American Broadcasting Company
The American Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcast television network, a flagship property of Walt Disney Television, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company. The network is headquartered in Burbank, California on Riverside Drive, directly across the street from Walt Disney Studios and adjacent to the Roy E. Disney Animation Building, But the network's second corporate headquarters and News headquarters remains in New York City, New York at their broadcast center on 77 West 66th Street in Lincoln Square in Upper West Side Manhattan. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC has reduced its broadcasting operations exclusively to television; the fifth-oldest major broadcasting network in the world and the youngest of the Big Three television networks, ABC is nicknamed as "The Alphabet Network", as its initialism represents the first three letters of the English alphabet, in order. ABC launched as a radio network on October 12, 1943, serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, purchased by Edward J. Noble.
It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS and NBC. In the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop and greenlight many successful series. In the 1980s, after purchasing an 80 percent interest in cable sports channel ESPN, the network's corporate parent, American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. merged with Capital Cities Communications, owner of several print publications, television and radio stations. In 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABC's assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company; the television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States and its territories. Some of the ABC-affiliated stations can be seen in Canada via pay-television providers, certain other affiliates can be received over-the-air in areas within the Canada–United States border.
ABC News provides news and features content for select radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting, which purchased the ABC Radio properties in 2007. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies: the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System, the National Broadcasting Company; the last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, which owned two radio networks that each ran different varieties of programming, NBC Blue and NBC Red. The NBC Blue Network was created in 1927 for the primary purpose of testing new programs on markets of lesser importance than those served by NBC Red, which served the major cities, to test drama series. In 1934, Mutual filed a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission regarding its difficulties in establishing new stations, in a radio market, being saturated by NBC and CBS. In 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940.
The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC NBC Blue. At that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Having no power over the networks themselves, the FCC established a regulation forbidding licenses to be issued for radio stations if they were affiliated with a network which owned multiple networks that provided content of public interest. Once Mutual's appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, gave the mandate to do so to Mark Woods. RCA converted the NBC Blue Network into an independent subsidiary, formally divorcing the operations of NBC Red and NBC Blue on January 8, 1942, with the Blue Network being referred to on-air as either "Blue" or "Blue Network"; the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Between 1942 and 1943, Woods offered to sell the entire NBC Blue Network, a package that included leases on landlines, three pending television licenses, 60 affiliates, four operations facilities, contracts with actors, the brand associated with the Blue Network.
Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, but the offer was rejected by Woods and RCA president David Sarnoff. Edward J. Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million. Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCC's approval; the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12, 1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, the American Broadcasting System. Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Storer in 1944. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, which owned San Francisco radio station KGO, bought Los Angeles station KECA f
Us Weekly is a weekly celebrity and entertainment magazine based in New York City. Us Weekly was founded in 1977 by The New York Times Company, who sold it in 1980, it was acquired by Wenner Media in 1986, sold to American Media Inc. in 2017. Shortly afterward, former editor James Heidenry stepped down, was replaced by Jennifer Peros; the Chief Content Officer of American Media, Dylan Howard, oversees the publication. Us Weekly covers topics ranging from celebrity relationships to the latest trends in fashion and entertainment; as of 2017, its paid circulation averaged to more than 1.95 million copies weekly and total readership of more than 50 million consumers. The magazine features a different style from its original 1977–2000 format. A monthly industry news and review magazine along the lines of Premiere or Entertainment Weekly, it switched format in 2000 to its current themes of celebrity news and style; the web site Usmagazine.com was launched in fall 2006. In addition to features from the magazine, the site has a breaking celebrity news blog, exclusive photos, red carpet galleries from premieres and events, plus games, videos and polls.
