Eddie Jerome Vedder is an American musician, multi-instrumentalist and singer-songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist, one of three guitarists, the lyricist of the American rock band Pearl Jam. Eddie is known for his powerful baritone vocals, he appeared as a guest vocalist in Temple of the Dog, the one-off tribute band dedicated to the late singer Andrew Wood. Vedder has been ranked at number 7 on a list of "Best Lead Singers of All Time", compiled by Rolling Stone. In 2007, Vedder released his first solo album as a soundtrack for the film Into the Wild, his second album Ukulele Songs and a live DVD titled Water on the Road were released in 2011. In 2017, Vedder was inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Pearl Jam. Vedder was born Edward Louis Severson III in the Chicago suburb of Evanston, Illinois, on December 23, 1964, to Karen Lee Vedder and Edward Louis Severson, Jr, his parents divorced in 1965. His mother soon remarried, to a man named Peter Mueller. Vedder was raised believing that Mueller was his biological father, he went by the name Edward Mueller for a time.
Vedder's ancestry includes Dutch and Danish. While living in Evanston, Vedder's family fostered seven younger children in a group home. In the mid-1970s, the family, including Vedder's three younger half-brothers, moved to San Diego County, California, it was at this point that Vedder, who had received a guitar from his mother on his twelfth birthday, began turning to music as a source of comfort. He found solace in the Who's 1973 album, Quadrophenia, he said, "When I was around 15 or 16... I was all alone—except for music." His mother and Mueller divorced. His mother and brothers moved back to the Chicago area, but Vedder remained with his stepfather in California so he would not have to change schools. After the divorce, Vedder learned the truth about his parentage: Mueller was his stepfather. Vedder had met his biological father as a child, but had believed that Severson was an old friend of his parents. By the time Vedder learned the truth, Severson had died of multiple sclerosis. During his senior year at San Dieguito High School, Vedder moved out to live on his own in an apartment, supporting himself with a nightly job at a drug store in Encinitas.
Because of the pressure of work and school, Vedder dropped out of high school. He joined the rest of his family in Chicago, it was at this time that he changed his name to Vedder, his mother's maiden name. In the early 1980s, while working as a waiter, Eddie earned his high school GED, attended a community college near Chicago. In 1984, Vedder returned with his girlfriend, Beth Liebling and his friend Frank, he kept busy recording demo tapes at his home and working various jobs, including a position as a contracted security guard at the La Valencia Hotel in La Jolla. Vedder had several stints in San Diego area bands, including the Butts. One of those bands, called Indian Style, included future Rage Against the Machine and Audioslave drummer Brad Wilk. In 1988, Vedder became the vocalist for the San Diego progressive funk rock band Bad Radio; the music of the original incarnation of the band was influenced by Duran Duran. In the 1980s Vedder worked part time as a night attendant at a local gas station.
Through the Southern California music scene, Vedder met former Red Hot Chili Peppers drummer Jack Irons, who became a friend of Vedder and would play basketball with him. In 1990, Irons gave him a demo tape from a band in Seattle, looking for a singer, he listened to the tape shortly before going surfing. Vedder wrote lyrics for three of the songs in what he described as a "mini-opera" entitled Momma-Son; the songs tell the story of a young man who, like Vedder, learns that he had been lied to about his paternity and that his real father is dead, grows up to become a serial killer, is imprisoned and sentenced to death. Vedder recorded vocals for the three songs, mailed the demo tape back to Seattle; the three songs would become Pearl Jam's "Alive", "Once", "Footsteps". After hearing Vedder's tape, former Mother Love Bone members Stone Gossard and Jeff Ament invited Vedder to come to Seattle to audition for their new band, they were impressed with his unique sound. At the time and Ament were working on the Temple of the Dog project founded by Soundgarden's Chris Cornell as a musical tribute to Mother Love Bone's frontman Andrew Wood, who died of a heroin overdose at age 24.
Soundgarden drummer Matt Cameron and newcomer Mike McCready were a part of the project. The song "Hunger Strike" became a duet between Vedder. Cornell said of Vedder that "he sang half of that song not knowing that I'd wanted the part to be there and he sang it the way I was thinking about doing it, just instinctively." Vedder would provide background vocals on several other songs as well. In April 1991, Temple of the Dog was released through A&M Records. "Hunger Strike" became Temple of the Dog's breakout single. Vedder said. I feel like I could be real proud of it – because one, I didn't write it, two, it was such a nice way to be ushered onto vinyl for the first time. I'm indebted to Chris time eternal for being invited onto that track." On the 2011 documentary Pearl Jam Twenty, Vedder stated.
