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E. T. A. Hoffmann

Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann was a German Romantic author of fantasy and Gothic horror, a jurist, music critic and artist. His stories form the basis of Jacques Offenbach's opera The Tales of Hoffmann, in which Hoffmann appears as the hero, he is the author of the novella The Nutcracker and the Mouse King, on which Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker is based. The ballet Coppélia is based on two other stories that Hoffmann wrote, while Schumann's Kreisleriana is based on Hoffmann's character Johannes Kreisler. Hoffmann's stories influenced 19th-century literature, he is one of the major authors of the Romantic movement. Hoffmann's ancestors, both maternal and paternal, were jurists, his father, Christoph Ludwig Hoffmann, was a barrister in Königsberg, Prussia, as well as a poet and amateur musician who played the viola da gamba. In 1767 he married Lovisa Albertina Doerffer. Ernst Theodor Wilhelm, born on 24 January 1776, was the youngest of three children, of whom the second died in infancy.

When his parents separated in 1778, the father went to Insterburg with his elder son, Johann Ludwig Hoffmann, while Ernst's mother stayed in Königsberg with her relatives: two aunts, Johanna Sophie Doerffer and Charlotte Wilhelmine Doerffer and their brother, Otto Wilhelm Doerffer, who were all unmarried. This trio raised the youngster; the household, dominated by the uncle, was uncongenial. Hoffmann was to regret his estrangement from his father, he remembered his aunts with great affection the younger, whom he nicknamed Tante Füßchen. Although she died when he was only three years old, he treasured her memory and embroidered stories about her to such an extent that biographers sometimes assumed her to be imaginary, until proof of her existence was found after World War II. Between 1781 and 1792 he attended the Lutheran school or Burgschule, where he made good progress in classics, he was taught drawing by one Saemann, counterpoint by a Polish organist named Podbileski, to be the prototype of Abraham Liscot in Kater Murr.

Ernst showed great talent for piano-playing, busied himself with writing and drawing. The provincial setting was not, conducive to technical progress, despite his many-sided talents he remained rather ignorant of both classical forms and of the new artistic ideas that were developing in Germany, he had, read Schiller, Swift, Sterne and Jean Paul, wrote part of a novel titled Der Geheimnisvolle. Around 1787 he became friends with Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel the Younger, the son of a pastor, nephew of Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel the Elder, the well-known writer friend of Immanuel Kant. During 1792, both attended some of Kant's lectures at the University of Königsberg, their friendship, although tested by an increasing social difference, was to be lifelong. In 1794, Hoffmann became enamored of a married woman to whom he had given music lessons, she was ten years older, gave birth to her sixth child in 1795. In February 1796, her family protested against his attentions and, with his hesitant consent, asked another of his uncles to arrange employment for him in Glogau, Prussian Silesia.

From 1796 Hoffmann obtained employment as a clerk for his uncle, Johann Ludwig Doerffer, who lived in Glogau with his daughter Minna. After passing further examinations he visited Dresden, where he was amazed by the paintings in the gallery those of Correggio and Raphael. During the summer of 1798, his uncle was promoted to a court in Berlin, the three of them moved there in August—Hoffmann's first residence in a large city, it was there that Hoffmann first attempted to promote himself as a composer, writing an operetta called Die Maske and sending a copy to Queen Luise of Prussia. The official reply advised to him to write to the director of the Royal Theatre, a man named Iffland. By the time the latter responded, Hoffmann had passed his third round of examinations and had left for Posen in South Prussia in the company of his old friend Hippel, with a brief stop in Dresden to show him the gallery. From June 1800 to 1803 he worked in Prussian provinces in the area of Greater Masovia; this was the first time he had lived without supervision by members of his family, he started to become "what school principals, parsons and aunts call dissolute."His first job, at Posen, was endangered after Carnival on Shrove Tuesday 1802, when caricatures of military officers were distributed at a ball.