Us Weekly has several signature issues each year, including the Hot Hollywood special issues, in the spring and the fall celebrating young Hollywood. Janet Jackson's June 5, 2006 Us Weekly cover holds the record for the publication's biggest selling issue in history. Launched as a fortnightly publication in 1977, Us by the New York Times Company; the magazine lost money before turning its first profit in 1980. It was sold that year by Macfadden Media, it was acquired by Jann Wenner in 1985 and is a part of Wenner Media LLC, which publishes Rolling Stone and Men’s Journal. In 1991, Us became a monthly publication. In 1999, the company announced plans to shift the Us publication schedule from monthly to weekly; the shift coincided with a change in style from industry news and reviews to a celebrity-focused news magazine. The move was a response to several market forces, including the success of Time, Inc.’s Entertainment Weekly and People magazines. Wenner expressed his intention to keep Us "celebrity-friendly" in contrast with the more gossipy character of its competitors.
He told The New York Times: "We will be nice to celebrities. A lot of my friends are in the entertainment business." The publication focuses on celebrity fashion as well as Hollywood gossip. Kelli Delaney, current New York designer for Members Only served as Fashion Director of the publication; the change took effect in March 2000. In February 2001, Wenner partnered with The Walt Disney Company. But, in August 2006, Wenner Media re-acquired Disney's 50 percent stake, making the publication once again owned and operated by Wenner Media. In July 2003, Janice Min took over as Editor in Chief with Victoria Lasdon Rose as Publisher, Michael Steele as Executive Editor. Steele took over for Min in 2009. Melanie Bromley served as the magazine's West Coast bureau chief from 2007-2012. In 2017, the publication was sold to American Media, Inc. 1977: Us founded by The New York Times Company 1980: Us acquired by Peter J. Callahan's Macfadden Group; the staff of Photoplay and TV Mirror, the merger of Photoplay, Movie Mirror, TV-Radio Mirror, is merged.1986: Us acquired by Straight Arrow Publishers, Inc. now known as Wenner Media LLC 1991: Us changes its bi-weekly frequency to become monthly March 2000: Us changes from a monthly format and goes weekly, changing its title February 2001: Us Weekly partners with The Walt Disney Company January 2006: Us Weekly increases rate base to 1.75 Million July 2006: Us Weekly launches Usmagazine.com August 2006: Wenner Media re-acquires Disney’s 50 percent stake in Us Weekly March 2017: American Media, Inc. bought US Weekly from Wenner Media LLC Just Like Us: photos of celebrities doing things everyday people do.
Inspired by a regular Sesame Street feature about animals. Who Wore It Best?: reader polls of which celebrity wore an outfit better Hot Stuff: the latest gossip from inside Hollywood The Red Carpet: the looks and styles from Hollywood’s hottest parties and premieres Hot Pics: celebrity sightings of stars around the globe Fashion Police: famous comedians cite the fashion disasters of the stars, the best “look of the week” The Record: a roster of changes in the lives of stars — births, divorces, etc. Loose Talk: quotes from the stars Us Musts: according to Us Weekly, the must-see films, TV shows and DVDs In a July 2006 Variety article, Janice Min, Us Weekly editor-in-chief, cited People for the increase in cost to publishers of celebrity photos: They are among the biggest spenders of celebrity photos in the industry.... One of the first things they did, that led to the jacking up of photo prices, was to pay $75,000 to buy pictures of Jennifer Lopez reading Us magazine, so Us Weekly couldn't buy them.
That was the watershed moment. I had never seen anything like it, but they saw a competitor come along, responded. It was a business move, a smart one. In a June 2007 New York Magazine article, Tina Brown was asked, "Do you read the tabloids?" Of course. I read everything. I adore Us Weekly. I think. I'm a big fan of magazines. From a May 2007 New York Post article profiling New York's 50 Most Powerful Women, Janice Min, 37, editor, Us magazine. With her mag's profits placed as high as $90 million a year and readership up 191 percent in the last five years, Janice is not just like us. Nonetheless, the success of Us is attributed to the mother of two's reputation as perky and well liked – as well as its addictive features like t
Dylan's Candy Bar
Dylan's Candy Bar is a chain of boutique candy shops and candy supplier located in New York City. It is owned by daughter of fashion designer Ralph Lauren. Lauren was inspired to create the store, asserted to be the "largest unique candy store in the world", by the Roald Dahl story of Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory. Lauren said that her goal was to "merge fashion and pop candy culture", it stocks 7,000 candies from around the world. The design and image were produced by original Creative Director Mayumi Ando. Dylan's Candy Bar has partnered with Holt Renfrew in Vancouver, British Columbia in a co-branding effort; the flagship store has become something of a "required stop" for those visiting New York, celebrities such as Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen, Katie Holmes and her daughter, Suri Cruise, Janet Jackson, Madonna make a point to visit the store. The New York City store, located on 60th Street and 3rd Avenue, is the flagship store, it has become a location for several television movies based in New York.
