Mary Isobel Catherine Bernadette O'Brien, professionally known as Dusty Springfield, was an English pop singer and record producer whose career extended from the late 1950s to the 1990s. With her distinctive mezzo-soprano sound, she was an important singer of blue-eyed soul and at her peak was one of the most successful British female performers, with six top 20 singles on the US Billboard Hot 100 and sixteen on the UK Singles Chart from 1963 to 1989, she is UK Music Hall of Fame. International polls have named Springfield among the best female rock artists of all time, her image, supported by a peroxide blonde bouffant hairstyle, evening gowns, heavy make-up, as well as her flamboyant performances, made her an icon of the Swinging Sixties. Born in West Hampstead in London to a family that enjoyed music, Springfield learned to sing at home. In 1958 she joined her first professional group, The Lana Sisters, two years formed a pop-folk vocal trio, The Springfields, with her brother Tom Springfield and Tim Feild.
They became the UK's top selling act. Her solo career began in 1963 with the upbeat pop hit, "I Only Want to Be with You". Among the hits that followed were "Wishin' and Hopin' ", "I Just Don't Know What to Do with Myself", "You Don't Have to Say You Love Me", "Son of a Preacher Man"; as a fan of US soul music, she brought many little-known soul singers to the attention of a wider UK record-buying audience by hosting the first national TV performance of many top-selling Motown artists beginning in 1965. Owing to these efforts, a year she became the best-selling female singer in the world and topped a number of popularity polls, including Melody Maker's Best International Vocalist. Although she was never considered a Northern Soul artist in her own right, her efforts contributed a great deal to the formation of the genre as a result, she was the first UK singer to top the New Musical Express readers' poll for Female Singer. To boost her credibility as a soul artist, Springfield went to Memphis, Tennessee, to record Dusty in Memphis, an album of pop and soul music with the Atlantic Records main production team.
Released in 1969, it has been ranked among the greatest albums of all time by the US magazine Rolling Stone and in polls by VH1 artists, New Musical Express readers, Channel 4 viewers. The album was awarded a spot in the Grammy Hall of Fame. Despite its current recognition, the album did not sell well. After its release, she relocated to America. However, in collaboration with Pet Shop Boys, she returned to the Top 10 of the UK and US charts in 1987 with "What Have I Done to Deserve This?" Two years she had two other UK hits on her own with "Nothing Has Been Proved" and "In Private." Subsequently, in the mid-1990s, owing to the inclusion of "Son of a Preacher Man" on the Pulp Fiction soundtrack, interest in her early output was revived. Springfield was born Mary Isobel Catherine Bernadette O'Brien on 16 April 1939 in West Hampstead, the second child of Gerard Anthony "OB" O'Brien and Catherine Anne "Kay" O'Brien, both of Irish descent. Springfield's older brother, Dionysius P. A. O'Brien, was known as Tom Springfield.
Springfield's father, raised in British India, worked as a tax accountant and consultant. Her mother came from an Irish family from Tralee, County Kerry, that included a number of journalists. Springfield was brought up in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire until the early 1950s, lived in Ealing, she attended Northfields, a traditional all-girl school. The comfortable middle-class upbringing was disturbed by dysfunctional tendencies in the family. Springfield and her brother were both prone to food-throwing as adults, she was given the nickname "Dusty" for playing football with boys in the street, was described as a tomboy. Springfield was raised in a music-loving family, her father would tap out rhythms on the back of her hand and encourage her to guess the musical piece. She listened to a wide range of music, including George Gershwin and Hart, Rodgers and Hammerstein, Cole Porter, Count Basie, Duke Ellington, Glenn Miller. A fan of American jazz and the vocalists Peggy Lee and Jo Stafford, she wished to sound like them.
At the age of twelve, she made a recording of herself performing the Irving Berlin song "When the Midnight Choo Choo Leaves for Alabama" at a local record shop in Ealing. After leaving school, Springfield sang with Tom in local folk clubs. In 1957 the pair worked together at holiday camps; the following year Springfield responded to an advertisement in The Stage to join The Lana Sisters, an "established sister act", with Iris'Riss' Long and Lynne Abrams. She had changed her name to Shan, "cut her hair, lost the glasses, experimented with makeup, fashion" to become one of the'sisters'; as a member of the pop vocal trio, Springfield developed skills in harmonising and microphone technique and recorded, performed on TV, played at live shows in the United Kingdom and at United States Air Force bases in continental Europe. In 1960, Springfield left The Lana Sisters and formed a pop-folk trio, The Springfields, with Tom and Reshad Feild, replaced by Mike Hurst in 1962; the trio chose their name while rehearsing in a field in Somerset in the springtime and took the stage names of Dusty and Tim Springfield.
Intending to make an authentic US album, the group travelled to Nashville, Tennessee, to
Omer Rudolphe Jean, Viscount Vanaudenhove was a Belgian liberal politician and minister. A businessman, Vanaudenhove was an owner of a shoe factory, he was burgomaster of Diest, liberal senator, president of the Liberal Party and president and founder of the PVV-PLP. In the new party programme of the PVV-PLP, the traditional anticlericalism of the liberal party was renounced; this new organization gained 48 seats. Vanaudenhove was a proponent of a unitary Belgium and a unitarian PVV-PLP, but the tendency towards a federal state became unstoppable by the end of the sixties. Vanaudenhove was minister of public work and rebuilding between 1955–1958 and 1958–1961. Liberalism in Belgium 60 jaar bevrijding van de kampen: een selectie uit de archieven van liberale voormannen Omer Vanaudenhove
James Niehues is an American landscape artist and cartographer best known for painting ski trail maps for ski resorts. He has painted 255 maps for 175 ski resorts around the world. Niehues was raised on a farm in Loma and attended Fruita Monument High School, he began painting at the age of 15, when he fell ill with nephritis and his mother gave him an oil painting set to keep him occupied while he was bedridden for three months. After serving in the U. S. Army from 1965 to 1969, Niehues worked in advertising and graphic design. In 1987, while working at a Denver print shop, he met Bill Brown, a painter of ski resort maps, nearing retirement. Brown gave him his first assignment as a map painter: a small inset map commissioned by Winter Park Resort in Colorado. After his map was accepted by Winter Park, Niehues printed copies of his illustration and sent them to the marketing managers of ski resorts across the U. S. to advertise his map-painting services. The first resort to respond was Vail Ski Resort.
The first ski map that he painted by himself was Boreal Mountain Resort in California. Niehues' method of painting ski trails begins with aerial photographs of the mountain that he either takes himself or obtains from Google Earth, he sketches the mountain based on the photographs and adds color and detail with watercolor paints and an airbrush. By 2016, Niehues had painted 255 maps for 175 ski resorts around the world; the largest resorts he has painted for include Aspen, Crested Butte, Copper Mountain and Winter Park in Colorado, Big Sky Resort in Montana, Boyne Mountain Resort in Michigan, Killington Ski Resort in Vermont, Mount Bachelor in Oregon, Sugarloaf in Maine, Mont Tremblant Resort and Whistler Blackcomb in Canada. He estimates that he has created trail maps for 75% of the large ski resorts in the U. S. In 2011, his work was displayed in an exhibition at Apexart in New York City, he semi-retired in 2014, lives in Loveland, Colorado. Niehues' work has drawn numerous comparisons to famous artists: he has been called "the Michelangelo of snow", "Rembrandt of the ski trail", "Monet of the mountain", the "Norman Rockwell of ski resorts".
Niehues paints in vellum. Official website