Kaihō Ryōji is a former sumo wrestler from Aomori, Japan. His highest rank was komusubi. An amateur champion at Nihon University, he entered professional sumo in 1996, he was one of the lightest sekitori wrestlers in recent years. He won two special prizes for Technique, he retired from active competition in 2010 and became a coach, but in April 2011 he was asked to resign from the Japan Sumo Association after being found guilty of match-fixing. Kaihō was born in a town in the Nishitsugaru District of Aomori Prefecture, he was an amateur sumo champion at Nihon University, won the middleweight world title for Japan in the 2nd World Sumo Championships held at the Ryogoku Kokugikan. He entered professional sumo in January 1996 at the age of 22; because of his amateur achievements, he was given makushita tsukedashi status and allowed to enter at the bottom of the third highest makushita division. He won the makushita championship in his first tournament with a perfect 7-0 record, defeating Kyokutenhō in a playoff - the only yūshō of his career.
He was promoted to the second highest jūryō division in May 1997. At this point he switched from fighting under his family name of Kumagaya to the shikona of Kaihō, taken from the name of his father's boat, Kaihō-maru, he reached the top makuuchi division in May 1998, the first wrestler from his stable to do so, remained a rank and file maegashira for the next three years. In the September 2001 tournament he defeated yokozuna Musashimaru, earning his first kinboshi and scored ten wins, he was rewarded with his first sanshō or special prize and was promoted to the san'yaku ranks at komusubi for the following tournament. He was however, he stayed in the top division for the next 44 tournaments with just one brief demotion to jūryō in November 2003, won his second special prize in March 2005 after a fine 11-4 record. However, just two tournaments in July 2005 he suffered a fractured ankle in a bout against Iwakiyama on the 14th day, he was forced to sit out the final day and the whole of the following tournament in September, resulting in demotion to the second division in November 2005.
He remained there until July 2007, due to the unusually large number of retirements and demotions from the top division, a 9-6 score at jūryō 5 was good enough to return him to makuuchi. He produced a strong 10-5 record in his first tournament back in the top division, although he missed out on another special prize he was promoted up the rankings to maegashira 6, he could only win four bouts at that rank in September 2007 and after another losing score of 6-9 in November, he fell to maegashira 16, the lowest rank in the top division. An 8-7 record in the January 2008 tournament preserved his top division status, but in March he could manage only four wins and was demoted back to jūryō for the May 2008 tournament, where he remained for the next two years. In May 2010 he scored just 3-12 at the lowest rank of jūryō 14, he was demoted to the non-salaried makushita division for the first time in 13 years. Kaihō announced his retirement on the eighth day, he became a coach at Hakkaku stable under the toshiyori name Tanigawa-oyakata.
However, in April 2011 he was told to resign from the Sumo Association after an investigation into alleged bout-rigging prompted by the discovery by police of text messages on the mobile phone of former wrestler Kasuganishiki, which mentioned Kaihō and a number of other wrestlers as being involved in throwing matches. He was given an envelope containing the message, "You intentionally had sumo bouts lacking fighting spirit with Kasuganishiki on the 13th day of the New Year Grand Sumo Tournament in 2010 and the seventh day of the Spring Grand Sumo Tournament in 2010." Kaihō responded angrily to the decision of the fact-finding panel, saying "There is no evidence to incriminate me because I didn't do it. They only trust what Kasuganishiki says, they wouldn't listen to me."Following his retirement Kaiho became certified as a kaatsu instructor and opened his own gym in Tokyo, where he trained some wrestlers active in professional sumo such as Hidenoumi. In July 2015 he took part in a mixed martial arts match held at the Ryogoku Kokugikan, losing by a technical knock out.
As of 2018 he was a coach at Nihon University sumo club. Kaihō was below average size for a rikishi and relied on his technical ability, employing a similar sumo style to Mainoumi, he won two special prizes for Technique. His favourite grip on his opponent's mawashi was hidari-yotsu, a right arm outside, left hand inside grip, he specialised in throws, used his inside grip to win by shitatenage, or underarm throw. He is fond of uchigake, the inside leg trip, he was known for employing henka, or sidestepping at the tachi-ai or initial charge, was adept at using inashi, or ducking and moving diagonally back from the opponent. He push out from behind, as a result. Glossary of sumo terms List of past sumo wrestlers List of komusubi Kaihō Ryōji's official biography at the Grand Sumo Homepage
Tirath Das Dogra is an Indian forensic pathologist and former Pro-Chancellor and vice-chancellor of SGT University, Budhera Gurgaon Haryana 2013–2017. He is a former director of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi and an authority on forensic medicine. Dogra been member of the Medical Council of India from December 2013 till its dissolution in September 2018. Dogra have been President of National Medicos Organisation Delhi State from 2012 to 2017. Dogra was member of TEQ-Equivalence Committee and Administration and Grievance committee of Medical Council of India, he is member of Advisory committee on MOOC's program of University Grants Commission of India New Delhi. Presently he is emeritus professor of forensic medicine and forensic sciences, professor of Andragogy and educational philosophy and Advidsor, Internal Quality Assurance Cell at SGT University Gurgaon. Dogra held a number of positions during his tenure at AIIMS, including dean, deputy director, chair of the management board of AIIMS Hospitals, hostel superintendent and professor.