Founder Dylan Lauren was featured on the cover of the May 2011 Forbes magazine for inheriting her father's entrepreneurial genes. In October 2011 Dylan's Candy Bar celebrated its 10th anniversary. Dylan’s Candy Bar was featured in Hitch, a 2005 romantic comedy starring Will Smith, Eva Mendes, Kevin James. In the opening scene when Hitch, played by Will Smith, explains basic principles on how to get the girl, one of the characters becomes attracted to a saleswoman at Dylan’s Candy Bar, but fails to grab her attention at the store. In the movie Arthur, Arthur gets a job at the store to prove to his mother he can be an adult on his own. After being hired by the manager, he holds three positions, he buys his way into a gummy bear costume from Scott Adsit’s character. This job ends in Arthur being fired from the short-lived job. Season 2, Episode 15:, "Gone with the Will", Vanessa and Dan shop for a thoughtful anniversary gift for Nate in Dylan’s Candy Bar while Dan tries revealing to Vanessa that his father and his girlfriend Serena’s mother may have a love child.
They were rudely interrupted by preteen Gossip Girl followers trying to pin an affair on Dan and make for an escape out of the store. Season 3, Episode 7: "How to Succeed in Bassness" Rufus Humphrey is prepared for trick-or-treaters with his Dylan’s Candy Bar bag at his wife’s Lily Upper East Side apartment. Season 10, Episode 2:, "Candy Couture", Designers compete in an unconventional challenge where designs are constructed of only products purchased from Dylan's Candy Bar; each designer was given $250 to purchase products, but all products were 50% off, allowing designers to purchase $500 worth of product from the store. Season 2, Episode 2:, "Candy and Crisis", the New York candy store orders a cake adorned with its products, it was in its spinoff show, "Next Great Baker" where the season 4 contestants had to make a candy themed cake. Season 7, Episode 2:, "List of Dinner: Impossible episodes", Dylan has Robert Irvine prepare a party for 250 guests in just 8 hours with candy from the store in every dish.
In addition, she has him make a cake that utilizes candy from the store but is made out of Rice Krispies Treats. Official Website
Ralph Lauren, KBE is an American fashion designer and business executive, best known for the Ralph Lauren Corporation, a global multibillion-dollar enterprise. He has become well known for his collection of rare automobiles, some of which have been displayed in museum exhibits. Lauren stepped down as CEO of the company in September 2015 but remains executive chairman and chief creative officer; as of 2018, Forbes estimates his wealth at $7.2 billion, which makes Ralph Lauren the 91st richest person in America. Ralph Lauren was born in The Bronx, New York City, to Ashkenazi Jewish immigrants and Frank Lifshitz, an artist and house painter, from Pinsk, Belarus, he is the youngest of four siblings -- one sister. Lauren attended day school followed by the Manhattan Talmudical Academy, before graduating from DeWitt Clinton High School in 1957, he went to Baruch College, at the City University of New York where he studied business, although he dropped out after two years. From 1962 to 1964 he served in the United States Army and left to work for Brooks Brothers as a sales assistant before becoming a salesman for a tie company.
