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Ecgfrith of Northumbria

Ecgfrith was the King of Deira from 664 until 670, King of Northumbria from 670 until his death in 685. He ruled over Northumbria when it was at the height of its power, but his reign ended with a disastrous defeat at the Battle of Nechtansmere in which he lost his life. Ecgfrith Eanflæd his queen. At about the age of 10 Ecgfrith was held as a hostage at the court of Queen Cynewise after her husband king Penda of Mercia invaded Northumbria in 655. Penda was defeated and killed in the Battle of the Winwaed by Oswiu, a victory which enhanced Northumbrian power. To secure his hegemony over other English kingdoms Oswiu arranged a marriage between Ecgfrith and Æthelthryth, a daughter of Anna of East Anglia, he was as young as 15 at the time. Ecgfrith was made king of Deira in 664 after his half-brother Alhfrith had rebelled against Oswiu earlier that year. In 671, at the Battle of Two Rivers, Ecgfrith put down an opportunistic rebellion by the Picts, which resulted in the Northumbrians taking control of the land between the Firth of Forth and the Tweed for the next fourteen years.

Around the same time, Æthelthryth wished to leave Ecgfrith to become a nun. In about 672, Æthelthryth persuaded Ecgfrith to allow her to become a nun, she entered the monastery of the Abbess Æbbe, aunt to King Ecgfrith, at Coldingham. A year Æthelthryth became founding abbess of Ely, her taking the veil may have led to a long quarrel with Wilfrid, Archbishop of York, which ended with Wilfrid's expulsion from his Episcopal see. In 674, Ecgfrith repelled the Mercian king Wulfhere, which enabled him to seize the Kingdom of Lindsey. In 679, he fought the Mercians again, now under Wulfhere's brother Æthelred, married to Ecgfrith's sister Osthryth, at the Battle of the Trent. Ecgfrith's own brother Ælfwine was killed in the battle and following intervention by Theodore, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Lindsey was returned to the Mercians. In June 684, Ecgfrith sent a raiding party to Brega in Ireland under his general Berht, which resulted in the seizing of a large number of slaves and the sacking of many churches and monasteries.

The reasons for this raid are unclear, though it is known that Ecgfrith acted against the warnings of Ecgberht of Ripon and that the raid was condemned by Bede and other churchmen. In 685, against the advice of Cuthbert of Lindisfarne, Ecgfrith led a force against the Picts of Fortriu, who were led by his cousin Bridei mac Bili. On 20 May, Ecgfrith was slain at the age of 40, having been lured by a feigned flight to the mountains, at what is now called the Battle of Nechtansmere, located at either Dunnichen in Angus or Dunachton in Badenoch; this defeat, in which most of Ecgfrith's army was lost weakened Northumbrian power in the north and Bede dates the beginning of the decline of the kingdom of Northumbria from Ecgfrith's death and wrote that following Ecgfrith's death, "the hopes and strengths of the English realm began'to waver and to slip backward lower'". The Northumbrians never regained the dominance of central Britain lost in 679. Northumbria remained one of the most powerful states of Britain and Ireland well into the Viking Age.

Ecgfrith was succeeded by his illegitimate half-brother, Aldfrith. Like his father before him, Ecgfrith supported the religious work of Benedict Biscop in the kingdom and gave him 70 hides of land near the mouth of the River Wear in 674 to undertake the building of a monastery dedicated to St. Peter. About ten years he made a second gift of land, 40 hides on the River Tyne at Jarrow, for the establishment of a sister house dedicated to St. Paul; these two houses came to be known as the Monastery of Wearmouth and Jarrow, an establishment made famous by the scholar Bede, who, at the age of seven, was put into the care of Benedict Biscop at Wearmouth and remained for the rest of his life as a monk. His Ecclesiastical History of the English People was completed there in 731. Ecgfrith appears to have been the earliest Northumbrian king, the earliest of the Anglo-Saxon rulers, to have issued the silver penny, which became the mainstay of English coinage for centuries afterwards. Coins had been produced by the Anglo-Saxons since the late 6th century, modelled on the coins being produced by the Merovingians in Francia, but these were rare, the most common being gold scillingas or thrymsas.

Ecgfrith's pennies known as sceattas, were thick and cast in moulds, were issued on a large scale. Stephen of Ripon, Vita Wilfridi, 19, 20, 24, 34, 39, 44 Bede, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum, iii. 24. 5, 12, 13, 15, 19, 21, 26. Historiam ecclesiasticam gentis anglorum, Vol 1, Bede, ed. Charles Plummer, 1896,: 4 mentions of "Egfrid" Historiam ecclesiasticam gentis anglorum, Vol. 2. Bede, ed. Charles Plummer, 1896,: 71 mentions of "Egfrid" Higham, N. J.. Ecgfrith: King of the Northumbrians, High-King of Britain. Paul Watkins Publishing. ISBN 978-1907730467. Ecgfrith 4 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

Cozy mystery

Cozy mysteries referred to as "cozies", are a subgenre of crime fiction in which sex and violence are downplayed or treated humorously, the crime and detection take place in a small intimate community. Cozies thus stand in contrast to hardboiled fiction, which features violence and sexuality more explicitly and centrally to the plot; the term "cozy" was first coined in the late 20th century when various writers produced work in an attempt to re-create the Golden Age of Detective Fiction. The detectives in such stories are nearly always amateurs, are women. Village policeman Hamish Macbeth, featured in a series of novels by M. C. Beaton, is a notable exception; these characters are well educated and hold jobs that bring them into constant contact with other residents of their community and the surrounding region. Like other amateur detectives, they have a contact on the police force who can give them access to important information about the case at hand, but the contact is a spouse, friend, or family member rather than a former colleague.