It was deduced who had drawn them, complaints were made to authorities in Berlin, who were reluctant to punish the promising young official. The problem was solved by "promoting" Hoffmann to Płock in New East Prussia, the former capital of Poland, where administrative offices were relocated from Thorn, he visited the place to arrange lodging, before returning to Posen where he married "Mischa". They moved to Płock in August 1802. Hoffmann despaired because of his exile, drew caricatures of himself drowning in mud alongside ragged villagers, he did make use, however, of his isolation, by composing. He started a diary on 1 October 1803. An essay on the theatre was published in Kotzebue's periodical, Die Freimüthige, he entered a competition in the same magazine to

Victor Henry Hanson

Victor Henry Hanson was an American publisher. Hanson was born on January 1876 in Barnesville, Georgia to Henry Clay Hanson and Anna O. Hanson, his father was a newspaperman who for years he owned and edited The Macon Telegraph and The Columbus Enquirer-Sun. Hanson attended public schools in Macon and Columbus and for a short while attended the Gordon Institute in Barnesville, Georgia; when he was in primary school, Hanson founded. It was first a single-page paper, he produced the entire paper, from typesetting to delivery; when Hanson moved from Macon to Columbus, he enlarged the paper to many times its original size, changed its name to The Columbus Times, built up a circulation of 2,500 subscribers. Hanson employed a printer in his father's office to set the type, but solicited the advertisements, wrote the news stories, made deliveries on horseback; when he was 15 years old, he sold his paper and its equipment for more than US$2,000. In 1892, at the age of 16, he became advertising solicitor for Nichols & Holliday, the advertising managers for the Atlanta Constitution.

In June 1896 he went to work for The Montgomery Advertiser as a solicitor in the circulation department. Within three months, he was transferred to the advertising department as a solicitor, in less than six months was in charge of the department, by the end of the year was advertising manager in of both local and foreign advertising. Hanson was employed continuously The Montgomery Advertiser until February 15, 1909, when he moved to Birmingham, the advertising receipts of that paper having increased through his efforts 500 percent. Upon going to Birmingham he purchased a third interest in The Birmingham News from the owner and editor, Rufus N. Rhodes, becoming with his newly acquired interests, vice-president and general manager of the paper. On March 1, 1910, shortly after Rhodes' death, Hanson purchased from his widow a majority of the interest in the paper and became its president and publisher. On September 12, 1912, a Sunday edition was launched. Soon after his move to Birmingham, Hanson was joined by his former employer, Frank P. Glass, who purchased stock in The News and became its editor, retaining for a while his interest in The Montgomery Advertiser.

This partnership was severed in 1920. Shortly thereafter negotiations were undertaken for the purchase of The Birmingham Ledger, which, on April 19, was formally absorbed by The News. On January 4, 1920, Hanson announced that The Birmingham News would give a $500 loving cup each year, beginning with 1920, to that citizen of Birmingham who had during the year best served his city. In February 1921, the coal operators and striking miners composed their differences, Hanson securing from each an agreement to abide by a decision to be made by Governor Kilby. Hanson never sought office, he was a member and deacon in the Independent Presbyterian church of Birmingham, a Mason, a Shriner. Hanson married Weenona W. Hanson on 1897 in Uniontown, they resided in Birmingham. Hanson died on March 7, 1945 in Birmingham, Alabama

Newton Public Schools

Newton Public Schools is a school district in Newton, United States. The district features four middle schools; the Newton Public Schools are organized into an elementary school, middle school, high school arrangement. There was a projected enrollment of 11,237 students for FY06. Angier Elementary School Bowen Elementary School Burr Elementary School Cabot Elementary School Countryside Elementary School Franklin Elementary School Horace Mann Elementary School Lincoln-Eliot Elementary School Mason-Rice Elementary School Memorial Spaulding Elementary School Peirce Elementary School Underwood Elementary School Ward Elementary School Williams Elementary School Zervas Elementary School Brown Oak Hill Bigelow F. A. Day Newton North High School Newton South High School In October 2011, a controversy occurred over the content of a textbook used in World History classes which contained content, anti-Semitic; the textbook was removed from the curriculum. In July 2014, The Lion's Roar, the student newspaper of Newton South High School, accused Superintendent David Fleishman of using parts of a speech by Governor Deval Patrick without credit.

The accusations were levied by two members of the class of 2014. After admitting that he had failed to cite the governor, the Newton School Committee fined Fleishman one week's pay of his $250,000 salary. On December 19, 2014 the Massachusetts Attorney General found that the Newton Public Schools and School Committee Chair Matthew Hills had committed eight violations of the state's Open Meeting Law in June and July 2014; the violations occurred in connection with the plagiarism by Newton Superintendent David Fleishman. No sanctions were imposed on Hills other than reviewing the law. Newton Public Schools official website