The Ralph Lauren Corporation started in 1967 with men's ties. At 28 years old, Lauren worked for the tie manufacturer Beau Brummell, where he convinced the company's president to let him start his own line. Drawing on his interests in sports, Ralph Lauren named his first full line of menswear'Polo' in 1968, he worked out of a single "drawer" from a showroom in the Empire State Building and made deliveries to stores himself. By 1969, the Manhattan department store, it was the first time. In 1971, Ralph Lauren Corporation launched a line of tailored shirts for women, which introduced the Polo player emblem to the world for the first time, appearing on the shirt's cuff; the first full women's collection was launched the following year. 1971 marked the opening of Ralph Lauren's store on Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills, California. This is the first freestanding store for an American designer. In 1972 the Ralph Lauren Corporation introduced a signature cotton mesh Polo shirt in various colors. Featuring the polo player logo at the chest, the shirt became emblematic of the preppy look—one of Ralph Lauren's signature styles.
The tagline for the ad campaign was: "Every team has its color – Polo has seventeen."In 1974 he outfitted the male cast of The Great Gatsby in costumes from his Polo line – a 1920s-style series of men's suits and sweaters, except for the pink suit which Lauren designed for Robert Redford's Jay Gatsby. In 1977, Diane Keaton and Woody Allen wore Lauren's clothes throughout their Oscar-winning film, Annie Hall; the first Ralph Lauren fragrances, produced by Warner-Lauren, Ltd. were launched at Bloomingdale's in March 1978. Lauren, a fragrance for women, on March 12 and Polo, cologne for men, on March 26; this was the first time that a designer has introduced two fragrances – one for men and one for women – simultaneously. The company entered the European market, went international, in 1981 with the opening of the first freestanding store for an American designer on New Bond Street in the West End of London, England. Ralph Lauren opened his first flagship in the Rhinelander mansion, on Madison Avenue and 72nd Street in New York City in 1986.
Lauren re-created the building's original opulence with a young design consultant named Naomi Leff, with whom he had worked on Ralph Lauren Home. The Polo Sport line was introduced in 1992 followed by over ten additional lines and acquired brands, including Ralph Lauren Purple Label in 1995 and Lauren Ralph Lauren in 1996. On June 12, 1997, the company became a publicly traded company on the New York Stock Exchange; the 98-seat restaurant, RL, opened in March 1999 in Chicago in a newly constructed building adjacent to the largest Ralph Lauren store at the corner of Chicago and Michigan Avenues. It was followed by the opening of two additional restaurants – Ralph's at 173 Boulevard Saint Germain Paris flagship store in 2010 and The Polo Bar at Polo's flagship in New York in 2015; the company launched its official web site, online shop in 2000 as polo.com by RL Media. In 2007, Ralph Lauren Corporation acquired the NBC share of RL Media and the web site was relaunched as ralphlauren.com. In 2008, Ralph Lauren Corporation launched a brand called American Living for JCPenney.
It was the largest cross-category brand launch in the history of Ralph JCPenney. On September 29, 2015, it was announced that Stefan Larsson would replace the company's founder, Ralph Lauren, as CEO in November. Lauren will stay on as executive chief creative officer. Ralph Lauren has been featured on over 100 global magazines covers including Architectural Digest, GQ, Town & Country, TIME and Vogue. Ralph Lauren celebrated the 50th Anniversary of his brand in a large scale fashion show in at Bethesda Terrace in Central Park on September 8, 2018. Star-studded attendance included Oprah Winfrey, Hillary Clinton, Kanye West, Hollywood elites such as Robert DeNiro and Jessica Chastain. On December 20, 1964, he married Ricky Ann Low-Beer in New York City. Ricky is the daughter of Margaret Vytouch, Rudolph Low-Beer; the two met six months earlier, in a doctor's office where Ricky was working as a receptionist and on alternate days teaching dance. She is the author of The Hamptons: Food and History, they have three children.
Andrew Lauren is actor. David Lauren is Executive Vice President of Global Advertising and Communications
The Dalton School the Children's University School, is a private, coeducational college preparatory school on New York City's Upper East Side and a member of both the Ivy Preparatory School League and the New York Interschool. The school is located in three buildings within Manhattan; the Dalton School called the Children's University School, was founded by Helen Parkhurst in 1919. It was a time marked by educational reform. Philosophers and child psychologists identified as "progressives" began to question the conventional wisdom of the day, which held that education was a process of drill and memorization and that the only way to teach was to regiment children in classrooms, their natural instincts to play, to move, to talk, to inquire were suppressed. This view on teaching was seen in Parkhurst's "Dalton Plan", to which the school still adheres today; the name "Dalton" refers to Dalton in Massachusetts, where Parkhurst visited. Progressive educators believed. After experimentation in her own one-room school with Maria Montessori, Helen Parkhurst visited other progressive schools in Europe including Bedales School and its founder and headmaster John Haden Badley in England.
