SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Dominica–Spain relations

Dominica–Spain relations are the bilateral and diplomatic relations between these two countries. Dominica has no Embassy resident in Spain. You have to go to the Dominican Embassy in the United Kingdom. Spain does not have a resident embassy in Dominica, but the Spanish embassy in Kingston, Jamaica is accredited for this country. In addition, Spain has a consulate in Dominica. Christopher Columbus arrived in Dominica on November 3 on 1493, being the first island discovered on his second trip to America; the name with which Columbus baptizes the island is derived from the name of the day of the week in which they see the island, Sunday. Spanish ships arrived during the 16th century, but fierce resistance by the Caribs deterred Spain from their efforts to settle there. Bilateral relations are concentrated in the framework of Dominica's membership of international organizations, regional cooperation projects and in the exchange of support for candidates in multilateral organizations; the cooperation is channeled in general terms through the Spain-CARICOM Joint Fund of AECID, which executes projects of regional scope.

Although no specific project is being developed on the island, Dominica benefits from regional projects, such as the Center of Excellence for Advanced Technology in Agriculture CEATA. There is no bilateral trade; the main products that Spain exports to Dominica vary depending on the years without a consistent pattern of export specialization in the last four years. It happens in imports from Dominica, where the figures that are shuffled are small. In 2012 and 2013, the main Spanish exports to Dominica have been industrial technology and pharmaceuticals. Cooperation is channeled through the Spain-Caribbean Community Fund of AECID; the cooperation program with CARICOM is directed to support regional integration and institutional strengthening of the Caribbean Community. The interlocutor of the Spanish Cooperation is the CARICOM Secretariat whose headquarters are in Georgetown, all the actions are included within the Regional Cooperation Program with CARICOM. Dominica benefits from projects of regional scope, such as the Regional Center for Advanced Technologies for High-Performance Crops for training in new agricultural technologies, in process of execution in Jamaica.

In terms of health, preferential attention is given to noncommunicable diseases, an area less attended by other donors. The "Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control Project" stands out for its cross-cutting gender component, having held 2 regional training seminars in Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago, in the months of June and July 2009 with provision of colposcopes for all CARICOM countries. Princess Margaret Hospital de Roseau received the donation of a colposcope in 2010. From the Spanish Embassy in Dominica, with residence in Kingston, a work to support the teaching of Spanish is carried out through the donation of AVE scholarships for learning Spanish; because Dominica is among the Caribbean countries that will soon benefit from a Schengen visa exemption, Spain organized a seminar on this subject in Madrid in May 2014, attended by an expert from Dominica. The Minister of Tourism of Dominica, Ian Douglas, participated in the High Level Seminar on Innovative Practices in Tourism for the Caribbean held in Madrid from June 9 to 14, 2014.

The Seminar was jointly organized by the State Secretary of State of International Cooperation and for Ibero-America and the Ministry of Tourism, with the collaboration of Turespaña, SEGITTUR and the School of Industrial Organization. In 2008, the Secretariat of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States signed an agreement with the Spanish Diplomatic School for advice on the formation of the diplomatic career and the foreign service of the OECS member countries. In December 2009, the Council of Ministers approved a grant amounting to 50,000 euros to support the creation of a future OECS Diplomatic School and a future Common Foreign Service of the Eastern Caribbean

Bikaner style of painting

The Bikaner style of painting is a Rajasthani style of Indian painting developed in the city of Bikaner, capital of a wealthy but isolated state, much of it the Thar desert. It is one the many schools of Rajput painting that developed in the late 17th century with the help of artists from the imperial Mughal workshops, who dispersed after these were run down in the reign of Aurangzeb, who ceased to patronize Mughal painting; the subjects are illustrations to Hindu texts. The Bikaner style is more related to the Mughal one than many other Rajput styles with some elements of Deccan style. During the reign of Raja Karan Singh there were close connections with the court of the emperor Shah Jahan, while the imperial workshops were still flourishing, some Mughal-style subject matter began to appear late in this reign. Karan Singh's youngest son, Anup Singh, was a general commanding Mughal forces in the Deccan, where he was based in Hyberdad for some time; this likely accounts for the Deccan influences apparent in paintings.

His best artist, travelled with him, many other Bikaner painters were relatives of his. The subjects painted originate from Indian mythology. Raja Rai Singh was influenced by Mughal art, they painted scenes from the Ragmala, Bhagavata Purana, Rasa lila. What distinguishes the Bikaner style of painting from other Rajasthani styles of painting are finer lines and a more reserved range of colours than what are present in Mughal artwork. Ali Raza painted a portrait of Karan Singh. Ruknuddin used the technique of painting fountains and court scenes using a nature-based background. Bikaneri art focused on Bikaner’s architecture such as havelis in the city. Bikaneri artists displayed their work outside royal courts giving businessmen and landlords the chance to appreciate this style of art. Harle, J. C; the Art and Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent, 2nd edn. 1994, Yale University Press. ISBN 0300062176 Kossak, Indian court painting, 16th-19th century, 1997, Metropolitan Museum of Art, ISBN 9780870997839 online