Dismissed by the authorities in general as nosy busybodies if they are middle-aged or elderly women, the detectives in cozy mysteries are thus left free to eavesdrop, gather clues, use their native intelligence and intuitive "feel" for the social dynamics of the community to solve the crime. The murderers in cozies are neither psychopaths nor serial killers, once unmasked, are taken into custody without violence, they are members of the community where the murder occurs and able to hide in plain sight, their motives—greed, revenge—are rooted in events years, or generations, old. The murderers are rational and highly articulate, enabling them to explain, or elaborate on, their motives after their unmasking; the supporting characters in cozy mysteries are very broadly drawn and used as comic relief. The accumulation of such characters in long-running cozy mystery series, such as those of Charlotte MacLeod creates a stock company of eccentrics, among whom the detective stands out as the most only sane person.

One subtle joke in such series is how the main character becomes embroiled in so many high-profile cases by accident. A long-running joke about the series Murder, She Wrote was how the main character/detective had to be the actual murderer in every case, because, "No matter where she goes, somebody dies!" Cozy mysteries do not employ any but the mildest profanity. The murders take place off stage involving bloodless methods such as poisoning and falls from great heights; the wounds inflicted on the victim are never dwelt on and are used as clues. Sexual activity between married characters, is only gently implied and never directly addressed, the subject is avoided altogether; the cozy mystery takes place in a town, village, or other community small enough to make it believable that all the principal characters know, may well have long-standing social relationships with, each other. The amateur detective is a gregarious, well-liked individual, able to get the community members to talk about each other.

There is at least one knowledgeable, yet reliable character in the book, intimately familiar with the personal history and interrelationships of everyone in the town, whose ability to fill in the blanks of the puzzle enables the amateur detective to solve the case. Cozy mystery series have a prominent thematic element introduced by the detective's job, pet or hobby. Diane Mott Davidson's cozies, for example, revolve around cooking, Parnell Hall's around crossword puzzles, Charlotte MacLeod's "Sarah Kelling" series around art. Other series focus on topics ranging from fishing and hiking to fashion and interior decoration. Cat-lovers are well represented among the ranks of cozy-mystery detectives, notably in the work of Lilian Jackson Braun and Rita Mae Brown. There are cozy mystery series with themes of Christmas and other holidays. While de-emphasis on sex and violence, emphasis on puzzle-solving over suspense, the setting of a small town, a focus on a hobby or occupation are characteristic elements of cozy mysteries, the boundaries of the subgenre remain vague, with the work of authors such as Philip R. Craig and Aaron Elkins considered borderline cases.

Nancy Atherton's Aunt Dimity novels feature American Lori Sheppard, who settles in an English village thanks to an inheritance from "Aunt" Dimity. Dimity communicates with Lori, via a magical journal, to help solve mysteries involving Lori and her neighbors. Lilian Jackson Braun's Cat Who... series began as a more "hardboiled" mystery series in the late 1960s but transformed into cozy mysteries when the author resumed writing them 20 years later. Rita Mae Brown wrote three cozy mystery series:The Foxhunting Mystery Series, set in Virginia, features "Sister Jane" Arnold, a 70-year-old Master of the Fox Hunt; the Mags & Baxter Mystery Series, set in Nevada, features Mags Rogers, ex-Wall Streeter. The Mrs. Murphy series of animal cozies, set in the Deep South, is "co-authored" with Sneaky Pie Brown, the talking cat whom the main cat character, Mrs. Murphy, is based on. Sarah Caudwell's Hilary Tamar Series features Professor Hilary Tamar, a cast of clever

2019 Mountain West Conference Women's Soccer Tournament

The 2019 Mountain West Conference Women's Soccer Tournament was the postseason women's soccer tournament for the Mountain West Conference held from November through November 9, 2019. The five-match tournament took place at Boas Tennis/Soccer Complex in Idaho; the six-team single-elimination tournament consisted of three rounds based on seeding from regular season conference play. The San Jose State Spartans were the defending champions, but were unable to defend their title, losing to the New Mexico Lobos 1–0 in the first round; the San Jose State Spartans won the tournament with a 2–0 win over San Diego St in the final. This was the first tournament championship for Boise State, the first for coach Jim Thomas. Boise State was the regular season champions two years in a row, but 2019 was the first time they converted that into a tournament title. Source: 4 GoalsRaimee Sherle 2 GoalsMelissa Ellis Gabby Gillespie 1 GoalLeilani Baker Aubree Chatterton Rachel Elve McKenna Kynett Taylor Moorehead Kiera Utush Source: MVP in bold