She developed what she termed the Dalton Plan, which called for teachers and students to work together toward individualized goals. The Laboratory Plan was first put into effect as an experiment in the high school of Dalton, Massachusetts, in 1916; the estate of her benefactor Josephine Porter Boardman, was near the town of Dalton and from this beginning the Laboratory Plan and school took their names. In 1919, Helen Parkhurst relocated to New York City, where she opened her first school on West 74th Street. Larger facilities soon became necessary. Eleanor Roosevelt admired the work of Helen Parkhurst and played an important role in expanding the population and resources of the school by promoting a merger between the Todhunter School for girls and Dalton in 1939. Enlarged and modified through the years, Dalton still celebrates many of the school-wide traditions begun by Helen Parkhurst, including the Candlelighting Ceremony, Greek Festival, Arch Day. Inspired by the intellectual fervor around the start of the 20th century, educational thinkers such as John Dewey, began to envision a new, American approach to education.
Helen Parkhurst created the Dalton Plan. Aiming to achieve a balance between each child's talents and the needs of the growing American community, Parkhurst created an educational model that captured the progressive spirit of the age, she had these objectives: to tailor each student's program to his or her needs and abilities. Parkhurst developed a three-part plan that continues to be the structural foundation of a Dalton education: House and Lab. Over the years, the Dalton Plan has been adopted by schools around the world, including schools in Australia, Belgium, the Czech Republic, England and the Netherlands. There are three schools founded on the Dalton Plan in Japan. Dalton is ranked among the top private schools in the United States. In regards to elite college admissions, Dalton ranked 5th in a 2003 Worth survey and 8th in a 2003 Wall Street Journal survey. Forbes ranked Dalton as the 13th best private school in the country in 2010, while Business Insider ranked Dalton 10th among private high schools in 2014.
The Daltonian is Dalton's official student newspaper and is published every 2–3 weeks by the High School students. Middle and High School students produce other publications, including the political journal Realpolitik, literary magazine Blue Flag, visual art magazine Fine Arts, photography magazine Shutterbug, a middle school blog, the Dalton Paw." The Dalton School is a part of the Ivy Preparatory School League in athletics. Some teams, such as varsity football, participate in different athletic conferences. Dalton offers nine junior varsity teams in the high school athletics program; the school colors were gold and blue, although they have been changed to blue and white. The school's mascot is a tiger. Dalton offers many programs in the arts the visual arts and music and theater, students are encouraged to pursue their interests in addition to their academic curriculum. Carmino Ravosa has been Dalton's composer in residence for 21 years. At least two full-year arts credits are required for graduation, but many students take art for all four years.
Author and illustrator David Macaulay was Original Mind Scholar and Artist-In-Residence in the 2009–2010 school year, which has since been dubbed "The Year of the Sketchbook". Admission to the Dalton School for kindergarten to third grade is based on school records, ERB testing, interview. For grades 4–12 admission is based on school records, writing samples, an interview, standardized testing. Can
Duke University is a private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. In 1924, tobacco and electric power industrialist James Buchanan Duke established The Duke Endowment and the institution changed its name to honor his deceased father, Washington Duke. Duke's campus spans over 8,600 acres on three contiguous campuses in Durham as well as a marine lab in Beaufort; the main campus—designed by architect Julian Abele—incorporates Gothic architecture with the 210-foot Duke Chapel at the campus' center and highest point of elevation. East Campus, home to all first-years, contains Georgian-style architecture, while the main Gothic-style West Campus 1.5 miles away is adjacent to the Medical Center. The university administers two concurrent schools in Asia, Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore and Duke Kunshan University in Kunshan, China; as of 2018, 13 Nobel laureates and 3 Turing Award winners have been affiliated with the university.
