chandraghanta, Skandamata, Kaalratri and Siddhidatri. A list of 108 names of the goddess are recited in order to worship her and is popularly known as the "Ashtottarshat Namavali of Goddess Durga". Other meanings may include: "the one who cannot be accessed easily", "the undefeatable goddess". One famous shloka states the definition and origin of the term'Durga': "Durge durgati nashini", meaning Durga is the one who destroys all distress. One of the earliest evidence of reverence for Devi, the feminine nature of God, appears in chapter 10.125 of the Rig Veda, one of the scriptures of Hinduism. This hymn is called the Devi Suktam hymn: – Devi Sukta, Rigveda 10.125.3 – 10.125.8, Devi's epithets synonymous with Durga appear in Upanishadic literature, such as Kali in verse 1.2.4 of the Mundaka Upanishad dated to about the 5th century BCE. This single mention describes Kali as "terrible yet swift as thought" red and smoky colored manifestation of the divine with a fire-like flickering tongue, before the text begins presenting its thesis that one must seek self-knowledge and the knowledge of the eternal Brahman.
Durga, in her various forms, appears as an independent deity in the Epics period of ancient India, the centuries around the start of the common era. Both Yudhisthira and Arjuna characters of the Mahabharata invoke hymns to Durga, she appears in Harivamsa in the form of Vishnu's eulogy, in Pradyumna prayer. Various Puranas from the early to late 1st millennium CE dedicate chapters of inconsistent mythologies associated with Durga. Of these, the Markandeya Purana and the Devi-Bhagavata Purana are the most significant texts on Durga; the Devi Upanishad and other Shakta Upanishads dated to have been composed in or after the 9th century, present the philosophical and mystical speculations related to Durga as Devi and other epithets, identifying her to be the same as the Brahman and Atman. The historian Ramaprasad Chanda stated in 1916 that Durga evolved over time in the Indian subcontinent. A primitive form of Durga, according to Chanda, was the result of "syncretism of a mountain-goddess worshiped by the dwellers of the Himalaya
Josh Moore is an American professional basketball player and actor. Moore played his professional basketball in the NBA in China and Iran, he is known for his scoring ability. Moore was listed at 7 ft 2 in, 317 lb, is a cousin of NBA Star Shaquille O'Neal. Moore ranked 26th overall in the ABCD Camp 1999 senior class rankings and the 4th best low post player in the country. Moore was ranked among the top 50 prep players in the country by amateur ranking publications. Played for legendary coach Bob Hurley at St. Anthony High School in Jersey City, New Jersey for three seasons, where he won a USA Today high school basketball national championship in 1996 and was a two time New Jersey boys' basketball All State selection. Finished his high school career at St. Thomas More School where he averaged 19 points and 10 rebounds in his senior campaign on his way to receiving a McDonald's high school basketball All American nomination. Attended summer school at Christopher Robin Academy, an unaccredited school prior to enrolling at the University of Michigan.
Contrary to reports, Moore was never enrolled in any other academic institutions prior to attending the University of Michigan. Moore had made verbal commitments to UCLA and Rutgers before deciding on MichiganUniversity of Michigan Freshman: Averaged 4.4 points and 2.7 rebounds in 11.8 minutes a contest. Started five games. Sophomore: Averaged 5.7 points and 3.0 rebounds in 11.3 minutes per contest. Amidst turmoil and scandal within the University's athletic department, Moore was never able to find his form at the collegiate level finding himself in foul trouble due to unfavorable match ups against undersized post players his freshman season. Perimeter focused offenses and the guard oriented coaching styles were contributing factors to his ineffectiveness at the collegiate level; as a sophomore, Moore was hampered by a severe herniated disc in his lower back caused during weight training. Played in China during the 2002-03 season with Zhejiang Horses and former Providence College player, Shamgod Wells, where he averaged 23 points and 12 rebounds per game.
Declared for the 2003 NBA draft in May 2003. Signed a free agent contract with the Los Angeles Clippers in July 2003 and was released in October 2004. Due to NBA active roster rules and constant injuries, Moore spent the entire 2003-04 NBA season on the injured reserve list. Moore returned to China in 2005, 2006. Moore signed a controversial contract to play for BEEM Mazandaran in Iran in October 2007; the report was documented by embedded NBA correspondent Elie Seckbach. Moore's return from Iran was documented by NBA correspondent Elie Seckbach via YouTube and at one point was the highest rated sports video on YouTube in 19 countries. Played in Japan In 2008 In 2007, Moore started eastern-hemisphere, a sports and news blog to track his controversial decision to play basketball in Iran; the story was covered by major news outlets all over the world. Graduated high school from St. Thomas More in 1999. Moore is enrolled in a bachelor's degree program. Ball Don't Lie The Business Eastern-Hemisphere The Wall Street Journal 2003 Clippers Roster Moore talks about upcoming book Hoop Scoop Moore works hard to impress Michigan fans.