He joined AIIMS as a resident in 1971, becoming a faculty member in 1977. Following the retirement of Jagdish Chandra on 30 June 1987, Dogra headed the department of forensic medicine and toxicology at AIIMS until his retirement on 31 July 2012, he was born to Prem Nath Dogra and Gayano Devi Dogra at Badi Brahmana, near Jammu, Jammu & Kashmir, British India, 20 kilometres from Jammu on the Basantar River. After the partition of India in 1947 his father moved to Bikaner in 1959. Dogra completed Badridas Vidavatji ka Middle School Sikar and Matric in 1963 and attended M M High School Bikaner from 1959 to 1963. After a year at Dungar College Bikaner, he received a degree in medicine from Sardar Patel Medical College, Bikaner. Dogra received the first MD degree in forensic medicine from AIIMS in 1976, his areas of interest have been DNA profiling, population genetics, residual and pesticide toxicity, pharmacovigilance, continuing medical education, suicide prevention and notes, forensic psychiatry crime-scene reconstruction.
And Forensic animation He has been involved in medico-legal investigations of high-profile cases throughout India. Dogra has presented his medico-legal opinion in cases concerning to three prime ministers: Indira Gandhi, Charan Singh and Rajiv Gandhi, he deposed as a medical witness in the Mahesh Chandra Trial Court for Indira Gandhi's assassination for the prosecution. Although the defence challenged Dogra's testimony, the evidence was upheld by the Supreme Court. In the Batla House encounter case, he used animation to present his expert opinion. Dogra went to Sri Lanka as part of a three-member Government of India team to assist the investigation of the assassination of Gamini Dissanayake, a presidential candidate, he worked with Seyed E. Hasnain, Sher Ali of NII and Anupum Raina on DNA profiling, with Sanjeev Lalwani and Chitranjan Behera assisting him with forensics. After his retirement from AIIMS, Dogra became director-general of the SGT Group of Institutions and vice-chancellor when it became a university on 15 March 2013.
Dogra's forensic investigations include: His medico-legal cases include: The Society of Toxicology gave Dogra a Distinguished Scientist Lifetime Achievement Award in Toxicology, he received a Distinguished Service Award from the Geriatric Society of India. He delivered the Professor G. Mehdi Oration at the 27th annual national conference of the Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine at North Bengal Medical College in Siliguri, West Bengal on 17 February 2006. Dogra delivered the Professor Jagdish Chandra Oration Award at the 12th national conference of the Indian Congress of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology on 27 September 2013 at the Government Medical College in Haldwani, Uttarakhand. Indian Congress of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology gave "Life time achievement award" to Prof Dogra on 13 September 2014. During Dogra's tenure as director AIIMS acquired 330 acres of land in the Jajhar District of Haryana, the recommendations of the Moily Committee were implemented. One hundred sixty faculty and 1200 other staff positions were created, a new academic building was planned and the CDER and JPNA Apex Trauma Center were made functional.
An agreement with Metro was signed for a tunnel connecting the trauma centre. A surgical centre, maternity centre, outpatient department and a urology centre were planned. A new developmental plan integrated with the earlier prepared Master plan was prepared and architectural process was started for its implementation; the long pending clearance from Ministry of civil aviation and urban development for construction of multistory buildings was obtained to facilitate future development of AIIMS in regard to hospital, research and hostels. Manmohan Singh underwent coronary-bypass Surgery at AIIMS, Pratibha Patil underwent cataract surgery on both eyes. Dogra managed AIIMS during the most troubled times in its history. After succeeding Jagdish Chandra, Dogra developed toxicology laboratories, he expanded the department to ten faculty members, two scientists, twelve junior and twelve senior residents. Dogra started DNA facility at department of forensic medicine AIIMS, in Feb 1991 with recruiting of Anupuma Raina as PhD student and G. Bomjen as MD student both taking DNA profiling related thesis topics, Do