Further, Duke alumni include 25 Churchill Scholars. The university has produced the 5th highest number of Rhodes, Truman and Udall Scholars of any American university between 1986 and 2015; as of 2018, Duke holds a top-ten position in several national rankings. Duke started in 1838 as Brown's Schoolhouse, a private subscription school founded in Randolph County in the present-day town of Trinity. Organized by the Union Institute Society, a group of Methodists and Quakers, Brown's Schoolhouse became the Union Institute Academy in 1841 when North Carolina issued a charter; the academy was renamed Normal College in 1851 and Trinity College in 1859 because of support from the Methodist Church. In 1892, Trinity College moved to Durham due to generosity from Julian S. Carr and Washington Duke and respected Methodists who had grown wealthy through the tobacco and electrical industries. Carr donated land in 1892 for the original Durham campus, now known as East Campus. At the same time, Washington Duke gave the school $85,000 for an initial endowment and construction costs—later augmenting his generosity with three separate $100,000 contributions in 1896, 1899, 1900—with the stipulation that the college "open its doors to women, placing them on an equal footing with men."
In 1924 Washington Duke's son, James B. Duke, established The Duke Endowment with a $40 million trust fund. Income from the fund was to be distributed to hospitals, the Methodist Church, four colleges. William Preston Few, the president of Trinity at the time, insisted that the institution be renamed Duke University to honor the family's generosity and to distinguish it from the myriad other colleges and universities carrying the "Trinity" name. At first, James B. Duke thought the name change would come off as self-serving, but he accepted Few's proposal as a memorial to his father. Money from the endowment allowed the University to grow quickly. Duke's original campus, East Campus, was rebuilt from 1925 to 1927 with Georgian-style buildings. By 1930, the majority of the Collegiate Gothic-style buildings on the campus one mile west were completed, construction on West Campus culminated with the completion of Duke Chapel in 1935. In 1878, Trinity awarded A. B. degrees to three sisters—Mary and Theresa Giles—who had studied both with private tutors and in classes with men.
With the relocation of the college in 1892, the Board of Trustees voted to again allow women to be formally admitted to classes as day students. At the time of Washington Duke's donation in 1896, which carried the requirement that women be placed "on an equal footing with men" at the college, four women were enrolled. In 1903 Washington Duke wrote to the Board of Trustees withdrawing the provision, noting that it had been the only limitation he had put on a donation to the college. A woman's residential dormitory was built in 1897 and named the Mary Duke Building, after Washington Duke's daughter. By 1904, fifty-four women were enrolled in the college. In 1930, the Woman's College was established as a coordinate to the men's undergraduate college, established and named Trinity College in 1924. Engineering, taught since 1903, became a separate school in 1939. In athletics, Duke hosted and competed in the only Rose Bowl played outside California in Wallace Wade Stadium in 1942. During World War II, Duke was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a navy commission.
In 1963 the Board of Trustees desegregated the undergraduate college. Duke enrolled its first graduate students in 1961; the school did not admit Black undergraduates until September 1963. The teaching staff remained all-White until 1966. Increased activism on campus during the 1960s prompted Martin Luther King Jr. to speak at the University in November 1964 on the progress of the Civil Rights Movement. Following Douglas Knight's resignation from the office of university president, Terry Sanford, the former governor of North Carolina, was elected president of the university in 1969, propelling The Fuqua School of Business' opening, the William R. Perkins library completion, the founding of the Institute of Policy Sciences and Public Affairs; the separate Woman's College merged back with Trinity as the liberal arts college for both men and women in 1972. Beginning in the 1970s, Duke administrators began a long-term effort to strengthen Duke's r
Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory
Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory is a 1971 American musical fantasy family film directed by Mel Stuart, starring Gene Wilder as Willy Wonka. It is the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl. Dahl was credited with writing the film's screenplay; these changes and other decisions made by the director led Dahl to disown the film. The film tells the story of an only child Charlie Bucket, who receives a Golden Ticket and visits Willy Wonka's chocolate factory with four other children from around the world. Filming took place in Munich in 1970, the film was released by Paramount Pictures on June 30, 1971. With a budget of just $3 million, the film received positive reviews and earned $4 million by the end of its original run; the film became popular in part through repeated television airings and home entertainment sales. In 1972, the film received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Score, Wilder was nominated for a Golden Globe as Best Actor in a Musical or Comedy, but both nominations lost to Fiddler on the Roof.