ESPN article on Michigan coaching changes Moore Speaks Out Martin scandal Moore Myths NBA roster rules Play in Iran NBA correspondent Elie Seckbach interviews Josh Moore Josh Moore video voted highest rated sports video on YouTube in 19 countries. A Place Where Hoop Dreams Come True High School Rankings 49% of Michigan fans think Moore should have surgery. Dahntay Jones leaves Rutgers Moore to UCLA Big Ten stats Top newcomers Big Problems in Westwood Interview with Josh Moore
Clivedon Hall was an estate located along the shore of the Potomac River in Charles County, Maryland. Today the site is situated about 3 miles north of the U. S. Route 301 bridge leading into Virginia, it stands along the outskirts of the residential community known as "Clifton on the Potomack". Col. John Fendall I purchased “Clivedon Hall” or “Clifdon Hall” in 1721 and made it his dwelling estate. In 1784, when John's grandson Philip Richard Fendall I, Esq. placed an ad in the newspaper to sell the estate, the property included: “a large elegant brick Dwelling House finished, a brick kitchen and dairy, a large stable with a hay loft, warehouse, barn, corn houses, a variety of other convenient buildings...beautiful healthy situation that commands an extensive view up and down the river”. At this time, the estate included about 700 acres, of which Philip described as containing about 300 acres of timber and 80 to 100 acres of “Very rich” low meadow ground and marsh that could “be put in culture at small expense as there are a proper dam and tide gates fixed”.
Upon John's death the inventory of his personalty refers to both a dwelling house and a kitchen, as well as household furnishings far too numerous to be accommodated by a building of the present Clifton's size. The largest remaining remnant of a building is believed to be the kitchen dependency, which collapsed in 1972, it was a one-room structure with exposed and beaded ceiling joists and a fireplace 11 feet wide, 4 feet deep, 5 feet high. A small storage closet next to the fireplace contained a ladder leading to an unfinished attic; the building included an unusual off-centered chimney stack. All, left of this structure as of 1995 was the base bricks, a rotting clapboard roof; the rest of the structure is covered with vines and other bushes, making this and other buildings in-visible from 20 feet away. Whether this structure was built by John's son Benjamin or grandson Philip, it can be said that “Clivedon Hall” was the earliest surviving domestic dependency of its type in Charles County; the distinctive architecture of this kitchen outbuilding suggests that the Fendall home may have been one of the County's more distinguished eighteenth-century residences.
Back in the early 1970s it was believed that the house was owned by John's father, Gov. Josias Fendall, plans were made to restore the buildings; however an extensive study was done on the area, came to prove that the colorful Governor did not own or live at “Clivedon”. As a result, all attempts to preserve the site were scrapped, the buildings became further dilapidated. All that remains is several standing barn sites, some of which were built after the Fendalls owned the land, other brick structures that have since crumpled into ruins. John conveyed most of his plantation and other lands, several years before his death, to his son Benjamin Fendall I, Esq.. Benjamin maintained the property as his own dwelling estate, as well as owning a profitable bake house and store at nearby Allen's Fresh, two mills built there by John Allen in 1674. Benjamin married Eleanor Lee, of “Blenheim”, a contiguous estate owned by her father Capt. Philip Lee, Sr. Hon. Esq.. Benjamin died in 1764, requesting that he be interred in “my burying place in my garden by my dear and well beloved first wife and those of my children which it has pleased the Almighty to take from me”.
He left an estate which included 30 slaves, two servants, a large and well-furnished dwelling house with at least six fireplaces and a separate kitchen. The bulk of Benjamin's real and personal property was sold between 1764 and 1766 to settle his estate; the most valuable lands and household furnishings were purchased by his son Philip Richard Fendall I, Esq. to whom Benjamin had made a gift of the principal part of the plantation. In 1787, Philip conveyed the entire property to Benjamin Gwinn. By 1798 the property was passed to Benjamin's brother John Gwinn, who had accumulated nearly 1,500 acres in Charles County. In 1798 the house was occupied by Capt. Rev. Benjamin Contee, Hon. and the county tax assessments gave a value of $1,700 to it, placing its value at about equal to “Marshall Hall”. Mr. Contee was a grandson of Benjamin Fendall I, Esq. “Of Potomac”. The next owner, Johannes D. Storke purchased the property in 1839, which at that time included 445 acres, four years purchased another 565 acres of the same tract.
In 1854 the property was purchased by Rhoderick Watson, who operated a key Confederate signal post to Confederates on the Virginia shores from the estate during the early part of the Civil War