The film introduced the song "The Candy Man", which went on to become a popular hit when recorded by Sammy Davis Jr. In 2014, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant". In a small town, Charlie Bucket, a poor paperboy, watches a group of kids visit a candy shop. Walking home, he passes Willy Wonka's chocolate factory. A mysterious tinker recites the first lines of William Allingham's poem "The Fairies", tells Charlie that nobody goes in, nobody comes out. Charlie rushes home to his widowed bedridden grandparents. After telling Grandpa Joe about the tinker, he reveals that Wonka locked the factory because other candy makers, including rival Arthur Slugworth, sent in spies to steal his recipes. Wonka after three years resumed selling candy; the next day, Wonka announces. Finders of the tickets will receive a lifetime supply of chocolate; the first four tickets are found by the gluttonous Augustus Gloop, from Germany the spoiled Veruca Salt, from England, the gum-chewing Violet Beauregarde, from Montana, the television-obsessed Mike Teevee, from Arizona.
As each winner is announced on TV, a man whispers to them. Charlie opens two Wonka Bars — one, given to him for his birthday, the other that Grandpa Joe bought with his tobacco money — but doesn't find a Golden Ticket in either. A news report announces the fifth ticket was found by a millionaire/casino-owner in Paraguay causing Charlie to lose hope; the next day, Charlie finds some money in a gutter in the street and uses it to buy a Scrumdiddlyumptious bar. With the change, he buys another Wonka Bar for Grandpa Joe. Charlie opens the Wonka Bar and finds the fifth golden ticket catching the attention of everyone around him, before his paper route boss rescues and sends him home. While rushing home, he encounters the same man seen whispering to the other winners, who introduces himself as Slugworth and offers a reward for a sample of Wonka's latest creation, the Everlasting Gobstopper. Returning home with the Golden Ticket, Charlie chooses Grandpa Joe, who, in his excitement, manages to rise out of bed for the first time in 20 years, as his chaperone.
The next day, Wonka greets the ticket winners and leads them inside where each signs a contract before the tour. The factory includes a candy land with a river of chocolate, edible mushrooms, gummy bears, candy canes and more sweets; as the visitors sample these, they see small men known as Oompa-Loompas. Augustus is sucked up in a pipe to the Fudge Room. Afterwards, Wonka takes the remaining guests on a surreal boat ride leading to the Inventing Room, where everyone receives an Everlasting Gobstopper. Violet becomes a large blueberry after chewing an experimental gum containing a three-course meal, over Wonka's warnings, must be squeezed before she explodes; the remaining group samples some lickable wallpaper, reaches the Fizzy Lifting Drinks Room, where Charlie and Grandpa Joe ignore Wonka's warning and sample the drinks. They have a near-fatal encounter with an exhaust fan before burping back to the ground. In the Golden Eggs Room, Veruca demands a golden goose for herself before falling into a garbage chute which leads to the furnace, with her father falling in trying to rescue her.
After a messy cart ride, the rest of the group tests out Wonka's Wonkavision, used to teleport chocolate bars and Mike teleports himself, becoming only a few inches tall. As the tour ends, the only visitor left, asks about the fate of the other four kids, Wonka assures him that that they will be restored to normal, retreats to his office, without awarding them the promised lifetime supply of chocolate. Grandpa Joe and Charlie enter his office to ask about this, Wonka furiously informs them that by stealing the Fizzy Lifting Drinks, they violated the contract Charlie signed, thereby forfeiting their prize, he dismisses them. Infuriated, Grandpa Joe suggests to Charlie that he should give Slugworth the Gobstopper in revenge